A reservoirwaterlevelmonitoring system was designed, constructed using a microcontroller and evaluated through functionality, reliability and accuracy. The monitoring system components consisted of a Gizduino microcontroller, Ethernet shield, serial camera and float switches which enabled the system to provide real time status and pictures of the reservoir. The monitoring system can be accessed using an Androidapplication that can be installed in a compatible Android smartphone. An internet connection with a dedicated public IP was needed to broadcast the status and pictures of the reservoir. The specific monitoring system is fixed to a specific dam as it has a set of different float switches and camera. A back-up battery supply was integrated to the monitoring system to provide continuous power to the system. Fifty students evaluated the user acceptance of the waterlevelmonitoring system. According to the participants, the system was user-friendly, functional, reliable and accurate.
Abstract: In this paper, we introduce the project of waterlevelmonitoring as well as controlling with IoT and androidapplication. Wastage of water in the current scenario, merely due to overflowing tanks is not affordable. Conventional water tanks can neither monitor nor control the waterlevel in tank, leading to large amount of wastage. Some other technologies had certain drawbacks in some or the other way. The need of removal of these short-comings and providing an efficient and economical solution has been the main focus of this project.
Water is a basic human need in daily life. The use of water is used for various household needs for example for consumption, bathing, washing and so on. At present there are still many people who use water pumps to fill water reservoirs at home or in office buildings that are filled manually, so that problems often occur such as the level of water in the reservoir where water is unknown, it is possible that the situation of reservoirs can occur overflow or empty. Utilizing technology in this research will create a tool used to control the waterlevel in the reservoir, which is "Microcontroller-BasedWaterLevel Control System and Android HMI" which is an alternative in controlling and monitoring the waterlevel in a reservoir automatically using an Android Smartphone . This tool is used to control and monitor water reservoirs automatically via Android HMI so that it can be controlled remotely. This tool is designed using a NodeMCU ESP8266 Microcontroller, a relay module that functions to turn on and turn off the pump, and one sensor, the HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Sensor which functions to measure the waterlevel in the reservoir. And the androidapplication used is Cayenne. The test result data is shown in the cayenne application in the form of setting the water height setpoint, the ON / OFF pump indicator and the height value in units of percent (%) and centimeter (cm).
overview of a sensor with low power consumption, flexible networking that can effectively meet the needs of the greenhouse environment monitoring. BeomJin Kan  proposed the greenhouse auto control system based on the wireless sensor network. MasayuBinti Hussein  proposed an automatic greenhouse watering system. S.T. Sanamdikar  presented programmable logic controller (PLC) to develop an automated continuous process system for maintaining the poly-house. Rahul Singhal  proposed a method for control of temperature and relative humidity inside a poly-house using the microcontroller. Sumit Vashisth  conducted a survey in Himachal Pradesh for knowing the Insect-pest problems associated with off-seasonal crops such as capsicum, tomato, cucumber and rose are cultivated in poly-houses. Yifan Bo  analyzed the influence in agriculture with the combination of both technologies Cloud Computing and Internet of Things. Shubhangi Bhosale  discussed controlling and environmental monitoring of poly-house farm using sensors to control parameters of soil, water, air to maintain necessary environment through web technologies. Soundra Pandian  presented an approach to control and monitor environmental parameters inside a Poly- house farm. Mark Ian Animas  proposed a mechanism that accepts and processes gathered data from Agricultural Research Centre using time series analysis. Seng Hansun  proposed a new approach to getting the forecasted value using exponential moving average (EMA) formula. Yacine Chakhchoukh  in his paper introduced a new robust method to estimate the parameters of a Gaussian ARMA model contaminated by outliers. D. Silverman and J. Dracup  extended the use of neural networks to determine important parameters of making long-range predictions using ANNs and large-scale climatological parameters. Abhishek Agrawal  evaluated the forecasting reliability by comparing the actual and predicted temperature values.
