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Anger Assessment Among High School Children

Anger Assessment Among High School Children

Figurative language (anger is hot) is often ambiguous and should be used with caution on psychological tests unless there is evidence the language is understood cross-culturally (Barchard KA, 2016). The subjective feed back by the children during the administration of scale corroborated this view. Children had difficulty in understanding ‘I keep my cool’ ‘Hot headed’ etc. Analysis of question wise frequency of response to questions revealed that questions like ‘I am mad’, ‘I get Mad’, ‘I am hot headed’, ‘I do things like slam doors’ have received higher percentages (74%, 57%, 44% and 50%) of ‘never’ answers. It indicates children are not able to relate them with these questions. This aspect may have had its bearings on the results obtained. Future studies are recommended using physiological biomarkers of anger in addition to culturally appropriate self-reporting scales.
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ASSESSMENT OF MOTHER KNOWLEDGE TOWARDS INTESTINAL PARASITE AMONG CHILDREN AT SCHOOL AGE

ASSESSMENT OF MOTHER KNOWLEDGE TOWARDS INTESTINAL PARASITE AMONG CHILDREN AT SCHOOL AGE

Introduction: - Deterioration of the health situation and lack of health services has led to a rise the occurrence of intestinal parasites between school students and particularly among nursery school and kindergarten. Objectives: - to assess the mother’s knowledge towards intestinal parasite among children at school age. Materials & Methods: - a cross - sectional study has been conducted in Imam Ali general hospital. The study period extended from 6/2/2016 to 31/7/2016. The sample size was 220 case. One stool specimen was collected from each child. The age, sex and mothers education were recorded where these parameters were included in the data analysis. Stool specimens were normally inspected by two techniques, a direct smear microscopy (wet mount) using saline and lugole's iodine and sedimentation technique using formal-ether according to the standard methods. The SPSS version 20 statistical software was used for data analysis. Conclusion:-in this study the Giardia lamblia & Entamoeb histolyica was more affected in males than female. Majority of cases was low education, unemployed and moderate economic status. High significant has been found between the types of parasite and gender. Recommendation: Epidemiological indication that enhancement of cleanliness and community hygiene, lengthwise with progresses in water source, have a sizable influence in reducing infectious diseases. Also control of the house flies by using pesticides. Taking attention of children specially males who are playing outside the home.
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Assessment of Nutritional Status and Signs of Growth among Bullying School Children

Assessment of Nutritional Status and Signs of Growth among Bullying School Children

DOI: 10.4236/psych.2019.1014123 1918 Psychology Clinical signs result showed 33% from children suffering from loss teeth and this highest percentage and some children suffer from white spots nails, stutter- ing speech, wearing glasses, pale skin, caries teeth and lisping speech, this result agree with Gordon, et al. (2010) who explained that bullying children suffer from speech problems such as stuttering and this makes them adopt violent be- havior due to a sense of lack of self-esteem. And this result affirm results in Ta- ble 3 and Table 5 that showed about 45% from total sample had moderate mal- nutrition and had deficiency in vitamin E and C compared with RNI, this result agree with (Aruna et al., 2017) who showed Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the leading causes of vision loss, initial findings from the Age-Related Eye Disease Study (AREDS) showed that antioxidant supplementa- tion (β-carotene and vitamins C and E) and zinc were associated with a de- creased danger of development of AMD. And confirm with result in Table 3, sample had deficiency in iron compared with RNI, and this result in the same section with Josephine, Toby, & Surjit (2014) and Matthew et al. (2018), who said iron is an essential component of the hemoglobin molecule, the most com- mon cause of anemia worldwide is an iron deficiency, one of the important symptoms are pale skin and white markings on the nails. Iron plays a key role in both oxidative stress, skin pale and cutaneous wound healing.
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How do ADHD children perceive their cognitive, affective, and behavioral aspects of anger expression in school setting?

How do ADHD children perceive their cognitive, affective, and behavioral aspects of anger expression in school setting?

