Top PDF A geometric study of commutator subgroups

A geometric study of commutator subgroups

A geometric study of commutator subgroups

also in topology, usually as genus norms. In the later case, there are two geometric approaches. The first is to use the topological definitions of cl and scl directly. In this approach, one essentially studies maps of surfaces (with boundaries) into spaces and tries to find the “simplest” one among them. The second approach comes from the deep connection of scl with bounded group cohomology. The main tool in this direction is the concept of (homogeneous) quasimorphisms. Quasimorphisms are homomorphisms up to bounded errors, and, surprisingly, many important invariants from geometry and dynamical systems can be regarded as quasimorphisms. The connection between scl and quasimorphisms comes from Bavard’s Duality Theorem, which states that the set of all homogeneous quasimorphisms determines scl. One can also obtain nontrivial estimates of cl from quasimorphisms.
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On the commutator lengths of certain classes of finitely
presented groups

On the commutator lengths of certain classes of finitely presented groups

Aut(N), and the Reidemeister-Schreier algorithm in the form given in [1] will be used to find presentations of subgroups. In the following sections we study certain classes of finite groups for their maximal lengths and find upper bounds for the commutator lengths. The groups studied here are the dihedral groups D 2n = a,b | a 2 = b n = (ab) 2 = 1 , n ≥ 3, the quaternion groups Q 2 n = a,b | a 2

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On the commutator lengths of certain classes of finitely presented groups

On the commutator lengths of certain classes of finitely presented groups

Aut(N), and the Reidemeister-Schreier algorithm in the form given in [1] will be used to find presentations of subgroups. In the following sections we study certain classes of finite groups for their maximal lengths and find upper bounds for the commutator lengths. The groups studied here are the dihedral groups D 2n = a,b | a 2 = b n = (ab) 2 = 1 , n ≥ 3, the quaternion groups Q 2 n = a,b | a 2

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On subgroups of finite exponent in groups

On subgroups of finite exponent in groups

A. Arikan and H. Smith [1] have investigated groups with all proper subgroups of finite exponent and, in particular, have proved that a non- perfect group of infinite exponent with proper subgroups of finite exponent is countable and semi-radicable (i.e., G = G n for any positive integer n).

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Generalising quasinormal subgroups

Generalising quasinormal subgroups

It was explained in [1] why p-groups are so important in the theory of quasinormal subgroups of finite groups. For, suppose that G is finite with Q qn G and Q core-free. Then Q is nilpotent and each Sylow p-subgroup P of Q is quasinormal in G. Also if S is a Sylow p-subgroup G, then P qn S and the complexities of the embedding of Q in G are reduced to those of P in S . Therefore in what follows we shall be mainly interested in finite p-groups. Our aim is to weaken the definition of quasinormality, while retaining its invariance under projectivities in finite p-groups, so as to produce a class of subgroups that are more involved with the structure of the group. We are particularly interested in relating group and lattice properties. An obvious starting point is to adopt just one of the definitions (1.1) and (1.2) of modularity.
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Subgroups of musculoskeletal pain patients and their psychobiological patterns – The LOGIN study protocol

Subgroups of musculoskeletal pain patients and their psychobiological patterns – The LOGIN study protocol

The heterogeneity is supported by strong hints that subgroups exist that differ in terms of aetiopathology, clinical symptomatology, and psychophysiological pat- terns. A recent study revealed distinct somatosensory profiles in CBP and FMS: FMS patients showed increased sensitivity for different pain modalities in all measured body areas, which suggests central disinhib- ition (or a deficient pain inhibitory system) as a potential mechanism. CBP subjects, in contrast, exhibited loca- lised alterations within the affected segment. Such alterations may be due to peripheral sensitisation [21]. This finding is in accordance with the main hypothesis of a mechanism-based diagnosis in chronic pain syn- dromes, which proposes that defined symptoms and signs reflect possible underlying neurobiological pain mechanisms [19,22]. Consequently, these subgroups should be treated with specific mechanism-based approaches, but to date, they have been treated with the same non-specific multimodal treatment programs. Therefore, the assessment of chronic pain and research identifying various factors associated with the develop- ment, maintenance, and spread of chronic pain, includ- ing their neurobiological correlates, is highly relevant.
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A Study on the Balanced Assignment of Allocating Large Group with Multiple Attributes into Subgroups

