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REPORT drawn up on behalf of the Committee on the Rules of Procedure and Petitions on initiatives to strengthen cooperation between the institutions in the examination of petitions submitted to the European Parliament  EP Working Documents, document 2 74/

REPORT drawn up on behalf of the Committee on the Rules of Procedure and Petitions on initiatives to strengthen cooperation between the institutions in the examination of petitions submitted to the European Parliament EP Working Documents, document 2 74/86, 14 July 1986

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on initiatives to strengthen cooperation between the institutions in the examination of petitions submitted to the European Parliament The European Parliament, - [r]

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What drives the European Parliament? The Case of the General Data Protection Regulation  Bruges Political Research Papers 47/2015

What drives the European Parliament? The Case of the General Data Protection Regulation Bruges Political Research Papers 47/2015

This paper evaluates which factors influence the European Parliament’s decision-making, based on a case study: the 2012 proposal for a General Data Protection Regulation. Following a ‘competitive testing’ approach, six different hypotheses are successively challenged in order to explain why the EP adopted a fundamental rights- oriented position. The first three factors relate to the internal organization of the EP’s work, i.e. the role played by the lead committee, by the rapporteur and by secretariat officials. The last three factors are external-related, i.e. lobbying activities, outside events and institutional considerations.
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Report drawn up on behalf of the Political Affairs Committee on the consultation of the European Parliament on the accession of Spain and Portugal to the European Commmunity  EP Working Documents 1984 85, 2 1343/84  4 January 1985

Report drawn up on behalf of the Political Affairs Committee on the consultation of the European Parliament on the accession of Spain and Portugal to the European Commmunity EP Working Documents 1984 85, 2 1343/84 4 January 1985

The Political Affairs Committee hereby submits to the European Parliament the following motion for a resolution: MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the consultation of the European Parliament on[r]

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Report of the Committee on Budgets on the estimates of revenue and expenditure of the European Parliament for the financial year 1992. Session Documents 1991, Document A3-0146/91, 28 May 1991

Report of the Committee on Budgets on the estimates of revenue and expenditure of the European Parliament for the financial year 1992. Session Documents 1991, Document A3-0146/91, 28 May 1991

MOTION FOR A RESOLUTION on the estimates of revenue and expenditure of the European Parliament for the financial year 1992 The European Parliament, having regard to the interinstitutiona[r]

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Briefing No  1 on the Court of Justice (fourth update 25 July 1995)

Briefing No 1 on the Court of Justice (fourth update 25 July 1995)

Appointments by the Council and European Parliament Spinelli, Herman and Rothley reports; with the assent of the European Parliament resolution of the European Parliament of 17 May 1995,[r]

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Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Decision amending Decision No 1234/96/EC laying down a series of guidelines for trans-European energy networks. COM (98) 542 final, 30 September 1998

Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Decision amending Decision No 1234/96/EC laying down a series of guidelines for trans-European energy networks. COM (98) 542 final, 30 September 1998

Proposal for ~· EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND COUNCIL DECISION amending Decision No 1254/96/EC laying down a series of guidelines for trans-European energy networks THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND[r]

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Building on Unsafe Foundations? International Law making and the European Union

Building on Unsafe Foundations? International Law making and the European Union

The formal powers of the European Parliament are limited to assent in a few limited and quasi- constitutional areas, namely Association agreements, institutional framework treaties as well as the amendment of legislation made under the co-decision procedure and control of the budget. The inter-parliamentary delegations (of which there are 40) are often seen as another method that the EP can utilise to involve themselves in the external affairs of the Union, by raising awareness of issues with fellow of Parliamentarians in partner states. However, the utility of these informal contacts is questionable at best and the uncharitable might see these relationships as more about international travel than international law making. It is clear that none of these methods provides an effective tool for controlling European policy. Indeed, it is the submission of this paper that the prevalence of mixity means that it is unlikely that they ever could.
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Something Worth Fighting For: The Evolution of Lobbying Coalitions in the Emissions Trading System  Bruges Political Research Papers 50/2015

