depending on the type of dementia to clarify which variations of CS are most powerful in which etiology or with which symptom complex. At the same time, it needs to be considered that the CS groups in real-life settings will mostly be mixed regarding aspects like dementia types and severity, behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD), and comorbidities; and in some settings such as long-term care (see below), qualified diagnoses might not even be available. Thus, CS effects should also be examined in these settings (e.g., mixed patients in nursing homes, or geriatric/psychogeriatric hospital units). Living setting
Six months earlier I had received a diﬀerent call. For whatever reason it was not as diﬃcult of a decision. This one to Risen Savior, Chula Vista, was. And that was the reason I kept turning to the Psalms: “Hear my prayer, O LORD; let my cry for help come to you. Do not hide your face from me when I am in distress. Turn your ear to me; when I call, answer me quickly” (102:1-‐2). “To you, O LORD, I lift up my soul; in you I trust, O my God. Show me your ways, O LORD, teach me your paths; guide me in your truth and teach me, for you are God my Savior, and my hope is in you all day long” (25:1, 4-‐5). “Give ear to my words, O LORD, consider my sighing. Listen to my cry for help, my King and my God, for to you I pray. In the morning, O LORD, you hear my voice; in the morning I lay my requests before you and wait in expectation” (Psalm 5:1-‐3). Can you tell I was still really holding out hope that God would just tell me if it was time to go? It was so much easier on assignment day at the seminary when there was no decision to be made. “Here is where you are going. Now, go.”
Once met, the appropriate MaxOver amount will be carried forward for use at a future date. That means the level of coverage to which members have access can actually increase over time. So, when members need a procedure that costs more than the plan’s annual maximum, the funds in the MaxOver account can help meet the difference.
Celia is a poet and writer of educational materials for children. Her poems and stories have appeared in hundreds of anthologies, and she is a frequent contributor to BBC Television and Radio. She has written a number of books for Schofield & Sims, including the best-selling series KS2 Comprehension and A Time to Speak - an illustrated poetry anthology for children and young adults, complete with accompanying Teacher’s Guide.
The enrolments for Liberec are increasing daily, to the extent that when the deadline passes we estimate to have received 3000 enrolments. Competitors and relatives who have not yet booked their accommodation a special document for the World Championships has been prepared. Go to http://media.worldartdance.com/2014/07/Accommodation-offer-Babylon-2014-Copy.pdf These special prices are only available directly from the organizers. Email: email@example.com We are looking forward to a fantastic week of dancing in three halls with practically all WADF disciplines included in the programme. Many voluntary judges will be needed, we wish you all a hearty welcome.
According to Nielsen, social networks and blogs account for 23 percent of the time that individuals spend online, more than email and reading the news. 1 While the vast majority of consumers (89 percent) use search engines to research products and services that they are interested in purchasing, it is perhaps surprising that 42 percent follow or “like” a brand on a social networking website. 2
While the dual-task approach to the fractionation of executive functions appears successful, three methodological concerns need to be countered. First, we have assumed that the auditory-vocal tasks are “process-pure” (Jacoby, 1991) with respect to their executive function involvement. Thus, we have assumed that the 2-back task primarily taps memory updating / monitoring and not response inhibition or set-shifting. Parallel assumptions apply to the digit-switching task and the go-no go task. These assumptions are likely to hold only as a first approximation. For example, it is highly plausible that digit-switching invokes not just mechanisms that support set-shifting but also mechanisms that support both response inhibition and memory updating / monitoring. Response inhibition may be required as on any trial there are two possible responses (e.g., the correct response to the stimulus “7” is either “odd” or “high”), one of which should not be produced. Memory updating / monitoring may be required because the task changes (from odd/even to high/low) every four trials, and the current task must therefore be maintained in working memory. Similarly, good performance on the 2-back task is likely to involve executive functions beyond memory updating / monitoring. Response inhibition, for example, may be required to inhibit positive responses to foils occurring 1-back and 3-back in the stimulus sequence. Worse, we have no clear account at a process level of precisely what is involved in the function described as memory updating / monitoring. We have simply assumed that this function is shared by the 2-back task and the working memory tasks used to tap this function by Miyake et al. (2000). The methodology would undoubtedly be improved if process-pure auditory-vocal tasks could be devised. However, it is unclear whether any executive task can be reasonable said to tap one and only one putative executive function. In our view, the strength of the effects observed in the current studies indicate that secondary tasks which primarily tap one putative executive function rather than another are sufficient to demonstrate varying forms of central executive involvement in the primary tasks.