A Study on the Balanced Assignment of Allocating Large Group with Multiple Attributes into Subgroups

As can be seen in Table 5, the results of allocating into 3 subgroups with dif- ferent assigning criteria are examined for the mean and the variance. The as- signment criteria referred in Table 5 arranges the MTS method, random simula- tion, and sequential assignment based on each attribute. The rightmost column in Table 5, the difference means the distance between the maximum value and minimum value after the corresponding assignment. Comparing the result of the MTS method and the simulation results, the results of the MTS method are comparatively satisfactory. And also the correlation between each attribute is examined through simple statistical analysis. The correlation between attribute 1 and attribute 2 is examined to be 0.91, indicating a strong positive correlation. This means that the attributes 1 and attribute 2 can be simplified by combining them into single attribute. The correlations between the other attributes are in- vestigated a negative correlation.
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LSI/CSI LS7362 BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR COMMUTATOR/CONTROLLER DESCRIPTION:

LSI/CSI LS7362 BRUSHLESS DC MOTOR COMMUTATOR/CONTROLLER DESCRIPTION:

Pulse width modulation (PWM) of low-side drivers for motor speed control is accomplished through ei- ther the ENABLE input or through the V TRIP input (Analog Speed control) in conjuncti[r]

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Parallel-Pipelined Radix-6Z Multipath Delay Commutator FFT Architectures

Parallel-Pipelined Radix-6Z Multipath Delay Commutator FFT Architectures

The pipelining architecture can be classified in to two types. They are Single path delay Feedback (SDF) and Multipath Delay Feedback (MDF). The SDF is used to the output is fed back to the input. So this type of architecture is called feedback architecture [20]-[21]. The MDF is used one of the output is connected again forward to the next block of the input. So this type of architecture is called Feed forward architecture [22]. This multipath delay feedback is also known as multipath delay commutator. Parallel processing is used to increase the sampling rate by replicating the hardware. The several numbers of inputs are processed and several no of outputs are taken simultaneously.
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On the eigenvector algebra of the product of elements with commutator one in the first Weyl algebra

On the eigenvector algebra of the product of elements with commutator one in the first Weyl algebra

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A sequence of factorizable subgroups

A sequence of factorizable subgroups

In this section we generalize some senses of pervious sections and discuss about the invariant properties by the central product. Suppose A and B are two subgroups of a group G such that [A, B] = 1. Then the central product AB is a subgroup of G. It is also correct for Q i∈I C i where {G i } i∈I

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Subgroups, Lattice Structures, and the Number of Sylow -Subgroups for Symmetric Groups P

Subgroups, Lattice Structures, and the Number of Sylow -Subgroups for Symmetric Groups P

These are the various subgroups of the symmetric groups indicated above. They will play an essential part in the identification of the number of the Sylow p -subgroups that are present in the above symmetric groups and hence providing the pattern to be followed in finding the formula for calculating the exact number of the Sylow p -subgroups in any symmetric group. Since the numbers of the subgroups of the above symmetric groups have been found by the application of the Sylow’s theorem, we find the exact number of the Sylow p -subgroups in the given symmetric groups such that they do not exceed the number of the subgroups of the symmetric group. In any one given symmetric group we
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On locally finite groups whose cyclic subgroups are \(\mathrm{GNA}\)-subgroups

On locally finite groups whose cyclic subgroups are \(\mathrm{GNA}\)-subgroups

Consider some relationships between the GNA-subgroups and some another types of subgroups. We note at once that from definition of GNA- subgroups we obtain that every pronormal subgroup is a GNA-subgroup. Moreover, example from [14] shows that this generalization is non-trivial. That is there are GNA-subgroups, which are not pronormal.

