Young men who said they got

Top PDF Young men who said they got:

'Dad never said much but...' Young Men and Great War veterans in day-to-day life in inter-war Britain

'Dad never said much but...' Young Men and Great War veterans in day-to-day life in inter-war Britain

Positive aspects of military service appear to have been shared more commonly than negative ones. Some young men heard about the novelty of veterans’ experiences. James Mann’s father mainly spoke about France as a country, promising to take him to visit, 93 Richard Griffiths heard about his father’s experiences learning to fly, 94 and John Riggs’ uncle recounted the famous artists he served with in the Artists’ Rifles. 95 A number of young men heard tales that they took to communicate their father’s pride. Mr Sweetland’s father ‘used to tell us he was one of the Royal Engineers who probably laid the French railway lines as they were more or less up to the present day’, 96 William Coster heard a detailed account of the places his father had served and how he had received ‘a smashed finger’, and knew he ‘was always very proud of being a sergeant in the RASC’. 97 Richard Todd heard a detailed narrative of his father’s service in a medical role; he had ‘a fairly active and good, if you can use the word good, erm, certainly active First World War, got a good Military Cross, […] because of him I think my thinking as a boy was pretty militaristic’. 98 Others heard apparently exciting tales. As a child William Jalland’s father ‘used to tell me about being at Shoeburyness [in the Royal Artillery] and the shooting down of a Zeppelin at Potter’s Bar and er, I suppose that was the reason that I started getting interested.’ 99 Jack Thomas had heard a heroic version of his father’s experiences, which certainly were unusual. Thomas understood his father to be one of only two private soldiers to escape from a Prisoner Of War camp in Germany. He was
Show more

35 Read more

The use and value of group support for young men who are fathers

The use and value of group support for young men who are fathers

Young dads saying the only time they got services was almost like two fold; one was when or get any attention, was one when they were at risk of anti-social behaviour, and the other time when they were deemed to be the culprits as it were of unintended teenage pregnancy. So it was all very negative so what we did was work up a scheme, a project really, to engage specifically young dads, so young dad’s facing young dads”

18 Read more

Psychosocial Disparities Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Transgender Young Adults and Young Men Who Have Sex with Men Living in Detroit

Psychosocial Disparities Among Racial/Ethnic Minority Transgender Young Adults and Young Men Who Have Sex with Men Living in Detroit

According to the 2008 National Transgender Dis- crimination Survey, a U.S. community-based sample of 6450 transgender people, 90% of respondents reported experiencing harassment, mistreatment, or discrimina- tion at work, 78% reported experiencing harassment at school, 19% reported being refused a home or apart- ment, and 19% said they were refused medical care because of their transgender identity. 2 This survey also found vast racial disparities in the experience of trans- phobic discrimination in all of these settings, with trans- gender people of color reporting much higher rates of discrimination. 2 These experiences highlight the impor- tance of identifying and addressing the structural vul- nerabilities experienced by transgender people.
Show more

12 Read more

Butch Tops and Femme Bottoms? Constructions of Masculinity by Young Men Who Have Sex with Men Seeking Partners Online

Butch Tops and Femme Bottoms? Constructions of Masculinity by Young Men Who Have Sex with Men Seeking Partners Online

distinguish one from the other. Participants were then asked to describe their ideal partners and to discuss the characteristics of their last relationship. Next, we ques- tioned participants about their use of the Internet for dating. These prompts investigated the reasons for ini- tially beginning to use the Internet as a dating tool, which websites participants preferred, how participants selected a potential partner online, and the advantages and disadvantages to Internet dating versus meeting men in public venues (i.e., bars and clubs). Participants then walked the interviewer through a play by play of their last sexual experience with someone they had met online and outlined their beliefs about sexual roles among MSM. The interview ended with a discussion about beliefs and attitudes surrounding condoms, as well as questions about participants’ HIV status and per- ceived threat of HIV infection. In asking about partici- pants’ HIV statuses, we inquired “Have you ever tested positive for HIV?” For participants who said “yes,” we followed up with questions about the length of time they were HIV positive and their feelings about the current
Show more

