Work Stress Among Manufacturing Workers

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A Study on Impact of Work Stress among Mat Factory Workers in Kano – Nigeria in 2015

A Study on Impact of Work Stress among Mat Factory Workers in Kano – Nigeria in 2015

study found that the for the optimization of the work system to minimize the risk of injury and to maximize productivity increases with the formidable knowledge of musculoskeletal disorders and its prevalence among industrial workers in various industries can be effectively applied. In Barhem et al., [25] work, a new model for work stress patterns, they established a new work stress model by studying the major work stress sources and work stress coping strategies experienced by employees in the Malaysian and Jordanian Customs Department which in turn leads to, and evaluates the relationships between the various stress patterns analyzed. They identified that role ambiguity and self-knowledge are the main sources of work stress and major coping strategy. Stress in the workplace has been a topical problem among blue collar workers, say factory workers, construction workers, maintenance workers, manufacturing workers and the like. Mat factory workers are blue collar workers and are privately employed and mainly unorganized. Majority of them belong to the lower strata of socio-economic groups and are highly stressed. Stress may be personal or organizational such as unsafe and or uncomfortable work environments, lack of employ participation in organizational policies. Workplace stress is very costly. It contributes to low productivity, occupational illness, injury, absenteeism, poor employee morale and high health care costs Nigeria is considered to be as one of the highly developing country among the African countries in all sectors. Even though the development is in propaganda, there are no adequate measures and policies that guarantee the safety and health of their employees. The prevalence of job stress in any occupational sector is unavoidable. Hence its impact in industries will be large. The impact and consequences of stress have been found to be fairly widespread, implicating changes in behavior, mood, capacity to perform mental tasks and neuropsychological functioning. Psychological stimuli operate on persons each of whom is equipped with an individual psychological programme for relating to any type of internal or external stimuli. These programmes are propensities conditioned by a vast array of genetic and earlier environmental influences. When the environment fails to meet personal demands, it awake a host of pathogenic mechanisms which may be cognitive, emotional behavioral, and or physiological [26]. The aim of this study is to find out the impact of work stress among mat factory workers in Kano, Nigeria and to suggest better strategies to overcome work stress among the workers.
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Associations between occupational stress, burnout and well being among manufacturing workers: mediating roles of psychological capital and self esteem

Associations between occupational stress, burnout and well being among manufacturing workers: mediating roles of psychological capital and self esteem

Burnout is regarded a syndrome that can have signifi- cant effects on physical and psychosocial well-being [10–12]. The popular theory of job burnout was devel- oped by Maslach, Schaufeli and Leiter [13], who defined burnout as “a psychological syndrome in response to chronic interpersonal stressors on the job” or a set of negative consequences of prolonged work stress [12]. The three key dimensions of this syndrome are an over- whelming exhaustion, a sense of cynicism and detach- ment from the work, and feelings of ineffectiveness or lack of accomplishment [13]. The general survey of Marlsh Burnout Inventory (MBI-GS), which is based on the three-dimensional of burnout, has been largely shapes and dominates burnout research [14]. On the level of organization, burnout is associated with turnover intention, lower productivity, and a decreased commit- ment [11, 15]. Wang et al. have been demonstrated that teachers who experienced high level of occupational stress would have more symptoms of burnout [16]. Job burnout is a psychological syndrome arising in response to chronic interpersonal stressors and job tediousness [11]. Similarly, depression is one of the psychological stresses that may overlap with burnout. However, the distinction between burnout and depression is that burnout is supposedly work related, whereas depression is considered to be more multifactorial in origin and pervasive in nature [17]. Futhermore, Shin et al. [12] proposed that burnout was one of the strongest predic- tors of depression by a longitudinal study. Therefore, this study used burnout to understand the negative men- tal status of occupational population. In addition, the World Health Organization [18] argued that the focal point of mental well-being should not be limited to the absence of mental illness, but the positive character of mental system and the attitudes that are inherent to it. Employees with high efforts and low rewards had higher risks of poor well-being [19]. Eudaimonic well-being, one of the main theoretical frameworks that has been proposed, refers to “ the dimensions that describe the optimal psychological functioning of the individuals” [20]. Diener et al. [21, 22] developed the Flourishing Scale (FS) to provide a comprehensive and brief measure of flourishing that summarized the current dimensions proposed by others authors, and an overview of the indi- vidual ’ s perception of person ’ s own positive functioning. The items of the FS describe broad and important facets of human functioning: engagement and interest,
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31. Sources and effects of work-related stress among employees in foreign-owned manufacturing companies in Ogun state, Nigeria