Something Worth Fighting For: The Evolution of Lobbying Coalitions in the Emissions Trading System Bruges Political Research Papers 50/2015

However, the relative explanatory effects of the proposed hypothesis (If there is a significant change in the external subsystem events then this will have a stronger effect on increasing the size of material advocacy coalitions than purposive advocacy coalitions) are less conclusive. The socioeconomic change in electricity prices and, to a lesser extent, the effect from the 2004 enlargement may have affected the development of the material lobbying coalitions to a greater degree than their purposive counterpart. However, the ‘significant change’ in public opinion and the financial crisis fell outside the research parameters of this paper, and thus can be identified as areas of research interest for additional studies. Furthermore, there was not a ‘significant change’ in the governing coalition of the Commission or the “very green group” 160 of the European Parliament, while
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EEC farm policy. Bulletin from the European Community. No. 52, March-April 1962

EEC farm policy. Bulletin from the European Community. No. 52, March-April 1962

EURATOM PRESIDENT ADDRESSES EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT PIERRE CHATENET, new President of the Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community, told the European Parliament in Strasbourg on Fe[r]

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European election special: June 1984. Eurobarometre No 21, May 1984

European election special: June 1984. Eurobarometre No 21, May 1984

- Awareness of the European Parliament and the June 1984 elections - The image of the European Parliament - For or against the draft Treaty of Union adopted by the European Parliament - [r]

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The Influence of Environmental NGOs on the Design of the Emissions Trading Scheme of the EU: An Application of the Advocacy Coalition Framework  Bruges Political Research Papers No  8 09/2008

The Influence of Environmental NGOs on the Design of the Emissions Trading Scheme of the EU: An Application of the Advocacy Coalition Framework. Bruges Political Research Papers No. 8 09/2008

The adoption process of the emission trading scheme (ETS) directive in the co-decision procedure merged the dynamics of problem solution and political gaming, which Kingdon calls policy and political streams. An application of Sabatier’s advocacy coalition framework shows that an “economy-first” and an “environment-first” coalition competed for influence on the ETS. Environmental NGOs (ENGOs) as part of one advocacy coalition were subject to the constraints of lobbying in a multi-level governance system. Their ability to influence the ETS depended on relatively stable parameters and external events. As ENGOs are outsiders to the bodies with formal authority in the European Union (EU), they needed powerful coalition members such as DG Environment and the European Parliament (EP) as well as strong external facilitating factors. ENGOs fared better in the policy stream than in the political stream. They aimed for a strong initial Commission proposal to set a path-dependent process in motion and at counterbalancing the Council with the EP. They can contribute to policy- oriented learning and instrumentalise perturbations, but they are not able to create a negotiation stalemate.
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Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Directive amending European Parliament and Council Directive 94/35/EC on sweeteners for use in foodstuffs (presented by the Commission). COM (95) 482 final, 18 October 1995

Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Directive amending European Parliament and Council Directive 94/35/EC on sweeteners for use in foodstuffs (presented by the Commission). COM (95) 482 final, 18 October 1995

Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Directive amending European Parliament and Council Directive 94/35/EC on sweeteners for use in foodstuffs THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE C[r]

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Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Decision establishing 1996 as the European Year of Lifelong Learning. COM (94) 264 final, 7 September 1994

Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Decision establishing 1996 as the European Year of Lifelong Learning. COM (94) 264 final, 7 September 1994

Proposal for a EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND COUNCIL DECISION establishing 1996 as the European Year of Lifelong Learning THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, Having [r]

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Bulletin of the European Union, 1 2/1994

Bulletin of the European Union, 1 2/1994

Commission communication to the European Parliament and the Council on Community guidelines on trans-European energy networks, accompanied by a proposal for a European Parliament and Cou[r]

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Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Decision on reference laboratories for monitoring bacteriological and viral contamination of bivalve molluscs (presented by the Commission). COM (97) 310 final, 25 June 1997

Proposal for a European Parliament and Council Decision on reference laboratories for monitoring bacteriological and viral contamination of bivalve molluscs (presented by the Commission). COM (97) 310 final, 25 June 1997

