University’s research ethics committee. A project website was developed to provide information (and periodically updated ‘news’) about the project for potential participants and other interested parties. This was designed to be ‘interactive’ to allow external contributions (subject to moderator ‘approval’). The next stage involved drafting and piloting the online survey. Once this was complete, information about the project began to be disseminated (largely electronically). This consisted of an open ‘call’ for assistance and/or participation. Opportunities to provide references or existing literature, complete the online survey and/or participate in regional discussion groups were explicit. This information was sent to approximately 200 individuals, groups and organisations, and also shared via a number of LGBT publications and websites. Emails explicitly requested that people forward on the information to their own contacts, which was a deliberate attempt to go beyond specific organisations or groups and into more informal networks.
The literature search revealed over 50 relevant papers from publications (primarily scholarly journals) focused on general teaching and learning, educational technology or discipline-specific education (e.g. Advances in Physiology Education). The literature re- view was not discipline specific and online tests were identified that cross a range of disciplines, with the natural sciences and social sciences (including business and eco- nomics) quite highly represented, with arts and humanities less so. A significant num- ber of the empirical studies reviewed were in specific discipline areas, including earth sciences, physiology, nursing, medical sciences/biology, psychology and business (for example, see Angus & Watson, 2009; Brady, 2005; Buckles & Siegfried, 2006; Smith, 2007; Yonker, 2011). The number of articles identified provided a large enough pool to gain insight into the use of online tests in higher education.
Beginning of the twentieth century was marked by coinage of a new rock name, Charnockite, first described as a hypersthene-bearing granite from Southern India. Since then charnockites have been described from most of the conti- nents and mostly restricted to high-grade belts. Later half of the last century saw a lively debate over an igneous versus metamorphic origin. However, two factors acted as deterrents for the resolution of the debate. First, charnockites and associated rocks occur in a variety of different structural setting and display diverse field rela- tions, attesting to possible different mode of origin. Second and possibly more important is the lack of consensus on the nomenclature of charnockites and associated rocks and this is commonly linked with the metamorphic versus magmatic perspective. Scanning the literature of this period makes one believe that both metamorphic and magmatic hypotheses are valid, but applicable to different field setting only. Before critically evaluating individual cases, it is imperative that a uniform approach in nomenclature should be agreed upon. It is proposed that name charnockite be adopted for any quartzofeldspathic rock with orthopyroxene, irrespective of its mode of occurrence, struc- tural setting and mode of origin. The associated more mafic varieties, be better described as mafic granulite, rather than basic charnockite. For the patchy charnockites of east Gondwana (including parts of Peninsular India, Sri Lanka and Antarctica), metamorphic transformation from amphibolite facies gneiss, by two different mechanisms: CO 2 ingress from deep level, and
Abstract: Despite the focus placed on combating corruption over the last quarter-century, practical results have been disappointing. A small number of “success” stories cannot mask the fact that corruption continues to blight the lives of millions of citizens. This essay argues that part of the reason for the broad failure of anticorruption policies is that we have not specified clearly enough what we are seeking to address, and have paid insufficient attention to changes in how and where different forms of corruption operate in practice. Rather than sticking to unrealistic aspirations to “defeat” corruption, this essay argues that we should pay more attention to the positive promotion of integrity, supported by a better understanding of the drivers of individual behavior, particularly how these are more complex than suggested by the incentives-based literature. The final section of the essay outlines some practical measures we can take, underlining the need to focus reform efforts at both supra- and subnational levels in order to help move beyond what has become a sterile conversation about corruption.