31. Sources and effects of work-related stress among employees in foreign-owned manufacturing companies in Ogun state, Nigeria

e third stage in the sampling process involves selection of sample of respondents. Each of the companies selected has the following staff population (as at the time of carrying out this study): De-united foods industries Limited, Ota = 501; Watson Global Pharmaceutical industries Limited, ijebu Ode = 200; Shongai Packaging industries Limited, Sango-Ota, =183; midland Galvanizing Products Limited, Abeokuta, =150; and Alucan Packaging Limited, Agbara = 192. e total population of workers in the five selected companies is one thousand two hundred and twenty six (1226). from this, using Yamane (1967) sample size determination formular of n = N/1+N (e2) where n = required sample size, N= total population, e2 = sampling error (0.05), and 1 = constant, a total of three hundred and two (302) respondents were chosen from the total population of workers in the five selected companies. Sample size in each of the five selected companies was thereafter, determined proportionally. in specific, 124 respondents were selected in De-united foods industries Limited; 49 in Watson Global Pharmaceutical industries; 45 in Shongai Packaging industries Limited; 37 in midland Galvanizing Products Limited; and 47 in Alucan Packaging Limited. in selecting the respondents for the study at the companies level, stratified random sampling techniques was used; that is, each of the companies was first of all stratified into department and within each department the workers were stratified into two (2) non-overlapping cadres of junior and senior staff, thereafter simple random sampling technique (through the means of random numbers) was used to select respondents from each cadre. e choice to use random technique is hinged on the fact that it allows the respondents an equal opportunity to be selected.
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Stress level and its influencing factors among employees in a plastic manufacturing and the implication towards work performance

Stress level and its influencing factors among employees in a plastic manufacturing and the implication towards work performance

Judith, 2008 with her research workplace bullying: Aggressive Behaviour and its effect on job satisfaction and productivity. The research showed how the bullying behaviour affects a individuals ability to perform their jobs, which can impact the morale of employees and the financial performances of an organization. The central findings of this study to show the frequency of workplace bullying, to examine the specific types of mistreatment and negative acts experienced by targets, to determine physical and mental stress associated with bullying, and to reveal a relationship between workplace bullying and its effect on job satisfaction and productivity. The data in this study found that 75% of participants reported witnessing mistreatment of co-workers throughout their careers, 47% have been bullied during their career, and 27% admitted to being a target of a bully in the last 12 months. This study also examined the most frequent negative acts by workplace bullies as reported by the participants.
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Work related stress and associated factors among Huajian shoe manufacturing employees in Dukem town, central Ethiopia

Work related stress and associated factors among Huajian shoe manufacturing employees in Dukem town, central Ethiopia

In conclusion, this study showed that a high pro- portion of employees had work-related stress. Poor organizational support, inadequate work experience, poor salary offers, over working hours, overtime work, and poor physical environment were significantly and positively associated with work-related stresses. Thus, employers need to attempt to update employee pay- ments and implement reward evaluation systems, cut down the need for overtime or employ extra staff. Efforts should also be made to make the working envi- ronment conducive for workers and to minimize physi- cal hazards that lead employees to work-related stress.
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Magnitude and Factors of Occupational Injury among Workers in Large Scale Metal Manufacturing Industries in Ethiopia

Magnitude and Factors of Occupational Injury among Workers in Large Scale Metal Manufacturing Industries in Ethiopia

Occupational injury is a global public health burden in terms of disability adjusted life year which contributed to 1.5% of all causes with estimated economic loss of 5% - 10% growth national product [1] [2]. International la- bor organization conservatively estimated that about 2.3 million workers die each year from unintentional work related accidents and diseases [2] [3]. Morbidity also estimated to be more than 270 million people at work [2] [4]. People belonging to all economic groups suffer fatal injuries, but death rates due to injury tend to be higher in those developing countries where there is unsafe working environment [2] [4] less awareness [4] and trained workers, limited/no occupational services [5] psychosocial stress [6] [7] are prevailed.
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A Study on The Effect of Stress And Work Life Balance of Private School Women Teachers

A Study on The Effect of Stress And Work Life Balance of Private School Women Teachers

Nowadays stress has become a big issue which occurs in various forms at workplace. Stress is a common factor to both employer and employees. Employers are today facing stress management issues that contribute to lower job performance of employees and work life imbalance. The employee’s productivity is hindered by high level stress faced by them in the workplace. So the present study makes an attempt to study the effect of stress and work life imbalance of women teachers in private schools at Madurai and Virudhunagar district. The primary data is collected from the 260 women teachers in different private schools at Madurai and Virudhunagar district. This study aims to identify the factors that lead to work stress among school teachers and to find the relationship between work stress and employees performance in the job. This study also aims to find the relationship between work stress and work life balance of women teachers in private schools.
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Effects of urbanisation on multiple cropping pattern in coastal districts in India