15 Read more

Young Men s Initiative

Young Men s Initiative

An advisory board, comprising experienced and influential leaders from the nonprofit, public, private, and philanthropic sectors, provides input and guidance on the implementation of YMI programs, the evaluation of YMI activities, and the communication strategy for external stakeholders. Using their knowledge and experience in many different fields, the YMI advisory board works closely with the YMI management team to help guide the initiative by sharing their expertise and meeting with key players to help shape and influence policy. For example, board members with expertise in education spearheaded the effort to hold numerous meetings with teachers, principals, and administrators in order to contribute to discipline policy reforms in New York City’s school system. Similarly, one source said that YMI advisory board members “urged the passage of the Close to Home Bill in 2012” (NYC Young Men’s Initiative 2012a, 9).
Show more

10 Read more

Decreasing HIV Stigmatization for Care of Young Men of Color Who Have Sex with Men

Decreasing HIV Stigmatization for Care of Young Men of Color Who Have Sex with Men

The pretest questionnaire intervention was conducted on November 18, 2019 prior to the six brief HIV-related stigma videos of young MSM of color describing the impact of the stigma they have personally faced. Posttest questionnaires followed the educational intervention PowerPoint presentation on the following day, November 19, 2019. Pretest and posttest questionnaires were used to determine whether knowledge and attitude as a result of learning and training transfer, yielded changes among healthcare staff as a result of HIV-stigma and discrimination towards young MSM of color. After viewing various questionnaires, I determined to use one that had already been developed, tested, and reviewed. The quantitative Health Worker Questionnaire was developed and tested by an international team of researchers as a tool and resource under a cooperative agreement known as the Health Policy Project funded by the U.S. Agency for
Show more

81 Read more

HIV Testing Among Young African American Men Who Have Sex With Men

HIV Testing Among Young African American Men Who Have Sex With Men

age account for up to 30% of all cases of HIV infection (Morris et al., 2006). Murphy et al. (2009), who studied HIV risk trajectories over the lifespan, identified four trajectory types. They characterized the first trajectory, identified as high risk, according to consistently elevated risk levels, with risk increasing throughout early adulthood and declining moderately thereafter. The second pattern, decreased risk, involves a short duration of increase during the teen years and a long decrease later on. The third trajectory type, increased risk, begins with a slow increase that accelerates into the late teens and then declines slightly starting in early adulthood. The fourth pattern, low risk, refers to consistent avoidance of high-risk behaviors over the lifespan. Each of the first three trajectories identifies either adolescence or early adulthood as the period of peak risky sexual behavior. No studies have identified lifespan trajectories in which sexual risk behaviors increase in later years. Murphy et al. (2009) also found that the average age of those who report having unprotected sex with multiple partners is 17.6. These findings indicate that young people are at heightened risk for HIV infection compared to their older counterparts, which is consistent with the findings of a comprehensive research review conducted by Mustanski et al. (2011). These researchers found that younger MSM are more likely to have unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) not only with their primary partners, but also with individuals outside of their relationships.
Show more

217 Read more

Exploring the Narratives of Young Men who Have Spent Time in a Young Offender Institution

Exploring the Narratives of Young Men who Have Spent Time in a Young Offender Institution

I had hoped to offer the opportunity of participation to all YP who fit the criteria within my LA placement, to prevent any groups being excluded from the project. However, I encountered significant difficulties in accessing the YP. Due to confidentiality, I was not able to access a list of YP who had received custodial sentences, and so I was reliant on the goodwill and the judgements of professionals working in YOS and Probation. Inevitably this meant that staff targeted particular individuals, who they felt would be likely to engage with the project. Of these, the first three YP who expressed a wish to participate were invited to interview. A considerable number of participants who agreed to participate subsequently failed to attend. The process of identifying participants who met the criteria, gaining their consent and carrying out the actual interview took a lot longer than expected and required perseverance and resilience on my part.
Show more

203 Read more

Supporting Young Dads Final Report: The use and value of community groups for young men who are fathers

Supporting Young Dads Final Report: The use and value of community groups for young men who are fathers

12 Conclusions This research has explored how both young men and stakeholders find the experience of groups for young fathers, and has explored some of the aspects which those who took part in the research feel contribute to groups being successful. The young men interviewed felt that the groups had been positive within their lives and they could identify changes in themselves and their lives as a result of attending the groups. A sense of enjoyment and enthusiasm was evident in the way the young men spoke about the projects, and the lack of things they would change about either of the projects examined here reflects that. Young men may not have had positive experiences with other services or projects and often faced barriers due to social perceptions, “us lads, we are used to being slapped in the face” (p9), so these projects provided something different and the young men were evidently grateful for that.
Show more

