If groups of apatite (U-Th)/He ages can be determined, then different shared pre- depositional thermal histories can be inferred for these groups using inverse models. In turn, it may be possible to infer pre-depositional thermal histories that are more complicated than those presented here, as well as detailed burial histories that are common for all groups. However, it is unclear how to group detrital apatite (U-Th)/He ages due to compositional factors that may lead to age variations and the limited number of ages that are typically measured. For example, the [Cl] of apatite crystals may be used as a means to determine apatite source or as a parameter that controls radiation damage. There is also the potential to have different inferred thermal histories for each group depending on which crystals comprise each group. Therefore, several inverse solutions should be presented to highlight sensitivity to this grouping. Any additional data in the form of depositional age constraints, vitrinite reflectance data or additional thermochronometric ages from other systems (e.g., apatite fission track or zircon (U-Th)/He ages) will improve the reliability of the recovered thermal histories. In addition, data that constrain a continuous period of the thermal history of a single crystal could be incorporated into forward and inverse models. These data could be in the form of 4 He/ 3 He measurements for individual crystals or crystals that have been double-dated using apatite fission track and (U-Th)/He.
Most research on mature students has been either large scale, statistical analysis of data sets or small- scale, qualitative analysis of specific sub-groups of mature students (e.g. women/ part-timers/those studying in particular institutions). Both of these approaches entail potential limitations and benefit to an analysis of (potential) mature student participation. Broad brush, quantitative analyses of HE datasets can provide valuable overviews but, as Davies (1997) comprehensively discusses, the inconsistencies over time in the collection of HE data, and the differences between separate sources, means that such analyses are often very problematic. This has also been highlighted in earlier sections of the report where data limitations have led to different data sources being combined despite the difficulties and limitations involved. Small-scale qualitative studies, on the other hand, may provide valid, highly contextualised analyses of multiple factors effecting mature student participation. However, the highly specific context of these studies means that findings are often not easily generalisable. In addition, many of the studies reviewed in this and other sections involve only very small sample sizes, which means that there are issues about how far they might be generalisable even within a particular context. This report provides a summary of trends and findings within a range of literature sources. However, we only report findings from studies that we deem to be of ‘sound’ quality (i.e. no obvious methodological flaws that would cast doubt on the validity of findings). The first part of Section A suggested that overall the number of full-time mature entrants has fallen slightly and is now levelling off (although this figure contains an increase in ‘younger’ matures and a decrease in ‘older’ matures) (see Figure 13). This broadly reflects the literature, which suggests that there has been a significant fall in applications from full-time mature entrants following post-Dearing funding changes (Adnett & Coates, 2000) 5 . HEFCE 2001 also states that the population from which
Unfortunately, several complications limit the accuracy of the ion mobilities inferred from the transit time of an ion swarm. The so-called “end effects” arise because the precise position at which a pulse of ions begins to drift with the steady-state velocity, after being produced by an external ion source, is not directly measurable. In addition, if the ions are injected with excess energy they may penetrate a finite distance into the drift space before starting to drift with a steady-state velocity and this can be treated as if the effective length of the drift tube is reduced. Since this is difficult to model, the effective reduction is poorly known. This “injection effect” can be quite large when heavy ions are injected into a light gas like He, but is less important when He + ions are injected into helium, because the momentum transfer is strongly enhanced by RCT.
When eleven-year-old Canadian Carys Cragg woke up at night, she heard a woman screaming. Downstairs, she saw her father lying on the floor, severely injured and bleeding. Minutes before, he had caught a burglar who offended him with a knife and escaped. Carys’s father died. Later that year, 1992, twenty-year-old drug addict Sheldon Klatt was identified as the offender. He was convicted for burglary and murder and sentenced to twenty-five years of incarceration. Nineteen years later, Carys sent him a letter, explaining “I have to understand who you are. This is the only way I can deal with the situation “. Another fifteen letters were exchanged between her and Mr. Klatt before they met on September 17, 2012, at the Drumhaller Correctional Institution under the supervision of two mediators 1 . Recently, Ms. Cragg shared
This paper only covers SBR in the MPEG context, where it is standardized for use together with AAC, forming the (High Eﬃciency) HE AAC Profile. However, the algorithm and bit stream are essentially core codec agnostic, and SBR has successfully been applied to other codecs such as MPEG Layer-2  and MPEG Layer-3 (the latter case is known as mp3PRO, see ), it is included in (High Definition Codec) HDC, that is, the proprietary codec used by iBiquity, and is standardized within (Digital Radio Mondiale) DRM for use together with the CELP and HVXC speech codecs . Furthermore, it is worth noting that the transposition method included in the MPEG-4 standard is a carefully selected tradeo ﬀ between implementation cost and quality, relaxing the strict requirements on harmonic continuation that are met by more advanced transposition methods.
