Top PDF A brief History of Decision-Making Research in Accounting

A brief History of Decision-Making Research in Accounting

A brief History of Decision-Making Research in Accounting

In light of this, it appears that this issue, currently speaking, is of little interest in the field of behavioral accounting research. Thus, the introduction of state of the art research on bounded and ecological rationality could provide some fresh insights into this rather stagnant topic. Most articles in this area do not state precisely whether or not more information would actually improve the decision making process. The finding that more information does not always lead to greater accuracy is particularly relevant to the making of forecasts and predictions. Also, many of the papers discussed by Eppler and Mengis (2004) contribute just marginally new insights to this issue; they frequently replicate Miller’s (1956) classic findings on the limits of the human capacity to process information, simply in different contexts or disciplines. From this perspective, it appears to be particularly important to distinguish the benefits of adding more information from the “computational” limits of actors in organizations. Particularly when making prescriptive recommendations, it appears important to make the distinction suggested by Milkman, Chugh and Bazerman (2009) between bounded rationality, which can not be improved, and bounded judgments, that can be improved.
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A Brief History of Accounting for Goodwill in Japan and France: War,Tax and Accounting Practice

A Brief History of Accounting for Goodwill in Japan and France: War,Tax and Accounting Practice

In Japan, as in France, the development of accounting was governed by state interventionism through taxation. As a matter of fact, the Meiji Restoration (1868-1912) was not only a period of prosperous economic growth, but it was also marked with wars against the neighbouring countries: China (1894), Russia (1905) and Korea (1910). Japanese conquests went on until World War II, increasing dramatically the military budget and subsequent need for taxation. This context contributes to explain why the stance adopted by the tax administration before War World II dominated accounting practices at that time.
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A Brief History of A Brief History

A Brief History of A Brief History

The end user of this information should therefore use the contents of this manual and the materials as a general guideline and not as the ultimate source of current information and when appropriate the user should consult their own accounting, construction or other advisors. Any case studies, examples, illustrations cannot guarantee that the user will achieve similar results. In fact, your results may vary significantly and factors such as your climate, house site and many other circumstances may and will cause results to vary.

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The impact of accounting information on decision making process

The impact of accounting information on decision making process

The price of any conceivable item from bread to book not to mention petrol has been soaring in geometric progression over the years. The economy is truly in dire straits. These compounds and complicates intricately are the problems of organizations vis-a vis-effective planning and decision making processes, other factors such as stagflation, taxation, economic and political in research study. It is the intention of the researcher to concentrate more on financial accounting, cost

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Patient History Elicitation and Diagnostic Decision Making

Patient History Elicitation and Diagnostic Decision Making

Medical education organizations vary in how they teach the approach to student. In an effort to align the field, a three-day conference was held in Kalamazoo, Michigan, in May 1999. Twenty-one representatives of prominent U.S. medical institutions and educational organizations discussed patient-centered communication (Brunett et al., 2001). Five models of patient centered communication along with teaching techniques were discussed in an effort to identified key commonalities between all the approaches. The result was 6 key elements: (1) open discussion, (2) gather information, (3) understand the patient’s perspective, (4) share information, (5) research agreement on problem and plan, and (6) provide closure. The Kalamazoo consensus lay the foundation for assessment tools to be derived, which demonstrated consistent results (Duffy et al., 2004; Joyce, Steenbergh, & Scher, 2010). Patient-centered communication style has central concept that the interview process should involve a better understanding of the patient as an individual, be respectful throughout the process, and focus on both the biological and psychosocial aspects of the patient’s illness (Lipkin et al., 1984; Boyle, Dwinnell, & Platt, 2005).
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The road to 1978: a brief history of fertility research