Abstract—In this paper we introduce the notion of waterlevelmonitoring and management within the context of electrical conductivity of the water. More specifically, we investigate the microcontrollerbasedwaterlevel sensing and controlling in a wired and wireless environment. WaterLevel management approach would help in reducing the home power consumption and as well as water overflow. Furthermore, it can indicate the amount of water in the tank that can support Global Water types including cellular dataloggers, satellite data transmission systems for remote watermonitoring system. Moreover, cellular phones with relative high computation power and high quality graphical user interface became available recently. From the users perspective it is required to reuse such valuable resource in a mobile application. Finally, we proposed a web and cellular basedmonitoring service protocol would determine and senses waterlevel globally.
Very recently, Teo and Tiew (2015) embarked on a similar venture where the WaterLevel Automated Management System was introduced. The information to top-up water from a reservoir tank when the waterlevel in the main tank falls below half of the tank; was sent through SMS to the user. When it falls below the critical level, the buzzer will be activated to warn the user of the critical state of the system. Peak microcontroller PIC16F84A was adopted for this design. The waterlevel sensor here was water conductivity sensor. The ON/OFF sensors were used to sense the presence of water at a particular level (Umeh et al, 2015). Obikoya (2014) deviated a little from the water control system into fuel. The researcher designed, constructed, and implemented a remote fuel-levelmonitoring system. The system was uniquely configured such that the remote Aplicom 12 GSM module interfaced the connected sensor. Here the status message from the module was sent back via a Global System for Mobile (GSM) Communications network (Johari et al, 2011; Abdullah1 and Ali, 2014). The fuel-level sensor was designed and uses arms and floater, where the displacement of the fluid from the floater was converted to a readable value. Their work has flaws in that in cases of network failure, there won’t be any other medium of communication thereby bringing the entire system to a halt.
Weather monitoring and its forecasting has become vital part of day-to-day life because of its numerous applications in agriculture, farming, fishery, shipping and military operations. Measuring the weather using conventional or manually operated Weather Monitoring Stations requires skilled labor for operation and demands regular maintenance which invariably increases the life cycle cost of the Weather Monitoring Station. To address these issues, the authors of this paper have attempted to design and implement inexpensive Wireless Portable Weather Monitoring Station using PIC16F887 microcontroller. The implemented Weather Monitoring Station is equipped with sensors to measure weather variables such as relative humidity, atmospheric pressure, rainfall, solar radiation, wind speed, wind direction, surface and ambient temperature. Besides of these capabilities, the designed Weather Monitoring station also includes some unique features like Modbus communication protocol, which provides seamlessly communication of real time weather measurements to the base station (PCnLaptop) over both wired (RS serial) and wireless (Xbee Pro modules) interfaces. Further, at the base station, the received data is logged and uploaded to an online data server to enable worldwide ubiquitous access to the weather measurements.
On referring research papers on above topics we come to know that most of the remote monitoring systems are based on the web based system, hardware and embedded system and GSM based system. In our project, we developed AndroidBased LAN Monitoring system through which the administrator can monitor LAN from his android phone which is feasible and user friendly.
Wireless sensor network (WSN) is a network of large number of programmable mobile and static sensor nodes with communication infrastructure which helps in recording and monitoring parameters like temperature, pressure, humidity, speed and wind direction, sound intensity, illumination intensity, vibration intensity, power-line voltage, vital body functions chemical concentrations and pollutant levels using multi-hop and self-organization method. WSN consists of sensor nodes from dozens to thousands depending upon their usage and every node has essential feature to compute, save and broadcast data . In the era of great technological enhancement, the word wireless is becoming famous in every field and thus WSN will be next technological market for making huge amount of money . The technologies used in WSN are time synchronization, network protocol, localization, security administration, data aggregation and power management. Limitations in certain parameters such as processing power, bandwidth, energy and storage makes the task of providing security to the network really difficult .