Effects of urbanisation on multiple cropping pattern in coastal districts in India

Coastal area protects from natural disasters and provides livelihood to population. But over the period of time, industrialized has grown across the coastal area in India. Such industrialization has created higher employment opportunities. Educational achievements of the population of coastal districts are higher as compare to the non coastal districts. Workers engaged service sector activities are higher as compare to non coastal districts in India. Random effect regression results show that the area under non agriculture use is higher in coastal districts. Cereals and rubber production is positively significant in coastal districts. Multiple cropping patterns are negatively co-related to the coastal districts. The policies like community participation, waste recycling of various industrial units, protection of the mangroves and strict implementation of the coastal regulation zone laws will protect the coastal area.
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Making sense of the manufacturing belt : determinants of U S  industrial location, 1880 1920

Making sense of the manufacturing belt : determinants of U S industrial location, 1880 1920

As was mentioned earlier, the Krugman and Venables (1995) model, as is typical in NEG models, assumes no exogenous asymmetry between the regions and thus abstracts from „first-nature geography‟ such as natural resources. As a result, the distribution of economic activities is not determined uniquely by the model but exhibits multiple equilibria. Which region actually becomes core and which periphery depends on initial conditions such as factor endowments, proximity to transportation modes, or the size of the region. However, once the asymmetry of the regions is introduced, the number of equilibria reduces and the model provides a mechanism that locks in the initial asymmetric distribution of economic activities. 4 In the case of the manufacturing belt, Krugman and Venables (1995) model offers an explanation of what locked in already highly industrialized regions of New England, Middle Atlantic and Midwest into the industrialized core which persisted way until the second half of the twentieth century.
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International Journal of Scientific Research and Reviews A Study on The Effect of Stress and Work Life Balance of Private School Women Teachers

International Journal of Scientific Research and Reviews A Study on The Effect of Stress and Work Life Balance of Private School Women Teachers

Nowadays stress has become a big issue which occurs in various forms at workplace. Stress is a common factor to both employer and employees. Employers are today facing stress management issues that contribute to lower job performance of employees and work life imbalance. The employee’s productivity is hindered by high level stress faced by them in the workplace. So the present study makes an attempt to study the effect of stress and work life imbalance of women teachers in private schools at Madurai and Virudhunagar district. The primary data is collected from the 260 women teachers in different private schools at Madurai and Virudhunagar district. This study aims to identify the factors that lead to work stress among school teachers and to find the relationship between work stress and employees performance in the job. This study also aims to find the relationship between work stress and work life balance of women teachers in private schools.
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Stress and burnout among red crescent paramedic ambulance workers in riyadh

Stress and burnout among red crescent paramedic ambulance workers in riyadh

emergencies, and changing sleep patterns have all been identified as factors that contribute to burnout, compassion fatigue, and increased symptoms of anxiety and depression (Dr Ananya Mandal, 2010; Brenda M Sabo, 2006; Farquharson, 2012; Crystal Hooper, 2009; Killian, 2008). Moreover, researchers have become increasingly aware that ambulance personnel, like other healthcare providers, may be at risk of developing work-related health problems (Sedigheh Iranmanesh, 2013). One systematic review concluded that ambulance personnel have more health problems than not only other healthcare providers but also than other working people (Tom Sterud, 2006). Unfortunately, this study had several limitations, such as the size and non-representativeness of its sample. Moreover, none of the 49 studies included in the systemic review was conducted in Saudi Arabia. On the other hand, this seems to be more connected with the place of work rather than to individual differences (Tom Sterud, 2008). Indeed, work environment might be the major contributing factor to an increase in the level of stress of healthcare providers (Farquharson, 2012).
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Evaluation of Respiratory Symptoms among Workers in an  Automobile Manufacturing Factory, Iran

Evaluation of Respiratory Symptoms among Workers in an Automobile Manufacturing Factory, Iran

induced by occupational dust, gas, and vapors, are influenced by the type of dust, gas, vapor, and duration of exposure (3-5). Exposure to pollutant in the workplace may cause respiratory symptoms and disorders (6, 7). Residents and workers in the area are presumably experienced acute exposure to these contaminants as well as chronic expo- sure in and around homes and workplace during the following months (8). Some studies have shown numerous prevalence of respiratory symp- toms in pollutants-exposed workers such as a chronic cough, dyspnea, chest tightness, rhinitis compared to the controls (9-11). Hanssen et al. reported the higher self-reported prevalence of chronic respiratory symptoms and dermal symp- toms in workers inside the greenhouse, compared to the controls (12). Other potential respiratory health hazards can be caused by pesticides and tobacco smokes (13-15). Significant associations between smoking exposures and respiratory symptoms were observed (16). Whereas, lower association between respiratory symptoms and spirometry results was reported (8). There have been some reports on respiratory effects of dust exposure (17, 18).
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WORK-RELATED MUSCULOSKELETAL SYMPTOMS AMONG BATIK WORKERS IN KELANTAN

