Consumer Innovativeness is considered to be an important factor that influ- ences consumers’ choice of new services. This paper uses technology accep- tance model to study the impact of consumer innovativeness on SNS adver- tising click intention. The research results show that attitude has a significant impact on click intention; Consumer innovativeness significantly affects con- sumers’ attitude towards SNS advertising through perceived usefulness/ perceived ease of use/perceived enjoyment, thereby significantly affecting the click intention of SNS advertising. This study explores the influence factors of SNS’s click intention from the perspective of user’s emotion, enlarges the ap- plication scope of TAM and enriches the existing research results.
Abstract: Social Networking Sites have millions of users with global connections. More and more, people are turning to the Internet to keep in touch with friends, family and colleagues. Some popular social sites in the world are Facebook, Twitter, MySpace, Pinterest, Google Plus+, Tumblr, Instagram, Flickr, MySpace etc. These social websites provide very simple joining & working platform. It provides platform for virtual communication that allows people to connect with each other. During research, Research Scholar Mr. Navneet and Ms.Palak found that Social Networking Sites are very beneficial. It provide interface for chatting , emailing, instant messaging, video- and photo- sharing, audio & video calling, which help people to communicate and socialize with each other. But it’s also affecting our social, educational and personal life. Due to SNS we are globally connected but as actual we destroy our social values system, at one side SNS is a very fast medium for information sharing related to personal, political, social & educational but in other side our youth addicted to SNS. Sometimes it’s also plays a role to spoil their life and waste their time using SNS which have been broadly covered in this journal. The study found that almost half of users under the age of 25 and 27 percent of those over 25 - allow social media updates to interrupt meals, and that 11 percent admit to checking updates during sex. Twenty-four percent of users under 25 and 12 percent of users over 25 allow "electronic message" to interrupt them while they're in the bathroom. So, its affect our life which is must be noticed.Cyber expert and criminals also takes advantage of these social networking sites to perform various legal & illegal activities. We also try to elaborate SNS advantage, disadvantage & facts. There are some safety tips which help user to use SNS in much effective way.
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India is the third biggest country in terms of internet users in the world, with a high social and mobile audience. Now-a-days Social networking sites “overtaking the world “like Face book Twitter, Whatsapp etc diverting students from their studies. Students spend more time on social media than they do using personnel email. Even Though, there is loss of privacy and safety, social media provides opportunities for connecting with friends, classmates, and people with shared interest. Today, the main aim of th e student should be education and their future career. However, many students rely on the accessibility of information on social media. That means reduced focus on learning and retaining information. The social networking sites and social media have revolutionized the world, bringing us closer than ever before. However, students can exploit this and use it for a better life, a better tomorrow. It should be used to connect, stay in touch, share views but not waste time on. The sample size for the study is 50. A questionnaire is designed to determine the various factors of social media that have impact on student’s education. Variables identified are gender, education, social influence, and academic performance.
The contribution of technology is praiseworthy if it also ensures the social, economic growth of the nation subsequently the world as now world is also globally connected through Internet, Social Media. The youth are the coming future. SNS is a tool but ethically it is the sole responsibility of all of us that it should not be misused for playing with the emotions, mental health of the youth. The parents, educationists and socialists, psychologist and IT-experts should inspire the youth for relevant and useful applicability of SNS in their own capacity and also need to increase the frequency of awareness about the side effects of the usage of SNS.The SNS usage is good but not up to the level of creating mental disorderness, addiction of such technologies. In a nut shell, Social media forms have altered how youth socialize and learn, and raise a new set of issues for educators, parents, researchers and policymakers to consider. Adults can help teens thinking about online presence in moral and ethical ways—-specifically to help teens in understanding the consequences for themselves and others, of participation in the socially networked world. A multipronged approach that utilizes multiple social media platforms, as well as in-person contact, has the potential to reach teens with accurate health information, resources, and support.
