Weight Loss Program

Top PDF Weight Loss Program:

Validity of air-displacement plethysmography in the assessment of body composition changes in a 16-month weight loss program

Validity of air-displacement plethysmography in the assessment of body composition changes in a 16-month weight loss program

Two studies have investigated the ability of ADP to detect changes in body composition compared to DXA [11,12]. Weyers et al. tracked body composition changes in 12 overweight women and 10 overweight men after an 8 week moderate energy restricted diet [12]. In line with our study, Weyers et al. [12] found ADP to underestimate %fat and FM and overestimate FFM relative to DXA, at both time points. However, the study of Frisard et al. [11] reported the opposite. They randomized 56 overweight subjects into a self help group or a commercially available weight loss program [11]. Before and after weight loss, DXA results of %fat and FM were lower and FFM greater than ADP [11].
Show more

8 Read more

Evidence that a very brief psychological intervention boosts weight loss in a weight loss program

Evidence that a very brief psychological intervention boosts weight loss in a weight loss program

interventions (d = 0.66 in the present study versus d = 0.65 in Gollwitzer & Sheeran, 2006). The present research provides a particularly exacting test of the volitional help sheet because it was able to reduce weight over and above the effects of an ongoing weight management program (see also Luszczynska et al., 2007). Thus, the present findings help to rule out the possibility that the effects of implementation intentions can be ascribed to techniques such as goal setting that are common in therapy, or that such findings can be explained by increased salience, elaboration or feedback/support, because all participants were enrolled in a weight loss program and did not receive support in forming their implementation intentions.
Show more

26 Read more

Participants in an online weight loss program can improve diet quality during weight loss: a randomized controlled trial

Participants in an online weight loss program can improve diet quality during weight loss: a randomized controlled trial

The role that modifying diet quality plays in assisting overweight and obese individuals to lose weight and maintain weight loss is less clear. To our knowledge, only one previous randomized controlled trial (RCT) has evaluated diet quality changes during a weight loss inter- vention [19]. The study used the Healthy Eating Index- 2005 (HEI-2005) and found the diet quality of women (n = 66) significantly improved (HEI-2005 score 53.9 vs. 57.4, P = 0.002) from baseline to post-intervention after a 16-week behavioral weight loss program. Furthermore, participants with a weight loss of ≥5% had a significantly greater improvement in their diet quality score compared to those with <5% weight loss [19]. This study was a sec- ondary analysis of an RCT with participants randomized to one of two behavioral weight loss programs. The authors did not compare diet quality between the two groups. Data from both groups were combined for the analysis as no sig- nificant difference in weight loss was demonstrated be- tween the two treatment groups. Consequently, it is not known whether a weight loss intervention improves the quality of dietary intake relative to controls, nor if different approaches to delivery of weight loss interventions influence diet quality.
Show more

8 Read more

Evidence that a very brief psychological intervention boosts weight loss in a weight loss program

Evidence that a very brief psychological intervention boosts weight loss in a weight loss program

Reducing morbidity and mortality associated with being overweight is a crucial public health goal. The aim of the present research was to test the efficacy of a very brief psychological intervention (a volitional help sheet) that could be used as an adjunct to standard weight loss programs to support increased weight loss in an overweight sample. Seventy-two overweight participants currently participating in a weight loss program were randomly allocated to either an intervention (volitional help sheet) condition or a control (distracter task) condition. The main outcome measure was weight at one-month follow-up. Participants in both conditions lost significant amounts of weight, but those in the intervention condition lost significantly more than those in the control condition (d = 0.66). The findings support the efficacy of the volitional help sheet to promote additional weight loss in an overweight sample engaged in a weight loss program. The volitional help sheet therefore represents a very brief, low-cost, intervention that could be used to supplement ongoing weight-loss programs.
Show more

26 Read more

Do Wristbands Used as an Adjunct to a Weight- Loss Program Affect the Outcomes in the Treatment of Obesity?

