demographics, to decide what type of infrastructure to implement. However, there is a set standard for both distance (100-600 miles) and population density requirements. At first, each region of the UnitedStates should be treated as its own separate system. The focus should be to connect only the highly populated cities with as few stops as possible, continually reducing travel time and increasing reliability. The German system was not implemented in this way; much more emphasis was placed on avoiding bottlenecking, making the system accessible for both passenger and freight travel. This has resulted in a less-vulnerable system in terms of the rail lines always being used, yet has also resulted in lower economic success compared to France and Japan because of lines being placed in low populated areas.
Virtually all countries are parties to the 1929 Warsaw Convention, 49 Stat. 3000, T.S. 876, which establishes the international air waybill. The air waybill requires seventeen documentation details. Absence of some of these details from the air waybill will cause forfeiture of the limitation on liability provided cargo carriers under Warsaw. The air carriers' liability is limited to $20 per kilogram (about $9 per U.S. pound). A lower limitation may not be negotiated, but the shipper and the carrier may negotiate a higher limit. A carrier is presumed liable for loss, damage or delay, unless it proves that it has taken all necessary measures. Like maritime carriers, air carriers also use contractual extensions of the air regime to related surface transportation. Such contractual extension is permitted to the extent allowed by applicable surface transportation law. Most countries have adopted an updated version of the Warsaw air waybill (the 1955 Hague Protocol). The UnitedStates has not updated the Warsaw air waybill.
Finally, to aid the Department in monitoring the fitness of new carriers, we have adopted a requirement that all newly certificated carriers must submit a detailed progress report, within 45 days following the end of the first year of certificated operations, to the Air Carrier Fitness Division. The report should include a description of the carrier’s current operations (number and type of aircraft, principal markets served, total number of full-time and part-time employees), a summary of how these operations have changed during the year, a discussion of any changes it anticipates from its current operations during its second year, current financial
In the mid-1990s, the major international air carriers – acting under the auspices of the International Air Transport Association – entered into private, voluntary agreements. These are known as the 1997 Inter-Carrier Agreements. In January 1997, the U.S. Department of Transportation issued an order approving these agreements. D.O.T. Order 97-1-2 (Jan. 8, 1997). See George N. Tompkins, Jr., Liability Rules Applicable to International Air Transportation as Developed by the Courts in the UnitedStates: From Warsaw 1929 to Montreal 1999 12-15 (2010). Some air carriers that have not signed these agreements are subject to the 1966 Montreal Inter-Carrier Agreement. Indeed, under 14 C.F.R. Part 203, 1 (2013), certain air carriers
The Recipient understands and agrees that it must comply with applicable Federal civil rights laws and regulations, and follow applicable Federal guidance, except as the Federal Government determines otherwise in writing. Therefore, unless a Recipient or Program, including an Indian Tribe or the Tribal Transit Program Recipient, is specifically exempted from a civil rights statute, FTA requires compliance with that civil rights statute, including compliance with equity in service, a. Nondiscrimination in Federal Public Transportation Programs. The Recipient agrees to
As a threshold matter, we are prepared to go forward in the absence of full, open-skies provisions only because the U.S.-Canada market presents unique circumstances that justify special consideration. The U.S.-Canada relationship is sui generis. The two countries share the longest border in the world. The vast majority of Canadians live within an hour’s flight of the American border: the resulting majority of relatively short-haul transborder markets contrast sharply with transatlantic, transpacific, and even Latin American routes. Instead of a relatively few long-range routes, many much shorter markets bind the two countries together. In addition, the volume of the bilateral market for goods and services outpaces every other international market. It is not surprising that these characteristics have created a demand for transborder air services that dwarfs all other bilateral markets. It is the largest international passenger market in the world, and growing rapidly. For the UnitedStates, Canada is a bilateral market in a class by itself.
