Victorian literature and science

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Victorian Literature and  Modern China

Victorian Literature and Modern China

, Maolin and Xiaohong Li. “Apprehend the Working Condition of Factory Workers during Industrial Revolution in Great Brit- ain—Compare Marx’s and Wren’s Discussion.” Journal of Anhui Agricul- tural Sciences, Vol. 34.10, 2006: 2279-2280. Wang, Bei. “Cultural Factors of Victorian Surplus Women Population.” Jiang Huai Tribune, Vol. 15, 2005: 111-114. Wang, Jiu. “The Changing of Female Education in Victorian Age.” Journal of Zhejiang Normal University (Social Sciences), Vol. 1, 2002: 72-76. Wang, Rong. “The Representative of the New Female—A Brief Analysis of Sue Bridehead.” Shangdong Social Sciences, Vol. 11, 2006: 91-93. Yu, Yang. “On the Late Victorian Spectacular Theatre.” For- eign Literature, Vol. 1, 2008: 45-52. Zeng, Yaying. “The Prostitution Prob- lem in British Cities in the Victorian Era.” Collection of Women’s Studies Vol. 3. 2005: 69-73. Zhang, Lina. “Feminine Consciousness in Feminine Fictions of Victoria Period in 19th England.” Journal of Shangqiu Teachers’ College, Vol. 1123.111, 2007: 32-34. Zhao, Hong and Zhiyong Tian. “The Living Conditions of the Working Class in the British Industrialization.” Journal of Beijing Normal University (Social Science Edition), Vol. 3, 2003: 34-39. Zhou, Wenying. “Methodism in England (1740-1840).” Journal of Jinan University (Phi- losophy &Social Sciences Edition), Vol. 22.5, 2000: 78-83.
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Maths, Stats and Victorian Literature: What to Teach Business Undergraduates

Maths, Stats and Victorian Literature: What to Teach Business Undergraduates

When I studied management science (my undergraduate and PhD areas of study), I was taught a lot about how to run a factory. I did not set foot in one until well after I had graduated, but nevertheless, my curriculum covered inventory control, batch sizes, scheduling, etc. Now that much manufacturing is done elsewhere in the world (unless you’re a student in China or Germany) we teach students about supply chains.

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Erin Devine. PhD, Communication Studies. PhD, Children's Literature and Victorian Literature MA English (Creative Writing) Mary Carroll-Hackett

Erin Devine. PhD, Communication Studies. PhD, Children's Literature and Victorian Literature MA English (Creative Writing) Mary Carroll-Hackett

Commission on Accreditation of Athletic Training Education. She has over 30 years experience as an athletic trainer as an academician, in clinical work, and in a combined role. She has taught academic course work for 29 years, has presented at 8 state and national conferences, and has two peer- reviewed publications. In addition, she has been involved as a site visitor and reviewer for two different accrediting agencies for allied health and athletic training education programs since 1994. Also, she has been an invited program consultant for development of programs at six institutions. She has served on the Elsevier Science Publishing Athletic Training Advisory Group since 2002.
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Victorian Literature Research Paper >>>CLICK HERE<<<

Victorian Literature Research Paper >>>CLICK HERE<<<

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The Victorian tactile imagination

The Victorian tactile imagination

denaturalizes the textual subject, as the actions and states associated with touch — contact, handling, proximity — merge the surfaces of characters with the arboreal objects they live and work among. Other contributors to the special issue also demonstrate how reading nineteenth-century cul- ture through the tactile has particular implications for our understanding of subjectivity in the period. In particular, they recognize the body as a central site upon which nineteenth-century commentators explored issues of both subjective agency and perm- (and mall-)eability, through its ca- pacity to reach out and touch others, as well as be touched, moved, and manipulated in return. Notably, these articles reassess the importance of psychophysiological discourses to wider cultural conceptions of the rela- tionship between mind and body. Roger Smith observes that literary and cultural historians of the tactile sense in the nineteenth century have often overlooked the role of movement in touch perception. Through a wide- ranging and instructive survey of philosophic, scientific, and medical dis- courses on touch, Smith argues that resistance to contact and movement were basic to the Victorian notion of reality. While the word ‘kinaesthesia’ (used broadly to describe the sensory system which makes it possible to experience the position, movement, and effort required to move the body) was introduced in 1880 by the neurologist H. Charlton Bastian, Smith’s article traces how knowledge of kinaesthesia developed with anal- ysis of touch and the muscular sense in work by thinkers including Charles Bell, Alexander Bain, and Herbert Spencer. As Smith shows, there is a rich tradition of thought on the relationship between touch and reality in the nineteenth century, which takes ‘the encounter of active movement with resistance as central to the discovery of realities of self and physical other’. This manifests in a ‘language of force’ in Victorian writing on physical nature and man’s place in it. Smith’s concluding sec- tions offer a fascinating analysis of the ways in which new concepts of movement and the body contributed to modernist aesthetics, and, in par- ticular, free dance, at the end of the nineteenth century.
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An archaeology of Victorian newspapers