Do Wristbands Used as an Adjunct to a Weight- Loss Program Affect the Outcomes in the Treatment of Obesity?

actions, learned through repetition of the action in a consistent context. Researchers postulated that wristbands might be the intervention that targets automatic actions in a consistent context. Wristbands might help participants to lose weight, given that they had the potential to enhance particular components of cognitive behavioral therapy by regularly alerting and reminding participants of their goal to lose weight, the need to strive for healthy habits, and the value of regular self-monitoring. Researchers conducted a 12-month, randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effectiveness of wristbands as an adjunct to a simple, weight-loss program.
Show more

9 Read more

Effects of a popular exercise and weight loss program on weight loss, body composition, energy expenditure and health in obese women

Effects of a popular exercise and weight loss program on weight loss, body composition, energy expenditure and health in obese women

The purpose of this study was two-fold: 1) to determine the impact of replacing dietary carbohydrate with dietary protein and 2) to determine the impact of the Curves fit- ness and weight loss program on weight loss, body com- position, energy expenditure, psychosocial outcomes, and markers of health in sedentary, obese females. This study represents the first of a series of studies by our research group to examine the effectiveness of the Curves fitness and weight loss program which is currently being fol- lowed by millions of women worldwide. Although our study contains many strengths such as our overall sample size, supervised exercise, dietary control measures and inclusion of exercise-only and no exercise/no diet con- trols, the marked difference in sample size among groups presents some challenges with interpreting our findings. While the authors acknowledge increasing the sample size in these groups would have been helpful, the primary objective was to assess the impact of altering the macronu- trient ratio of the dietary regimens while also examining the overall impact of the exercise and diet programs used by the Curves system. Furthermore, statistical power anal- ysis of our primary (e.g. waist circumference) and second- ary outcomes (e.g. body mass and DXA body composition variables) ranged from 0.821 – 0.998 with partial eta squared values of 0.062 – 0.115 suggesting that our statis- tical analysis were adequately powered for our a priori determined end points. Our initial hypothesis was that participation in the exercise program would promote weight loss, improve body composition and fitness along with reducing markers of cardiovascular disease and that following a diet which restricted caloric intake while replacing dietary carbohydrate with protein at controlled fat intake levels would result in greater weight loss and improvements in health. Results from this study show that the greatest changes did occur in those groups that restricted their caloric intake in combination with the exercise program while participation in just the exercise program appears to have little to no effect over weight loss and body composition changes, a finding previously reported [8].
Show more

17 Read more

Preferences and motivation for weight loss among knee replacement patients: implications for a patient centered weight loss intervention

Preferences and motivation for weight loss among knee replacement patients: implications for a patient centered weight loss intervention

questionnaire assessing preferred components of a weight loss program (i.e. self-monitoring, educational topics, program duration). Qualitative interviews were completed to identify motives for and strategies used during past weight loss attempts. All interviews were transcribed, de-identified, and analyzed using constant comparative analysis. Results: Twenty patients (11 pre-operative and 9 post-operative) between 47 and 79 years completed the study (55% male, 90% White, and 85% with a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m 2 ). Patients reported a preference for a weight loss program that starts before surgery, is at least 6 months in duration, and focuses both on diet and exercise. The majority of patients preferred to have a telephone-based program and wanted to track diet and physical activity on a smartphone application. The most common motive for weight loss mentioned by patients related to physical appearance (including how clothing fit), followed by wanting to lose weight to improve knee symptoms or to prevent or delay knee replacement. Strategies that patients identified as helpful during weight loss attempts included joining a formal weight loss program, watching portion sizes, and self-monitoring their dietary intake, physical activity, or weight. Conclusions: This study provides a preliminary examination into the motives for weight loss, strategies utilized during past weight loss attempts, and preferences for future weight loss programs as described by knee replacement patients. These results will help guide the development and adaptation of future patient-centered weight loss programs as well as help clinicians recommend targeted weight programs based on the specific preferences of the knee replacement population.
Show more

7 Read more

Metabolic Parameters in Obese Dogs Undergoing to the Diet with Calorie Restriction

Metabolic Parameters in Obese Dogs Undergoing to the Diet with Calorie Restriction