The most popular types of Web 2.0 applications that have developed in recent years are online Social Networking Sites (SNS) or virtual communities, in which membership continues to grow exponentially (Lai et al. 2008). SNS such as Facebook, MySpace, Twitter, LinkedIn, Google Plus, Hi5, and Friendster are new forms of self-representation and communication, and imply a social behaviour that is different to the real world (Bonhard & Sasse 2006). Since their introduction, these SNS have not only attracted millions of users, but have become an essential part of the users‘ everyday activities—a parallel universe that, in the virtual world, satisfies the human need for sociability (Ganley & Lampe 2009). Social networking sites generate billions of dollars in revenue and are being increasingly used in marketing and advertising campaigns. However, very little research has been carried out to investigate the factors that influence the usage of SNS, as suggested by Gangadharbatla (2010).
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The impact on the function of the other key stress response system, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, is un- known. Whilst the SNS comprises the immediate response to a stressor, the HPA axis is a slower secondary response. In re- sponse to stressful stimuli corticotropin- releasing hormone (CRH) is released from the paraventricular nucleus of the hypo- thalamus. CRH stimulates the anterior pituitary to release adrenocorticotropin-releasing hormone (ACTH), which in turn stimulates the adrenal cortex to release cortisol, the main gluco- corticoid in humans . Prolonged and chronically sustained activation of the HPA axis may have long-term negative conse- quences [13–16] impacting on health, mood, cognition, and may lead to the development of stress-related diseases [17 – 19]. The full extent to which the neuroendocrine systems are activated during each of these laparoscopic interfaces is unknown as no studies to date have assessed the HPA-axis response to the two
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We next sought to determine why neither snsGal4- nor mef2Gal4- driven expression of UAS-hbs in a pattern that is spatially and temporally comparable to that of UAS-sns does not rescue myoblast fusion to completion. To evaluate the ability of Hbs extracellular, intracellular or transmembrane domains to impact fusion in sns mutant embryos, chimeric molecules were constructed in which corresponding domains of Sns and Hbs were swapped. Our rationale was that Hbs domains acting in a manner analogous to those of Sns should rescue to a comparable level. By contrast, Hbs sequences that act inefficiently should rescue less fusion and sequences that function specifically to antagonize Sns should not rescue at all. The sequences of all molecules were confirmed before injection, and are provided in Fig. S2 (see Fig. S2 in the supplementary material). UAS-SEHTC-HA includes the extracellular domain of Sns with the transmembrane and cytoplasmic domain of Hbs. UAS-SETHC-HA includes the extracellular and transmembrane domains of Sns with the cytodomain of Hbs. Finally, UAS-HESTC-HA includes the Hbs ectodomain with the Sns transmembrane and cytodomains. We confirmed that protein levels from all transgenes were present at approximately equal levels, and that the domain swap constructs had no significant impact when overexpressed in wild-type embryos compared to that observed with UAS-sns-HA itself (data not shown). The extent of rescue for domain swap molecules was compared to that directed by UAS-hbs-HA (Fig. 4D-F) or UAS-sns- HA (Fig. 4P-R). Clearly, the Hbs ectodomain is capable of rescuing significant myoblast fusion in the context of the Sns transmembrane and cytodomains (Fig. 4M-O). Some unfused myoblasts were present and muscles were occasionally missing. However, we did not observe a dramatic impact of swapping these domains. The Sns extracellular and transmembrane domain in combination with the Hbs cytodomain, by comparison, rescued much less fusion than that observed with UAS-sns-HA or UAS-HESTC-HA, but more than that observed with UAS-hbs-HA alone (Fig. 4J-L compared with Fig. 4D-F). Similar results were observed with transgenes that swap the Hbs ectodomain with that of Sns in the context of the Hbs transmembrane and cytodomains. Most importantly, the latter two proteins are capable of directing fusion well beyond the precursor stage, and beyond that seen with full-length Hbs. Mef2Gal4, which drives expression pan-mesodermally and at a higher level than snsGal4, yielded similar results (see Fig. S3 in the supplementary material).