15 Read more

Experiences of care labour, gender and work for

men who teach young children

Experiences of care labour, gender and work for men who teach young children

Theory Gender and work. A particularly striking feature about gender and work is the creation of new understandings of gender. Gender is said to no longer matter because it has been “de-tra- ditionalised” (Kelan, 2009 , p 25) and gender, as a structuring mechanism of society, is becoming less relevant (Beck, 2000 , as cited in Kelan, 2009 , p 2; Castells, 2004 ). Wetterer ( 2003 ) refers to this as “rhetorical modernisation”, whereby gender is made invisible in people’s lives even as it continues to structure their lives. In other words, people negotiate understandings of gender through preferred identity as old gender knowledge continues to be combined with new gender knowledge. This evolving dynamic between gender and work has led to an assumption that work requires the cultivation of elite masculinities that are “more sensitive and reflexive…” (Haywood and Mac an Ghaill, 2013 , p 67). There is now greater emphasis on feminised features such as empathy, patience and understanding as assets in business (Kelan, 2009 , p 25). This is because emotions are considered more powerful than thought when used as “tools” for career advance- ment. (Ahmed, 2014 ). Yet, men who perform “caring” roles face special difficulties as “feminised” discourses of service and care often carry a devalued status and do not align with dominant definitions of masculinities. If men perform femininity through nurturance and care, their sexuality is called into question; if they display masculinity through emotional distance and control, their caring skills are questioned. Within contemporary society, emo- tions are categorised: some emotions are considered as signs of cultivation, whilst others are considered as signs of weakness (Ahmed, 2014 ). Emotions are, therefore, bound up with power
Show more

8 Read more

PrEP awareness and perceived barriers among single young men who have sex with men in the United States

PrEP awareness and perceived barriers among single young men who have sex with men in the United States

their insurance would actually cover PrEP. The affordability concerns among YMSM with prior STI history, a group often identified as a high-risk population, is also problematic, as they have been identified as a population that may benefit from PrEP yet may understand the medical costs associated with treatment. Taken together, these cost-related findings are particularly troublesome given ongoing national discussions about rising medical costs and diminishing federal funds for HIV/AIDS prevention and care. Given that the efficacy of PrEP in the iPrEx trial was highest among participants who had greater adherence to the product, the long-term success of PrEP will require YMSM to have access to a combination of biomedical and comprehensive HIV primary prevention services (e.g., access to behavioral counseling, free condoms, treatment for STIs, regular HIV testing, and frequent medical evaluation), as these measures have been shown to increase adherence [1]. At present, however, it remains unclear whether comprehensive services will be available at low or no cost to YMSM, or whether our medical system’s infrastructure will be able to sustain these costs. Future research examining the cost-benefit analyses of PrEP rollout and sustainability of services promoting optimal PrEP adherence recommendations is warranted, particularly given that PrEP are not 100% effective.
Show more

8 Read more

Syndemic Processes Among Young Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM): Pathways Toward Risk and Resilience

Syndemic Processes Among Young Men Who Have Sex With Men (MSM): Pathways Toward Risk and Resilience

develop syndemic conditions, and not all of those who develop syndemic conditions become HIV infected. In fact, the original investigation of syndemic production among MSM found that, of the men who experienced three or more psychosocial health problems, 23% had recently engaged in high risk sex and 22% were HIV positive (Stall, et al., 2007). These numbers are certainly alarming, but perhaps the most important story here is that 77% of these men had avoided engaging in high risk sexual behaviors and 78% had remained HIV negative despite the fact that they were dealing with a myriad of psychosocial health problems. For these individuals to be able to withstand persistent cultural marginalization and avoid the natural sequelae of those experiences indicates remarkable resilience and strength within this population. Resilience as a sub-cultural phenomenon is an area of study that has yet to receive much focus, but that appears to have great potential as an approach for the health promotion of MSM.
Show more

123 Read more

Violence Exposure and Pathways to HIV Risk Behaviors in Black and White Young Men who have Sex with Men

