Top PDF Analysis of the factors contributing to the high rates of care in Wales

Analysis of the factors contributing to the high rates of care in Wales

Analysis of the factors contributing to the high rates of care in Wales

Since the prevalence the various parenting factors is not known within the general population, it is difficult to estimate how many children may be at risk of harm or abuse. However, where it has been identified that a child has a care and support plan and hence receives care and support from social services, the odds of them being accommodated by the local authority rather than receiving that support whilst living in the family home are higher if the parent has learning disabilities or substance misuse issues (Table 12). The differences seen in both the amount of variance explained by the respective parental factors and the odds ratios associated with the likelihood of a child being looked after rather than receiving support whilst remaining at home, is indicative of differences in practice and the risk associated with the presence of the respective factors. This is likely to be linked to the availability of provision to support families experiencing these difficulties within the local area and the budget that they have to provide appropriate, timely preventative services. Notably the Welsh Government (2018b) have announced additional funding to expand the services to support families and help reduce the need for children to enter care along with additional funds to tackle substance misuse (Welsh Government, 2018a). These represent new investment to expand preventative and early intervention services.
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Analysis of the factors contributing to the high rates of care in Wales

Analysis of the factors contributing to the high rates of care in Wales

berthynas. Fodd bynnag, mewn ardaloedd eraill mae’r pwyslais yn wahanol yn y modelau gofal. Er enghraifft, mae Hart et al. (2015) wedi nodi bod ‘English-speaking countries tend to place only a small proportion of their looked-after children in residential care compared with mainland Europe … other countries such as Demark, Germany and France, make much more use of part-time respite and shared care arrangements, with parents still actively involved in the child’s care.’ Mae’n gofyn y cwestiwn polisi: Beth yw diben gofal preswyl?. Ar hyn o bryd, mae gofal preswyl yn cael ei ddefnyddio’n bennaf, ond nid yn gyfan gwbl, ar gyfer plant hŷn sy’n fwy cythryblus yn y system ofal. Felly, mae rhai pobl yn ystyried mai gofal preswyl yw’r dewis olaf. Er bod Hart et al. wedi canolbwyntio’n benodol ar ofal preswyl yn Lloegr, mae rhethreg debyg yng Nghymru.
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An ecological analysis of prison overcrowding and suicide rates in England and Wales, 2000-2014

An ecological analysis of prison overcrowding and suicide rates in England and Wales, 2000-2014

The significant effect of population turn-over can be explained in various ways. First, high turn-over means that a prison receives a relatively large proportion of new (sentenced and remand) prisoners. Those who newly enter prison are at an increased risk of suicide (Liebling, 2007; Ministry of Justice, 2015c). Secondly, high turn-over contributes to instability of the prison population in terms of social interactions. This may negatively affect prisoners’ ability to form networks of social support and also makes it more difficult for staff to get to know the prisoners and establish supportive staff-prisoner relationships. Social contact with other prisoners and staff could potentially reduce emotional distress and help identify prisoners at risk. In a recent study of staff experiences in managing self- inflicted death in prison (Ludlow et al., 2015), staff-prisoner relationships were identified as the key to managing suicide risk. Discontinuity of care, on the other hand, was found to be detrimental; this was related to low staffing, insufficient time to talk to prisoners, and the moving around of staff. While the Harris Review concentrated on self-inflicted deaths among 18-24 year olds, our results offer tentative support that continuity of care and good staff-prisoner relationships matter for the general adult population, too.
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AN ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO HIGH SECONDARY SCHOOL PUPILS DROPOUT RATES IN ZIMBABWE.  A CASE STUDY OF BULILIMA DISTRICT.

AN ASSESSMENT OF FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO HIGH SECONDARY SCHOOL PUPILS DROPOUT RATES IN ZIMBABWE. A CASE STUDY OF BULILIMA DISTRICT.