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C. Verlage Unlock the potential 33 working hours on SNS. In this context, more practice leads to more skills. Another strategy is to en- courage communication professionals’ intrinsic work motivation. Previous research on work psychol- ogy identifies this construct to be positively related to job performance (Judge & Ilies, 2002). In ac- cordance with these findings, the current study uncovers a high intrinsic work motivation to contribute positively to the level of SNS strategic skills. A possible reason for this contribution is that this type of motivation has an impact on employees’ work-related actions, such as developing skills autonomously in order to fulfill job requirements (Judge & Ilies, 2002). Overall, motivated employees develop new skills more easily and effectively (Katzell & Thompson, 1990). As already proposed in the paragraph before, there are several ways to enlarge the intrinsic work motivation of employees. In general, or- ganizations should ensure the improvement of employees’ job satisfaction because it is positively re- lated to intrinsic work motivation (Judge & Ilies, 2002). For example, it makes the job more satisfying, if leaders give funded feedback, hierarchies are balanced, and organizational justice is present (Latham & Pinder, 2005). Finally, the transformational leadership style has been found to contribute positively to the level of SNS strategic skills. Previous research is already directed to uncover the positive effect of this leadership style on employees’ effectiveness. It has been found that transformational leadership supports employees’ willingness to perform effectively and to develop new skills autonomously (Wayne et al., 1997; Rikkink, 2014). Both past and present findings indicate that leaders within organ- izations should act in a charismatic, emotional way because the employees’ positive evaluation of the leaders’ behavior is essential
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Our previous work  has investigated the impact of having access to accurate SNS usage data through the personal informatics tool RescueTime, as well as the benefit of asking participants to provide daily estimations of how long they had spent on SNS that day. It was found that estimation accuracy significantly improved following two weeks of providing estimations. Interestingly, although participants did not reduce the time they spent on SNS, their perceived stress decreased, alongside an increase in satisfaction with SNS use. This suggested that a lack of awareness of the actual time spent on SNS could be an important
and affordable enough for even the most disadvantageous groups to interact. Hart (2010) stated in a study with high school and university students that university students use Facebook and they reported that they use it generally for establishing relationships. In their study with the students Chen, Sin, Theng and Lee (2015) find that the students use SNS to increase interactions. Evasiuk (2016) concluded that Facebook usage may affect offline romantic relationships. Substantial number of participants reported that they felt both happy and jealous due to Facebook usage. Things that contribute to these feelings were defined with the way romantic relationships are influenced. Young, Len- Rios and Young (2017) also state that social media access increases the adolescents’ romantic anticipation. In the study performed by Obi (2014) with high school students, it was concluded that more time spent on Facebook means that students’ relationships with their friends are affected positively but it has a negative impact on their relationships with their parents. While these students use Facebook every hour of every day of the week, they also reported that they are happy (f=240) or excited (f=239). Vural and Bat (2010) concluded in their study with undergraduates that 6.9% of the students use Facebook for finding new friends and 18.5% for online chat.
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While there have been a lot of positive consequences shown from mixing academia and SNS, there are also some concerning issues. The lines between professional and social can become blurred if students and teachers connect on these sites. This can lead to privacy issues and anxiety for students as outlined by Muñoz & Towner . While some studies have shown that students are comfortable connecting with staff on SNS , others find that some students prefer not to interact with staff online . Another concern is that using SNS will have a negative impact on students’ ability to communicate in the real world . Students who spend a lot of time may have a high level of digital literacy but consequently, may have skill deficiencies in more formal communication, critical reading and analysing , . Other studies have found that using FB can be detrimental to students’ grades as they will spend too much time on line when they would otherwise be studying , . Regarding Astin’s  tenets of engagement, many authors , ,  agree that learning occurs along a continuum; some students will always be more engaged than others and different students will be engaged by different things. Moule  raises the issue of computer literacy; some students may not have the skills or technology available to them to use SNS or eLearning applications.
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Abstract: Objectives: This study proposes a model that integrates three determinants of social cognitive theory (SCT) to explain the impact of FoMO on SNS usage. Design: A cross-sectional study is conducted using data for 259 participants recruited from a website. Main Outcome Measures: The analysis focuses on FoMO, social influence, positive outcome expectancy, refusal self-efficacy, and SNS-related behavior cloud-based sites. Data are examined using descriptive analysis and structural equation modeling. Results: The proposed model reported proper goodness of fit. FoMO does not directly or indirectly impact SNS usage through the determinants of SCT. However, social influence and refusal self-efficacy have a direct effect.Conclusions: The roles of the three determinants of SCT vary by stage of SNS usage. FoMO and refusal self-efficacy are more strongly related with SNS addiction. Further research, particularly longitudinal and intervention studies, is needed to examine the effects of specific factors on SNS addiction.