There are some limitations to this study. This was a cross-sectional study of self-perceived anger with a sin- gle informant, which means that recall bias and minimi- zation of negative emotions and behaviour may limit its generalization. It is known that children with ADHD underreport their symptoms [29], which suggests that they may also underreport emotional, behavioural and social difficulties. As the primary aim of the study was not comparing anger expression among ADHD sub- types, lack of difference between the ADHD types and between boys and girls may be due to type II error. A previous study on girls with ADHD reported that those with ADHD-C exhibited higher rates of overt and rela- tional aggression than those with ADHD-I [30]. The age range of participants is both chronologically and devel- opmentally broad, and analyses within tighter age ranges are needed in order to ensure that age-related increases in emotionality do not influence the results. Also, further studies should account for the co-occurrence of psychiatric disorders other than ODD in order to better interpret the results. Anger relating to school setting cannot be generalized to global experiences of the feel- ing of anger. Future research should investigate whether results are similar across older age groups and other contexts. The study of anger in ADHD could be strengthened with additional, more objective, measures such as interview methodologies for anger assessment or behavioral observations by trained observers. The current findings were from a clinical sample of ADHD children. This study has used a clinical sample and should be replicated in children with ADHD within the community. The control group was not interviewed to assess for the presence of ADHD or other psychiatric disorders, and given the prevalence of psychiatric disor- ders, it is likely that a few children within the control group would be suffering from undiagnosed mental health problems. This may reduce power of the current study to detect any differences. This study, with its cross-sectional design, can only look for correlations and does not allow any imputation of a causal relation- ships between any component of anger and ADHD. The instrument used to assess anger components is not comprehensive. Other dimensions of anger expression such as anger control and the effects on targets of anger such as classmates, teachers, parents, and siblings should be studied in further studies.
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A Body Shape Index Versus Body Mass Index in the Assessment of Nutritional Status Among Egyptian Primary School Children Infected with Intestinal Helminthiasis

A Body Shape Index Versus Body Mass Index in the Assessment of Nutritional Status Among Egyptian Primary School Children Infected with Intestinal Helminthiasis

Analysis of the socio-demographic profile showed no statistical significant difference except for residence and social class that showed highly significant statistically difference. Children attending rural school and those from low social levels had a higher risk of being infected with helminth infections (62.8%) compared to those in the urban one (37.2%). The high prevalence of parasitic infection in rural areas may be attributed to lack of personal hygiene, shortage of clean water supplies, poor social standards, indiscriminate defecation have greatly contributed to high prevalence rate reported among attendants of rural areas [23], 24].
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Analyses of inter-rater reliability between professionals, medical students and trained school children as assessors of basic life support skills

Analyses of inter-rater reliability between professionals, medical students and trained school children as assessors of basic life support skills

Overall inter-rater reliability (Table 4) according to average measure of intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was 0.84 (n = 889, 95 % CI: 0.82 to 0.86). The number of comparisons between peer-peer assessors (n = 303), peer- professional assessors (n = 339), and peer-student assessors (n = 191) was high and demonstrated strong inter-rater reli- ability between peer- and professional assessors (ICC: 0.76; 95 % CI: 0.71 to 0.81), optimal inter-rater reliability between peer- and student-assessors (ICC: 0.88; 95 % CI: 0.84 to 0.91) and excellent inter-rater reliability between peer- and other peer-assessors (ICC: 0.91; CI: 0.89 to 0.93). The com- parison student versus professional demonstrated moderate inter-rater reliability (ICC: 0.66; 95 % CI: 0.37 to 0.81) with a sample size of 44. The sample size for the comparison professional versus professional and student versus student was very low following inter-rater reliability (professional vs. professional: n = 5; ICC = 0.75; 95 % CI: −1.40 to 0.97/ student vs. student: n = 7; ICC = 0.77; 95 % CI: −0.34 to 0.96). Agreement between peer- and student assessors was high. Disagreement (assessment judged as “failed” by only one of the two assessors) occurred comparably often in the group of peer- and student-assessors. The scoring of peer- and professional-assessors differed in 65 of 339 ratings. Peers rated the examinations of the school children more often as “failed” (n = 43) compared to professionals (n = 22). Professionals, compared to medical students, rated the examination of school children more often as “failed” (number of examinations only failed according to the scor- ing of professional-assessors: n = 7/student-assessors: n = 3). Peers and professionals rated the items “check respon- siveness”, “correct compression point” and “no-flow-
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A study on screen viewing and sleep among low and high achievers of school children in a selected school at Krishnagiri

