inconvenient, hazardous, or impossible. The research indicate that efficiency of wireless power is would be more than that of man-made conductors of instrument are precise. The most common form of wireless power transmission is carried out using direct induction followed by resonant magnetic induction. Other means under consideration are electromagnetic radiation in the form of microwaves and electrical conduction through natural media (air and ground). WirelessTransmission of electricity is not a new concept of transmission of electricity but in 1899, Nicole Tesla performed the experiment and transmitted electricity across 25 miles and lifted 2000 lamps by it but the facility was not completed due to insufficient funding. On the theory "The earth has radius of 4,000 miles”. All over this conducting earth there is atmosphere. Earth is a conductor; the atmosphere above is a conductor, only there is a little surface called stratum between the conducting atmosphere and the conducting earth which is insulating. Now, one can realize right away that if you set up differences of potential at one point, then one will create in the media corresponding fluctuations of potential. But, the distance from the earth's surface to the conducting atmosphere is small, as compared with the distance of the receiver at 4,000 miles, say, one can readily see that the energy cannot travel along this curve and get there, but will be immediately transform into conduction current, and these currents will travel like charge over a wire with a return. The energy will be recovered back in the circuit, not by a mean that passes along this medium and is reflected and absorbed, but it
Many concepts, research papers, patents are available on wirelesstransmission of electricity but most research work were carried out in isolation, so it needs a joint collaborative efforts to get a very useful results on this advanced technology on power transmission for the benefit of mankind globally in future. Whatever the future may bring, the universal application of these great principles is fully assured, though it may be long in coming. With the opening of the first power plant, incredulity will give way to wonderment, and this to ingratitude, as ever before. The world is still not able to achieve the benefit of the God gifted potential of Dr N.Tesla. People neglected him and his good work. He deserved much better treatment from the tycoons of his age, than to spend the last 40 years of his life in abject poverty. However, he was too much of a gentleman to hold a grudge. Instead, regarding the magnifying transmitter, Tesla wrote in his autobiography, “I am unwilling to accord to some small-minded and jealous individuals the satisfaction of having thwarted my efforts. These men are to me nothing more than microbes of a nasty disease. My project was retarded by laws of nature. The world was not prepared for it. It was too far ahead of time. But the same laws will prevail in the end and make it a triumphal success.” [3, 8-9]. If this has had not been happened, then today we will be in a wonder world of plenty of power using the technology of wirelesstransmission of electricity.
is not been hidden by any one and the another aspect of is the requirement and transmission of electricity from the points to its generation transmission and distribution. Here in this research paper we have trying to present a different approach to achieve the wirelesstransmission of electricity with the help of this paper we can understand the research model and methods that we have implemented to get the wirelesstransmission of electricity here in this paper we also discuss different issues that can comes during the implementation and also help to design the proper model for wirelesstransmission. This paper also uses lots of concepts of wirelesstransmission of signals and distribution of power in proper way in the defined wireless channel. This research paper contains ideas of electrical power signal transmission form one place to another place and this transmission can also comes to less power loss and efficient distribution.
In this paper, we are discussing concept of transmitting power without wires. The various technologies are now evolved for wirelesstransmission of electricity and the need for a wireless system of energy transmission is being discussed here to find its possibility in actual practices, their advantages, disadvantages and their feasibility. Many theories, research papers, patents are available on wirelesstransmission of electricity but its practical use is not started yet. The paper briefly explains the possible ways to get useful and practical results out of all research carried out so far elsewhere.
Abstract— In this paper, we are discussing concept of transmitting power without wires. The various technologies are now evolved for wirelesstransmission of electricity and the need for a wireless system of energy transmission is being discussed here to find its possibility in actual practices, their advantages, disadvantages and their feasibility. Many theories, research papers, patents are available on wirelesstransmission of electricity but its practical use is not started yet. The paper briefly explains the possible ways to get useful and practical results out of all research carried out so far elsewhere.
DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104497 5 Open Access Library Journal abnormal links. Combined with the 3D electronic compass, the three-dimensional detection method is used to measure the three elements of the earthquake, which is more advanced than point test and line test. In particular, it uses the wavelet transform and MATLAB simulation to analyze the remote received signals by using the mathematical statistics comprehensive analysis technology of multi- channel signals. If you want to easily analyze the location of the epicenter, you must know a number of remote WIFI records and put multiple electromagnetic spider webs. Figure 4 is the principle diagram of the main circuit for the simple control of the electromagnetic spider network. It is mainly used to detect the distribution of electric field and magnetic field. The preliminary experiment has reached the basic design requirements. When the electromagnetic anomaly is found, the alarm is remote. Once the electromagnetic anomaly is found, a special timer is used to start the equipment several times per hour and wait for the re- mote control signal. The stability and reliability of the network are effectively guaranteed. The wirelesstransmission module placed in the areas where earth- quakes are usually made from tens of meters to hundreds of meters, thousands of meters and tens of kilometers of multi group, the host using the WIFI switch and the corresponding super heterodyne receiving device receives signals, wire- less “telluric electricity” and 3D electronic compass were placed several groups, to know the earth electromagnetic anomaly. Based on the remote monitoring of GPRS network and WIFI technology, we can measure the variation of local elec- tromagnetic field and predict the location of earthquake epicenter in a few days before the great earthquake. This device is very energy efficient. In the design control, we try to choose passive (from antenna) or low energy consumption circuit. The two quarter 5# battery can be used for half a year, the only drawback is to replace the new battery every six months.