The horizontal space just above the results is used to dis- play the full range of results within the LC Classification scheme (see figure 2). The first dimensions in the left col- umn focus on the subject dimensions (topic and genre) that should be pertinent to the broadest range of searches. The following format and library dimensions recognize that patrons are often limited by time and space. When design- ing the user interface, it was not known which dimensions would be most valuable. As it turned out, dimension use does not exactly parallel dimension placement. LC Classification is the most heavily used, followed closely by Subject: Topic, and then Library, Format, Author, and Subject: Genre. Since no basis for the placement of dimen-
However, the number of anti-allergic agents is not limited to these drugs in clinical use. It is evident from the numerous reports outlined in this review that a broad range of com- pounds have been isolated from natural sources that demon- strate substantial anti-allergic activity in a panel of in vitro and in vivo screens. In some situations, their mechanism of action has been elucidated, while in many situations their activity is not solely limited to their effect on mast cells. Indeed, in many situations they, also target many inflamma- tory events, which may ultimately complement their effect on mast cell degranulation. Moreover, many of these anti- allergic agents are sourced from foodstuffs such as the flavo- noid family which enter the body on a daily basis where they could potentially target activated mast cells and attenuate the mast cell response to allergens. The significance of these natural products may be further emphasized by the history of the natural mast cell stabilizer, Khellin, which subsequently led to the synthesis of the first established mast cell stabilizer, DSCG. Additionally, various biological agents such as natural and synthetic peptides have shown promising anti-allergic behaviour by blocking IgE/FceRI binding or by interfering with the signalling pathway of the allergic response.
Equally importantly, the Boyle website has been enhanced by placing complete sets of images of the core volumes of the Boyle Papers online. The interface for this has been designed by the research officer on the project, Stella Wong, who has also been respon- sible for the redesign of the website as a whole. The images are accessed through an index page which gives the titles of the documents in each volume. Users are then offered a full description of each item, in the form of the entry relating to it from the revised cat- alogue of the archive, together with a set of facsimiles of the original manuscript. Also included are notes giving guidance to this material for the benefit of students doing project work, which will in turn interrelate with the research materials already available. In all, the aim is to raise Boyle’s profile so that in the twenty-firstcentury he will receive the acclaim that he deserves as a pioneering experimenter, profound thinker, and figure- head of the new science in its formative years.
So, though a ‘this time is different’ argument may not always apply, a ‘this time must be different’ statement can be a reasonable inference from historical evidence. Posed this way, Piketty’s concerns would have a very different contextual point of departure for speculation regarding the future. This may seem peripheral to Piketty’s concerns, as he states them; but remember how he positions his book—as political economy using data purposefully to shape our understanding of and solutions to the fundamental problem of inequality. In many respects the whole is a positional argument that opposes the future it predicts. But it is also a lost opportunity for something more ambitious—a political economy of positional arguments for possible futures. Pressman’s Understanding Piketty’s Capital is an excellent first step toward this more ambitious project.
Both deterritorialization as the temporal multiplicity imposed new relations between the subject and society, revealing an almost infinite range of possibili- ties, once he became acquainted with multiple and, therefore, questioning the totality. This recognition of his contemporary condition pushed the subject to seek in education instruments that distanced him from total and global solu- tions, like the great majority of the educational models of the twentieth century that did not consider the specificities and needs of the subjects to the detriment of an abstract and utopian collectivity.
Refocusing the Twenty First Century Law School SMU Law Review Volume 57 | Issue 4 Article 6 2004 Refocusing the Twenty First Century Law School Deanell Reece Tacha Follow this and additional works at[.]
The introduction of popular music degrees to the British sector began over twenty years ago, at first with postgraduate study, followed by one undergraduate degree course at University College, Salford, on which Sheila Whiteley taught from 1991. Many courses emerged in institutions without music departments, or with new departments that did not have long, well-established reputations. In other cases, PMS courses were often supported by another, related discipline. Salford’s degree was in Popular Music and Recording. The technical content of the course provided surety that this was a subject worthy of study, and reflected the university’s history as a technical institute that originally focused on engineering and sciences to support local industry. A few years after Salford’s degree commenced, Bretton Hall College, a small (ex-teacher training) institution, began a degree entitled Popular Music Studies, which included performance, music technology, musicology and composition, a course on which I taught for a number of years, joining long-standing IASPM member Simon Warner. Market forces created more and more such courses, as young people increasingly wanted to study popular music.