A study on screen viewing and sleep among low and high achievers of school children in a selected school at Krishnagiri

Keller et.al., (2008) investigated the amount and quality of children’s sleep as a moderator of relation between attachment to parents and academic functioning. Data were from a sample of 166 third grades in the southeastern USA. Standard assessments of academic achievement was obtained from schools. School children completed questionnaire measures of subjective sleep problems and their sleep was assessed objectively via act graphs worn for seven consecutive nights. Findings suggested that better sleep ameliorates the risk for academic performance difficulties associated with insecure attachments to parents and function as a protective factor in this context.
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Comparing dental caries status using Modified International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) and World Health Organization (WHO) indices among school children of Bhakkar, Pakistan

Comparing dental caries status using Modified International Caries Detection and Assessment System (ICDAS) and World Health Organization (WHO) indices among school children of Bhakkar, Pakistan

were children aged 11-12 years who were able to understand basic instructions and who furnished written consent from their parents. Those below or above the age range, with any acquired physical disabilities, such as loss or deformity of limbs, were excluded. Of about 200 private and government schools in Bhakkar, seven with the highest student enrolment were conveniently selected. The list of children from classes 5, 6 and 7 was o b ta ine d f ro m th e r e gi s te r o f e a c h sc ho ol. A single examiner underwent training and calibration process for both the WHO and modified ICDAS indices at the University of Malaya. The calibration for the WHO assessment method was performed on a separate sample of 20 children in the similar age range over two days. The children were selected from a school not included in the main study. Intraoral examinations were performed on the school premises. Based on the WHO method, teeth were recorded as having decayed / frank cavitation (D), missing (M), filled with dental restoration (F), or sound (0). 16 The intra-examiner reliability of 0.88 indicates
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Weight management among school-aged children and adolescents: a quantitative assessment in a Ghanaian municipality

Weight management among school-aged children and adolescents: a quantitative assessment in a Ghanaian municipality

and sleeping is associated with high BMI levels among children and adolescents [23, 24], which is inconsistent with our findings. However, findings of Zimmerman and Bell [25], indicated that the content of TV shows is the major underlying factor for obesity prevalence among children. Thus, children that alternatively watch educa- tional programs were not at risk of obesity compared to children who watched commercial programs. Zimmerman and Bell reported that most commercial programs are ac- companied by junk food and sugar-sweetened beverages advertisement (similar to most commercial TV shows in Ghana) which influences the eating pattern of children, thus enhancing obesity prevalence. We, therefore, pre- sumed that the content of TV watching rather than the practices among basic school children influenced the protective behaviour of TV watching for obesity in our study. Moreover, duration and timing of sleeping in alter- nating ways influence the risk of overweight or obesity during childhood [26]. Poor or lack of sleep among children has been reported to disrupt appetite-regulating hormones, thus causing weight gain [27, 28]. Thus, these Table 5 Logistic regression analysis of factors associated with high WHtR (> 0.5) among study participants
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Assessment of low visual acuity and its influencing factors among school age children

Assessment of low visual acuity and its influencing factors among school age children