2 communication model (e.g. chatting messenger, telephone, instant message), but are less attentive to the one-to-many self-disclosure on social media, where people are posting their personal affairs to public audiences who are connected to the discloser at different levels of closeness. The authors situate this study in a communication context on social media and intend to explore what kinds of social media users are more willing to present their inner private world in the public eye. Psychological literatures on self-disclosure have identified a series of predictor of self-disclosure: cultural factors, motivational factors, features of the recipients, situational factors, etc. (Ignatius & Kokkonen, 2007). Among the found factors, this study is particularly focusing on one’s social relationship status and personality. We are interested in whether and how their connections to surrounding social circles may correlate with their self- disclosing behaviors to social media audiences, and the mechanism of personality’s impact in the process. This study surveyed SNS users in China. The most dominant SNSs include We Chat, Weibo, Renren and QQ. The survey subjects can be users of any one of the four SNSs. Weibo has over 500 million registered accounts and around 46.2 million daily active users by December 2012. We Chat came into Chinese people’s lives in 2012 and already had over 300 million users by January, 2013. It is primarily an instant message app like whatsapp but rapidly evolved into an important social network service mainly on mobile phones. Renren, the Chinese copy of Facebook, initiated in 2005, is popular mainly among college students and teachers. It has around 160 million registered users and 31 million active monthly users by 2011. QQ was originally an instant message tool similar to ICQ, while the introduction of QQ photo wall makes it share characteristics with other SNSs. The following literature will, first, conceptualize self- disclosure in the context of social media as distinguished from interpersonal and offline communication. Secondly, we will review how the level of social intimacy and loneliness may have an impact on self- disclosure on social media. Finally, we introduce personality as another construct that has been proved to be influential on self-disclosure, social intimacy, and loneliness. Literature review
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The framework shown in Table 2 links the four SNS features identified by Kane et al. (2014) to the accrual of entrepreneurs’ bridging and bonding social capital online. We adopt Kane et al.’s (2014) typology of digital user profiles, digital search, digital relations, and network transparency because their work integrates many previous typologies found in CMC literature and is developed in a management context. We argue that the affordances defined in Table 1 impact entrepreneurs’ network broadening and deepening behaviors through 10 specific action mechanisms (Table 2). These mechanisms are drawn from entrepreneurship and CMC literatures. Linking these features, affordances, and action mechanisms, we generate 12 research propositions. The propositions suggest how SNS affordances likely impact entrepreneurs’ networking behavior and the accrual of bridging and bonding social capital online. While the affordances are not exclusively associated with a particular feature or mechanism, we group them in Table 2 by the primary feature that enables them, and associate them with the mechanism(s) that most utilize them. This is appropriate because our goal is to identify why the accrual of entrepreneurs’ social capital may differ in the online context rather than to delineate every possible SNS affordance, implication, or mechanism. By identifying the mechanisms that link SNS affordances to entrepreneurs’ network broadening and deepening behavior, the framework begins to address calls for explaining the social capital-related behavior of entrepreneurs (e.g., Gedajlovic et al., 2013; Wiklund et al., 2011).