Currently, canine obesity is a worldwide problem and is based on the exces- sive deposit of fat tissue, which plays an important role as a store of energy and endocrine organ. This study aimed to compare the values of systolic blood pressure, serum chemistry profile and glucose metabolism in eight ob- ese dogs without endocrine diseases before and after 16 weeks of a weight loss program. A statistical difference was noticed in the serum levels of alkaline phosphatase, gamma glutamyl transferase, glucose, cholesterol and insulin, before and after the program. Besides, there was a statistical difference be- tween the moments in systolic blood pressure, body weight and body condi- tion scale. Therefore, it was concluded that the use of a diet rich in fiber and protein is suitable for performing weight loss and obese dogs undergoing a weight loss program presented a significant reduction in blood pressure, blood glucose, insulin, blood cholesterol, serum activity of alkaline phospha- tase and gamma glutamyl transferase.
Show more

11 Read more

Exploring men's social support in the Hockey Fans in Training weight loss and healthy lifestyle program

Exploring men's social support in the Hockey Fans in Training weight loss and healthy lifestyle program

Hockey FIT was created. Hockey FIT is a gender-sensitized, healthy lifestyle and weight loss program for overweight and obese men. Forty men were recruited to participate at each of the two sites. Twenty men at each site were randomly allocated to either the intervention group, which started the program right away, while the other 20 men were allocated to a waitlist comparator group, which started the program after 12 months. The intervention group participated in weekly sessions for 12 weeks that included physical activity, and classroom learning consisting of setting SMART goals and learning to eat healthier and create healthier habits. These sessions took place in the local junior hockey arena and local affiliated fitness facilities, and were facilitated by community coaches who had received training for the program. A 40-week maintenance phase followed the 12-week active phase, where participants independently continued the healthy habits they had learned during the active phase. Although they no longer met as a group every week, the men were given access to Tyze, a social network where they could interact with one another to share healthy food recipes or organize group activities such as golf games. They also received six emails from their coaches during this time to encourage them to maintain their healthy habits. A booster session was held at nine months as a reunion for the group as well. Qualitative data was collected from participants in the form of focus groups (after 12 weeks) and interviews (after 12 months), and from Hockey FIT coaches in the form of interviews (after 12 weeks).
Show more

109 Read more

Weight loss and weight gain among participants in a community-based weight loss Challenge

Weight loss and weight gain among participants in a community-based weight loss Challenge

This study examined weight change over time among community members participating in a free community-based weight loss program. Few studies have examined community samples, but rather most weight loss studies examine participants from clinically driven weight loss programs [4, 5, 9, 27]. During any given Challenge enrollment, about 65% of participants lost weight, which may be lower than the percentage of par- ticipants losing weight in a structured clinical weight loss program. Efficacy trials which are tested under ideal conditions in a randomized controlled trail format “tend to have better outcomes than effectiveness trials” which are performed in real-world conditions [26]. Most re- search on clinical and commercial weight loss programs report mean values for weight loss for the program and it is not usually stated what percentage of participants lose weight. This may be because generally all but a few participants lose weight in a highly structured setting with high adherence and participants are dropped from the study if they do not follow the designed program. In a community setting, physiological, psychological, and environmental factors interact to produce larger hetero- geneity in weight loss outcomes [28]. Community-based
Show more

9 Read more

The effects of exercise and weight loss in overweight patients with hip osteoarthritis: design of a prospective cohort study

The effects of exercise and weight loss in overweight patients with hip osteoarthritis: design of a prospective cohort study