ABSTRACT: Power line communication (PLC) is considered as adequate communication technology.PLC communication technology enables communication over a power line and it does not requires additional communication lines. Power line communication based patient monitoring is an efficient non-invasive vital parameters monitoring system. The objective of patient remote monitoring is to have a quantitative assessment of the important physiological parameters of the patient during the critical periods of their biological functions from a distance. An Intensive Care Unit (ICU) for example a neuron medical ICU would care patients with acute condition involving the nervous system and would require equipments for monitoring and assessing the brain and spinal cord functioning. This paper proposes, in detail monitoring system it has developed with PLC modem, AT89C52 microcontroller and various sensors. The proposed system monitors physiological Parameters, such as temperature, heart rate and respiration of a human subject. The system detects if a person is medically distressed and sends a message to a doctor through GSM module that is connected to a controller. This system is more efficient, flexible and low cost as compare with traditional system. The proposed system can be realized within a hospital and more specific from ICU room to centralized monitoring room.
Many thanks to Universiti Utara Malaysia especially the School of Computing (SOC) staff for the support and the facilities provided. My deepest gratitude and appreciation goes to my respected supervisor, Mr. Wan Hussain Wan Ishak and Prof. Ku Ruhana Ku-Mahamud for their neverending support, courage and help. I wish to thank the Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia for funding this study under the Long Term Research Grant Scheme (LRGS), MyBrain15 programme for financial support and Department of Irrigation and Drainage Malaysia (DID) for supplying hydrology and reservoir operational data.
The waterlevelmonitoring system  is designed here; it is on the basis electro mechanical system using in the digital technology. The electrical probes will be inserted into the tank and motor will starts pump the water, it goes down. The probes will detect the waterlevel and turn ON/OFF the motor. The level controller is used here. The water sensor which will sense the low and high-waterlevel in the water tank. If the water is level is low, the motor will start pumps the water ounce’s it reaches the high level then it will stop to pump water. They were concluded by saying that the automatic waterlevel controller is successfully designed and developed, most of the researchers have used the comparators for comparing the level of water in the tank. So, some have used NAND gate for comparing the waterlevel. The use of resistors has also been noted in places where two levels of water.
ApplicationBased Physical Environment monitoring with Home/Office Automation System which is low cost and wireless remote control. General idea of home/office automation shows the quality of human being at office/house. Prime focus of this technology is to control the office/household equipment’s like light, fan, door etc. automatically. In hazardous condition, it is useful for old aged and handicapped persons. Also, the smart home concept in the system improves the standard living at Office/home. The main control system implements wireless Bluetooth technology to provide remote access from PC/laptop or Android phone. The design remains the existing electrical switches and provides more safety control on the switches with low voltage activating method. The system intended to control electrical appliances and devices in office/house with relatively low cost design also for physical environment monitoring, user-friendly interface and ease of installation.
ABSTRACTToday, if we want to get details of accessories shop, service center address, training center details, we have to go personally in any shop to get details. To know which offers are running in showroom, we get this information after going to the showroom. If users go in another city and if their fuel finished on the way so the users get problem in finding nearest pumps in that current city. The purpose of this paper is to learn the most important attributes needed to remind the due date of license and insurance of vehicle and also to remind the upcoming festival wise offers on showrooms, etc. VehicleSpot is the application which help the user to give one direction to give the information related to vehicles and also give the nearby location of garage and pumps.
All things need energy to grow, human and animals get energy from food. Plants, on the other hand, get energy from sun light through a process called photosynthesis. This is how light affects the growth of a plant. Light also influences the growth of individual organs or of the entire plant in less direct ways. The most striking effect can be seen when a plant is grown in normal light and in the total darkness. The plant grown in the dark will have a tall and spindling stem, small leaves, and both leaves and stem, lacking chlorophyll, are pale yellow. Plants grown in shade instead of darkness show a different response. Moderate shading tends to reduce transpiration more than it does photosynthesis. Hence, shaded plants may be taller and have larger leaves because the water supply within the growing tissues is better. Water is taken by the root system and lost through transpiring leaves. Evaporation from the leaves is the driving force for transfer of water across the plant and only a small proportion of the uptake water is used for growth. It was calculated that the water lost per day by transpiration from some plants is equal to twice the weight of the plant. The rate of water lost depends on the condition of soil, air flow, relative humidity in air and the temperature of the environment. Loss of water from the soil by means of drainage is quite common during the dry season. When absorption of water by the roots fails to keep up with the rate of transpiration, loss of turgor occurs, and the stomata close. This immediately reduces the rate of transpiration as well as photosynthesis. If the loss of turgor extends to the rest of the leaf and stem, the plant will eventually wilt. In more extreme cases burns may begin on the margin of leaves and spread inward affecting whole leaves. While necessary to point out the importance of having soils well moistened, it is also important for the growers to be aware of the effects of overly moist soil on the development of plants.
