Hague Convention establishes procedures to secure the prompt return of children to the State of their habitual residence in cases of wrongful abduction. This prompt return of children is in fact perceived by the Convention as being in their best interest. There- fore, the Convention establishes only limited exceptions for children’s non-return, namely the child becoming settled due to the passing of time (Art. 12, para. 2); consent or acquiescence by the applicant (Art. 13, para. 1, let. a)); a grave risk that return will ex- pose the child to harm or place him or her in an intolerable situation (Art. 13, para. 1, let. b)); the objection by a mature child (Art. 13, para. 2) and the violation of fundamen- tal human rights (Art. 20). In the presence of any of those exceptions, the court of the State where the child was wrongfully abducted and is currently located has a discretion as to whether to return him or her to the State of his or her habitual residence. The ex- ceptions therefore do not apply automatically and do not impose on the judge a duty to refuse to return the child, but give him discretion to decide. In addition, the court must interpret these exceptions strictly, due to the strong presumption favouring the return of the wrongfully removed child under the 1980 Hague Convention. Thus, a child's view
We are taught as business students to focus on success stories and learn from the negative ones, not dwelling on the probability of occurrence. In practice, you will often hear a manager tossing around the statement, “The odds are against us!” or “It hasn’t happened before, it’s unlikely to happen in the future” or “Why dwell on something that doesn’t have such a high chance of occurring?” No precautions are taken to guard against situations that are not likely to occur. We are not trained to deal with Low probability failures or occurrences, our focus in education is on high probability occurrences, the reasons why they occur and the methods used to best deal with them effectively. It is important to bring to our notice here, the fact that high probability events do not cause drastic changes in the business units or the economy at large.
Several performance metrics (Throughput, Packet Delivery Fraction (PDF), Average End-to-end Delay (AED),Normalize Routing Load (NRL) and packets loss) were suggested as a measuring tool to be used in the comparison stage for all these four mobility models using NS- 2.Various parameters such as different number of nodes, different speeds, different pause times, different environment areas and different traffic rates were also used in five suggested scenarios. The results indicated that the best performance of AODV routing protocol is with RPGM mobility model than other mobility models.
cal to deliberately misinform patients. Taking advantage of placebo effects as additive effects in clinical practice should not be confounded with deception. Deception is not ethical and can harm the relationship between clinicians and their patients. The ethical use of placebo effects in a clinical set- ting should rely on realistic expectations and be based on best practice. The use of placebo in clinical settings might still be seen as controversial by some. However, provided that placebo effects are used as additional effects to best practice medicine, and provided there is no deception of the patient, we believe that placebo effects generally are unproblematic from an ethical perspective.
Though there may have been some resistance to engaging in a written form of self-reflection, the benefit of self-reflection, in whatever form it took, outweighed any concerns held around the time that it took to complete. Some participants suggested that perhaps the steps of self-reflection could be more flexible for future iterations of peer and self-assessment cycles and rather than requiring a written summary, it could be a verbal discussion, point form notes, or whatever participants choose to do to best benefit their own learning. From the focus group discussions and interviews, it was clear that self-reflection as steps in the process of peer and self-assessment could not only help to identify learning needs but also work to ease feelings of vulnerability and fear associated with exposing individual teaching practices to peers. This in turn could lead to improved teaching practices and potentially benefit student learning.
The technique of consensus building is another cornerstone of Blockchain. The methods used here are based on concepts that have already been studied for a long time in the context of distributed networks and distributed systems [11,1,34]. The best-known method currently used by a blockchain implementation is the proof-of-work of the Bitcoin blockchain. The actual proof-of-work concept was already proposed in 1993 to curb junk emails [12,41,5]. It is based on an asymmetric approach in which a service user, i. the e-mail sender must perform work performed by a service provider, i. the email network provider can be easily checked. In the context of the blockchain, users are the miners who spend a lot of time on the proof-work, and the vendors are all nodes that easily check that the successful miner has correctly calculated the proof-of-work [24,28,58]. In the Bitcoin blockchain, the proof-of-work algorithm is based on the method presented by Adam Back as Hashcash [27,50]. The goal of the algorithm is to find a number (nonce = number used only once) that, in combination with the new block to be appended to the already existing blockchain, gives a hash value consisting of a certain number of leading zeros consists. If several miners simultaneously find such a value and attach it to the blockchain, this results in a branching of the blockchain as this new block is distributed to all nodes of the P2P network [20,33]. Find e.g. 3 Nodes almost at the same time a matching nonce, then attaching the new blocks would divide the existing block chain into 3 branches. To re- consolidate this split, the majority vote is to select the branch that represents the longest chain, represents most transactions or most of the work. The other two blocks expire, and the transactions contained therein, which are not contained in the attached block, are again included in the pool of transactions yet to be validated [17,4].
I just expressed interest and understanding and kept listening. When I eventually went into Bill’s office I asked him, ‘Did you know that Steve’s wife is pregnant?’ Bill gave me a disinterested response. I persevered. ‘Seems like they’ve had a lot of prob- lems.’ ‘So what?’ was the reply, so we got down to business From that day forward Steve and I had a different relationship. When we’d pass in the office or the yard it was always, ‘How’s it going Al?’ I’d respond with a joking remark about his football team or sometimes just enquire how Jo was doing with the new baby. Steve was always going to be a difficult guy to deal with and I knew that we would never be best buddies. However, I do know that if I had been Steve’s boss then we could have worked pretty well together. If Bill could only get this message, he could make both their lives much easier.
From the doubtful report (d) will be create a pack of queries (Q) by using several query heuristics . Module of query generation gathers the report (d) the pre-processed record (d) and the inquiry era heuristic as input and gets back a set of questions and queries (Q) as yield. It'll be create diverse record recovery heuristics, including main phrases , change in lucidness score over sentences and to begin with the first sentence in each passage of the archive. The heuristics has been assessed for accuracy, review and f- measure on a large group. The best three methods has been chosen heuristics. According to many of analysist the assessment appeared that a combination of those methods was the best of each separate heuristic that's why it combine them for the source report recovery. In is educator to briefly portray one heuristic, specifically the main sentences based heuristic (for points of interest, see Menai, M. 2012). This heuristic gets the pre-processed report (d). It examined a set of beat N (in this paper N = 5 ) distinguished words, based on the recurrence of each word within the whole report. At that point, for every word it developed a express by getting the previous two words and the next two words, when they start to appear for the first time in original report (Without prior modification). On the off chance that the word showed up at the starting or even the end of a sentence, the previous four words or the next four words has been utilized to build the main phrase. An illustration, key state is " مع ر بهذ يلا ةسردملا" ("Omar went to school"), in which main word is underlined.
In this paper, a law professor analyzes the debate over harmonized standards of conduct for advisors. On the problem of principal trading, he writes, “Any broker-dealer that provides advice should be required to act in the best interest of the client to whom the advice is given [but] imposing a fiduciary duty on dealers is inconsistent, or not completely consistent, with the dealer’s role. A dealer’s profit is earned to the detriment of his trading partner, the very person to whom the dealer would owe a fiduciary obligation.” He identifies three obstacles to harmonization: the difficulty of analyzing its costs and benefits, the presence of multiple regulators, and the question of whether advisors should have their own self-regulatory