Top PDF AGIMO and whole-of-government ICT Policy

AGIMO and whole-of-government ICT Policy

AGIMO and whole-of-government ICT Policy

Australian Government Information security management protocol. Agencies can enter into these arrangements. following a risk assessment. Agency heads must also document that they hav[r]

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Development Agenda for Good Governance using MIS and E-Learning Platforms in Developing Countries

Development Agenda for Good Governance using MIS and E-Learning Platforms in Developing Countries

government records and transactions; to provide e-learning models that can be used to enhance performance of government workers in terms of training and evaluations. The paper is a descriptive research and uses Unified Modelling Language (UML) techniques to provide descriptions and models of MIS and e-learning to be implemented in government institutions or agencies in developing countries. The propositions and implementation models are presented using swim lanes (process model) diagrams. The study is significant to policy makers in developing countries towards providing good governance, it can also be used in academic fields of information technology (IT) and social science for reference and further research related to this topic. The study recommends that ICT infrastructure should be adopted in government institutions towards easing government functionaries and activities, government should adopt the use of information systems in all institutions and agencies, e-learning platforms should be adopted for training and retraining of workers towards improving their performance and efficiency in rendering good governance to citizens. ICT and computer literacy knowledge should be provided at both school level and places of work.
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The Impact of ICT on Reinforcing Citizens’ Role in Government Decision Making

The Impact of ICT on Reinforcing Citizens’ Role in Government Decision Making

Researches show that e-government which is a technological approach, does not guaranty e-democracy which is a social concept (Kardan and Sadeghiani 2011), (Blakeley and Matsuura 2001), (Cho 2008). Netchaeva (Netchaeva 2002) stated that there are two main purposes for e-government websites: (1) is to help citizens carry out their daily affairs using online services, and (2) is to provide the opportunity for citizens to participate in democratic processes. These two functions are completely different and should not be conflated. It is likely to say, main obstacles in policy-making are cultural, organizational and constitutional not only technological (Co-operation and Development 2003). Overcoming these barriers needs great effort, starting from finding key factors, indexes for measurement, critical issues, cultural improvement, proposing a model for how to increase citizens’ participation and at last a long term plan of implementation for that model.
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E-government service security model Nusajaya ICT Centre

E-government service security model Nusajaya ICT Centre

The implementation of e-government service security framework is considered as one of the most important elements of government policy. It is designed with an aim of protection mechanisms for the government transactions over the Information Communication Technology (ICT). For several decades, governments have increased their level of protection for enhancement of efficiency and effectiveness on the functions. Therefore, security is still the key demand with high expectations of government to promote their defense systems to both internal and external threats in near future.
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The ICT Laboratory: An Analysis of Computers in Government Schools in Rural India

The ICT Laboratory: An Analysis of Computers in Government Schools in Rural India

from the government. The word “recently” alluded to a two year period. In spite of this time lag, the government had not set up a power line for the television in her school. Meantime, the television had been locked away for the last two years. Power is perhaps the most critical factor in ICT access. A shift-policy system was in place where there was a planned power outage from 10 in the morning to 5 in the evening every alternate week. In terms of private-public partnerships, Hewlett Packard (HP) had provided Linux based PCs for a few schools. They applied the 4-for-1 strategy where four monitors are connected to one computer processing unit (CPU). According to The Financial Express HP has claimed that the schools could benefit from this novel facility where the cost of the system would be 40-60% cheaper compared to the regular PCs. 1 However, with no formal follow up and maintenance, much of this equipment could stay unused in these schools. If there is a problem with the computers, the principal would have to go to the district office, which is a good six hours away. “We have the equipment but with no power and no maintenance, there is no use. The children do not come here much,” lamented a headmaster in Kangundi. In fact, in one of the schools, we noticed six computers sitting idly due to a fuse problem. Apparently a simple fix but due to the lack of support, these computers had been unused for months. “We are willing to pay from our own pockets, just tell us where to go,” exclaimed the computer teacher at this school. Several other incidents pointed out the urgency of an ongoing support system in equipment maintenance and training, crucial for maximiz- ing these cost-intensive resources.
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Influence of Policy and Legal Framework on ICT Innovation