Fig. 1 compares different l-changing collision rate coefficients for H + +He (n = 30; l → l = l − 1). The vertical lines indicate the l -ranges where the different collision theories apply. The first range (l = 0 − 2) is where l-changing collisions by electrons dominate. The next range (l = 3 − 6) covers those l where equation (4) is not satisfied and the l-subshells are non-degenerate, but l-changing proton collisions dominate over electron ones. In the final range (l = 7 − 28) the inequality (4) is satisfied. Finally, the thick blue vertical bar beyond l = 13 shows the l from where the PS64 rates, using both the degeneracy cut-off from equation (3) and the non- degenerate cut-off from equation (1) give the same result. For lower l, R nd
fought to hire him anyway, arguing that he could not find equal talent in the city. For Alica, who was a part-time telemarketer, her telework job was her second income. She would work a standard, located 9-5 day job, and then come home to start her telework job in the evening. “I would work until 5pm, and my job is about 4 kilometers from my house. It’s pretty close, so I’d rush home and try to gobble down some food, then start my [telework] job at 5:30.” This exhausting regime began as a way to pay down some consumer debt with a part-time job, but she could not bear the thought of working weekends because that would mean having no regular scheduled days off. Not having a commute allowed her to avoid working weekends because the work started as soon as she got home. George was a systems development consultant for a company in Sweden, who was working from Canada while his partner attended graduate school. For him, telework meant not having to try and find a new job in Canada. He got to keep his seniority, benefits, vacation, and other perks. “The best thing is just that I could move to Canada and still keep my job, no problems.”
Figures 3.10, 3.11, 3.12 and 3.13 present trends in age 18/19 participation by subject between 2004-05 and 2007-08, in decreasing order of popularity. There does not appear to have been a switch to high return subjects immediately after the HE finance reforms were introduced in 2006- 07, except perhaps for Social Studies (including Economics), shown in Figure 3.10, in which participation rose from 8.0% in 2006-07 to 9.2% in 2007-08. There was also an increase in the proportion of students opting to study Biological Sciences, and a noticeable decrease in the proportion of students studying Historical and Philosophical Studies, over the same period.
terrible. His past life, his first offense, his long expiation, his exterior degradation, his interior hardening, his release made sweet by so many schemes of vengeance, what had happened to him at the bishop’s, his recent act, this theft of forty sous from a child, a crime all the meaner and more monstrous in that it came after the bishop’s pardon—all this returned and appeared to him, clearly, but in a light he had never seen before.” (113)
In the Lancaster experiments, a different approach has been used. The speed of the ion is controlled by balancing the force of the applied field against the rate of momentum loss caused by roton creation above the Landau critical velocity. The technique relies on the assumption, apparently vindicated by the results, that roton creation and vortex nucleation are independent processes. It relies on earlier observations [16, 36] that, provided the He II is under sufficient pressure, negative ions can reach velocities near v L without immediately nucleating and being
"He Said, She Said" With a Twist SMU Law Review Volume 69 | Issue 1 Article 2 2016 "He Said, She Said" With a Twist Ronen Perry University of Oxford, rperry@law haifa ac il Oren Gazal Ayal Faculty of[.]
Abstract. Computational analysis of steady-state HE detonation parameters is possible if one knows the equation of state of detonation products and thermal energy released at the Jouget point during detonation. There are a number of equations of state of HE detonation products that result from di ﬀ erent assumptions concerning detonated material conditions. The paper considers one more version of the equation of state for HE detona- tion products.
good, but if you wish to do research, that would need to be done in the lecturer’s own time; again not too dissimilar to colleges, that is, these lecturers at this particular institution seem to have heavy teaching loads. Additionally, it was shown at the beginning of this paper, that the mission of FE was to offer second chances, which is not what HE’s mission is; the core of HE is research, and the seeking of new knowledge (Truscot 1943; Barnett 2005), and for some elite HE institutions teaching comes a poor second (Beckett 2001). Truscot (1943) would see these teaching universities, not as universities, but more like super schools. Denham (The Universities Secretary) was reported in the ‘Sunday Times’ as saying that ‘new universities’ should revert back to being polytechnics, and provide more adult education in the form of vocational degrees, which was sparked by a ‘class war’ between Vice Chancellors over the £1.5 billion funding available through the RAE (Grimston 2009). What then is the difference between new universities and colleges? It would appear very little, with the exception that a university will have the ‘Royal Charter’ to develop, deliver and bestow degrees. But, as we know, recently, colleges have been given powers to develop and deliver foundation degrees (King and Widdowson, 2009).
Due to the unknown variation of target gas pressure along the length of the scattering cell, an effective cell length, L, has been determined by measuring e^-He total-cross-sections and normalising them to known total-cross-section values. Since the positron beam is magnetically guided, total cross-section measurements have to be performed with particular care in order to discriminate against forward elastically scattered positrons. This was done by employing a retarder (R l, see section 2.6.3) set leV below the positron beam energy such that any positron that has converted longitudinal energy into transverse energy via elastic scattering would not be detected (a review of this method is given by Charlton, 1985).
