Transport of dangerous goods

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TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

1. These Recommendations have been developed by the United Nations Economic and Social Council's Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods in the light of technical progress, the advent of new substances and materials, the exigencies of modern transport systems and, above all, the requirement to ensure the safety of people, property and the environment. They are addressed to governments and international organizations concerned with the regulation of the transport of dangerous goods. They do not apply to the transport of dangerous goods in bulk which, in most countries, is subject to special regulations. 2. The recommendations concerning the transport of dangerous goods are presented in the form of "Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods", which are presented as annex to this document. The Model Regulations aim at presenting a basic scheme of provisions that will allow uniform development of national and international regulations governing the various modes of transport; yet they remain flexible enough to accommodate any special requirements that might have to be met. It is expected that governments, intergovernmental organizations and other international organizations, when revising or developing regulations for which they are responsible, will conform to the principles laid down in these Model Regulations, thus contributing to worldwide harmonization in this field. Furthermore, the new structure, format and content should be followed to the greatest extent possible in order to create a more user-friendly approach, to facilitate the work of enforcement bodies and to reduce the administrative burden. Although only a recommendation, the Model Regulations have been drafted in the mandatory sense (i.e., the word "shall" is employed throughout the text rather than "should") in order to facilitate direct use of the Model Regulations as a basis for national and international transport regulations.
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TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

2. The recommendations concerning the transport of dangerous goods are presented in the form of “Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods”, which are presented as an annex to this document. The Model Regulations aim at presenting a basic scheme of provisions that will allow uniform development of national and international regulations governing the various modes of transport; yet they remain flexible enough to accommodate any special requirements that might have to be met. It is expected that governments, intergovernmental organizations and other international organizations, when revising or developing regulations for which they are responsible, will conform to the principles laid down in these Model Regulations, thus contributing to worldwide harmonization in this field. Furthermore, the new structure, format and content should be followed to the greatest extent possible in order to create a more user-friendly approach, to facilitate the work of enforcement bodies and to reduce the administrative burden. Although only a recommendation, the Model Regulations have been drafted in the mandatory sense (i.e., the word “shall” is employed throughout the text rather than “should”) in order to facilitate direct use of the Model Regulations as a basis for national and international transport regulations.
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TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

2. The recommendations concerning the transport of dangerous goods are presented in the form of “Model Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods”, which are presented as an annex to this document. The Model Regulations aim at presenting a basic scheme of provisions that will allow uniform development of national and international regulations governing the various modes of transport; yet they remain flexible enough to accommodate any special requirements that might have to be met. It is expected that governments, intergovernmental organizations and other international organizations, when revising or developing regulations for which they are responsible, will conform to the principles laid down in these Model Regulations, thus contributing to worldwide harmonization in this field. Furthermore, the new structure, format and content should be followed to the greatest extent possible in order to create a more user-friendly approach, to facilitate the work of enforcement bodies and to reduce the administrative burden. Although only a recommendation, the Model Regulations have been drafted in the mandatory sense (i.e., the word “shall” is employed throughout the text rather than “should”) in order to facilitate direct use of the Model Regulations as a basis for national and international transport regulations.
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DOCUMENTARY ASPECTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

DOCUMENTARY ASPECTS OF THE INTERNATIONAL TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

9. Transmission of information should not be limited necessarily to a paper document. Electronic and other advanced means of communication between shipper, freight forwarder, carrier and other parties are being used more frequently as technology progresses. When dangerous goods are being declared for shipment, legal and practical problems may be of particular importance and the resolu- tion of these (for example, the need for an original signature) should be a matter of priority for the Working party. Early action should be taken internationally to improve the acceptance of EDI regarding the transport of dangerous goods, through amendment where necessary of interna- tional Conventions and national regulations. A separate Working Party No.4 document TRADE/WP.4/R.998/Rev.1 gives a description of the situation with regard to the legal barriers to the use of EDI for dangerous goods movements.
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ICAO and the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air

ICAO and the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air

Annex 18 • The Safe Transport of  Dangerous Goods by Air • “The Standards and  Recommended Practices of  this Annex shall be  applicable to all  international operations of  civil aircra[r]

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Safety in Tunnels TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS THROUGH ROAD TUNNELS TRANSPORT

Safety in Tunnels TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS THROUGH ROAD TUNNELS TRANSPORT

4 ABSTRACT ITRD NUMBER: E110101 This report provides a comprehensive package covering both regulatory and technical issues concerning the transport of dangerous goods through road tunnels. The report proposes harmonised regulations to facilitate compliance by road transport operators and enforcement, thus improving safety. A quantitative risk assessment (QRA) model has been developed as part of the research which compares the risks of transporting dangerous goods through a tunnel to using an alternative route. A decision support model (DSM) was also developed as part of the research which allows decision makers to combine the results from the QRA with other relevant data (which are not of a scientific or technical nature but rather of a subjective or political nature). The DSM will help the decision-maker to determine the preferred route for the transport of dangerous goods or upgrades to existing tunnel infrastructure and other measures required to meet safety objectives. Finally, the report details the effectiveness of measures that can be taken to reduce the risks of incidents in tunnels.
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Road Transport of Dangerous Goods in Poland – Risk Analysis