Influence of Policy and Legal Framework on ICT Innovation

gives a lot of recognition to science, technology and innovation (ST&I) as the main way to be able to achieve advancement in economically, politically and environmentally. ST&I and other strategies are crucial for the improvement of technology, and innovation. For Kenya to be able to harness science, technology and innovation, the government has to put in place effective regulatory policies. There has been the growth of ICT in Kenya which can be shown by the number of telephone lines, internet service providers (ISPs), and the rising internet users, broadcasting stations and liberalization of the mobile cellular market and there are now two cellular mobile operators. Over 70% of the people in the country have access to television, and over 95% have access to radio services. The government of Kenya in the year 1997 released a policy guiding postal and telecommunication sector that allowed competition and the Kenya Communication Act was enacted in 1998 (Mambi, 2010).
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Victorian Government Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Governance

Victorian Government Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Governance

CIO Executive Council A small, strategically focused group that supports and collaborates with the CTA in the development and formulation of whole of Victorian Government (WoVG) ICT Strategic policy and advice that are not appropriate to consider at VICTAC, and which is difficult to consider at the CIO Council. This council is chaired by the CTA and its membership consists of selected in-scope agency CIOs that are already members of VICTAC.

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Digital Government: ICT and Public Sector Management in Africa

Digital Government: ICT and Public Sector Management in Africa

The findings of this study have several important policy implications for policymakers. The study has shown that ICT has a positive and significant relationship with public sector management. The implication is that, as many African economies begin to tread the path of digital government, ICT should be the building block upon which modern African public sector management is built. Through the combined use of ICT for the creation, development and interlinking of a variety of social, institutional and technological ecologies to deliver public services which are perceived as legitimate, innovative, use- ful and welfare-enhancing, ICT solutions can enhance the capacity of public managers in Africa. This may further benefit the community by bringing to - gether “the public sector, civil society and international actors, as well as by improving consultation with, and participation by, all spheres of society and achieving a more participatory process of governance and decision-making” (Navarra and Cornford, 2005: 10). In view of this, policymakers and public managers need to pay more attention to ICT trends to ensure that the potential gains are fully maximized. All stakeholders have the responsibility to collab- orate to develop policies and applications that will maximize the benefits of ICT at every level of public sector in Africa. Obviously, almost all govern - ments in African countries have ongoing ICT projects aimed at efficiency of administration and improvement of public sector services. ICT infrastructural enhancements aimed at reducing the costs of internet bandwidth will contrib- ute to the speedy implementation of enlarged digital government.
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DEVELOPMENT OF AN IMPACT ASSESSMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE ADOPTION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN BASIC EDUCATION USING CROSS-IMPACT METHOD

DEVELOPMENT OF AN IMPACT ASSESSMENT ALGORITHM FOR THE ADOPTION OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY IN BASIC EDUCATION USING CROSS-IMPACT METHOD

In many countries, the adoption of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in basic education has been continuously linked to higher efficiency, productivity, and educational outcomes, including quality of cognitive, creative and innovative thinking. This paper focuses on the development of an impact assessment algorithm for evaluating the adoption of ICT in basic education using Cross-impact method. A questionnaire on adoption of ICT in basic education was designed based on Government Policy (GP), Teacher Competency (TC), Availability of ICT infrastructure (IF), Integration of ICT in school curriculum by Ministry of Education (MC), Student preparedness in adopting ICT in learning process (SC) and Perception of schools’ management in adoption of ICT in schools (MI), which are the six major events considered. The questionnaire was administered to experts in basic education within the selected South-Western states of Nigeria (Oyo, Lagos and Ekiti). Experts’ opinions from the administered questionnaires were quantitatively analysed using descriptive statistic in Statistical Package for Social Sciences. The results obtained from the analysis of questionnaires were used to derive the Initial Probability (InitProb) and generate the Conditional Probability Matrices (CondProbMatrices) for occurrence and non-occurrence of the six events under consideration. The impact assessment algorithm was developed such that its starting instructions would determine the consistence of the InitProb and the CondProbMatrices using the three fundamental laws of probability calculus (Normalization, Product and Addition rules). These are followed by sequential instructions which would determine the occurrence of each event in the CondProbMatrices. Then, through repetitive instructions, each event would be selected at random and its occurrence and non-occurrence would be determined using a random number generator. The last group of instructions would successively determine the impact of each event on other alternative events. Thus, the developed impact assessment algorithm could replace the existing user perspective method of evaluating the adoption of ICT in basic education.
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Sellers on the street: the human infrastructure of the mobile phone network in Kigali, Rwanda