The road to 1978: a brief history of fertility research

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (1632–1723) worked as a draper and acted as a minor city official in the Dutch town of Delft. He was a meticulous observer and keen craftsman, designing and making hundreds of simple microscopes, much different to the compound double- lens microscopes of Janssen and Hooke. Leeuwenhoek’s were mostly small handheld, single-lens microscopes with impressive magnifying and resolving powers (Figure 1). Through his observations, he made some remarkable discoveries, including the first observations and descriptions of small bacteria and protist in samples of water, which he called ‘animalcules’. He sent many letters describing his observations to the Royal Society in London, whose members (including Hooke) were impressed with his microscopic skills and meticulous descriptions. For this, he was elected as a foreign member in 1680.
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Effective genealogical history: Possibilities for critical accounting history research

Effective genealogical history: Possibilities for critical accounting history research

A prime example is Loft’s [1986] genealogy of the rise of management accounting in the U.K. and the appearance of the Institute of Cost Accounting as a bone fide professional organiza- tion in the early part of the 20th century. Her research revealed how cost accounting arose to this status, not merely as tech- nique for aiding decision makers, as the conventional view has it, but more as an important force in the British government’s discursive initiative to reconstruct Britain as an efficient nation with efficient firms and efficient workers. While her narrative is highly enlightening in this respect, it says little or nothing about the power effects of this use of cost accounting on the employ- ees in British organizations. A number of other studies followed, taking their cues from Foucault’s surveillance, discipline, pun- ishment, and normalization thesis and his excavation of the ap- pearance of carceral techniques that spread throughout today’s institutions of all kinds. These studies, like Loft’s, however, come across as not only “un-Foucauldian” in tone, but also politically bland and lacking in critical edge.
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Management Accounting: strategic decision making, performance and risk

Management Accounting: strategic decision making, performance and risk

An organisational objective can be operationalised by one or more strategies (Cinquini & Tenucci, 2010). Additionally, one strategy can contribute to the achievement of more than one objective and/or outcome. Some operating strategies that a management accountant will be exposed to include: target pricing and costing; whole of product/service life-cycle costing; JIT management; TQM; and environmental cost management, to name but a few. For example, consider a target pricing and costing strategy in a manufacturing organisation. The target price is determined by considerations such as customer product-attribute choices and competitors' substitute products. After considering a reasonable return for the organisation that contributes to such things as profits, dividends and capital investment, product costs are determined. Then a basis is provided to ensure that product design and innovation support the production efficiency initiatives so that the organisation produces the product for no more than the target cost. Alternatively, a target costing approach could be applied to a public sector service organisation. The public, through Parliament, determines how much income will be appropriated from government revenues for use by a public sector organisation in the delivery of its services. Based on the expected demand for its services, the public sector organisation must determine the resources that it has available to provide those services. In sustaining the quality of services, the organisation must continually review customer needs and research improved ways of meeting those needs, while ensuring that staff have the necessary skills and expertise to continue to deliver quality services.
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Ethical Decision-Making Accounting Competencies:  Practitioners’ Perspectives

Ethical Decision-Making Accounting Competencies: Practitioners’ Perspectives

Accounting educators are challenged to instill the importance of ethics in their students before they graduate and begin a career in business (A. Jones, 2010; Lawson et al., 2014; Marttinov-Bennie & Mladenovic, 2015). However, accounting and business scandals, which produce a profound financial effect on business owners and stakeholders continue to occur (M. J. Jones, 2011). These scandals draw attention to questionable accounting practices and may stem from effects of globalization and rapid changes in technology, which have changed the way business is conducted (Boyce, 2008, 2014; Waples et al., 2009). Broad acceptance of ethics education is needed, but lacks emphasis on accounting curriculum (Gaa & Thorne, 2004; Treadway et al., 1987). Advances in ethical accounting education are not emphasized in today’s business schools leaving accounting graduates lacking necessary ethical accounting competencies to make ethical accounting decisions (Abend, 2013; Mastracchio et al., 2015; Waples et al., 2009). Research shows little progress toward adaptation of modern curriculum strategies (Abend, 2013; Mastracchio et al., 2015; Waples et al., 2009).
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THE USE OF THE ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN DECISION MAKING IN THE HOSPITALITY BUSINESS i

