Abstract—Phishing attacks are still very rampant and do not show signs of ever stopping. According to Santander Bank Customer Service, reports of phishing attacks have doubled each year since 2001. This work is based on identifying phishing UniformResourceLocators (URLs). It focuses on preventing the issue of phishing attacks and detecting phishing URLs by using a total of 8 distinctive features that are extracted from the URLs. The sample size of study is 96,018 URLs. A total of four supervised machine learning algorithms: Naive Bayes Classifier, Support Vector Machine, Decision Tree and Random Forest were used to train the model and evaluate which of the algorithms performs better. Based on the analysis and evaluation, Random Forest performs best with an accuracy of 84.57% on the validation data set. The uniqueness of this work is in the choice of the selected features considered for the implementation.
The sole purpose of the system was to keep track of logistics information of products for a particular business type. However this system does not provide the management or decision makers with information needed to make tangible decisions. It was developed using the following technologies: SQL Server 2008 as the database, ASP.NET was the chosen programing language while Microsoft Information Services (IIS) was used as the web server. The choices of the technology adopted posed some pitfalls of the developed system such as the database used was proprietary which will not enable the development of an open source software, SQL Server 2008 does not go along well with other programing languages other than the ‘.NET Framework’ programing languages. It was stated by  that SQL Server is not suitable for applications with large and scalable. The web server used (IIS) lacks flexibility – it does not provide a way to control how UniformResourceLocators (URLs) are parsed of which it can only be used in the windows operating system environments 
This paper discusses job scheduling using a Uniform-grouping of jobs using PSO. By doing research and analysis of this problem, that aims at task scheduling with minimum total tasks completion time, minimum cost and maximization of utilization of resources. By using a new method to group the jobs, the above aims are achieved. GridSim is employed to carry out and simulate the tasks assignment algorithm, and distributed task
Background: Accurate determination of working length (WL) is crucial for the success of endodontic therapy. The aim of this study was to determine the influence of 2% chlorhexidine digluconate solution, 2% chlorhexidine digluconate gel and 2% hypochlorite solution on the accuracy of two devices: the Raypex 5 and the ApexDal. Methods: Twenty-nine single-rooted human teeth were used in this study. The crowns were cut horizontally and embedded in an alginate mass. In each tooth, six endodontic measurements were made using two electronic apex locators (EALs): a Raypex 5 and an ApexDal. For each EAL, measurements were taken with the following products: 2% chlorhexidine solution (CHX-S group), 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX-G group) and 2% NaOCl (NaOCl group). After performing an endodontic measurement, the endodontic instruments were stabilized with flow resin composite. Afterwards, the roots were removed from the alginate mass, and the apical one-third of each root was cut lengthways to recover the canal system. Last, the distance between the file tip and the apical foramen was measured under a microscope at 60 x magnification.
First, publication of RDF citation information as Open Linked Data requires that both the citing work and the cited work are referenced by means of UniformResource Identifiers (URIs). Works in FRBR are abstract concepts, and as such are typically not assigned URIs It is only the published ‘ version of record ’ of a paper that is assigned a DOI, which can be used to create such a unique dereferenceable URI. (Any DOI (e.g. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000228.x001) may be turned into a resolvable URI by substi- tuting “ http://dx.doi.org/ ” for the initial “ doi: ” and using this as the address in a Web browser, employing the International DOI Foundation ’ s automatic DOI resolution ser- vice to obtain the true URI for the paper (in this case http://purl.org/net/semanticpu- blication/pntd.0000228). Alternatively, for cito:WebContent, it is the Manifestations as cito:WebPages that have citable URIs.
