The settlement patterns and house types of the Northern Albanian Gheg vary from district to district, resembling their tribal and clan system as well as different natural resources and climatic conditions. Yet, the northern Albanian tower-house type is unmistakably distinct in its physical appearance. “The kula is a three storey building of rectangular plan, whose sides are 7-8 m (23- 26 ft) high; it is built with heavy stone walls, 70-80 cm (27-31 in) thick, with no or very small vaulted openings or rifle loopholes on the ground, which become more numerous towards the upper storeys. On the top floor, there are living-quarters with a sitting space (divanhana). This floor is built in light material, mainly of wooden skeleton with larger openings frequently forming a sitting balcony or an enclosed wooden chardak, a much lighter room than those below. The raised sofas (dysheklleku) covered with kelims are very much comfortable. The overlooking view, for control and inspiration, seems also to be an important criterion for such a house form.” . For matters of security, a sophisticated stair concept is provided; the only way to reach the upper floor is by means of an outside, wooden staircase, which in case of an attack is burnt. Then the circulation of the house is completely autonomous inside the solid stone shaft of the tower house. During the daily use of peacetimes, the basement of the towerhouses are serviced from the enwalled yard, but can also be reached through an inner wooden staircase down from the
Department of Construction and Technical Works, Karadeniz Technical University, 61080, Trabzon, Turkey Abstract: The purpose of this study is to seek answers, and find solutions, to the following questions: How should the house-garden relationship be reinforced for a healthy and harmonic life? Can some criteria be determined for the design of the gardens? How can outer spaces be created consciously? This study examined the traditional houses and their gardens in Trabzon, the main focus being more on the gardens. Some of the peculiar characteristics of the garden houses were emphasized. The house-garden types were grouped and were shown schematically. Each element (gates, fountains, wells + fountains, wells, fireplaces) in gardens was explained in terms of house-garden relationship. The types of garden houses have been also studied from the point of view of the plants. To this end, this study investigates the garden-house and garden designs in traditional Trabzon houses that have come down to our present day, and presents data for the new present-day garden-house and garden designs to be made.
14.6 If at any time during the term that the Tower Access Licence is to be terminated because of the closure of that tower site, SingTel must give the Requesting Licensee six (6) months prior written notice before such event and if SingTel is unable to give such notice for circumstances beyond SingTel’s reasonable control, SingTel must notify the Requesting Licensee as soon as reasonably practicable upon becoming aware of any closure of the tower site. The Requesting Licensee shall bear its own cost associated with the closure of a tower site and the Requesting Licensee shall solely be responsible for making such alternative arrangements as are necessary to continue to provide its customers with services. If the Requesting Licensee requests assistance from SingTel within thirty (30) Business Days after receiving a notice under this clause to provide an alternative solution to access the tower site which is being terminated, SingTel shall use its reasonable endeavours to assist the Requesting Licensee in finding suitable alternatives to the tower site that is the subject of termination provided that nothing in this clause shall restrict SingTel’s right to terminate under this clause 14 and that the ultimate responsibility to find an alternative lies with the Requesting Licensee.
One of the first criticisms directed at ANT had to do with the theory label, with unwanted connotations of its terms. Network, for instance, was associated with dissolution of humanity through an amoral and apolitical perspective (Walsham, 1997). Some questions arise in this respect: What is the place for intentionality in ANT? Is it not relevant? If agency rests in the heterogeneous associations of actants, how does research deal with infinite and never-ending connections? Does ANT get trapped in an ivory tower? And how to select and follow actors through time and space?... Other critiques advocate that ANT contributions remain entirely descriptive and atheoretical since no explanations for social processes are provided. Moreover, ANT carries the risk of falling into interminable chains of associations. One of the earliest criticisms was that of Amsterdamska (1990) suggesting that the translation process is a mean for naturalizing organizations. In her opinion, the translation is problematic since it can portray many cases without any adaptation, establishing itself as a way to describe nearly everything. But such a description does not account for the different natures and specificities of the connecting process.
The 2020 Annual Meeting of Stockholders (the “Annual Meeting”) of American Tower Corporation (the “Company”) was held virtually on May 18, 2020. At the Annual Meeting, the Company's stockholders elected eleven individuals to the Board of Directors (the “Board”), approved Proposals 2 and 3 and rejected Proposals 4 and 5. The proposals are described in more detail in the Company's definitive proxy statement on Schedule 14A filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 6, 2020.
The overall frame of this research is concerned with the tangibility of the Architectural Design Features (ADF) that is found in the architecture of the Malay Traditional House (MTH) and its application in the design of the Contemporary Malaysian Houses (CMH). The research is essentially exploratory in nature, investigating the ADF of the MTH for its applicability to the architecture of CMHs. Therefore, what follows, is a discussion of the revealed concepts and its contribution to the formation of a design framework for the CMH. The research not only bring spotlight to the individual ADF that is found in the MTH, but also reflects the collective design decision of Malay and local social groups sharing a common ideology, which embedded the ADF and the values in the MTH.
Process Treatments has been established since 2001 with its head office based in Lancashire and laboratories at Hexagon Tower, Manchester. Their combined sales and technical support team have in excess of one hundred and thirty years of experience in the chemical and metal working fluid supply business.
Kayin national are ancient natives living in Myanmar and they have their own culture. Their traditional house had been built from pre-colonial period until now. Nowadays there are a few traditional houses in Karen village are left because of the fact that Kayin national develop their living standard with current situation. However, traditional houses are built with bamboo and timber so that can easily be destroyed by nature. Kayin traditional houses should be conserved without running in the future years. Thus Kayin traditional house which are noble things for Kayin national so it study in record in this paper. By studying Kayin traditional houses, their culture, their living style and standard are also observed. In studying of Kayin traditional houses in Kayin state, the common factors are identified. It is envisaged that that attempt to carry out a good record of Kayin traditional character up to this present time is the sole object of this research.
All income from the Colonial Houses supports the educational mission of The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, the not-for-profit organization that operates the Historic Area. Colonial Williamsburg welcomes private contributions. Friends interested in discussing gifts to the Foundation are invited to contact the Director of the Colonial Williamsburg Fund, The Colonial Williamsburg Foundation, Post Office Box 1776, Williamsburg, Virginia 23187-1776.