Proposal for a EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND COUNCIL DECISION on reference laboratories for monitoring bacteriological and viral contamination of bivalve molluscs THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND T[r]

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Staging European Union Democracy: Discussion Paper Prepared for the 'Round Table on a Sustainable Project for Europe'. EPIN Working Paper No. 10, December 2003

Staging European Union Democracy: Discussion Paper Prepared for the 'Round Table on a Sustainable Project for Europe'. EPIN Working Paper No. 10, December 2003

Further, politicisation of the election of the Commission President can to some extent be mitigated by ensuring sufficient heterogeneity in the College of Commissioners. In terms of nationality, it seems likely that also with the new Constitutional Treaty all member states will at least have a (non-voting) Commissioner. Moreover, the Constitutional Treaty provides that each national government will provide a shortlist of three candidates from which the Commission President can then select the members of the College. After that the College as a whole still needs the approval of the European Parliament. Whether the IGC will maintain this shortlist procedure remains to be seen. The Convention proposal is open to manipulation, both on the side of the member states (proposing only one ‘serious’ candidate) as well as on the side of the Commission President (selecting weaker Commissioners). What is more, it would seem desirable that in the end the overall composition of the Commission is relatively balanced in terms of expertise and political affiliation. Criteria to that effect might be formulated either in the Constitution or in a separate decision by the Council and/or the Parliament. Also when in the end all member states would be represented in the College, then some precautions seem warranted to ensure that prestigious posts (vice-presidency, chair of possible teams, major portfolios) are fairly distributed among the members of the Commission.
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The Gulf Cooperation Council as a New Regional Power: Time for the EU to Propose a Strategic Partnership. Bruges Regional Integration & Global Governance Papers 3/2012, November 2012

The Gulf Cooperation Council as a New Regional Power: Time for the EU to Propose a Strategic Partnership. Bruges Regional Integration & Global Governance Papers 3/2012, November 2012

This paper has examined to what extent the policies of the European Union in the Gulf have changed since the beginning of the Arab Spring. Despite the challenges ahead and despite the calls by the European Parliament and by Baroness Ashton to upgrade the relationship, the EU’s new Gulf Strategy after the Arab Spring has not taken shape yet. The EU has been, and will remain, a crucial partner for the GCC, but this partnership lacks strategic vision. 116 This paper has shed light on the difficult

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Report on behalf of the Economic Affairs Committee on the economic situation in the Community  EP Working Document, Document 1972 1973 295/72, 13 February 1973

Report on behalf of the Economic Affairs Committee on the economic situation in the Community EP Working Document, Document 1972 1973 295/72, 13 February 1973

The European Parliament, - having regard to the statements made by the Vice-President of the Commission of the European Communities before the European Parliament on 16 January 1973 ·con[r]

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The impact of the treaty basis on health policy legislation in the European Union: A case study on the tobacco advertising directive

The impact of the treaty basis on health policy legislation in the European Union: A case study on the tobacco advertising directive

Policy interventions with respect to the European market can be divided into two analytical categories: market-mak- ing and market-correcting interventions. Market-making interventions are directed at the removal of barriers to trade and competition, including the abolishment of tar- iffs and other quantitative restrictions, as well as the estab- lishment of common product standards. Another purpose of these interventions is to establish a common level play- ing field for all market players. From the market-making perspective, all factors that distort the market process must be removed. Market-correcting interventions have a restrictive impact on the domain of competition. Policy- makers implement such interventions in order to avoid market effects they consider deviant or anomalous, such as ethical reasons or considerations related to social wel- fare and public health. A ban on market instruments, such as advertising, can also be interpreted as a market-correct- ing intervention if that intervention aims at avoiding unwanted market effects. The distinction between market- making and market-correcting policy interventions should be understood as an analytical one. In fact, many policies combine aspects of both and a clear-cut distinc- tion does not always exist. Yet, it is useful for our research topic to differentiate between interventions directed at the creation of a market and interventions that pose restric- tions to the market process for moral, social or other rea- sons.
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