An archaeology of Victorian newspapers

tized historical resources and computational research methods, the con- nections between media shifts then and now can not only be theorized but also operationalized, with the nineteenth century’s prolific sources serving as the materials for twenty-first century digital humanities research. This essay results from just such an initiative—a content-mining project focused on the digital collection British Nineteenth-Century Newspapers from the commercial publisher Gale Cengage. Yet my goal is not to explain the contemporary challenges of computational approaches, the scale of digital materials, or a culture of proliferating information that connects us to the Victorians. Instead, this essay calls attention to the gaps in that story: the largely hidden history of how Victorian data gets to now. It argues that our justifiable enthusiasm for linking past and present has effectively erased the interval between—the twentieth-century transmission histories that estab- lished the parameters for scholarly resources in digital forms. New media is always in the process of constituting itself as new, erasing the legacies of its entanglements and the continuous work of its propagation. 3 This essay
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Formalism in the Victorian garden

Formalism in the Victorian garden

the flower beds edged with low clipped yews and Portugal laurels, embellished in summer with 20,000 plants. (42) To the east of the parterre was a conservatory with a curvilinear roof which stood along the edge of the terrace overlooking another fountain garden below. A flight of steps led out of the conservatory, down into the eastern flower garden, which by 1877 was generally filled with succulents in the summer - it was bounded by dry rockwork and evergreens. This lower fountain has now been replaced by a central flower garden (Fig/£#)and the conservatory has gone long ago - even in 1877 it was being described as 'an old conservatory'. By that date it would have been over 20 years old - letters, tenders and accounts from Richard Turner of the Hammersmith Iron Works, Dublin referring to the conservatory are dated 1853. (43) The entrances to the boilers underneath the glasshouse can still be seen quite clearly, as can the flights of steps and the stone edge of its eastern perimeter. It stood in a commanding position, clearly visible, towering above the eastern flower garden and simultaneously in full view from the house, facing onto the south parterre garden. The lavish use of stone steps, vases and straight gravel walks, the symmetrically laid out terrace flower gardens with their parterres and central fountains and the stone balustrading on the eastern terrace, combined with an ornate heated curvilinear conservatory in a prominent position indicate that this was a fashionable high Victorian garden. It was no doubt described as Italianate, in keeping with the eastern front of the house; it certainly fits into the category of the architectural or geometric garden and illustrates that within these categories some degree of latitude existed in their interpretation.
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Victorian Institute of Technology

Victorian Institute of Technology

VIT promotes full and equal participation of all students and staff and fosters an environment free of discrimination and harassment. VIT follows a strict anti- discrimination policy, which covers sex, race, caste, religion, country, language, physical disability, etc. Copies of the relevant Acts are available with the Manager of Student Administration. You can also download the latest versions from the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal web site www.vcat.vic.gov. au or from other relevant Government website. To view VIT’s policy on Access and Equity, please email info@vit.edu.au or visit our website www.vit.edu.au
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What Has Literature to Offer Computer Science?

What Has Literature to Offer Computer Science?

Finally another graduate student and I unrolled the program listing 80 feet down the hall and crawled over it yelling discoveries to each other. If university professors and graduate students can’t make head or tail of computer systems, what chance has everybody else? Why are computer manuals and other technical documentation often so hard to understand? Of course all manner of specialists find it difficult to discuss their particular domain of expertise. Try discussing techno/house music with a teenager or rocks of the tertiary period with a geologist. Nevertheless, computer science does seem to suffer from the problem more than most. In addition, most of us can live our lives quite comfortably without knowing anything about techno/house music, but it is increasingly difficult to fall back on that attitude where computers are concerned.
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Wilkie Collins and Oscar Wilde: Challenging Intersections Between the Male and Female Gaze in Victorian Popular Literature

Wilkie Collins and Oscar Wilde: Challenging Intersections Between the Male and Female Gaze in Victorian Popular Literature