Violence Exposure and Pathways to HIV Risk Behaviors in Black and White Young Men who have Sex with Men

research design, participant self-report data, use of count data, and measurement issues. A convenience sample was recruited for this study due the absence of a complete sampling frame of HIV-negative YMSM utilizing AIDS service organizations St. Louis and Kansas City. Convenience sampling limits the external validity of the results of the current study. However, as presented earlier in this chapter, comparisons of rates of HIV risk behaviors between the current study sample and a national sample of YMSM showed many similarities (CDC, 2016). Although results may not be generalizable to the broader population of Black and White YMSM because the study did not recruit outside of the AIDS service setting or in diverse geographical regions, they are likely representative of YMSM who access HIV prevention services at AIDS service organizations in mid-sized, Midwestern urban areas.
Show more

173 Read more

Facilitators and Barriers to Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Willingness Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men Who Use Geosocial Networking Applications in California.

Facilitators and Barriers to Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Willingness Among Young Men Who Have Sex with Men Who Use Geosocial Networking Applications in California.

Adherence to PrEP is a common concern among MSM and YMSM. 26,34,71 Efficacy studies demonstrate that even with suboptimal adherence, PrEP can be up to 96% effective. 16 These data must be disseminated widely to YMSM and the medical providers who serve them to allay fears that missing doses forecloses a PrEP prescription. Instead, clear and ac- cessible information about PrEP adherence, strategies for remembering to take the medication, and guidance about what to do if a dose is missed should be highlighted. In our earlier work on PrEP uptake and adherence with YMSM, we found that, although 90% of current PrEP users reported taking their medication 6–7 times/week, difficulty in re- membering to take it was one of the top reasons they dis- continued it. 72 Other research on PrEP adherence for YMSM shows that nearly two-thirds are adherent. 73 These data suggest the need for further research on barriers and facili- tators to PrEP adherence among YMSM to ensure optimal outcomes for users. Future developments in PrEP, such as long-term injectable formats and on-demand PrEP, may be promising solutions to address adherence concerns among YMSM. 52,74–76
Show more

12 Read more

Community stigma, internalized homonegativity, enacted stigma, and HIV testing among young men who have sex with men

Community stigma, internalized homonegativity, enacted stigma, and HIV testing among young men who have sex with men

4 D I S C U S S I O N The results build on Earnshaw and Chaudoir 's (2009) conceptual framework, which demonstrates relationships between HIV stigma and testing behavior to illustrate how perceptions of place-based sexuality stigma may also have the potential to influence HIV testing behavior for YMSM. YMSM in Detroit who reported higher perceptions of sexuality-related prejudice in their communities also reported higher odds of HIV testing; however, perceived place- based sexuality-related prejudice was not associated with timing since last HIV test. It is possible that YMSM who had previously tested for HIV gain a greater awareness of the sexuality-related prejudice in their communities during test counseling sessions (Bauermeister et al., 2015; Sullivan, 2014), and/or that they react to perceived stigma by partici- pating in pro-LGBT spaces (e.g., LGBT centers, pride events, bars and clubs) where HIV tests are offered (Bauermeister et al., 2015; Bowles et al., 2008). Given the cross-sectional nature of the data, however, these temporal relationships cannot be tested.
Show more

14 Read more

Barriers and facilitators of linkage to HIV care among HIV infected young Chinese men who have sex with men: a qualitative study

Barriers and facilitators of linkage to HIV care among HIV infected young Chinese men who have sex with men: a qualitative study

Trusting and relying on CDC services and the government Many participants trusted and relied on the CDC and the government. For instance, a participant (JN06) described: “Now there is a CDC staff taking care of us. At least there is a leader in our circle. If we have any questions, we can ask the doctor and he will give us answers. At least we are not alone. … If nobody manages us, we will be very blind and alone. If things turn upside down and disorderly, our illness will become more and more serious. If there are any complications, the doctor can help us to control it in advance. I feel hope anyway.” These men accepted the HIV/AIDS-related services from CDC. Some participants also expressed an expectation of greater financial support for medical checkups and treatment, more service sites, as well as better training and support for CBOs. Another participant (JN01) said: “The government has provided us with free medication and all of the services provided by the government are free. … There is no heavy economic pressure. … This only aims to make us live healthy. There is no reason to refuse cooperation.”
Show more

8 Read more

Barriers and facilitators of linkage to HIV care among HIV-infected young Chinese men who have sex with men: a qualitative study.

Barriers and facilitators of linkage to HIV care among HIV-infected young Chinese men who have sex with men: a qualitative study.