Dr. Jim Hinojosa is a Professor of Occupational Therapy in the Department of Occupational Therapy in the Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development at New York University. Dr. Hinojosa has more than 35 years’ experience as an occupational therapist, researcher, and educator. Among his publications is the edited textbook Occupational Therapy Evaluation: Obtaining and Interpreting Data (4th ed.), coedited with Dr. Paula Kramer and published by the AOTA Press. A Fellow of the American Occupational Therapy Association, Dr. Hinojosa has served on many of its commissions and boards and was awarded its highest honors, the Award of Merit and the Eleanor Clarke Slagle Lectureship. He also served as director of the American Occupational Therapy Foundation Board and received its Meritorious Service Award.
dirty ‘new drop’ & dog-like of infliction upon the sufferers of the English sentence. Two of these men – behaved calmly enough – but the first of the three – died with great terror and reluctance – which was very horrible – he would not lie down – then his neck was too large for the aperture – and the priest was obliged to drown his exclamations by still louder exhortations – the head was off before the eye could trace the blow – but from an attempt to draw back the head – notwithstanding it was held forward by the hair – the first head was cut off close to the ears – the other two were taken off more cleanly; – it is better than the Oriental way – & (I should think) than the axe of our ancestors. – The pain seems little – & yet the effect to the spectator – & the preparation to the criminal – is very striking and chilling.
an uncanny precursor of the subsequent commemorations of his own death. Warhol’s presence therefore may well have been alluded to in LeCompte’s cryptic statement, posted on the Ayuntament’s website a week before the Spanish opening, that her Hamlet would “incorporate in some way the spirit of the city.” Warhol’s presence could definitely be felt in some of the painterly effects on the monitors during the Barcelona intermission, fuelled by LeCompte’s interest in “the power of surfaces to deepen and disturb— or, as she puts it, to ‘surprise’—reality” (LeCompte qtd. in Kramer 54). And in the depths established by the intermedial crossings of the Wooster Group’s Hamlet another presence hauntingly hovered, that of Willem Dafoe, who performed a minor part in Basquiat (1996, dir. Julian Schna- bel), the bio-picture of the New York graffiti artist (1960-1988) mentored by a fatherly Warhol during the final years of their lives. From the per- spective of Hamlet, it is ironical that all of Basquiat’s paintings seen in the movie were made by Schnabel, a painter himself, because he never re- ceived the rights to his subject’s art work. This raises the question whether these imitations were “true, original copies,” to misuse the term by which John Heminge and Henry Condell in their dedicatory epistle tried to legiti- mize the first folio. Equally important is that after forming a couple for twenty-seven years, LeCompte and Dafoe separated in 2005, the latter to marry Giada Colagrande, as hastily, some might say, as Gertrude remarried Claudius, or Burton Taylor, since the latter two at the time of Gielgud’s Hamlet first had to divorce their respective partners, Sybil Burton and Eddie Fisher (Bragg 187).
The same year that he was appointed professor of natural history and oeconomics, the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences and Linnaeus decided that Kalm was the one to go on a trip to North America. The main aim of this trip was to collect some information regarding useful plants that might be relevant to the Scandinavian economy (Jarell, 2000). The travel was especially focused on finding a mulberry tree that was able to withstand the Swedish climate, so Sweden could have its own silk industry (Benson, 1969, p. 62). The choice for North America as the destination was not clear from the start. Baron Sten Carl Bielke, the one that proposed to organize a trip to collect seeds and plants, favoured Siberia. Linnaeus did not agree with it, and decided that North America might be a better choice (Schiebinger & Swan, 2007, p. 39). Being both nordic territories there was a bigger chance that plants and seeds would survive in the Swedish weather than if the plants or seeds came from another area than North America.
Therefore we have to qualify as rational what at first sight would have to be characterized as irrational, greed, desire and whim, on finding that they produce a reasonable effect. Thus, the satisfaction of luxury and caprice, that is, the very convenience of the rich, is rational, in so far as it satisfies their desires, and yet, at the same time it creates a benevolent effect- the reasonable- for those who satisfy those desires. This is what explains the distribution of the necessities of life among all the inhabitants of the earth and consequently, the promotion of the general interest, the interest of society. According to Smith there is an invisible hand-providence-that ensures social order. That invisible hand is so because in the need to satisfy the whim, at the same time public interest is ensured. It seems clear that Adam Smith's attempt to explain the social order has something to do with other attempts contemporary to his own work, although the matrix of the former is just the opposite of the preeminence of the individual against the universal, the particular will, capricious and selfish, compared to the general will, as the central and essential element by which human action has to be understood and legitimized. I refer especially to Rousseau’s proposal that has a different character, mainly because he cannot admit Smith’s play between the rational and reasonable insofar as he holds that rationality can only be found under the direction of the general will, by which the particular will has to be ordered. Desire and whim respond only to a selfish will, and as such irrational will. From here it is well understood that the path laid out by Rousseau is radically different from Smith’s.