In Ways of Seeing, John Berger discusses nineteenth-century European art as objectifying nude subjects for the sexual pleasure of the artist and viewers of the painting, while the subject remains passive. But while Berger talks specifically about the ways in which ‘men look at women,’ and ‘women watch themselves being looked at’ (Ways of Seeing 00:00:02-13), Wilde discusses the homoerotic gaze during a time when homosexuality was still illegal, and, with the exception of public scandals, was largely ignored in Victorian society. Not only does Wilde reveal how the gaze is objectifying and superficial, he also reveals how heterosexual gazes, in which the subject becomes an object of sexual desire, are considered socially acceptable, while homoerotic gazes are forbidden. For instance, Dorian has multiple female admirers who, though mature, upper-class and married, are able to freely engage in an extra-marital affair with a young bachelor because of their social positions.
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Science through the looking glass of literature

Science through the looking glass of literature

In real life the effects of Einstein’s relativity are so small that we do not notice them. The fascination of Alan Lightman’s fiction is that he makes a link with our own surprising experiences and the enigmatic nature of time. These experiences have led to sayings such as: time flies, at all times, for the time being, in good time, out of time, at the same time, to make time, or to keep time, in no time, etc. For every one of them, Lightman has made up a short story, a dream. From one of Einstein’s Dreams I have chosen to quote my favorite arrow of time. It’s the arrow pointing toward order and as you will hear later, modern science teaches us that this dream comes true.
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UZBEK CLASSICAL LITERATURE IN RUSSIAN SCIENCE

UZBEK CLASSICAL LITERATURE IN RUSSIAN SCIENCE

(Okil), Тabibi and Farruh. But these researchers’ works had not been properly and studied and valued yet. Investigating these sources, in the first place, researching archive sources in the Russian Archive determines the topicality of the thesis. Studying the research done by the Russian orientalists related to the Uzbek classical literature from comparative literature study point of view and evaluating along with enriching literary study with new information will enable to introduce scientists to some unknown sources and poets whose creative works have not been studied yet. Besides, scientific research done at the direction like this will serve to promote international literary relations as well.
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Victorian organ

Victorian organ

Around the time of my research for this project, I read a book by Benjamin Woolley on Ada Lovelace, titled “The Bride of Science: Romance, Reason and Byron’s Daughter”. He describes the particulars of Ada’s life and her work surrounding Charles Babbage’s prototype computer, known as the Analytical Engine, in the1840’s. While the device was entirely created by Babbage, with Ada acting as muse at most, she did publish notes specifying how one might use the Analytical Engine to calculate Bernulli numbers, along with her English

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Victorian Office of Multicultural Affairs Department for Victorian Communities

Victorian Office of Multicultural Affairs Department for Victorian Communities

We would like to invite you to be a part of a study into the numbers of speakers of various African languages that are now emerging in Victoria. The project is funded by the Victorian Office of Multicultural Affairs through its Language Services Strategy and is part of its efforts to gain more accurate information about the range of African languages currently spoken in Victoria by newly arrived migrants, the approximate numbers of speakers of each language, and literacy levels, language service preferences and educational levels of speakers of each language. The focus of the project is on gathering available factual information (without any identification of individuals or release of personal information) from agencies providing settlement and support services and community organisations assisting arriving African language speakers.
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CHILD MOTHERS IN CHILDREN’S LITERATURE: VICTORIAN GENDER NEGOTIATIONS IN BURNETT’S GIRLHOOD FICTION

CHILD MOTHERS IN CHILDREN’S LITERATURE: VICTORIAN GENDER NEGOTIATIONS IN BURNETT’S GIRLHOOD FICTION

Frances Hodgson Burnett’s biographer comments that, for a popular and successful Transatlantic author of fifty-two novels and thirteen plays—most of which were written for adult audiences—Burnett would, in all likelihood, be astounded to discover that today she is remembered most as the beloved author of The Secret Garden and A Little Princess, books that were the lesser known of her works during her lifetime (Gerzina, The Annotated xiii). The two novels remain classic literature for children and young adults today, easily reaching readers from across the years with seemingly timeless themes and characters. The Secret Garden, which “regularly tops lists of most influential books,” shares common thematic ground with A Little Princess (Gerzina, Unexpected xiv). Both novels have central female characters that operate in spheres that seem to lack male influence, which highlights Burnett’s focus on, and development of, female roles.
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Hypotheses in Marketing Science: Literature Review and Publication Audit