The growth of the U.S. transportation industry has been led by the five major transportation modes: truck, rail, airline, pipeline, and water. For the past ten years, their growth patterns have been more complicated in the age of limitless competition based on the needs of the times, obtainable output profits from the input resources available, and levels of technological advances in each industry. The objective of this study utilizes the conven- tional Malmquist productivity index to measure productivity growth in these five major transportation industries in 51 U.S. states as well as the pooled transportation industry between 2004 and 2011. The state-level findings from this study are expected to be used to evaluate whether each state’s transport policies have sufficiently func- tioned to enhance productivity growth at its boundary. The structure of the remainder of this paper is as follows. Section 2 explains the methodology used and Section 3 describes the data. In Section 4, the results of the em- pirical analysis are shown and Section 5 concludes the study.
quently, adolescent and young adult males are at high risk for health crises and unpaid medical ex- penses. In our analysis, more than twice as many emergency department visits were injury-related for adolescent males than females and the difference widened as adolescence progressed. Males are more likely than females throughout adolescence to seek emergency department care for urgent problems. These findings support data accrued from other types of analyses (eg, mortality and hospital-dis- charge data), 25,26,35,36 and highlight the severity and
The data are ﬁtted separating vector-boson-mediated processes, VBF and VH, from gluon-mediated processes, ggF and ttH, involv- ing fermion (mainly top-quark) loops or legs. 5 Two signal strength parameters, μ ggF f + tt H = μ ggF f = μ tt H f and μ VBF f + V H = μ VBF f = μ V H f , which scale the SM-predicted rates to those observed, are intro- duced for each of the considered ﬁnal states ( f = H → γ γ , H → ZZ ∗ → 4 , H → WW ∗ → ν ν ). The results are shown in Fig. 7. The 95% CL contours of the measurements are consistent with the SM expectation. A combination of all channels would provide a higher-sensitivity test of the theory. This can be done in a model- independent way (i.e. without assumptions on the Higgs boson branching ratios) by measuring the ratios μ VBF + V H / μ ggF + tt H for the individual ﬁnal states and their combination. The results of the ﬁt to the data with the likelihood Λ( μ VBF + V H / μ ggF + tt H ) are shown in Fig. 8. Good agreement with the SM expectation is ob- served for the individual ﬁnal states and their combination.
These numbers reflect Department of Defense contracts for science and engineering, and research and development. These numbers do not reflect the many defense-related programs funded by departments outside of DoD. For example, the top priority of the Department of Health and Human Services is bioterrorism (not food stamps, family assistance, or disaster relief); the top investor in NASA is the Pentagon; and the Education Department funds national- security and other defense-related programs.
The HCAP model was developed to assist USPS in analyzing surface transportation routing and scheduling. The model serves as an analytical tool with which USPS can identify opportunities to reduce surface transportation costs while maintaining on-time delivery. The model is intended to be sufficiently flexible so USPS can apply it to a wide range of components of the USPS transportation network. For example, the HCAP model may be applied to problem sets that include BMCs, STCs, P&DCs, AMCs , and a variety of other transportation applications. The model could also be applied to individual geographic regions of the nation (e.g., all processing facilities in the northeast corridor), or the model could be applied to a single transportation network nationwide (e.g., all BMCs ), provided that the size of the network being considered is suitable for the HCAP model (see Section 4 for details).
Claimant was at the Fiumicino Airport 1 with her parents, brothers, and sister when terrorists launched an assault with machine guns and hand grenades inside the terminal. She states that, when the attack began, she was in close proximity to hand grenade explosions and gunfire, and that she was thrown to the ground and struck her head. Multiple pieces of shrapnel struck the left side of her head, causing her to bleed. She was taken to a local hospital and then transferred to another hospital the next day; she was eventually discharged four days after the incident. Claimant still has small pieces of shrapnel in her head and a scar marking her injuries. Moreover, she also alleges that her shrapnel injuries and/or a blow to her head when she hit the ground resulted in a displaced pituitary stalk and caused her to develop a pituitary tumor, both of which have resulted in a variety of physical symptoms that she experiences to the present day.
F ast food, defined by the UnitedStatesDepartment of Agriculture (USDA) as “food purchased in self-service or carry-out eating places without wait service” has exploded in popularity since its humble origins in the roadside hamburger stands of 1930s California. There are now ⬎ 240 000 fast food restaurants in the UnitedStates. Fast food is available in schools, offices, airports, and hospitals across the US and around the world. Fast food tends to be high in fat, energy- dense, poor in micronutrients, and low in fiber. Consequently, literature in the scientific and mainstream press (eg, “Fast Food Nation,” “Supersize Me”) is beginning to scrutinize fast food’s impact on public health. The verdict is harsh: evidence implicates fast food as one of the major causes of obesity, rates of which have risen sharply over the past 30 years.
thought to create social structures as barriers to violence. An example of social structures as barriers to violence is the American aphorism that democratic countries do not go to war against each other. The development of barriers that restrict the use of force is then another way to interpret liberalism. Ironically the opposite is also true, liberalism can induce the use of force. Vietnam and the first Gulf War are examples of the U.S. projection of moral values, based on the philosophy of liberalism, that resulted in the UnitedStates participating in combat. As liberalism matured the idea of neoliberalism emerged and provided a counter the ideas of neorealism. Neoliberalism challenged the concept that anarchy drives nations to seek balance of power via competition. Instead of anarchy equaling balance via competition, neoliberalism views anarchy as a means to create a network of interdependence between nations that fosters relationships that build on cooperation and mutual interest. 115 The competing philosophies of liberalism and realism gave birth to an academic field of study know as International Security Studies (ISS).