Sellers on the street: the human infrastructure of the mobile phone network in Kigali, Rwanda

The GoR was also instrumental in convincing the international payment company Visa to choose Rwanda as its African headquarters and research base. While mobile money uptake is still low and most poor Rwandans still use low-denomination scratch cards for airtime, those in government and the private sector expect a mobile money transformation to take place in the coming years. In 2011, Visa launched the Rwanda Integrated Payments Processing System, providing a digital infrastructure for electronic payments and commerce within the country (Crisafulli and Redmond 2012). Since then, this system has been integrated and harmonized with wider regional payment systems such as the East African Economic Community ’ s (EAEC), Common Market Protocol and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa ’ s (COMESA) Regional Payment and Settlement System (Maiyambere 2012; Mbabazi 2012). These integrations set the stage for Rwanda to become a regional trade and fi nancial hub. Indeed, the body charged with promoting the cooperation of East African nations in the development of ICT infrastructure, the East African Communication Organization (EACO) has its headquarters in Kigali. Interestingly, the Rwanda Utilities Regulatory Authority (RURA) shares a building with EACO, signalling the close alignment of ICT policy with the GoR ’ s ambi- tions to become a regional economic actor.
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Influence Of Interactive Multimedia In Enhancing E-Learning In The Selected Universities In Kenya

Influence Of Interactive Multimedia In Enhancing E-Learning In The Selected Universities In Kenya

The Kenyan government drafted an ICT policy in 2006, with a vision of creating an electronic driven and knowledge based society by the year 2015. The policy majorly aimed at Improving the social welfare of the population, improving the quality of teaching and learning, improving health care and empowering women, youth, rural Abstract: The central problem in this study was that despite the government efforts to have the ICT policy in place that requires all institution of higher learning to embrace E-learning with interactive multimedia in their education, little has been done by the universities especially in the area of interactive multimedia, E-Learners do not have control over learning content and process to meet their individual academic needs. On the literature review it explained the related theoretical review, conceptual framework which entails the relationship between the dependent variable (E-learning with interactive multimedia) and independent variables (ICT infrastructure, training, technical support and ICT policy), empirical data, summary, critique of the literature review and research gaps. The study adopted a descriptive research design. The targeted population was five Kenyan universities both private and public with a total sample of 100 respondents (15 ICT lectures, 10 administrators and 75 post graduate students). The population consisted of ICT lecturers, post graduate students and administrators serving as a sampling frame. Using simple random sampling, 100 were selected representing 10% of the total population. Questionnaires and observation schedules were used as research instruments to collect data. Data was then arranged and coded for analysis. Percentages, frequency distributions and means were used to analyze the collected data with the aid of the Microsoft Excel and Statistical Package of Social Sciences. Data was presented in tables, histograms and pie charts. Study findings indicated that universities had inadequate ICT infrastructure and university ICT policy was not fully implemented. Technical support staff was not enough thus need to employ more staff. Overall, the findings showed that universities were not fully utilizing interactive multimedia in their E-learning. It was recommended that ICT infrastructure be increased, lecturers be trained on developing E-learning content and Technical support staff be employed in order to provide the needed support on the use of interactive multimedia with E-learning in institution of higher learning.
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ICT Acceptable Use Policy

ICT Acceptable Use Policy

You must know that copyright applies to most documents automatically and that if you break the copyright rules you may be committing a criminal offence. However, a large amount of copyright material is put onto the internet with the expectation that it will be copied and distributed. The only sensible approach is to consider whether the author or owner of what is being transmitted is likely to object. For example, you can normally pass on an e-mail that contains government advice but you must get permission before you pass on an e-mail containing some technical advice from a commercial consultant. 6.3.2 Copyright Emails
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Government Quality Determinants of ICT Adoption in Sub Saharan Africa