The study revealed that many parents of pupils in Bulilima district are in the diaspora especially in South Africa and Botswana as well as in other countries in Europe and in the United States of America. Children are left in the care of their grandparents, relatives, workers or even in the care of their older siblings (child headed families). These guardians lack the proper care, guidance and counseling skills to make sure that children go to school on a daily basis resulting in children’s of lack interest in school activities. One of the interviewees had this to say of the absentee parents, ‘many parents in this district are in the diaspora while children have remained behind with workers and in some instances on their own. This has seen many children dropping out of school due to lack of proper guidance’. Burrus and Roberts (2012) asset that parental involvement in a student’s education plays an important role for his or her success in school, hence several dropouts in the Bridgeland et al (2006 cited in Burrus and Roberts (2012)’ study indicated that their parents were not engaged in their education, or had become involved too late to make a difference. Consequently these children drop out of school due to lack of interest in school resulting from lack of supervision and support from parents especially the thirteen to sixteen years (13-16 years). This age group (adolescence) needs close supervision, guidance and support from parents/guards as well as from teachers so that the children are not ill advised by peers since their moral development is still at infancy.
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Factors Contributing to Lower than Expected Recovery Rates of HIV Negative Children on the Therapeutic Feeding Program

Factors Contributing to Lower than Expected Recovery Rates of HIV Negative Children on the Therapeutic Feeding Program

Family size had no association with the recovery rate of the child, yet it is plausible that the family size affects the resource allocation as large families have limited or no resources available to them due to competition. [20] argues that household size has an impact on the nutritional status. He concluded that, greater numbers have poorer nutritional status than their counterparts as this could reflect unequal access to household resources. Due to this unequal distribution, a large proportion may not have access to adequate food as well as quality health care which to a greater extent affects recovery of the child. [23] are also of the idea that the larger the number of older household members reflects to a larger extent, poorer intra-houseld intake of calories. From another view point, increase in family size means inrease in labour. [23] argue that when there is more labour then more are capable of working for income thus food acquisition becomes esier and there is more time available for child care as well as feeding and hygiene activities which all influence the nutritional status of the household which is closely related to that of the child [1]. It has also been noted that families with more than 4 children have high prevalence of malnutrition and their rate of recovery is affected as there is more pronounced competition for food and health care services.
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Clinical factors contributing to high cost hospitalizations in a Canadian tertiary care centre

Clinical factors contributing to high cost hospitalizations in a Canadian tertiary care centre

Our content analysis of 200 patient medical charts sup- ported the coding template that we had designed a priori from our review of the literature. However, we identified one salient additional contributor which was not included in our initial template: medical errors or delays in clinical decision-making that prolonged stays and drove costs. This was operationalized as a missed diagnosis, sequential single systems approach, or narrow differential diagnosis considered by healthcare providers that prolonged a hospital length of stay by 24 h or more. Our final coding scheme was comprised of four key features which contribute to an individual’s inpatient costs. These are: (1) in-hospital complications; (2) delays in patient disposition; (3) service delays; and (4) inefficient clinical decision-making. Below we provide pseudonymised narrative case vignettes representa- tive of each of these contributors.
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Factors contributing to high-cost hospital care for patients with COPD

Factors contributing to high-cost hospital care for patients with COPD

ALC, alternate level of care; ANOVA, analysis of variance test; COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; CI, confidence interval; FEV 1 , forced expiratory volume in 1 second; ICD-10, International classification of diseases codes (10th revision); ICU, intensive care unit; LAPS, laboratory-based acute physiology score; LTC, long-term care facility; OR, odds ratio; IQR, interquartile range; pCO 2 , arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the blood; SD, standard deviation; TOH, the Ottawa Hospital; TOHDW, the Ottawa Hospital Data Warehouse; Q1, Q2, Q3, Q4, Q5, quintiles.
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ALOPECIA- FACTORS CONTRIBUTING, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