Hypotheses in Marketing Science: Literature Review and Publication Audit

It might be useful to study why the dominant hypothesis is so widely used. One possible explanation is that it is due to the role played by tests of statistical significance in journals’ publication decisions. Marketing, like other fields such as the social and biomedical sciences, seems to demand statistically significant results. Of the 692 papers with statistical significance tests in major marketing journals between 1974 and 1989, only 7.8% failed to reject the null hypothesis (Hubbard and Armstrong 1992). The percentage has decreased over time. Many leading researchers have been suggesting that tests of statistical significance be banned from journal articles because the tests are so widely misused (e.g., see the studies in the Special Section of Psychological Science, 1997, Volume 8, No. 1; for a similar conclusion in economics, see McCloskey and Ziliak 1996).
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Notion of Semantics in Computer Science   A Systematic Literature Review

Notion of Semantics in Computer Science A Systematic Literature Review

Our goal in RQ5 was to understand which sub ar- eas within Computer Science were actively dis- cussing semantics. Our results indicate that se- mantics was discussed in multiple sub-areas in- cluding: NLP with 3 papers, Programming Lan- guages with 13 papers, Workflows having 2, Databases having 3, Games having 2, Web Ser- vices having 5, Logic related papers having 11 and theoretical being 8. Of course, these topics were not mutually exclusive and did overlap. See Fig- ure 2 for a distribution of topics.

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Attitudes towards science: a review of the literature and its implications

Attitudes towards science: a review of the literature and its implications

Woodrow (1996) explores the reasons for these findings in some depth arguing that research on pupil life stories shows that Asian parents have a particularly important affect on student career choice. Within Asian families, career decisions will generally tend to favour longer term advantages compared to the more individualistic and immediately attractive choices made by students within contemporary Caucasian cultures in which personal enjoyment and/or perceived ability may play a more significant element. Moreover, within mainstream English society, the valuing of professions above trade is deep seated, reinforced by the financial disparities between arts related careers and the sciences and a 19 th Century disdain for anything that is not rooted in the classics or Christianity (Barnet, 2001). Some antipathy to science is shown by one of Breakwell's (1992) findings that a negative attitude to science is correlated with pupils coming from middle-class families. However, if science based careers are less economically profitable, why are they the predominant choice with the Asian community? As Woodrow points out, all the research has done so far is show that different groups hold different perspectives on the value of science based careers and possibly science itself. Moreover, As Lemke (2001) cogently argues from a socio-cultural perspective, contemporary science is a product of European cultures, and a middle-class subculture at that. For those who lie outside the orbit of such cultures by virtue of their ethnic origin or social status, the nature of what counts as knowledge and what counts as explanation may be startlingly different. Changing students‟ minds is, therefore, more than requiring their assent to the bare facts, logical structure and epistemology of Western science. For it demands, in addition, a felt commitment, a bond with a community and a change in identity which some would argue, is equivalent to a cultural border crossing (Aikenhead, 1995). The implication drawn by Lemke, is that is no longer tenable to imagine that engaging with science is an equivalent process for all demanding only logical thought and application and that, rather, cultural and class difference may be a significant aspect of many pupils attitudes towards science.
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Scientific literature analysis of Judo in Web of Science®

Scientific literature analysis of Judo in Web of Science®

Despite this boom in sport in general, not all sports have developed to the same extent. For example, they do not all have equal media coverage and financial support. This inequality is also obvious when any scientific database is consulted. For example, the terms basketball and soccer retrieve >3000 articles in the WoS in the first case and double that number in the second case. Thus, it appears that research in sports science is linked closely to the eco- nomic importance of the particular sport and its promo- tion. The higher number of scientific publications about sports that are popular in the media has been highlight- ed previously and should be confirmed in future studies [29]. However, the present study was limited to one sport; therefore, we cannot prove this hypothesis empirically now.
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The Evolution of the Victorian Art School

The Evolution of the Victorian Art School

What further distinguishes the art school from the train shed, the Great Exhibition buildings, or other characteristically Victorian building types (such as schools and hospitals), is the nature of the architectural rather than engineering programme: these are buildings concerned with the environment in a fundamentally fuller sense of the meaning. The symbolic significance inherent in the architectÕs use of light can be more readily perceived in a productive building, rather than galleries or museums (where top light is all that is required). Similarly, the creation of the right conditions for the artistÕs impression of light affords the possibility of a more complete architectural composition, and allows for a more complete understanding of ambiance and atmosphere than is possible from the mere calculation of lux falling on a blackboard or worktop. In the art school this new ideal of composition was reconciled with the unusually specific functional requirements that governed the design of studios that had to admit the right quantity and quality of light to justify the explicitly environmental arguments made for their construction.
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