Government Quality Determinants of ICT Adoption in Sub Saharan Africa

Noticeably, the above literature leaves room for improvement in two main areas: investigation of the role of governance in ICT penetration on the one hand and on the other hand, time-dynamic effects of such linkages. The interest of investigating both short-term and long-run effects is to increase room for policy implication. Overall, the policy relevance of the inquiry builds on the need to understand how governance dynamics affect the rate of ICT penetration. To this end, we aim to assess how political governance (political stability and “ voice & accountability ” ), economic governance (government effectiveness and regulation quality) and institutional governance (the rule of law and corruption-control) affect ICT adoption. Three ICT (mobile phone, internet and telephone penetration) variables are considered because Penard et al. (2012) have recently concluded that some types of ICT (e.g. internet penetration versus mobile phone penetration) are significantly more adopted than others in the continent. In the light of above narratives, this paper seeks to answer the following question: how does governance affect ICT adoption in the short run and long term?
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ES Adoption in Chinese SMEs:Policy Effects on Users and Providers

ES Adoption in Chinese SMEs:Policy Effects on Users and Providers

Despite the similarities, Chinese firms in general have passive attitudes towards ES innovation (Srivastava & Gips 2009), and are predominantly influenced by stronger hierarchical power (Ge & Voß 2009). Two characteristics emerge from the extant research that provides a point of comparison and reference to Western experience. First, the study of Chinese culture is frequently emphasized, and considered as an effective way to guide the ES customization and minimise issues of organizational fit. Chinese firms are commonly depicted as having strict hierarchical structure and poor engagement of innovation. Although understanding Chinese culture will reveal some behavioral tendencies regarding ES innovation, the cultural study arguably has limited explanatory power to the process of ES adoption and implementation. The second characteristic, and central to this paper, is that government in China is more active than most Western governments in influencing enterprise practice by issuing relevant policies or initiating national projects (Hassard et al. 2008). However, research which focuses on ES related ICT policies that impact on SMEs is absent, despite the evidence of such policies.
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The evolution of intra  and inter sector knowledge spillovers in the EU Framework Programmes

The evolution of intra and inter sector knowledge spillovers in the EU Framework Programmes

A number of programmes, in the fields of biotechnology-biomedicine, environmental protection and energy, promote relatively more fundamental research than others, and are thereby characterised by a high degree of co-operation between universities and research institutes, and a low involvement of industrial partners whereas programmes in the fields of ICT, materials technology and industrial manufacture cover more applied research and enjoy more interest from firms. There seems, however, to have been a significant twist over time in the relative involvement of industrial partners. Programmes like BIOMED, BIOTECH and ENV witnessed an increase in the percentage of total projects that are withheld whereas for programmes like ESPRIT and BRITE-EURAM this percentage decreased considerably. In table 3 the NACE sectors are classified by the number of project memberships in the FWPs at the EU level. The first five sectors in terms of memberships represent over 40 % of all memberships.
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The Critical Issues of Knowledge Sharing in E-Government Initiative.

The Critical Issues of Knowledge Sharing in E-Government Initiative.

E-government aims at exploiting Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) to provide better quality services to citizens and business, mainly through electronic delivery channels. E-government will encompass the entire spectrum of government operations, impacting citizen to government, business to government and government to government transactions. With the E-government issues there the need of knowledge management to apply in it. Knowledge management (KM) has changed from one generation to the next through constant improvements and new perspectives. Knowledge management in e-government are still in an early state of evolution and it is only recently that researchers decided to intensify their efforts in these fields. The knowledge of e-government that has evolved different froms of e-government services and applications is not properly organized and used, it will be lost in antiquity. Therefore taking steps to both save the knowledge gained from the evolution of e-government history and the tools to sure it can be accessed and used by a multitude of stakeholders. One of the element in knowledge management is knowledge sharing. This paper present knowledge management in e-government discussing the key issues related to operational of human in knowledge sharing among staff to staff and staff to customer. Researcher suggest for the research methodology which are combination of qualitative and quantitative method. An approach for this research is conceptual model and framework of knowledge sharing.
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FUTURE OF INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION

FUTURE OF INTEGRATED TECHNOLOGY IN EDUCATION

According to Pearson Voice of Teacher Survey (2015), some of the major challenges faced by teachers are lack of training support, lack of trained staff to maintain technological equipments along with facing difficulties in use of technology in the classroom. Sample was taken from schools of all India including government and private schools. Ganesan1& Krishnakumar found in their study on Attitude of Teacher Educators towards ICT that Majority of Teacher Educators in the sample have favourable attitude towards ICT. 10% of teacher educators have unfavorable attitude,
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Supporting equity in higher education : a report to the Minister for Education and Science

Supporting equity in higher education : a report to the Minister for Education and Science

Two main student loan programmes are offered through the William Ford Direct Loan Program (FDLP) and the Federal Family Education Loan Program (FFELP). Whereas the federal government administers the direct loan program (1/3 of loans), banks and other lending agencies provide FFELP loans (2/3 of loans), that are guaranteed against default by the federal government. Colleges and universities choose which loan programme they will use for attending students. Both programmes offer two types of Stafford student loans: subsidised and unsubsidised. For students who take out a subsidised loan, the federal Government pays the interest while a person is studying. Parents of dependent students can also get loans to pay for their children’s education – borrowed in the name of the parent (The Federal PLUS Loan). Consolidation loans are available through the FDLP and FFELP that allows borrowers to combine several types of loans with various repayment schedules into one loan. Student loan programmes are applied towards tuition fees and living costs, with funds disbursed by the college or university attended. There are maximum amounts that can be borrowed depending on the year in school.
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Technology Skills 2022 : Ireland's Third ICT Skills Action Plan

Technology Skills 2022 : Ireland's Third ICT Skills Action Plan

To date, demand for high-level ICT skills has largely been met through academic programmes at level 8+. Evidence from the skills demand forecast indicates that the greatest demand over the coming years is for individuals who are appropriately qualified and also have a number of years of industry experience. Transversal skills have also been identified as critical in an individual’s ability to leverage their high-level ICT skills. The development of vocational programmes, such as apprenticeships, at varying levels of the NFQ, and widening opportunities for entry to academic computing and engineering programmes provide for a wider range of upskilling and reskilling options for a rapidly developing technological environment. This plan will also support and enable learner-centred progression across the framework of qualifications through the availability of structured pathways. The education and training system, working closely with industry partners, has an important role to play in expanding its range of offerings in terms of flexibility and responsiveness in meeting current and emerging high-level ICT skills needs.
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Addressing the human resources crisis: a case study of the Namibian health service

Addressing the human resources crisis: a case study of the Namibian health service

However, Namibia's relatively strong strategic framework still had one fundamental deficiency. The National Strate- gic Plan on HIV/AIDS contained no estimate of the current level of HIV infection, despite being two hundred pages long and covering every relevant area of government activ- ity, and, crucially, it stopped short of setting a target for reducing infection rates, or of showing how its hundreds of proposed activities would reduce the number of people who were infected or who would die. In the public man- agement jargon, those activities were 'outputs' rather than 'outcomes'; means rather than ends [19]. (We hope it is not pedantic to point out that the Plan incorrectly uses the word 'outcome' to refer to activities such as increasing condom use rather than the results that the activities are designed to obtain.) When only eight months later it did set the target which the standard format for applications to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria required [20], it was the modest one of reducing HIV prevalence among 'younger age groups' by 5% over the five years of the project – which at best would reduce overall prevalence from 10% to 9.5% of the population. The government's reluctance to offer up an ambitious tar- get as a hostage to fortune is understandable, especially when it needed to keep a lid on public spending at the same time (and we will see that the Ministry of Health could not persuade the government to give it the money to train the number of enrolled nurses that it believed it needed). After all, even the much admired New Zealand government of the late 1990s fought shy of setting out- come targets. The new Labour government in the UK in its post-election euphoria did set itself no fewer than 600 such targets, which the responsible minister was prescient to describe as '600 rods for our own back' at the press launch in 1999 [19].
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