ALOPECIA- FACTORS CONTRIBUTING, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENT

memory loss, lethargy, forgetfulness, ADD/ADHD, Chlymadia, Arthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Osteoarthritis, MS, Lupus, ALS, Lyme Disease, Diverticulitis, Crohn's Disease, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Gastritis, Colitis, athletes foot, chronic yeast infections, ""jock itch"", yellowing toe nails and/or fingernails, itchy scalp (see parasite booklet) onset of peculiar vision symptoms, bad breath, all digestive disorders and more are ‘all' contributory factors to any ‘vague and inconsistent' condition usually missed by conventional medicine.
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Mitigation of contributing factors to construction accident

Mitigation of contributing factors to construction accident

The standard o f safety measures in the construction industry in Malaysia has lingered behind if compared to any other industries. The study conducted by Smallwood & Emuze (2016) reported that, to achieve zero fatalities, injuries and diseases in construction site, the factors o f client contributions, ‘designing for construction Health and Safety (H&S)’, integration o f design and construction, appropriate procurement, contractor planning, risk assessment, an optimum interface between H&S, quality, and the environment including the respective management systems, H&S education and training for all stakeholders, core competencies, and consciousness and mindfulness will contribute to the realisation o f ‘zero’. However, in real construction practice, it was found that the safety programme implementation o f the construction companies were at the early stage.
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Factors contributing to the dropout rate of learners at selected high schools in Kings William's Town

Factors contributing to the dropout rate of learners at selected high schools in Kings William's Town

Studies focusing on demographic factors have indicated that dropouts are more likely to be boys than girls, and are more likely to be from families of low socio- economic status (Rumberger, 1987: 163). The overriding hypothesis is that the structural strain factors of gender, ethnicity and socio-economic status will have a direct effect on school dropout over and above the mediating influence of low academic achievement. Brown (2004: 11) has noted, however, that the study of the dropout phenomenon and its causes are difficult because “the same [environmental] factors may influence different pupils in different ways, and even affect the same pupil in different ways at different times”. Janosz, Le Blanc, Boulerice and Tremblay (2000: 136) state that while an empirical typology could be useful as a predictive tool with regard to the impact of social risk factors, differential dropout prevention strategies should be adopted for different personality profiles, for example the quiet, disengaged, low-achiever, and maladjusted. Miller (1998: 145) states that boys start their schooling later, attend school more irregularly, repeat more grades, drop out earlier, have lower completion rates and achieve less than girls while in school.
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Risk factors for breast cancer in a population with high incidence rates

Risk factors for breast cancer in a population with high incidence rates

One explanation for the finding could be that mechanisms of weight maintenance might have contributed to the asso- ciation. Because we did not ask about adult or recent physi- cal activity in the interview, we cannot assess the impact of these factors on the body size results. In the Nurses’ Health Study cohort, Huang and colleagues [31] reported that among postmenopausal women, weight gain was consis- tently associated with an increased risk for breast cancer only among women who had not used hormone replace- ment therapy. We found that cases had lower highest body mass index than controls both among women who had used hormone replacement therapy and among women who had not. It is possible in this affluent community that perimenopausal and postmenopausal women who are not taking prescribed hormone replacement therapy could be eating foods or taking herbal or other non-prescribed sup- plements to ameliorate menopausal symptoms that might simulate the effects of hormone replacement therapy. Unfor- tunately we did not collect the data to test this possibility, but such questions should be included in future studies. Alcohol use has been increasingly associated with both premenopausal and postmenopausal breast cancer risk [32,33], including a report from the California Teachers Study, showing that recent alcohol consumption increases risk for breast cancer [34]. We found that although women with breast cancer were less likely than controls to have begun drinking alcohol before age 21 years, they were much more likely than controls to consume two or more drinks per day on average as adults. That the ORs for alcohol consumption in this study were generally higher than those reported in other studies suggests a possible interaction of alcohol consumption with other factors that have a high prevalence in this population. Cigarette smoking has not been consistently associated with breast cancer risk [12]. The elevated OR observed in this study for the highest quartile of pack-years smoked might be due to differential participation by controls with a lower pack-year history or differential reporting of smoking history by cases and controls. It is also possible that smoking history was confounded by factors not measured in this study, such as physical activity.
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Factors contributing to the success of commercial printers