quickly follows through by leaving for France. She moves in with a friend, gets a ‘makeover’, takes up a new job and a lover. Although Sarah’s new job leads to satisfaction as a musician, her lover betrays her trust by using her bank cards to run up huge bills. This fraud causes a financial crisis, which her husband David helps to solve. Despite this unpleasant outcome, Sarah has fleetingly experienced the fulfilment of her romantic dreams. Sarah has been more successful in her pursuit of rewarding work. She is a violinist and through her employment as Monsieur Flocourt’s secretary eventually plays in his orchestra at the Festival du Printempts. On her first meeting with Monsieur Flocourt he asks Sarah “Why are you here?” Sarah replies “Because I need a job.” Monsieur Flocourt tries harder to make his meaning clear as he asks “No, I mean why are you here in France. Have you run away?” Sarah replies to his question with an answer, which encapsulates the confusion, hopes and dreams of many matron lit heroines. She says “I was rather hoping I’d come to find something” (p. 116). Even though Sarah is desperately hurt and humiliated by her lover’s actions and she returns to England somewhat in disgrace, she is still somehow empowered by her sojourn in France. Sarah did find something that was very important to her in the form of job satisfaction and this positive result fulfils her in a way that domesticity had failed to do. Sarah is able to incorporate her rejection of domesticity, her adventures with their mixture of positive and negative outcomes and her eventual return to family life into a personal life lesson, which cumulatively gives her hope for the future. Sarah’s time away from her home and family has been experienced as liminal space which has enabled the transition into a more respectful and honest relationship with her husband.
24. The confidentially of medical records has always been a cornerstone in the practice of medicine. The concept was first espoused by Hippocrates and is part of the American Medical Association’s Code of Ethics, which notes that information disclosed to a physician during the course of treatment is “confidential to the utmost degree.” This mandate provides the patient with the ability to make a complete disclosure to a physician of very personal information with the knowledge that what is said in the examining room will not be revealed. In turn, this rule of confidentiality has been made into law by various federal and state statutes which protect the disclosure of patient information unless certain specific conditions have been satisfied. Id. at 17.
Therefore, when it came to the Château Versailles, the Sun King took this advice to the letter. First of all, unlike the Escorial, this castle lacked Christian images outside its chapel, located outside the interior Court Royal--the heart of the castle. Indeed, the salon Apollo--the throne room--received the honor of being at the center of the Versailles Palace instead of the royal chapel (Blanning 37). The Sun King lived and set the blueprint of secular baroque iconography signifying prestige, power and success; in other words, Louis XIV established the secular royal baroque brand by applying baroque synergy for his own aggrandizement.
T he North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was created in 1949, born of east-west Cold War hostility and suspicion. NATO was a military alliance, designed to provide a unified western front against the Soviet- led Warsaw Pact. The Warsaw Pact encompassed most of Eastern Europe and included only Soviet-friendly communist regimes. With the Cold War passing into the archives of his- tory, many have questioned the relevance of NATO. The organization is clearly at a crossroads in terms of what goals and policies, if any, to pursue in the twenty-firstcentury. As NATO’s strongest member, the United States plays a signifi- cant role in determining the fate of the alliance. While the most recent policy has been to support NATO expansion, this framework presents dangers, especially when one considers the fate of NATO’s traditional enemy—the Russians. After considering various policy options, and always keeping a keen eye on history, it becomes apparent that the best choice for the United States is to support a continued policy of NATO expansion—one that will bring Russia into the alliance.
Background: Recent scientific achievements and technological advances have brought forward a massive display of new or updated medical devices, enabled with highly-developed embedded-control functions and interactivity. From the final decade of the twentieth century, medical beds have particularly been affected by this surge, taking on new forms and functions, while accommodating to established properties that have become well-known for these devices. The past fifteen years have also brought forward changes to conceptual frameworks, concerning the product design and manufacturing processes (standards), as well as the patient (perspectives on patient-care environments and accessibility). This work presents a state-of-art survey on electric medical beds, representing what is defined as the time of “ smart beds ” , as part of an increasingly comprehensive patient-care environment.