Histoplasmosis, a systemic fungal disease caused by His- toplasma capsulatum var. capsulatum (15), is an important health problem worldwide. Although the majority of cases present as a mild to moderate flu-like disease requiring only supportive therapy, approximately 5% of patients develop a more serious pulmonary and extrapulmonary disease that can be life-threatening if diagnosis is delayed or if treatment is not initiated rapidly. Histoplasmosis is most prevalent in the mid- western states of the UnitedStates (27–30), although smaller regions of endemicity are scattered throughout most of Latin America (17, 22, 24). The disease is one of the most common systemic mycoses in Brazil, where epidemiological surveys car- ried out by use of the histoplasmin skin test indicate that this mycosis is endemic in all areas surveyed (9). These data suggest that the numbers of cases of histoplasmosis in Brazil may be underestimated and that the areas of endemicity are more widespread than previously thought.
The current study addresses many di ff erent models of new physics, in particular those that predict the pro- duction of metastable massive particles with O(ns) lifetime at LHC energies, such as mini-split SUSY [11, 24, 25] or anomaly-mediated supersymmetry-breaking (AMSB) models [26, 27]. A metastable gluino with a mass of approximately 1 TeV would be compatible with the measured Higgs boson mass ac- cording to mini-split SUSY models, which also predict squarks with masses of 10 3 –10 5 TeV, therefore making the gluino the only observable sparticle produced through the strong interaction at LHC energies. Results are presented assuming the production of R-hadrons as composite colorless states of a gluino to- gether with SM quarks or gluons and the subsequent decay, on nanosecond timescales, of the gluino to a stable neutralino and a q q ¯ pair . This search could, in principle, also be sensitive to the production of LLPs through weak interactions, but these models are not considered here as the cross-sections are much lower.
We acknowledge the support of ANPCyT, Argentina; YerPhI, Armenia; ARC, Australia; BMWFW and FWF, Austria; ANAS, Azerbaijan; SSTC, Belarus; CNPq and FAPESP, Brazil; NSERC, NRC and CFI, Canada; CERN; CONICYT, Chile; CAS, MOST and NSFC, China; COLCIENCIAS, Colombia; MSMT CR, MPO CR and VSC CR, Czech Republic; DNRF and DNSRC, Denmark; IN2P3-CNRS, CEA- DSM / IRFU, France; GNSF, Georgia; BMBF, HGF, and MPG, Germany; GSRT, Greece; RGC, Hong Kong SAR, China; ISF, I-CORE and Benoziyo Center, Israel; INFN, Italy; MEXT and JSPS, Japan; CNRST, Morocco; FOM and NWO, Netherlands; RCN, Norway; MNiSW and NCN, Poland; FCT, Por- tugal; MNE / IFA, Romania; MES of Russia and NRC KI, Russian Federation; JINR; MESTD, Serbia; MSSR, Slovakia; ARRS and MIZŠ, Slovenia; DST/NRF, South Africa; MINECO, Spain; SRC and Wallenberg Foundation, Sweden; SERI, SNSF and Cantons of Bern and Geneva, Switzerland; MOST, Taiwan; TAEK, Turkey; STFC, United Kingdom; DOE and NSF, UnitedStates of America. In addition, individual groups and members have received support from BCKDF, the Canada Council, CANARIE, CRC, Compute Canada, FQRNT, and the Ontario Innovation Trust, Canada; EPLANET, ERC, FP7, Ho- rizon 2020 and Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions, European Union; Investissements d’Avenir Labex and Idex, ANR, Région Auvergne and Fondation Partager le Savoir, France; DFG and AvH Foundation, Ger- many; Herakleitos, Thales and Aristeia programmes co-financed by EU-ESF and the Greek NSRF; BSF, GIF and Minerva, Israel; BRF, Norway; Generalitat de Catalunya, Generalitat Valenciana, Spain; the Royal Society and Leverhulme Trust, United Kingdom.