4. Natarajan, Mangai.(2009). "Dealing with Domestic Violence: A Comparative Analysis of WomenPolice Stations in Brazil and India" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ASC Annual Meeting, Philadelphia Marriott Downtown, Philadelphia, PA, Nov 03, 2009 <NotAvailable>. 2013-05- http://citation.allacademic.com/meta/p374103_index .ht
Women are playing challenging roles and even more competent than men in the modern world. Stress is relevant to all jobs whereas in policing it is much more than others. Women working in police race problematic situations in balancing both work and family. Despite this prevailing situation; women are willing to join police. This is mainly because of receiving social security and social status. This study examines the stress among the womenpolice working in Pudukkottai District, Tamil Nadu, which
Policing is considered one of the major stressed occupations because of the irregular working hours, lack of holidays, hierarchic pressure and deal with anti-social element. For police officers, there is evidence that workplace problems have considerable influence on stress. Wexler and Logan found in their qualitative research that when womenpolice identified occupational stressors, they highlighted problems with interactions with coworkers. Being a woman this job stress not only affects police women’s life but also their families.
The core mandate of the Administration Police Service (APS) is provision of assistance to the public when in need, maintenance of law and order, preservation of peace, protection of life and property, provision of border patrol and border security, provision of specialized stock theft prevention services, protection of government property, vital installations and strategic points as may be directed by the Inspector – General (IG), rendering of support to Government agencies and apprehension of offenders (Sec. 27, NPS Act). Globally, different factors influence women’s recruitment into the police. In Afghanistan, the police force recruits and retains women for family response purposes and to fight crime and stigma (Tuba, 2013). In the USA women are recruited to satisfy statistical government requirements (Samuel, 2005). In England they are recruited because they bring special qualities and attributes to police work such as communication skills and maturity (Heidensohn, 1992) and also they are viewed as mothers with badges whose duties involve patrolling dance halls to keep tango dances at-least 10 inches apart and patrolling beaches to stop clandestine activity (Lee, 2001). As for India, womenpolice are deployed and strengthened so as work with children, women and to perform social service roles (Rao, 1993).
This section highlights the long history of racialized sexism Black women have faced. The intersecting identities of Black and woman produce specific racialized stereotypes about Black women. In fact, the interlocking oppressions of racism and sexism have created stereotypes that justify and rationalize violence against Black women. It is important to understand that the lack of intersectionality is a century-long problem, and it is necessary that legal institutions, policymakers, and community activists adopt the approach to create more inclusive solutions to police violence against Black women. This section will also highlight how Sojourner Truth articulated the ways that Black women had been disenfranchised in the courts and in everyday social life. 36 Although Crenshaw coined “intersectionality” in
However, audiovisual police technology became fully mobile with the introduction of police body-worn cameras (BWCs), or ‘cop cams’, the global rollout of which has gathered significant momentum in recent years following a number of high-profile incidents. In particular, numerous controversial fatal shootings in the US, captured on mobile phone cameras, exposed the unjustifiable behavior of some on-duty officers and led to demands for frontline police officers to wear body cameras as a matter of course (Elinson 2015; Taylor 2016). In response, in 2015 President Barack Obama pledged funding to introduce BWCs in all US states. While debate has been dominated by the US, police BWCs were first trialled in Australia almost a decade ago, in Western Australia in 2007, and most Australian jurisdictions have trialled, or are planning to trial, BWCs with frontline police officers. Abstract | Recent years have seen the
This study provided a valuable insight into police officers’ underlying beliefs about young women who are regarded as violent. The findings demonstrate that traditional gender stereotypes are still significant in shaping police officers’ views of young women. The masculinisation of violence by the police officers contributes to our understanding of how ‘appropriate’ behaviour is gendered and the potential negative impacts this has on the lives of young women. The findings of this study support existing literature (Horn and Wincup, 1995; Wilczynski, 1997) which argues women who offend are categorised as ‘mad’ or ‘bad’ with little consideration or appreciation for the logical justification of using violence (Batchelor, 2005). To overcome these stereotyped, and old fashioned, views of women is no easy task but it is hoped that awareness of these gendered issues can contribute to improving policies and practices that currently disadvantage young women depicted as violent.
If BPAs work differently from the rest of the police service in relation to rank and grades, could it be argued that a distinct, or parallel, police occupational culture is emerging for minority ethnic staff? As many recent writers on police culture have noted, it is more appropriate to refer to police cultures, rather than one homogenous police culture (Foster 2003; Chan 1996; Sklansky in this volume). We use the word „parallel‟ here to refer to a distinct police culture where ethnicity is an issue of such primary importance that it influences how the officers and staff work in certain respects (such as in relationships with the community or with senior management). However, in other respects, these officers will follow similar paths to their white majority colleagues (such as in the preference for action-orientated police work). It is still a police occupational culture, in that they do not deviate from majority culture and practice in every respect, just one where ethnicity plays a very different role. We will discuss this in more detail later.
Laz and I were sent to search for a missing person in the Rhondda Valley one evening. The police helicopter had been searching for the elderly lady and so had two teams of police officers on foot. I put a harness on Laz and told him to search. He led me for about two miles over fields until we came to a river. There, Laz barked at the edge of the river. As I got closer I saw the elderly lady collapsed on the riverbank. She was not wearing warm clothes and it was winter. She was quite ill and if we had not found her she probably would have died.