EDSO is a process in which different computation resources are aggregated into a workflow to solve a specific engineering design problem. Problem solving amounts to constructing and executing a workflow. For this purpose GEODISE has developed a Workflow Construction Environment (WCE) (see Figure 8 ) to help engineers construct workflows via flexible, rapid assembly and disassembly of EDSO resources. However, building a workflow for a problem requires a lot of domain knowledge, for example, what algorithm is suitable, who has this code, where it is, how to specify the control parameters, etc. We have made use of SMD from the Function/Workflow repository to answer these questions. As can be seen in Figure 8 , WCE uses high level GD API, a suite of tools for manipulating resource SMD built on top of the OWL API (http:// wonderweb.man.ac.uk/owl/), to load functions and workflows from the Function/Workflow Knowledge Repository. As semantic metadata regarding these
In the RomiApex A-15 manufacturer’s instructions, there is no recommendation regarding this kind of measure adjustment. When the three device´s percentage after the adjustment was compared, there was no significant difference. The studied devices could be considered reliable, since the measures found were at a ±0.5 mm average in 100% of the cases. Furthermore, following the rule of retiring 1.0 mm from the total teeth length to establish the working length of the root canal preparation and obturation , all the electronic apex locators were shown to be suitable.
in the growth of the resourcee(t) is a measurement of consumption of resource, 0 < m, θ ≤ 1, u(t) and v(t) denote the feedback control variables. If m = 1, there is no mutual interference between the consumer and resource, hence in this paper we just consider the system with 0 < m < 1. But any economy models are set up in either continuous or discrete model. So, time scale approach is more flexible and realistic. Motivated by the above reasons and based on the system (1.2), we present a specific consumer-resource system described by a model with mutual interference and feedback control on time scale:
Background: For years, UniformResource Locator (URL) decay or "link rot" has been a growing concern in the field of biomedical sciences. This paper addresses this issue by examining the status of the URLs published in MEDLINE abstracts, establishing current availability and estimating URL decay in these records from 1994 to 2006. We also reviewed the information provided by the URL to determine if the context that the author cited in writing the paper is the same information presently available in the URL. Lastly, with all the documented recommended methods to preserve URL links, we determined which among them have gained acceptance among authors and publishers.
UniformResource Locator (URL) - The address of a Web site that includes the protocol used to reach the target server (http, https, ftp, etc.) and the host system (domain name) on which the document resides. The URL may also include the directory path to the document, and the document filename. The URL http://www.state.gov identifies the protocol http and the domain name www.state.gov. The absence of a path and filename cause the host system to use locally assigned default values.
Milanovoic I et al. (2015) evaluated the accuracy of three Electronic Apex Locators in determining the apical foramen in multirooted teeth which was a randomized clinical and laboratory study, with a sample size of 30 multirooted teeth which includes premolars and molars. Here the authors evaluated the accuracy of EALs in determining the Apical Foramen rather than Apical Constriction. The working length is estimated in vivo, which is confirmed with ex-vivo extraction measurements. The microscopic measurements after extraction was done by axially grounding the lateral side of the root curvature using a high speed, water- cooled, hand piece diamond bur 018 until the Flexofile became transparent through the thin layer of the residual wet dentine. The last layer of thin dentin is removed with the help of scalpel blade (#15). It was concluded that Raypex 5, Apex NRG and ProPex II was accurate to within ±0.5 mm in 84.6%, 78.6% and 66.7% of cases respectively 2 .
3.4 Example: Here are the examples of an Uniform Edge Fuzzy Graph and a non-uniform edge fuzzy graphs respectively. In both the figures ‘𝜎’ values are written in the brackets at vertices and ‘𝜇’ values are written in the middle of the edges. Fig.3.4.1 represents an uniform edge fuzzy graph and fig. 3.4.2 represents a non-uniform edge fuzzy graph.
disadvantage of the fourth generation devices is that they need to perform in relatively dry or in partially dried canals. In some cases, this necessitates additional drying, and with heavy exudates or blood, the method becomes inapplicable. To cope with those problems, a measuring method has been developed based on comparisons of the data taken of the electrical characteristics of the canal and additional mathematical processing. [13,30-32] Apex locators of this type,