WORK-RELATED MUSCULOSKELETAL SYMPTOMS AMONG BATIK WORKERS IN KELANTAN

More than half (60.2 %) of the batik workers reported having musculoskeletal problems at work. Shoulder pain was the most common reported symptom among the batik workers. The other most troublesome symptoms were lower back and ankle pain. The present study also showed association between the workers’ symptoms and their duration of employment. Age and prolonged standing were among other factors which contributed to their symptoms. These findings were consistant with their nature of daily task, namely prolonged working postures with their arms flexed at or above shoulder level. There was particularly good evidence for an association between shoulder tenderness and working with the arm flexed or abducted 4 . In addition , psychosocial factors such as high workload and pacing, and lack of support were also suggested as possible risk factors in other studies (7-9). Houben et al found that “occupational strain “(physical climate and psychosocial factors) correlated significantly with locomotor problems (10). This correlation was quite evident in the working environment of these batik workers. Their workplace was not satisfactorily conducive for daily, task. In this cross sectional study, a “healthy worker’s effect” might be expected since workers with severe musculoskeletal problem are not likely to stay long in this type of work. This finding is supported by the fact that the mean age of the batik workers in this study was relatively young. Since the data collection was based on self-reporting it may be possible that the workers have over reported their symptoms because they may have been interested
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Impact of heat stress among workers in naturally ventilated greenhouse

Impact of heat stress among workers in naturally ventilated greenhouse

Natural ventilated Greenhouses are the structures which gives a microclimate upto certain extent that make the plants to grow well in an unfavorable climate. These are extremely helpful in a particular period of year when some plants cannot be grown in open field. But Greenhouses cannot be considered a very suitable place to work for the workers specially in early or in summer season. Workers have to work in unfavourable conditions and exposed with stress to the body from physical activity can be dangerous to worker’s health. The experiment was carried out to study the impact of heat stress of workers in a naturally ventilated greenhouses in the Horticultural campus of College of Agriculture, OUAT, Bhubaneswar, Odisha in 2014. During 9 th week the average greenhouse temperature and relative humidity was around 40 0 C and 50 per cent respectively which is unsuitable for agril. labourers to work inside the greenhouse from 12 to 2 PM. These average values rose over 50 0 C of temperature as well as 55 per cent relative humidity during 12 th , 13 th and 14 th week in which it was impossible to work from 12 to 3 PM. Again during 8 th and 9 th week the nature of work i.e. field preparation or digging of soil inside greenhouse from 10 to 4 PM was again above the limit suitable to workers. The value of working heart rate(WHR) increased upto 120 beats/min with a corresponding value of oxygen consumption rate 0.939 lmin -1 after 20 minutes of digging. However the value in case of simple operation like weeding remain with acceptable limit. Hence to prevent from heat stress the workers should allow to work inside greenhouse from 6 to 10 AM in the morning as well as 5 to 7 PM in the evening. No doubt the greenhouse provides a conducive climate for plant growth, yet a greater overall knowledge and preventive measures would help the workers to avoid risks of inhouse work.
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Perceived Stress among Malaysian Railway Workers

Perceived Stress among Malaysian Railway Workers

workers (4). The hierarchical socio-economic status theory hypothesised a higher level of stress hormones to be activated when these ranks are challenged or compromised at the organisational level (4). The reduced passenger satisfaction from poor service delivered over the past decade has resulted in public criticism, causing hierarchical instability and stress among workers within the Malaysian railways industry. This catalysed a major organisational crisis, forcing the Malaysian government to call for an immediate organisational revamp and the initiation of the National Land Transportation Blueprint, with emphasis on development of sophisticated passenger-centric railway services in the near future (19). In contrast, the relatively safe and comfortable position of blue-collar workers as protected by the Malaysian Labour Act and Workers Union had limited effects on workersstress (20).
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A Data Mining Approach for Developing Quality Prediction Model in Multi Stage Manufacturing

A Data Mining Approach for Developing Quality Prediction Model in Multi Stage Manufacturing