THE USE OF THE ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN DECISION MAKING IN THE HOSPITALITY BUSINESS i

Accounting information, especially managerial accounting information was prepared, used, analyzed and provided in books and articles mostly for manufacturing companies and not for other types of businesses. In addition, most accounting researchers interested in service production have conducted their research in non profit, public sector organizations (Olson et al., 1998). Very little is yet known about management accounting in tourism enterprises and especially in hotels (Pellinen, 2003). So that we think that it will be interesting to analyze how managerial accounting information is used in decision making in hospitality business.
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Impact of Management Accounting on Decision Making: A Zimbabwean Perspective

Impact of Management Accounting on Decision Making: A Zimbabwean Perspective

The aim of the study was to assess the impact of management accounting practices on the decision-making process of the entity operating within the manufacturing sector using a case of Capadvise Foods and Logistics (Pvt) Ltd. The research study was based on the period from 2014 to 2017 which was majorly characterised by huge amounts of losses. Capadvise Foods experienced huge amounts of losses in spite of the existence of management accounting practices. This encouraged the researchers to seek out an in-depth insight on the impact of management accounting on decision making in light of such losses which were continually experienced. The researchers made use of questionnaires and interviews to collect qualitative and quantitative data about the opinions and attitudes of employees and management at Capadvise Foods regarding management accounting tools. The researchers found that management accounting tools contributed positively to the organisational decision making through provision, interpretation and analysis of data, enhancement in communication, relevant cost analysis and creation of budgets and forecasting. However, the researchers found that management accounting practices were compromised by technological advancement, organisational strategy, organisational factors and intensity of market competition. After analysing the results attained the researchers recommended for Capadvise Foods which include enrolling qualified management accounting staff, decision makers are allowed to make use of internal reports generated by management accountants and adoption of management accounting practices in order to allow proper and accurate decision making to take place.
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The System of Management Accounting Information to Support Decision Making in Business

The System of Management Accounting Information to Support Decision Making in Business

At present, the application of decision support systems in organizations and enterprises in Vietnam has gradually been considered and shown their roles and benefits. However, to be able to apply and replicate this system in the enterprise is not easy, because each business has different ways of operating and demand. Therefore, not all systems meet these requirements. On the other hand, there are not many systems in this market and prices are not low. These are some of the difficulties facing the business when it comes to apply decision support systems to managers. In Vietnam, there are various fields of activity that have used decision support systems, especially, have been applied by the State to natural resource and environmental projects. Some successful systems have been used, such as the Remote Sensing Application and Geographic Information System Project in the design of the Forest Management Board's five-year forest management planning decision support system of Bo River Watershed Protection (Center for Natural Resources and Environment in collaboration with Forest Inventory and Planning Institute, 2005); Introduce the experience in developing and applying DSS tools in water resources management (showing the challenges facing management and feasibility studies in Vietnam by the Institute of Hydro-meteorological Sciences and Environment in cooperation with DHI Group held in 2011); The IWRM-Vietnam Water Resources Research Project, the overall water resource management, provides subprojects with the objective of developing methods to support decision-making for IWRM work through cooperation with competent relevant authorities in Vietnam.
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Accounting for strategic investment decision-making under extreme uncertainty

Accounting for strategic investment decision-making under extreme uncertainty

9 There is a significant line of accounting research that argues that accounting decisions and practices are influenced by external structures (for example, Cooper and Sherer, 1984; Puxty, 1993; Frezatti, Carter and Barroso, 2014). Thus, we extend prior SID literature by exploring how social, economic, cultural and political influences impact upon managerial judgment, by constructing SIDs as subjective judgements, contingent on a ‘structure-agent’ relationship. Verbeeten (2006) argues that organisations adopt sophisticated capital budgeting practices in dealing with uncertainty, while maintaining that SIDs are a calculative process (whether the source of this ‘uncertainty’ is internal or external is unclear). However, there are few, if any, studies that have been set in a post-revolution context, where calculative SID techniques traditional in accounting are rendered inadequate. The challenge of uncertainty is that as decision-makers can make only limited risk calculations (risk as analysis), they make decisions based more on ‘risk as feelings’ (Harris, 2014). As this section has illustrated the importance of emergent external structures and the role of agents, the next section introduces the core theoretical components of Stones’ SST and the interrelationship of ‘structures’ and ‘agents’.
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Management Accounting Information in Decision-making: Unveiling Possibilities for AI