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X- ray diffraction patterns of the films deposited at different concentrations (0.1M, 0.3M & 0.5m) for all films are recorded. The observed peaks were analyzed and indexed using standard pattern for the Mineral Herzenbergite with orthorhombic structured SnS (JCPDS PDF Card # 39-0354). The analysis of the XRD pattern of films deposited after 24h indicate the formation of a poorly crystalline film. In order to study the structure of the films, X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was performed on sample 1and sample 2.Table 2 shows the comparison between the experimental and standard values for sample 1 and sample 2. The peaks observed in Fig.(1) and Fig.(2) at 2θ values of 32.85 0, 45.85 0 54.95 0 and 75.75 0 were found to match with reflections from (200), (220), (311) and (331) crystallographic planes of orthorhombic phase of SnS Respectivitely.The average crystalline size is estimated by
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Protocol) as a routing path for data transmission. By dividing at the source node, it adds the hidden information and also the privacy homomorphism. At the same time, the information feedback tree is established among the destination node & source node. As a result, it improves the reliability and privacy of data transmission and ensures the data redundancy. . Abderrahim et al. proposed an energy productive multihop transmission system aimed at Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) in light of Dijkstra calculation. We deliberate WSN made out of N sensor node. Right off the bat, we bunch the sensor nodes into groups as per their arrangement in the observing region, at that point we compose the nodes inside each bunch by choosing the fitting nodes as bunch head and ordering the rest of the nodes into dynamic nodes and dozing nodes. Our proposed hand-off determination calculation depends on the Dijkstra calculation. The fundamental commitment of the paper is to characterize another transmission methodology that recovers the consequences of our past work by improved limiting force utilization. . Ravi Babu Gudivada  Suggest an energy-efficient, secure communication scheme among SNs’ combinations using symmetric key cryptography to ensure authenticity as well as message integrity. We would use public-key cryptography based on ECC only to uniquely identify every node as well as to set up initial symmetric keys among SNs' combinations. They use a key generation technique in the proposed scheme to minimize the rate of key renewals as well as the Diffie- Hellman key renewal system based on symmetric key to less energy consumption through key renewals. . Qasem Abu Al-Haija This paper is a continuous demand for WSNs to operate vital & sensitive environmental, health & industrial information
Being socially active online is something most Millennials find themselves doing as they move towards adulthood. The non-Millennials today adapt more and more to this trend of being socially active online. The rising amount of data generated from social media´s, also labelled as big data, could result in new issues regarding privacy and security. The potential privacy and security risks of social networking sites (SNS) are often underestimated. Not a lot is understood of the privacy and security perceptions on Facebook in particular. This paper tries to examine whether there is a significant difference in perception between members of the ‘net-generation’ and non-members. Furthermore, the aim is to provide insight into the relationship between the privacy/security perceptions of the two age groups and their social media behavior. This study examines security, trust and privacy concerns with regard to Facebook. To do so, we conducted a survey-based study, in which we questioned two specific age groups.
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Tin sulfide-tin dioxide nanocomposite is synthesized by the pulsed-current electrochemical method on the surface of tin substrate. The prepared sample in conditions includes 92 mA.cm -2 current density, 13 Hz pulse frequency, 0.008 M sodium sulfide, pH 12.5, and 25 °C electrocrystallization temperature is characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques. Characterization studies showed that the sample contains uniform SnS-SnO2 nanocomposite in orthothombic nanorod form with 30 nm average diameters and 200 nm average lengths is synthesized. The synthesized is used as an oxygen gas-sensing agent to construct a new solid-state sensor. This sensor showed high dynamic range, high sensitivity to oxygen gas, fast response time and very low memory effect without any interference of the other gases.
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In this approach, SNSs are assumed to have the characteristics of a public goods game, because SNS are shared resources sustained by many users. For example, Toriumi et al.  and Hirahara et al.  modeled an SNS as a rewards game (RG) and a meta- rewards game (MRG), which are dual parts of Axelrod’s meta-norms game, and their own extension, called an SNS-norms game, to identify evolved behaviors of agents that model SNS users. They then analyzed the conditions under which a cooperation-dom- inant situation arises, where cooperation in this game corresponds to posting an arti- cle and a comment and a cooperation-dominant situation corresponds to a situation in which most users post them, so SNSs are active. They found that meta-rewards such as comments on article comments  and a simple (so, low-cost) response mechanism for rewards such as “Like” buttons for articles  play an important role in SNSs. However, these studies did not consider social and personal relationships between peers. Further- more, some SNSs have no mechanism to provide meta-rewards, so another mechanism and/or interactive structure also seems to affect SNS activities.
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The research will be beneficial to designers, architects and other allied professionals in the built environment, reinstating the essence to integrate traditional form, ideas, expressions, materials into modern/contemporary design techniques and construction. This research recommends that contemporary buildings in Nigeria should be designed and built to be representatives of the culture, tradition and identity of the people, employing the indigenous and traditional architecture of the people or society that lay claims or initiated them thereby harmonizing the modern and traditional concepts in contemporary architectural forms. The research concludes that despite the impact of modernization, there is need to use the existing situation as a spring board to develop traditional architecture in Igala land and indeed in Nigeria that will be environmentally, socially, economically and culturally friendly and acceptable and at the same time harmonizing with the existing environmental infrastructures.
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