The exercise portion consists of an individual 3-month part and a 5-month group session part. The individual part consists of defining and improving the physical load potential of the patient, reducing current disabilities like lack of joint mobility and stability, optimising quality of movement, improving illness perceptions and enhancing physical fitness. The group part is focused on teaching self-management and coping, stimulating an active life- style, finding an optimal balance between exertion and relaxation, increasing aerobic capacity and physical fit- ness, increasing muscle strength, and decreasing limita- tions of activities of daily living. Aerobic capacity and physical fitness improvement will be achieved with the help of various devices like treadmills, free weight benches, stationary exercise bikes, steppers and/or rowing machines. All exercises will focus on personal needs, and personal preferences for aerobic equipment will be taken into consideration. A weekly exercise session lasts approx- imately 1 hour. In addition, patients are urged to achieve a minimum of 30 minutes of moderately intense physical activity on most, preferably all days of the week, in order to comply with national/international physical activity guidelines [26-28]. At the beginning of every exercise ses- sion patients are asked for their activities of last week. Parallel to the individual and group phase of the exercise program, the weight-loss program is implemented by a certified dietician. This diet part of the intervention is based on principles of social cognitive theory, which argues for the important role of cognitive control systems in the acquisition of behavioural proficiencies[29]. The weight loss program is divided into three phases: an inten- sive, a transition and a maintenance phase in concordance with Messier et al[22]. The main goal of the first phase is to heighten awareness of the importance of and need for changing eating habits. In this phase the ability to read and understand the diversity of labels in food products will be enhanced, and the patient will set goals he believes he can achieve. In the transition phase, problems the patient encounters will be discussed and self-insight will be enhanced concerning the choices that can be made when buying food. Goal in this phase is to prevent relapse. Finally, in the maintenance phase the main objec- tive is to maintain the achieved weight loss and to pre- serve the motivation to keep on going with the healthy
Show more

9 Read more

Predictors of successful long-term weight loss maintenance: a two-year follow-up

Predictors of successful long-term weight loss maintenance: a two-year follow-up

internal disinhibition (i.e., eating in response to cognitive and emotional cues) and external disinhibition (i.e., eat- ing in response to environmental cues). Furthermore, they demonstrated in two samples of participants with obesity that lower levels of internal disinhibition were associated with less weight regain after the weight loss intervention, but that external disinhibition was not pre- dictive of weight change. Butryn et al. [44] also reported that participants who experienced the biggest decrease in internal disinhibition during their 3-month meal- replacement-based weight loss program had the most success maintaining their weight loss through the weight maintenance period (from month 4 to 12). The change in external disinhibition was not a significant predictor of weight maintenance. Although we did not evaluate in- ternal or external disinhibition, the disinhibition score at the end of the intervention predicted successful weight loss maintenance, and the scores at the beginning of the intervention did not predict the weight change. In our group CBT, the participants received instruction in cognitive reframing, problem solving techniques, and as- sertion training and were trained to apply those tech- niques to their real life [13]. The mean disinhibition scores of our participants improved significantly after the weight loss intervention (p < 0.0001, data not shown). If susceptibility to internal disinhibition is caus- ally related to weight regain, long-term obesity treatment outcomes might be improved by spending more inter- vention time teaching strategies for reducing eating in response to internal cues [42]. In addition, for partici- pants whose disinhibition scores are still high at the end of weight loss intervention, prolonged intervention fo- cused on improving internal disinhibition should be considered.
Show more

10 Read more

Using personality as a predictor of diet induced weight loss and weight management

Using personality as a predictor of diet induced weight loss and weight management

matching personal attributes and behaviors to a particu- lar weight loss program, such as whether a person with a particular personality will achieve a better weight loss outcome while following a time-convenient web-based weight reducing dietary program, for example, Collins 2010 [11], or in sessions that provide face-to-face perso- nal support, for example, Cognitive Behavior Therapy [12]. Personality traits are measurable attributes of peo- ple and can be used to explain behavior. It is possible, therefore, that the profiling of personality traits could be matched with the various weight loss programs to iden- tify those that could result in improved weight loss out- comes for the individuals concerned. Indeed, a number of studies have investigated the link between personality traits and weight loss with varying degrees of success [13-16]. However, their use of different tests to measure different traits makes it difficult to compare the findings. Since about 1990, the Five Factor Model (FFM) [17] has become dominant in the study of personality, with a large proportion of studies of personality explicitly using measures based on it, or referring to it, as the standard approach. The 5 variables it proposes and their descrip- tive characteristics are Neuroticism (low self esteem, anxious, irritable and worrying), Conscientiousness (effi- cient, thorough, organized and hard working), Extraver- sion (socially stimulated, energetic, enthusiastic and pleasure seeking), Openness (imaginative, adventurous and spontaneous), and Agreeableness (sympathetic, gen- tle, trusting and warm) [18].
Show more