Management Accounting Information in Decision-making: Unveiling Possibilities for AI

Avg. 1 h 39 min I managed to book interviews with many relevant persons but some of them remained unobtainable. HardwareCo case lacks insights especially from the sales department. A sales director and a salesperson would have brought important information to this anal- ysis. In addition, at least one person from the subcontractor would have benefited the case as well. Despite having only two informants, AnalyticsCo case is not missing any crucial information, in my opinion, since we were able to interview a co-founder and a chair of the board who are part of the top management and the whole company is quite small. ProcessCo, however, misses an informant from the user side of the investment, although it probably does not have a significant impact on the research questions but the overall understanding of the investment process. From the data point of view, Manufac- turingCo is the weakest case. Despite the interview with the business controller being one of the best in terms of relevance and context, there is an information gap. The busi- ness unit manager was able to give us only the 48-minute interview where we had to rush through some questions, and we used most of the time when the business unit manager explained what kind of target setting system they have in general. Other view- points would have been needed for a more comprehensive understanding of the case, but I was not able to get more interviews.
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Human Resource Accounting and Decision Making in Post-Industrial Economy

Human Resource Accounting and Decision Making in Post-Industrial Economy

This study was carried out to investigate the probable effect of Human Resource Accounting on the decision making process and business valuation method on the premise that firms in post industrial economy operate within a competitive economic environment which require timely, effective and efficient decisions to ensure success and survival. The study which is empirical was carried on 16 publicly quoted Nigerian Banks using the Ex-post facto research design. The instruments of data collection were questionnaire designed on 6 point Likert scale and validated through peer review with the Crombach Alpha pilot test returning 0.88 and 0.70 respectively for Human Asset and Decision Making variables. The hypotheses were tested with statistical regression analysis which presented a significant effect of human asset accounting on management decision at F=121.977 with p value of 0.00 significance while the R 2 value and the adjusted R 2 returned 0.341 and 0.338
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Metacognition and Decision Making in Management Accounting Students

Metacognition and Decision Making in Management Accounting Students

appropriateness of the measurement system that makes an evaluation a measurement (Micheli, & Mari, 2014). Prior researchers have stated, putting extreme emphasis on the presumed inherent objectivity of management accounting numbers in order to obtain reliable information often leads to little consideration of subjective and qualitative indicators. Management accountants who are not critical and creative thinkers could give the company unqualified and inadequate information systems (Dossi and Patelli, 2010). Therefore, in this study management accounting decision making skills is based on the techniques they choose. The effect of metacognition on management accountants tool of choice is studied in this research. Management accountants' decision based on their academic and practical knowledge may differ. Therefore, two hypotheses have been made based on this situation:
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The effects of cloud technology on management accounting and decision making

The effects of cloud technology on management accounting and decision making

Based on the literature and the expert interviews, we designed a survey as the main data collection tool. from the interviews, we established that small and medium-sized enterprises (sme) are more likely to adopt cloud technology and gain cost and efficiency benefits in the short term. We thus designed our survey with an sme audience in mind, but did not specifically seek to address solely smes. The survey was sent to a subset of the members of the controller Panel at Whu otto Beisheim school of management, germany. This panel was founded in 2007 by the institute of management accounting and control in close association with the international controller association (icV) for the purpose of identifying best practices and benchmarks in controlling as well as supporting field research in this area (see also hiller et al. 2014). The majority of the members are heads of controlling. in the 2014 annual survey, we asked respondents to partake in our survey. a total of 182 agreed to partake, and we received 139 responses (76% response rate). Respondents cover a broad industry spectrum including; consumer goods, engineering, chemicals, electronics, energy, metals, construction, media and public bodies. The vast majority of responding firms (>90%) can be classified as small or medium.
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Making Accounting for Biodiversity Research a Force for Conservation