Road Transport of Dangerous Goods in Poland – Risk Analysis

ABSTRACT The paper presents the methodology for the risk anal- ysis of the road transport of dangerous goods. The risk analysis includes the societal risk for communities living or staying within a radius of six kilometres from all national roads in Poland. The GIS software was employed to make this analysis. The prepared matrix has included the prod- uct of the likelihood of a road accident involving explosive dangerous goods and the consequences for communities living in the abovementioned area. The likelihood analysis was developed for explosive and toxic dangerous goods. The consequence analysis was based on the population density, according to which a respective number of people was as- signed to each building, depending on the time of day (day- time, nighttime). Each stage of the analysis was presented in the form of a map. In total, two variants of the likelihood analysis, four variants of the consequence analysis and four variants of risk analysis have been developed. All analyses have been developed for the entire country.
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Interaction between the transport of dangerous goods and soft law

Interaction between the transport of dangerous goods and soft law

to prime matters, materials, but also products and sub-products with specific characteristics, which could endanger human life and property. The regulating activity in the field of transport of dangerous goods meant a gradual sedimentation of the public law norms from private law, because the danger they presented could affect both man and his propriety (the environment was not yet acknowledged as a fundamental value in the early 1950s). Even if the agreements were meant to regulate also private relations, they had to be provided in an appropriate way that they would benefit of a minimal safety level, by means of the application of this agreement. The motif of this displacement in favour of the public domain, of this “imposition of the state in private activities” is not a reflex of “economic interventionism” (Fontaine et al., 1998), but rather a preoccupation for the security of the economic activity performed. “Public policies are the main instrument of the state in a given field at a certain moment in time; they constitute the assembly of the decisions taken and of the actions put forward by the investment and social players in view to finding a solution in order to solve a collective problem” (Duţu, 2012).
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Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air

Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air

Strong outer packagings II. SECTION II With the exception of Part 1;2.3 (Transport of dangerous goods by post), 7;4.4 (Reporting of dangerous goods accidents and incidents), 8;1.1 (Dangerous goods carried by passengers or crew) and paragraph 2 of this packing instruction, lithium ion cells and batteries offered for transport are not subject to other additional requirements of these Instructions if they meet the requirements of this section.

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Transport of Dangerous Goods. Class 7. Radioactive Material

Transport of Dangerous Goods. Class 7. Radioactive Material

There are many regulations that govern the transport of radioactive material. The Canadian Nuclear Safety Commission (CNSC) and Transport Canada, Clear Language Regulations (TCCL) have generally adopted the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Regulations for the Safe Transport of Radioactive Material. Local Public Utility Boards may also set regulations regarding the transport of dangerous goods.

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Dangerous Goods Safety Guidance Note. Road transport of dangerous goods in receptacles of more than 500 L or kg

Dangerous Goods Safety Guidance Note. Road transport of dangerous goods in receptacles of more than 500 L or kg

Anyone involved in dangerous goods transport tasks has a duty of care to ensure that the goods are transported in a safe manner. In addition to the vehicle requirements, everyone involved in the transport operation must be sufficiently trained and competent to undertake tasks safely. Contracting or subcontracting tasks related to the transport of dangerous goods does not relieve consignors and prime contractors of their responsibility to ensure that the dangerous goods are transported safely and in accordance with the legislative requirements. If you are contracting out work relating to the transport of dangerous goods, you need to ensure that:
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TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

38.3.2.2 Lithium metal and lithium ion cells and batteries shall be subjected to the tests, as required by special provisions 188 and 230 of Chapter 3.3 of the Model Regulations prior to the transport of a particular cell or battery type. Cells or batteries which differ from a tested type by: (a) For primary cells and batteries, a change of more than 0.1 g or 20% by mass, whichever is greater, to the cathode, to the anode, or to the electrolyte;

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TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

4.1.5.13 The ingress of explosive substances into the recesses of seamed metal packagings shall be prevented. 4.1.5.14 Plastics packagings shall not be liable to generate or accumulate sufficient static electricity so that a discharge could cause the packaged explosive substances or articles to initiate, ignite or function. 4.1.5.15 Large and robust explosives articles, normally intended for military use, without their means of initiation or with their means of initiation containing at least two effective protective features, may be carried unpackaged. When such articles have propelling charges or are self-propelled, their ignition systems shall be protected against stimuli encountered during normal conditions of transport. A negative result in Test Series 4 on an unpackaged article indicates that the article can be considered for transport unpackaged. Such unpackaged articles may be fixed to cradles or contained in crates or other suitable handling, storage or launching devices in such a way that they will not become loose during normal conditions of transport.
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TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS

(d) A sheet of 3.0 mm thick mild steel to act as a witness plate. Blast measuring equipment may be used. 16.5.1.3 Procedure The test is applied to a stack of packages of an explosive product or a stack of unpackaged articles, in each case, in the condition and form in which they are offered for transport. Where explosive articles are to be carried without packaging, the tests should be applied to the unpackaged articles. Sufficient packages or articles to give a total volume of 0.15 m 3 are stacked on a steel witness plate on the ground. If the volume of an individual package (or unpackaged article) exceeds 0.15 m 3 , then the test is performed with at least one acceptor placed in the position most likely to result in communication between the individual products (see 16.3.1). If this position is not known, several acceptors are used. The preferred method of confinement consists of containers, similar in shape and size to the test packages completely filled with earth or sand and placed as closely as possible around the test package to create a minimum thickness of confinement, in every direction, of 1 m. Alternative methods of confinement are to use boxes or bags filled with earth or sand placed around and on top of the stack or to use loose sand. If loose sand is used for confinement, the stack should be covered or protected to ensure that no sand falls into the interstices between adjacent packages or non-packaged articles. Articles carried without packaging are confined in a manner analogous to that used for packaged articles. The decision to use either an initiating stimulus or an igniting stimulus is based on the following considerations.
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Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road

Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road

2.Provision of a separate document such as a safety data sheet; or 3.Provision of a separate document, such as the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) “Emergency Response Guidance for Aircraft Incidents Involving Dangerous Goods” or the International Maritime Organization (IMO) “Emergency Procedures for Ships Carrying Dangerous Goods” and “Medical First Aid Guide in Accidents Involving Dangerous Goods”, for use in conjunction with the transport document.

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Organization of International Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road

Organization of International Transport of Dangerous Goods by Road

SUMMARY Dangerous goods transport requires more precautionary measures than other goods because handling and possible accidents may endanger the lives of people, the environment and cause material damage. Therefore, ADR has been defined and classified hazardous substances through this final paper. As each substance has its own specific properties, this paper states specific safety measurements, packaging and marking and marking of the vehicle when transporting certain types of goods to reduce the risk of accidents. Due to the dangers that such goods bring with them, the personnel handling it must undergo special training and take on themselves a great deal of responsibility. From this it can be seen that knowledge of the properties and characteristics of dangerous substances is necessary for a safe transport process. Therefore, all participants must know and act in accordance with the legal regulations. Freight forwarders along carriers have major role in the international shipping of dangerous goods. They act as intermediary between the consignor and the consignee, regarding the task of organizing transport, obtaining the necessary permit and documentation for importing or exporting dangerous goods.
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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE SAFE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE SAFE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR

The application to obtain the flight authorization and advice provided for must be submitted to the RCAA at least ten (10) working days before the date of flight and it must contain all relevant information and documents mentioned in the form shown in the Romanian AIP page GEN 1.2-12. Upon request, a copy of the certificate issued by the appropriate authority of the State of Registry of the air operator proving that it is entitled to carry dangerous goods must also be attached to the application.

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TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE SAFE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR

TECHNICAL INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE SAFE TRANSPORT OF DANGEROUS GOODS BY AIR

Safety devices (including air bag inflators, air bag modules and seat-belt pretensioners etc.) may not be transported to, from or within the United States without prior approval by the appropriate authority of the United States (see US 1), Attention: Approvals and Permits Division (PHH-30). Such approval remains valid for subsequent transport provided there is no change in its composition, design or packaging. The dangerous goods transport document (shipping papers) must contain the EX number or product code for each approved safety device in association with the basic description required in 5;4.1.4. If product codes are used, they must be traceable to the specific EX number assigned to the safety device by the appropriate authority of the United States. The EX number or product code is not required to be marked on the outer package. Safety devices classified as Class 9 (UN 3268) in accordance with 49 CFR 173.166(b)(1) are not required to have an EX number assigned or have an EX number indicated on the transport documentation.
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ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS in the Netherlands for the transport of dangerous goods by road (Status: )

ADDITIONAL PROVISIONS in the Netherlands for the transport of dangerous goods by road (Status: )

closed and the pump is stopped. There shall be operating controls for the emergency stop device in the control box(es) and at the front left and rear right of the tank. Tank-vehicles intended for the transport of propane, butane or mixtures thereof shall be equipped with a driving-off alarm, in order to prevent driving off with a connected hose or a hose that has not been put away. This device shall consist of a flashing red light on the dashboard and an intermittent warning sound in the cabin.

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Basic Concept for the Quantitative Assessment of Risks in the Transport of Dangerous Goods

Basic Concept for the Quantitative Assessment of Risks in the Transport of Dangerous Goods

Adopted from: PIARC Technical Committee C.4 Road Tunnel Operation: Technical Report “Risk Evaluation”, Draft Version 5.0_2010... BASF approach.[r]

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