9 Read more

Predictors of early attrition and successful weight loss in patients attending an obesity management program

Predictors of early attrition and successful weight loss in patients attending an obesity management program

Currently, relatively few studies have been adequately powered to examine differences in attrition by ethnicity as most studies have often reported small samples of ethnic minorities [n = 57 to 78] [6, 19, 22]. For example, the only study to report greater attrition in Black pa- tients compared to White individuals attending a clinic based weight loss program had the largest sample of eth- nic minority patients [n = 78] [6]. In contrast, two stud- ies [19, 22] reported no association between ethnicity and attrition but had comparable sample sizes of Black [n = 61] [22] and Other [n = 76] [19] ethnic pa- tients to the above study [6]. Although we had a signifi- cantly greater number of non-White patients [n = 1229] from a more diverse ethnic background as compared to the mentioned studies, we also did not observe differences in attrition between patients who were White, Black, Asian or Other ethnic background. This may be due to the ethnic diversity of the staff at WMC, which may make the patients feel more comfortable and remain in the pro- gram longer. Although ethnicity did not influence attri- tion, females of ethnic minorities had lower weight loss success compared to White females. Our findings are similar to the findings of Fabricatore et al. [19] who re- ported lower WL success in Black individuals when com- pared to White individuals. Individuals of ethnic minorities may have lower WL success, as the majority of the staff at the clinic are trained in providing dietary ad- vice using predominantly North American foods. This may make the WMC dietary intervention less effective for those who normally consume their own ethnic foods. In addition, differences in weight management outcomes may also be due to physiological differences such as rest- ing metabolic rate [19] or language barriers [32]. Given the differences in weight loss success amongst ethnic groups, it may be important to provide strategies tailored to these ethnic differences as it may improve WL success, particularly as many of these ethnicities are reported to be more likely to have obesity related comorbidities at lower levels of obesity.
Show more

9 Read more

6192.pdf

6192.pdf

While this research was designed for implementation in a public health setting with intentions to reach a wider range of participants, motivation to lose weight is an important participant characteristic. As a part of the process to select participants, women were administered a brief motivational screener during the pre-screening phone call to the health department. However, these data were not collected as a means to decrease burden associated with intervention staff collecting study data. Of the 6 interventionists, 2 indicated that collecting these data were somewhat difficult. Interventionists were not provided with a scoring schema as the screener was not to be used as a tool for excluding potential participants but used to help potential participants assess their readiness to begin a weight loss program. In future research, interventionist should be provided with more guidance on the use of this tool and how to help potential participants use the tool when making the decision to participate in an intensive behavioral weight loss program. The information
Show more

242 Read more

Weight loss maintenance in women two to eleven years after participating in a commercial program: a survey

Weight loss maintenance in women two to eleven years after participating in a commercial program: a survey

Once corrected, results show that 5 to 11 years after the program, 29% of women still maintained a weight loss of at least 5% of their initial weight (n = 45). While lower than what could be wished for, these results are more en- couraging than those generally found in the literature. These preliminary results suggest that Mincavi, a weight loss program that encourages participants to eat a varie- ty of nutritious, well-balanced, family-friendly meals, can be a useful tool for the long-term treatment of over- weight and obese individuals. Prospective studies involv- ing a greater number of subjects and repeated measures of body weight should be conducted in order to better as- sess long-term effectiveness of the Mincavi program and understand factors contributing to weight maintenance.
Show more

7 Read more

Understanding and treating eating disorders from a traditional Chinese medicine perspective

Understanding and treating eating disorders from a traditional Chinese medicine perspective