Factors contributing to the success of commercial printers

The U.S. printing industry has been under immense pressure to adapt and transform in order to remain profitable during the past decade. The printing industry suffered greatly when the U.S. economy endured a stock market crash the early 2000s as well as a the onset of an economic recession in 2008. These economic difficulties led to multiple mergers and acquisitions as well as business closures, which cumulatively put roughly 20% of printers out of business between the years 2000 and 2009 (Bennett, 2010). As of 2010, many businesses are still struggling to recover. However, the printing industry has been in turmoil since the late 1990s, due to emergent technologies such as digital media, digital printing, and the Internet; fragmentation of media; and rapidly-changing business consumer preferences, among other factors. Companies are migrating to other media formats, competition has become fiercer as traditional print jobs have become scarcer, and, for some forms of print media, the biggest competition is no longer other printers, but digital media instead.
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The Underachievement of High School African American Males: What are Their Perceptions of the Factors Contributing to Their Underperformance?

The Underachievement of High School African American Males: What are Their Perceptions of the Factors Contributing to Their Underperformance?

As an African American female, who experienced poverty, negative stereotyping, and alienation, yet overcame those barriers, I sometimes get angry at students who give up or use their situations as excuses for failing. I am particularly frustrated with the African American males who are just as capable if not more capable than their White peers but do just enough to get by. What frustrates me even more than that is teachers who allow them to settle for average achievement and tell them that they are doing well. They do not push these boys into Advanced Placement or Honors classes. They allow them to miss assignments, especially homework. Some teachers allow these young men to sleep in class and miss instruction. The only consequence is a zero, which may mean they fail the course. This is not a true indication of their ability. When I worked as an administrator at the middle and high school levels I encouraged the minority students, especially African American males, to register for college prep courses. I talked with parents and advised them to request that their students be placed in those classes regardless of teacher recommendation.
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Airline Emission Forecast Through Empirical Analysis of Its Contributing Factors

Airline Emission Forecast Through Empirical Analysis of Its Contributing Factors

Multiple regression is a procedure that separates the systematic effects (associated with the explanatory variables) from the random effects (associated with the error term) and also offers a method of assessing the success of the process [5]. Multiple regression is useful [6] in determining whether a particular effect is present; [7] in measuring the magnitude of a particular effect; and [8] in forecasting what a particular effect would be, but for an intervening event . In this work the multiple regression analysis is used to find the various effects of the independent variables such as the time of flight, take of weight, captain of the flight, center of gravity, temperature, etc on fuel consumption which would be the dependent variable to be explained. The independent variables that are more correlated with the dependent variable are segregated first and then they are used to generate the regression equation to predict the fuel consumption. The independent variables are used to generate different regression models with all possible combinations to predict the fuel consumption. The best regression model is arrived using the subset analysis and then the fuel consumption is forecasted and thereby CO 2 emission is predicted from the resulting
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An Analysis of Core Factors Contributing to U S – China Trade Imbalance

An Analysis of Core Factors Contributing to U S – China Trade Imbalance

For dollar the suggestion like, “The huge current and trade deficits of the United States cannot continue indefinitely because doing so would develop a permanent gift to the U.S. economy. The process that will cause this gift to shrink and that will eventually cause it to reverse is a reduction in the value in the dollar. The dollar will loose value as private investors and governments become unwilling to accept the risk of increasing value of dollars in their investments, especially in a context in which they realize that the dollar must fall to reduce the trade imbalance. Although a more competitive dollar is the mechanism that will because the U.S. trade deficit to decline, the basic requirement for a lower trade deficit is an increase in the U.S. national saving rate. So a rise will be driven by higher household savings of the coming years as the two primary forces that depressed savings in recent years are reversed: the exceptionally rapid rise in household wealth and the high level of mortgage refinancing with equity withdrawal. (Martin S. Feldstein 2008).
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Adverse Sedation Events in Pediatrics: A Critical Incident Analysis of Contributing Factors

Adverse Sedation Events in Pediatrics: A Critical Incident Analysis of Contributing Factors