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On \(p\)-nilpotency of finite group with normally embedded maximal subgroups of some Sylow subgroups

On \(p\)-nilpotency of finite group with normally embedded maximal subgroups of some Sylow subgroups

contained in H. In the paper [5] the structure of the groups depending on S-embedded subgroups is studied. In particular, the p-nilpotency of a group G for which every subgroup of M(P ) is S-embedded in G, where P is a Sylow p-subgroup of G and p ∈ π(G) such that (|G|, p − 1) = 1 follows from [5, Theorem 2.3].

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On metacyclic subgroups of finite groups

On metacyclic subgroups of finite groups

For odd primes p, the classification of p-groups in M is easy. If G ∈ M, then G can not contain a non-abelian section of order p 3 and exponent p, since such a section is not metacyclic. It then follows by [16, Lemma 2.3.3] that G is a modular group. Conversely it follows from [16, Theorem 2.3.1] that a modular p-group has all 2-generator subgroups metacyclic. Mann [12] showed that the class of monotone 2-groups coincides with the class of 2-groups in M. These groups have been classified by Crestani and Menegazzo [8] and we refer the reader to that paper for details.

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On some generalization of the malnormal subgroups

On some generalization of the malnormal subgroups

Suppose that P is a group of type (i) of Theorem 16.2 of the book [3]. Then either P = ⟨v⟩λ⟨u⟩ where | v | = p k , | u | = p t , k ≥ 2, t ≥ 1, and v u = v s where s = 1 + p k − 1 ; or P = ( ⟨ c ⟩ × ⟨ v ⟩ )λ ⟨ u ⟩ where | v | = p k , | u | = p t , | c | = p, [v, u] = c, [u, c] = 1, and if p = 2, then k + t > 2 (see, for example, [3, § 1, Exercise 8a]). In the first group the subgroup ⟨ u ⟩ is not normal. Then Lemma 2.1 shows that ⟨ u ⟩ does not include proper P -invariant subgroups. It follows that u p = 1. In particular, if p = 2, k = 2, then P is a dihedral group of order 8. Thus we obtain a group of type (b).
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STUDY THE EJECTOR’S  PERFORMANCE CHANGING WITH IT’S GEOMETRIC PARAMETERS.

STUDY THE EJECTOR’S PERFORMANCE CHANGING WITH IT’S GEOMETRIC PARAMETERS.

The diameter of the mixing chamber is an important factor which can affect the performance of the ejector, it is one of the most important parameters when we analyze the structure of the ejector. While keeping other parameters do not change, we make a simulation study only made the mixing chamber diameter varies from 12mm to 20mm to get the performance of ejector.

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A Comparison of Deformations and Geometric Study of Varieties of Associative Algebras

A Comparison of Deformations and Geometric Study of Varieties of Associative Algebras

isomorphic algebras. The deformation techniques are used to do the geometric study of these varieties. The deformation attempts to understand which algebra we can get from the original one by deforming. At the same time it gives more information about the structure of the algebra, for example, we can try to see which properties are stable under deformation.

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Finite groups whose minimal subgroups are weakly $\mathcal{H}^{\ast}$-subgroups

Finite groups whose minimal subgroups are weakly $\mathcal{H}^{\ast}$-subgroups

Example 1.4. Theorem 3.1 in [3] states that a group G is solvable if and only if every Sylow subgroup of G is c-supplemented in G. So, every non-solvable group G must have a non c-supplemented Sylow subgroup, but every Sylow subgroup is an H-subgroup. This gives us many examples of weakly H-subgroups that are not c-supplemented.

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On some non-periodic groups whose cyclic subgroups are \(GNA\)-subgroups

On some non-periodic groups whose cyclic subgroups are \(GNA\)-subgroups

First, we recall some definitions. A locally nilpotent radical of a group G is a subgroup generated by all normal locally nilpotent subgroups of G. We will denote this subgroup by Lnr(G). We recall also that a locally finite radical of a group G is a subgroup generated by all normal locally finite subgroups of G. We will denote this subgroup by Lfr(G).

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