Unal Ayranci, et al., (2009) carried out a study to determine the prevalence of visual impairments among children in primary schools. Visual acuity was determined with the Snellen’s E chart. The result observed were, of the study group (n=1606), 53.7% (n=864) were boys and 46.3% (n=742) girls. The mean age of the participants was 10.52±2.28 (range 6-17), The girls had a higher frequency of a presenting visual impairment than boys (2.4% vs. 1.0%), (p<0.05). Twenty seven (1.7%) children presented with vision of d"20/40 in the better eye. The prevalence of presenting visual acuity for d"20/40 was significantly higher in children with glasses compared to the group of children without glasses (p<0.05). The prevalence of amblyopia was 5.0%, whereas that of strabismus was 1.7%.
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Thought field therapy on stress and anger among school children

Thought field therapy on stress and anger among school children

as a negative emotional, cognitive function, behavioral and physiological process that a person try to adjust and deal with stressors (Peter senge, 2017). Stress may lead to many problems such as poor grades, not studying or reading enough disorganization, Skipping classes, Wasting time and procrastinating (Najumonha, 2011). The academic stress of School children and young adult’s emerges as a significant mental problem for 10% to 30% students that affect their academic performance and affect their emotional and physical well being. Stress in adolescence is due to information load, high expectations from parents and teachers, academic pressures, unrealistic ambitions, limited employment opportunities and high competitiveness (Sutha Mahesh
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Emotion Regulation Characteristics Development in Iranian Primary School Pupils

Emotion Regulation Characteristics Development in Iranian Primary School Pupils

Methods: Participants included 900 children, 9 to 10 years, from elementary schools from 21 provinces in Iran. In pilot work we presented 200 children with four hypothetical vignettes of the kind typically used in display rule research. In the main study children’s knowledge regarding hiding their emotions was assessed through a structured interview. The participants were presented with the interview questions after the vignettes. The answers were coded by two people and the interrater reliability was high. The children were assessed on the basis of four common emotions:Happiness, Anger,Fear,and, Sadness. Results: The analysis of the data indicated that:1)all children were enabled to identify and differentiate all four emotions from each other, most of students hide their happiness, anger, fear and sadness, they hide their emotions in specific situation such as school and home, hide happiness and anger against peers and hide fear and sadness in front of adults.
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A study of correlates of overweight/obesity among high school children of mandya city, karnataka

A study of correlates of overweight/obesity among high school children of mandya city, karnataka

Study was initiated after obtaining approval from the Institutional Scientific Committee and the Institutional Ethics Committee of Mandya Institute of Medical Sciences, Mandya. Children who gave consent for the study were given a pretested semi-structured questionnaire (English or local language Kannada version in which ever language the child is comfortable with) to elicit family and individual characteristics Anthropometric measurements of height, weight were taken using standard equipments (stadiometer, bathroom scale weighing machine respectively) to calculate Body mass index (BMI) following NHANES guidelines for measurement (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/nhanes/nhanes3/anthropometric_vid eos.htm). The instruments used for the study were calibrated daily. The anthropometric measurements were taken by the investigator and the data was recorded in the questionnaire by interns who were adequately trained before conducting the study. Two visits were made to each school to ensure complete coverage. Children who were not available in the school during two visits were excluded from the study. Heath education regarding the risk factors for overweight/obesity and other non-communicable diseases and the preventive measures for these were given at the end of filling the questionnaire and examination. Hand notes related to healthy habits about diet, physical activity were distributed to students.
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Study of prevalence of overweight and obesity among high school children of Davangere city

Study of prevalence of overweight and obesity among high school children of Davangere city

There is an alarming increase in prevalence of obesity worldwide with globalization of economics and rapid international communication these non- communicable diseases have behaved like communicable diseases. The problem of obesity is confined not only to adults but also among the children and adolescents of developed as well as developing countries.