One of such methods makes difficult for eavesdropper wireless nodes to overhear the transmitted data messages by intentional collisions with noise wireless signals. Paper  proposes a method for secure wireless data message transmission under assumptions that beam forming by using directional antennas is available for all the wireless nodes (at least all the wireless nodes which is possible to transmit data messages to their neighbor nodes).This seems an excellent secure communication method by using the intentional collisions with the noise wireless signals. However, the assumptions of the directional antennas for beam forming and high performance processors for complex signal processing to remove the noise wireless signals from the collided wireless signals are not reasonable to apply to the wireless multihop networks such as sensor networks and IoT. This is because the sensor nodes and the IoT devices may be so small, light and cheap and the networks consist of huge number of such wireless nodes that it is difficult or impossible to have such functionalities.
We now turn to the logic relating to the controls. One of these is the wholesale market for gas. The gas market has a quite different national institutional structure. Gas is a very significant input into electricity generation (approximately 37% of electricity is produced from gas in the UK, the largest proportion of any fuel). 17 The wholesale market for gas has not, over the period we are interested in (since 1999), been the subject of any major policy interventions, and gas was privatised and deregulated significantly before electricity. Thus we take as an index for wholesale costs of one MWh of electricity, the cost of that amount of gas which will produce one MWh of electricity. The standard approach we adopt is to use the so-called “spark spread”, the gap between the wholesale cost of electricity and the gas cost to produce it; this concept is standard in the industry as a measure of the potential profitability of electricity generation. We use gas, rather than coal (i.e. the “dark spread”) because coal is markedly more storable so that the price at any time does not fully reflect present conditions. Moreover, as demonstrated in the Appendix, whilst prices in the wholesale gas market and wholesale electricity market appear to be somewhat related, no demonstrable link exists between wholesale electricity and coal (or oil) prices.
Chapter 3 develops a flexible sensor membrane for multi-site epicardial ECG monitoring of heart regeneration in zebrafish. To meet the requirements of long-term in vivo sensing, the sensor membrane went through a series of design optimizations to enable long-term biocompatibility and reliable functionality. To further achieve continuous monitoring, the wireless operation of the sensor membrane was demonstrated by prototyping signal processing, wireless data transmission and wireless power management modules on a printed circuit board (PCB). The device was tested on neonatal mouse instead of zebrafish because of size and weight limitations. To further reduce the size and weight, a parylene-based printed circuit membrane was designed and fabricated to replace the PCB. The flexible, light-weight and compact parylene printed circuit membrane was monolithically fabricated with sensor electrodes and provided mechanical substrate and electrical interconnection for electronic components. The miniaturized wireless ECG recording implant can be potentially deployed on small animal models and achieve minimally invasive needle injection. The work provided the material for a conference proceeding  and two journal papers  
The combination of these three characteristics of electricity frus- trates implementation of a market approach to the electric utility in- dustry. The complications arising from this combination are aptly il- lustrated through the following metaphor: envision a person in Spain buying a cup of water from someone in the United States. The seller in the United States must deliver the water by dropping it into the Atlantic Ocean. To receive the delivery, the purchaser in Spain then dips into the Atlantic Ocean to withdraw the cup of water. The seller delivered a cup of water into the system and the purchaser withdrew a cup of water, but in no sense can either party identify the particu- lar molecules of water that were the subject of their market transac- tion. The transportation of the seller’s cup never literally occurs, and the cup withdrawn actually comes from an unidentifiable source, which in all probability is not the seller.
The other method implemented in the year 2016 by C.Dhendwal diksha Hyades Mayer Prof.Bala Kumkum Survey on identify electricity theft using data mining technique using method such as ANNK-Means clusteringal algorithm. Fuzzy logic which having cons such as implementation is very difficult .In the year 2016 Pratap Jumale, Avinash Khaire, Harshada Jadhawar, Sneha Awathare, Manisha Mali implemented a method of Survey: Electricity Theft Detection Technique having drawback as Less Accuracy and Installation problem. In the year 2017; M.K.Sangole, Akshay Bhandane Nitin bhandane Giridhari balder implement a power theft detection using gsm having problem such as Automated smart meteringPower consumption is monitered by mobile only it is not good at all times working.