This paper introduces a microcontroller-based multichannel temperature monitoring system  which is able to store data in a SD Card  and sends a SMS to alert the user the exceeded temperature reading set by the user. A keypad is available so the user can set the temperature limit, insert the channel which going to use and the mobile number to send the alert SMS. An LCD displays the temperature reading, as well as the number that is pressed on keypad.
Due to Advanced technology solutions, lot of data can be handled and data analysis become easier and faster. In water resources it becomes necessary to analyze the data and use the analyzed data for optimum use of water resources as there is scarcity of such resources. From last few decades, time series forecasting has achieved tremendous response from researchers.This stream has very wide applications. Previous, the traditional methods of time series analysis were used by the researchers. Traditional methods of time series analysis such as autoregressive method of Box - Jenkins (AR), auto-regressive moving average (ARMA), auto-regressive integrated moving average (ARIMA), autoregressive moving average with exogenous inputs (ARMAX), etc. The conventional time series modeling methods were also efficient since long time, but they suffer the problem of stationary and linearity and gives only reasonable accuracy. The need for giving more accurate forecast for time series has forced the researchers to develop innovative methods to model time series. Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) were introduced as an efficient tools of modeling and forecasting since two decades. The artificial neural networks can model, map, and as well as can demonstrate the nonlinear relationship of complicated phenomena. The artificial neural networks are widespread and highly flexible function approximates, used in the fields of cognitive science and engineering. The artificial neural networks are widely used and have become increasingly popular in a broad range of fields. The neural networks are fewer sensitive to the error term assumptions and can bear noise, hectic components, and hefty tails better than most other methods. This paper presents a study aimed at forecasting waterlevel of reservoir using neural network approaches.
In paper presented by Howards white Toronto and Leonard Cascianto, A vehicle monitoring system is disclosed in which a central control station is provided for the vehicles, for example buses, in the system. Each vehicle is provided with a transit universal microprocessor unit, including a modulator-demodulator, and one or more peripheral devices and a radio communication link is provided between the vehicles and the central control station. Typical peripheral devices are odometers, passenger counters, drive switches and display devices, loud speakers, etc. This invention relates to a system for identifying objects during movement and indicating and/or recording the movements. The invention is particularly concerned with the identification of moving vehicles on a road and is especially adaptable for use in a bus monitoring and control system. In this paper they only monitoring the movement of a vehicle and communicating to a central station but advantage of our device over this is our device is not only monitoring the movement of the vehicle and also some other parameters and communicating directly to the owners or to the authority and give a good analysis.
Water is absolutely fundamental to life and luckily the earth is almost sub- merged in with water. An amount 325 mi 3 occupies 71% of the globe. Salt water of the oceans and sea accounts for about 97.5% of this volume. The remaining 2.5% is fresh water (Wright and Nebel, 2004) of the 2.5% though; two/third is stored in glac- iers and polar ice caps. Thus, only 0.77% of all water is available in atmosphere, soil, groundwater, rivers, wetland and lakes (Wright and Nebel, 2004).
Water is the important natural resources that should be used more efficiently. In manual system, users are supposed to visit their water tank to check the waterlevel. The uncontrolled use of water leads to wastage of water and it causes water scarcity. Water automation is a process which is an automatic system to use water. The basic idea of water automation is to ensure the proper use of water and reduce the human effort. It is used for different purposes such as irrigation in the agricultural land, water pump controlling, water usage monitoring, billing of water usage etc. in different places like household, agricultural land, industry, hotel etc. Researchers have implemented several water automation projects using androidapplication considering water pump controller, waterlevel detection, water billing with detection and control of water leakage. This research presented a survey of water automation system for water pump controller using androidapplication.