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Vaccine-Preventable Disease Among Homeschooled Children: Two Cases of Tetanus in Oklahoma

Vaccine-Preventable Disease Among Homeschooled Children: Two Cases of Tetanus in Oklahoma

de fi ned as parents reporting schooling at home instead of at public or private school for at least part of the child ’ s education and if their part-time enroll- ment in public or private school did not exceed 25 hours per week. With only 850 000 students being homeschooled during 1999, the 2007 estimate repre- sents a 74% relative increase over the previous 8 years. 8 Homeschooled chil-

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Trends in Bicycle Helmet Use by Children: 1985 to 1990

Trends in Bicycle Helmet Use by Children: 1985 to 1990

In schools with no formal program for promoting the use of bicycle helmets among children, rates of helmet use did not increase from 1985 to 1990 at the middle school, high school, or un[r]

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Overweight and obesity among public and private primary school children in Nairobi, Kenya

Overweight and obesity among public and private primary school children in Nairobi, Kenya

A recent study among school children 9 - 13 years [14] reported a lower prevalence rate of overweight among school children in urban Kenya 16.7% among girls and 6.8% among boys than the [r]

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Management of Anger with Anger Reversal Technique among School Going Adolescents

Management of Anger with Anger Reversal Technique among School Going Adolescents

Anger is mostly identified and underlying factor for any type of criminal act or violence. Anger can be interpreted as a subjective emotional state comprising of increased physiological arousal and cognition antagonism. Anger state is identified as an impulse to be and may be casual determinant of aggressive or violent behavior, recognized as natural and adoptive emotional state. Anger has been studied in a wide range on its experience and expression in different populations (Kassinove, 1995). The concept of anger is an emotional state that consists of feelings, varies in intensity, from mild irritation or annoyance to intense fury and rage (Speilberger, 1988). Although “hostility” involves feelings of anger, this concept of connotation has the complex set of attitude that motivate aggressive act directed towards destruction of objects or people. Similarly, anger and hostility can also be referred as feelings and attitudes whereas the concept of ‘aggression’ generally implies destructive or punitive behavior directed towards other persons or objects. Anger is a form of frustration and violence is a form of aggressive behavior manifested in adolescent with intimate relationship and exhibited during dating situations (Mohan, 2003). Uncontrolled anger causes serious problems to others and also to one who expresses and experience. Hence, managing anger is much important and some people do not control anger due to factors such as biological, psychological or situational that is inclined to become aggressive personality. Eventually, uncontrolled anger produce ill effects to an individual’s physical, psychological and social functioning.
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Breastfeeding and Verbal Ability of 3-Year-Olds in a Multicity Sample

Breastfeeding and Verbal Ability of 3-Year-Olds in a Multicity Sample

At baseline, information was collected from 4898 mothers, of which 4231 (86%) participated in the year-3 telephone survey. Of the 4231 families, 3336 (79%) participated in some portion of the in-home assessment, but only 2182 (52%) participated in the child observa- tion. Nonresponse on the child observation was a result of family relocation ( ⬃ 85% of nonrespondents) or re- fusal (15% of nonrespondents). Of these 2182 observa- tions, an additional 221 were missing data on either the cognitive or the mother-child interaction outcomes, re- sulting in 1961 completed in-home assessments. Cases were also deleted if they were missing data on breast- feeding (n ⫽ 62), the child had a physical disability (n ⫽ 58), or the mother was not born in America (n ⫽ 196), which resulted in a final sample size of 1645.*
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Assessment of School and University Environments by High School and College Students

Assessment of School and University Environments by High School and College Students

a career, at that 64% of them perceive it as a “career environment of active dependency”. Almost every third high school student (30.8%) believes the school environment dogmatic. More than half of them (56.5%) perceive their learning environment as “dogmatic environment of passive dependency”. Only one in ten high school students (10.6%) considers his school environment as creative. Just some high school students (less than 5%) believe that they are studying in a serene school environment. Thus, it can be stated that 85% of assessments given by high school students are related to their feeling of dependency on teachers and other factors of the school environment, limiting their personal freedom. However, two thirds of the assessments of high school students (64.8%) indicate that school environment encourages their activity.
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