23 | P a g e This thesis presents the findings from three studies. The first study (TCM Patterns of Disharmony and Eating Disorders) analyses the TCM diagnostic concepts underlying eating disorders based on the collection of signs and symptoms obtained from a large sample of people suffering an eating disorder. An extension to this study is the application of the data to develop a predictive model specifically to try and identify the core patterns of disharmony in eating disorders. The second study (Acupuncture as an adjunct therapy in the treatment of eating disorders: A randomised cross-over pilot study) evaluates the effectiveness of TCM acupuncture when used as an adjunct therapy in the treatment of Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa. The third and final study (Does acupuncture promote weight loss and mental health in overweight and obese individuals participating in a weight loss program? A randomised cross- over study) appraises the effect of acupuncture in promoting weight loss and improvements in mental health in overweight and obese individuals participating in a weight loss program. As these are three separate studies, each section is presented independently with its own distinct introduction, literature review, methods, results, discussion and conclusion.
Show more

327 Read more

PubMedCentral-PMC5542046.pdf

PubMedCentral-PMC5542046.pdf

Surveys were self-reported and completed using either a Web-based or paper-and-pencil format. To determine reach and eligibility, employees were asked to complete a BHS prior to initiating the program. With the exception of organizational decision makers, all other employees were blinded to the existence of a future weight loss program to be delivered at their worksite. Along with demographics, a validated three-item HL screening measure was self-reported on the BHS, in which participants rate perceptions of their HL skills on a five- point Likert scale. Items focused on the degree to which people need help in reading health care materials, have difficulty understanding written materials, and can confidently complete medical forms. Responses are summed to produce a continuous score ranging from 3 to 15, with higher scores indicating higher HL. These questions were reassessed at baseline (as not all employees completed the BHS). Weight was objectively assessed with a calibrated scale and built-in digital camera that captured the employees' image at baseline and at a 12-month follow-up.
Show more

8 Read more

Divide and Conquer: The Multidisciplinary Approach to Achieving Significant Long-Term Weight Loss and Improved Glycemic Control in Obese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

Divide and Conquer: The Multidisciplinary Approach to Achieving Significant Long-Term Weight Loss and Improved Glycemic Control in Obese Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

FL, Bray GA, Bright R, Clark JM, Curtis JM, Espeland MA, Foreyt JP, Graves K, Haffner SM, Harrison B, Hill JO, Horton ES, Jakicic J, Jeffery RW, Johnson KC, Kahn S, Kelley DE, Kitabchi AE, Knowler WC, Lewis CE, Maschak-Carey BJ, Montgomery B, Nathan DM, Patricio J, Peters A, Redmon JB, Reeves RS, Ryan DH, Safford M, Van Dorsten B, Wadden TA, Wagenknecht L, Wesche-Thobaben J, Wing RR, Yanovski SZ: Reduction in weight and cardiovascular disease risk factors in individuals with type 2 diabetes: one-year results of the look AHEAD trial. Diabetes Care 30:1374–1383, 2007

7 Read more

The Impact of Modern Pharmacy Curriculum on the Student Attitude towards Weight Loss Product Advertisements: A Case Study

The Impact of Modern Pharmacy Curriculum on the Student Attitude towards Weight Loss Product Advertisements: A Case Study

Objective: To investigate whether particular courses in modern pharmacy curriculum equips enrolled students with knowledge/skills to differentiate between different claims of weight loss products. Methods: Claims from weight loss products in UAE market were identified and classified to three categories: indicating safety, indicating effectiveness or indicating con- venience. They were assessed in a structured survey for the level of persuasion to undergraduate BSc Pharmacy students (n=199) in the College of Pharmacy (CP) in comparison to other undergraduate students (n= 44) from the College of Education (CE) in a University located at Al Ain city, UAE to adopt or recommend the product to their friends. The effect of the particular courses, namely Drug Information and Literature Evaluation (DI) and/or Research Skills (RS), on the level of persuasion was investigated. Results: A trend showing more CP students favoring the different state- ments was noted particularly if the drug was approved by the FDA (95% confidence interval (CI) 49.9%-63.7%) and being a prescription drug (95% CI 57.6%-71.0%). Moreover, CP students were more distinctive in favoring the different statements, however students’ enrollment in DI and/or RS courses did not demonstrate tangible effect. Conclusion: DI and RS that
Show more

7 Read more

Show all 10000 documents...