Making Accounting for Biodiversity Research a Force for Conservation

biodiversity (Elad, 2001, 2014; Lanka, Khadaroo, & Bohm, 2017; Thomson & Georgakopoulos, 2005). A particularly controversial form of market mechanism, which is rapidly proliferating around the world, is biodiversity offsetting. Accounting researchers have traced the accounting calculations performed within these mechanisms to equate a biodiversity loss in one place with a biodiversity gain in another place, so as to derive a “net loss/gain in biodiversity”. In the mechanisms studied, these have been found to be highly problematic and unlikely to produce genuine conservation, leading to the conclusion that they are little more than tools for legitimisation and impression management (Ferreira, 2017; Sullivan & Hannis, 2017; Tregidga, 2013). Similarly, formal decision- making processes that purport to take account of the value of biodiversity have been found to act as mechanisms for justifying habitat destruction (Hrasky & Jones, 2016). It may be that, if well
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Brief encounters: end of life decision-making in critical care

Brief encounters: end of life decision-making in critical care

This may well be one interpretation of the data collected but it is not the only one. McHaffie and Fowlie (1996) have been at pains to understand the doctors’ point of view in these challenging situations, offering possible explanations for their behaviours and decisions that reflect them in a compassionate light. The same cannot be said of discussion of the nurses’ actions and decisions. This tends to suggest a bias from the perspective of the researchers. This suggestion of bias is echoed from another perspective of presentation of the data. McHaffie and Fowlie (1996) spoke to more nurses than doctors (119 nurses: 57 doctors). Rich and interesting quotes are used in many interesting instances to support their arguments, but while there are 107 (178.71%) of these from doctors there are only 61 (51.26%) from the 119 nurses interviewed. This bias towards the doctors’ perspectives may be explained by the fact that one of the researchers was a senior registrar with an interest in paediatrics himself. It is possible that his input into discussions during analysis may have coloured interpretations. Finally, this study was funded by the Scottish Department of Health. As has been previously argued, in a Western Capitalist economy, research reflecting the interests and/ or perspective of Medicine is more likely to attract funding than research which undermines or detracts from medicine’s interests or image (Willis 1990). The reporting of results from this study might be viewed as a reflection of the higher social value accorded to medicine and the tendency to recognise doctors as the group with the specialised knowledge and that somehow this, ipso facto, leads them to be in the best position to make these moral decisions at the end-of-life. This study explores, in part, how true such a faith in medical moral decision-making may be.
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The Importance Of Accounting Innovation In Decision Making

The Importance Of Accounting Innovation In Decision Making

This investigation or the study goes for examining the association between managerial accounting innovation implementation and profitable basic leadership and besides to investigate the precedence and outcomes of Managerial Accounting Development execution. The key research question is the manner by which managerial accounting innovation implementation has an effect on firm survival. Resource-advantage theory and contingency theory are fundamental of the study. Questionnaire is utilized as an instrument for information accumulation from accounting administrators or accounting officials of each firm which is the key data of the investigation. The basic role of this examination is to analyze the impacts of MAII (cost portion fixation, target estimating center, execution assessment competency, client benefit investigation, movement based administration ability and administration control introduction) on valuable decision- making. Likewise, another research purposes to initially, examine the impact of managerial accounting innovation implementation on money related data convenience, managerial practice advantage and business operation quality antecedence and consequences of managerial accounting innovation implementation and to inspect the directing impacts, furthermore, analyze the impact of monetary data handiness, managerial practice advantage and business
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