The bandwidth of a channel is the maximum throughput (i.e., transmission rate in bits/s) that can be achieved. The mobile gateway nodes then forward the messages to the BSes, functioning as bridges to connect the ad-hoc network and the infrastructure network. To handle the challenge, this paper presents a peer-to-peer (P2P)-based Market-guided Distributed Routing mechanism (MDR). MDR takes advantage of widespread base stations to coordinately realize highly efficient data routing, and effective reputation management and trading market management for reliable data routing. The packets from a source node are distributively transmitted to base stations directly or indirectly, and then they are transmitted to the destination. The base stations form a P2P structure for reputation collection and querying to avoid local information exchanges, and for managing the service transactions between nodes in the trading market. By leveraging the single-relay transmission feature, base stations can monitor the actual transmitted packets of relay nodes to more accurately and efficiently evaluate their reputations and execute trading market management, as well as detect falsely reported reputation information. We further propose market-based policies to strengthen cooperation incentives. Simulation results show that MDR outperforms the traditional hybrid routing schemes and reputation systems in achieving high throughput.
In this paper consists of Secure Message Transmission over Wireless Communication technology using ZigBee based wireless data transmission from one person to another person with data security. Here in this system we are using two section ,both section consists of ZigBee module also it works as receiver and transmitter section ,one section of ZigBee module is interfacing to the Personal Computer(PC)/mirocontoller and another section of ZigBee module is interfacing to the ARM LPC2148 micro controller and LCD.A person can communicate with other person securely that is whatever the information sends by person to other location that should not be hacked .So, for security purpose we are using wireless ZigBee communication technology which is data transmission done with securely in a short range of communication
The aim of the paper is to investigate circumstances under which the hybrid ARIMA‑SVR models yield superior performance over separate use of each method in the context of short‑term electricity price forecasting. In conclusion, using combination of ARIMA and SVR leads to increased forecasting performance, which is more pronounced the higher the volatility and the higher the transmission congestion when the congestion is measured by first and second moments of price due to the structure of the Nord Pool. When the RMSE is of interest, hybrid ARIMA‑SVR methods appear to be clearly superior to single ARIMA or SVR. Interestingly, when the MAE is of interest, a single SVR model delivers the best performance in many cases. Overall, the performance of methods employing SVR is very similar. This finding suggests that the additional flexibility of hybrid methods over SVR is beneficial for capturing price spikes at a slight cost of imprecise forecasting during steady periods. Using a single ARIMA under STL decomposition seems not suitable for forecasting due to its inability to model irregularities, which are frequent in deregulated electricity markets.
Electricity is building block of any nation so it is necessary to monitor and control the uses of theft of electricity. Wirelesselectricity theft detection system using Zigbee module present an efficient and less costly way to adulterate the wireless technique.The regional/individual theft detection algorithm and the abnormal consumption pattern signal are designed for shortlist regions with a high probability of theft and sel ecting suspected fraudulent customers in real time.In early days theft detection is used to find out using gsm but that system having a drawback such as tampering area is not find out and transmission loss is not calculated.To overcome this problems we used to implement our proposed method ,Mainly this system consists of microcontroller, and a Zigbee module to check for the theft of electricity and then make an alarm to the actual user.AVR studio andWIN AVR compilers are the softwares used for this syste m for detecting theft.
as video conferencing, data compression is supported by a wireless network plays a major role. Currently, such as the order of 75 to 100. Now the challenge is compression standards such as MPEG-4 compression ratios produce compression rates also produce high- quality audio and video compression algorithms is to improve the communication. Unfortunately, the extremely squeezed multimedia information network errors and is highly susceptible to interference, and such necessitates the need of algorithms to protect delicate information so that it is protected from getting lost. Error control algorithms for efficient low-overhead should be explored. Other means is to expand the data rates and traffic characteristics of the network to adapt to changes in the timing of the intelligent data transfer protocols will be appointed.
Now a day utility company personnel goes at every house to take the readings of meters for billing purpose. It will create problem when consumer is out of Town or home is locked due to other reasons. This system of wireless meter reading is based on the same principle of wireless data transmission that is used in power theft detection. Utility company personnel will have a device consists of wireless data receiver with microcontroller and display. When that device is in the range of data reception it will receive the data sent by transmitter in the load side meter. For this one counter has to be installed in the load side meter (shown in figure2-2). It will keep a record of power consumed by load over a given time (say one month).This recorded data will be send by transmitter wirelessly.
In this paper, three new types of energy-saving, capacity-increasing wires (JL/GG1A4-630/45, new steel core aluminum strand wire with high electrical conductivity, JL/GQLHA4-600/75, new aluminum alloy core aluminum stranded wire and GQLHA4-675, new medium-strength aluminum alloy conductor) are investigated based on an economic comparison of the life cycle cost and the minimum annual cost for a typical 500-kV transmission line. The annual cost of three new types of wires are studied with varying transmission capacities, electricity prices, annual loss hours and power engineering recovery rates, and the results indicate the new medium-strength all aluminum alloy wire has an optimal annual cost.