As a real life dataset, SECOM contain of some irrelevant variables and missing value data. A data cleansing procedure discards 452 instances with null and missing values. Regarding the irrelevant variables, since not all 590 sensors were used to gather quality-related data, [40] suggested the simple feature selection technique to select 40 variables that is highly related to the quality variables. These 40 variables are divided into five workstations based on the typical semiconductor manufacturing monitoring process as explained by [41].
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Work Stress among Library professionals in General – A Study

Work Stress among Library professionals in General – A Study

This study focuses on the work stress faced by the library professionals in their daily routine work in around India. In this study, author has received the respond from Nigerian library Professional also. The professionals are designated into the different categories as Librarian, Assistant Librarian, etc. The questionnaire was designed with different questions on the basis of variables such as personal variable, organizational variable, in connection with this study. About 19 questionnaires were collected out of 20 questionnaires; the total respondent is (95%) as samples for this research study.
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Interventions to prevent burnout in high risk individuals: evidence review

Interventions to prevent burnout in high risk individuals: evidence review

One review 15 which included 17 studies of person-directed interventions reported positive changes in burnout in 14 of 17 studies, though in one study there was an unexpected significant increase in burnout. A review of 23 systematic reviews 23 found that cognitive behavioural programmes produced larger effects at the individual level compared with other interventions. In another review, 25 positive effects were seen for individual or group approaches including: worksite health promotion programme for mental health improvement and stress management training for absenteeism reduction. In one review, 5 following participation in an intensive stress reduction programme, female mental health workers at risk of burnout experienced significantly lower emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation (one study). In a systematic review of 16 UK-based studies 27 on stress management interventions in the workplace, all intervention levels were found to contribute to or be associated with some positive outcomes. A Cochrane systematic review 17 of 19 randomised or controlled clinical trials of workplace interventions to reduce stress in healthcare workers found limited evidence for a small but probably relevant reduction in stress levels from person-directed, and person-work interface interventions among health care workers. A UK-focused evidence review 11 found that there is reasonable evidence that multi-faceted training, covering stress awareness, coping and stress reduction is an effective format (eight studies). Therapy and counselling (1 RCT) delivered during work time had a positive impact on mental wellbeing in the short term, as did a computerised Cognitive Behavioural Therapy programme (1 RCT). Exercise (2 RCTs) had positive effects on mental health, stress and anxiety. One RCT comparing transcendental meditation with a more conventional stress
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Role of Authentic Leadership in Organizational Socialization and Work Engagement among Workers

Role of Authentic Leadership in Organizational Socialization and Work Engagement among Workers

For Schein (1985), the organizational culture provides a system of expecta- tions that offers behavioral parameters and standards that serve as a guide to employees; such references can be observed through the behavior of the leaders, always and when it is clear and transparent. Such characteristics are presented in the authentic leadership (Avolio & Gardner, 2005, Avolio, Gardner, Walumbwa, Luthans, & May, 2004; Danielson, 2004; Gardner, Avolio, Luthans, May, & Wa- lumbwa, 2005; Taormina, 2009). Moreover, it has been established that the Or- ganizational Socialization is linked with the commitment and job satisfaction, as a result of workers perceive greater certainty to learn the rules of the job, get the support of their coworkers and to understand how it is the functioning of the organization (Autry & Daugherty, 2003; Chao, O’Leary-Kelly, Wolf, Klein, & Gardner, 1994; Filstad, 2004, 2011; Meyer, Allen, & Topolnystky, 1998; Mitus, 2006; Schmidt, 2010; Taormina, 1997; Tierney, Bauer, & Potter, 2002). However, there is little empirical evidence of the role played by the organizational sociali- zation and leadership in the psychological states underlying productivity, like motivation and proactivity.
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A longitudinal study of work-related injuries: comparisons of health and work-related consequences between injured and uninjured aging United States adults

A longitudinal study of work-related injuries: comparisons of health and work-related consequences between injured and uninjured aging United States adults

This study has several strengths owing to its focus on the aging U.S. workforce, and use of longitudinal analysis techniques. However the findings from this study must be interpreted in view of some of the limitations. First, the data are based on self-reports and also involve a minimum of two-year recall periods. Therefore, there may be a po- tential for differential misclassification. This is because the estimates may be biased away from the null among those who experienced a work-related injury-related event as they may remember their exposures better than those who did not experience such injuries. It is also possible that those who were censored over the study period may be different from those who were retained in terms of their exposures. However, sensitivity analyses revealed that injured/uninjured and censored/non-censored were simi- lar in terms of their exposures. It is also possible that there could be some bias in the estimates associated with proxy interviews. While the results of this study would be considered generalizable to the U.S., it cannot be com- pared to other country data. The results would also not be Table 3 Comparing functional limitations and working hours
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