Conclusions. This study—a critical incident analy- sis—identifies several features associated with adverse sedation events and poor outcome. There were differ- ences in outcomes for venue: adverse outcomes (per- manent neurologic injury or death) occurred more fre- quently in a nonhospital-based facility, whereas successful outcomes (prolonged hospitalization or no harm) occurred more frequently in a hospital-based set- ting. Inadequate resuscitation was more often associated with a nonhospital-based setting. Inadequate and incon- sistent physiologic monitoring (particularly failure to use or respond appropriately to pulse oximetry) was another major factor contributing to poor outcome in all venues. Other issues rated by the reviewers were: inadequate presedation medical evaluation, lack of an independent observer, medication errors, and inadequate recovery procedures. Uniform, specialty-independent guidelines for monitoring children during and after sedation are essential. Age and size-appropriate equipment and med- ications for resuscitation should be immediately avail- able regardless of the location where the child is sedated. All health care providers who sedate children, regardless of practice venue, should have advanced airway assess- ment and management training and be skilled in the resuscitation of infants and children so that they can successfully rescue their patient should an adverse seda- tion event occur. Pediatrics 2000;105:805– 814; sedation, adverse events, critical incident, medication errors, moni- toring, guidelines.
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The Prevalence of Pre-marital Sexual Practice and Its Contributing Factors in Robit High School Students

The Prevalence of Pre-marital Sexual Practice and Its Contributing Factors in Robit High School Students

A total of 272 school students were participated in the survey, and the reasonable rate was 100% however 30(11%) of the response were not include from the analysis because of their incomplete and non- responses while 242 respondents completed the questionnaires. From the total of 272 respondent 157(64.9%) and 85(35.1%) were males and females respectively. Were 236(97.5%) of the respondent were unmarried 6(2.5%) were currently married.

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Factors Contributing To Food Wastage In Household Category

Factors Contributing To Food Wastage In Household Category

Secondly, there is little to none research done focusing on the factors contributing to household food wastage, so this research can help other researchers to understand the factors that contribute to food wastage in household category. Most of the research on food wastage targeted on the creation of food wastage at the production and distribution level in the supply chain (Lanfranchi et al., 2016). The previous studies had briefly explained the occurrence of food wastage at every stage; when the food is farmed or in its raw shape, when the food is being processed and the distribution of the food to the retailers or convenient stores but did not explain the food wastage that occurs at the end user or consumer stage. Therefore, this study is needed to complete the explanation of the factors that influenced food wastage to occur at the end user stage or for this research, food wastage from household perspective.
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Contributing Factors in Anti-Tuberculosis Treatment Failure

Contributing Factors in Anti-Tuberculosis Treatment Failure

We conclude that insufficient treatment consisting of lack of compliance, interruption of treatment, incorrect drug prescription by physicians, outpatient therapy and most importantly patient’s delay for seeking medical care, lack of patient’s knowledge about the nature of disease and its treatment including complications and duration all can contribute to treatment failure and emergences of drug resistance (27).

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Factors Contributing to TESOL Employment: A Graduate Perspective

Factors Contributing to TESOL Employment: A Graduate Perspective

personal factors, the interview results show that personal factors were actually influential factors, especially during career transitions. Scarlett described the struggles trying to find her personal preferences of employment in terms of job duties, geographic locations, and cultures, and stated “I don’t know what I want to do exactly.” She also expressed her unwillingness to work in entry- level jobs with a minimum wage, such as retail or serving, and her limited financial situation. She said, “[I] wasn’t in a position where I can wait you know a month or two to find a job, I needed to be doing something right now.” Robynn chose the TESOL program also partly because she “was moving to [the city where the program was located]” and “noticed that there were a lot of employment opportunities to teach English as a second language.” Mr. Dream had partly decided his personal preferences for employment when he came to study in Canada: “as an international myself, as a person who is driven to get a degree in Canada, my main goal in the end was to get my immigration document, my permanent residency in the country,” and he considered the TESOL program because of his mother’s suggestion. Moreover, some
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