Trusting and relying on CDC services and the government Many participants trusted and relied on the CDC and the government. For instance, a participant (JN06) described: “Now there is a CDC staff taking care of us. At least there is a leader in our circle. If we have any questions, we can ask the doctor and he will give us answers. At least we are not alone. … If nobody manages us, we will be very blind and alone. If things turn upside down and disorderly, our illness will become more and more serious. If there are any complications, the doctor can help us to control it in advance. I feel hope anyway.” These men accepted the HIV/AIDS-related services from CDC. Some participants also expressed an expectation of greater financial support for medical checkups and treatment, more service sites, as well as better training and support for CBOs. Another participant (JN01) said: “The government has provided us with free medication and all of the services provided by the government are free. … There is no heavy economic pressure. … This only aims to make us live healthy. There is no reason to refuse cooperation.”
Show more

9 Read more

Psychosocial Influences on Engagement in Care Among HIV-Positive Young Black Gay/Bisexual and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men

Psychosocial Influences on Engagement in Care Among HIV-Positive Young Black Gay/Bisexual and Other Men Who Have Sex with Men

Implications This study represents an early, exploratory step toward understanding relationships between psychosocial factors and engagement in care among YB-GBMSM. However, our findings have potential implications for intervention at mul- tiple levels. By analyzing predictors of engagement among YB-GBMSM who are already in care, we have begun to identify factors that might facilitate retention or alternatively, lead to disengagement. For individual patients and providers, the importance of psychological constructs related to self- perception and identity suggest that integration of mental health support services at various stages along the continuum is important for preventing disengagement from HIV care among YB-GBMSM. Given the salience of ethnic identity in particular, it is critical that mental health and primary care providers be culturally competent and culturally affirming in their treatment of YB-GBMSM. Providers must also be at- tuned to the potential for negative self-image related to HIV stigma, and should inquire about patients’ perceptions of their HIV status as they change over time. Outside of the clinical care setting, additional health promotion interven- tions should be developed specifically for HIV-positive YB- GBMSM to affirm ethnic identity and assist in coping with HIV-related stigma, as a strategy for optimizing engagement in care.
Show more

10 Read more

Preliminary impact of the weCare social media intervention to support health for young men who have sex with men and transgender women with HIV

Preliminary impact of the weCare social media intervention to support health for young men who have sex with men and transgender women with HIV

diagnoses among MSM is 44 times that of other men and 40 times that of women. 2,3 In addition, it is estimated that ∼25%–39% of transgender women are living with HIV. 4–8 Racial and ethnic minority MSM and transgender women, including African American/black and Latino individuals, are particularly affected by HIV. 6,9–12 Rates of HIV are also increasing among youth of ages 13–24 years in the United States who accounted for 21% of all new infections in 2016. 13 These national trends hold true in the United States South, which is often referred to as the new HIV epicenter. 14 Fourteen of the 15 US cities with the highest rates of new HIV infections per capita are in the South, and the majority of all new AIDS diagnoses occur in this region. 15 In North Carolina (NC), MSM accounted for 64% of all the new HIV cases in adolescent and adult males. 16 African American/black and Latino MSM in NC had HIV infection rates nearly eight times and three times, respectively, the rate for white MSM, with young MSM in these groups disproportionally affected. 17 Less data are available related to transgender individuals in the United States South, but they suggest that HIV rates are higher among transgender persons in the region than among the general population. 18
Show more

16 Read more

The Impact of HIV Prevention Education in School on Young Men Who Have Sex With Men

The Impact of HIV Prevention Education in School on Young Men Who Have Sex With Men

Fit, its first attempt at providing a sex education program for the American Public.The program was targeted at young men, 14-21 years of age because the USPHS considered this population the most vulnerable for contracting STIs. The young men were taught that by exhibiting self-control, these young men could protect women and children from the ravages of STIs. Knowing how sensitive a subject sex education was and wanting their sex education initiatives to be successfully accepted by the more conservative Christian elements of American society, the USPHS partnered with the Young Men’s Christian Association (YMCA).The YMCA was considered at that time to be an evangelical protestant organization.The YMCA delivered the content of Keeping Fit in a way that would not offend anyone. The basis of sex education was abstinence until marriage and, once married, fidelity toward the spouse. Abstinence and fidelity were what was taught in sex education up until about 1960.
Show more

157 Read more

Show all 10000 documents...