Top PDF Assessment of the knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among second year undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Assessment of the knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among second year undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Assessment of the knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among second year undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Analysis of source of knowledge regarding self medication revealed that old prescriptions, text books and teachers contributed in majority and this was in one way or the other related to their study course. Internet was a major source for information even with medical students. These findings are in concurrence with earlier reports which have also shown previous old prescriptions, text books as major source of information. 12,14,21 The findings of current study do underline the shift in trends from the traditional teacher to inclination towards internet. Such a scenario calls for frequent evaluation from time to time to have insight in changing pattern of society.
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A Questionnaire Based Study Regarding the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Self-Medication Among Second Year Undergraduate Medical Students

A Questionnaire Based Study Regarding the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Self-Medication Among Second Year Undergraduate Medical Students

Background: Self-medication is becoming very common in our routine life which is an unhealthy and risky practice. Present study was done to determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among second year undergraduate medical students of a private medical college in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. Material and methods: A pre-validated questionnaire was prepared and distributed among the students.Data was collected and analysed using Microsoft Excel and the results expressed as counts and percentages. Results: Total 139 students participated in the study voluntarily and most common reason for taking Self-medication was that there was no need to visit the doctor for minor illness. In maximum students, source of information of the drugs used for Self-medication was previous prescription and source of the drugs was medical store. Only 39% MBBS students accepted the fact, that they always visited a qualified practitioner whenever they fell ill. Most of the students took Self-medication for headache followed by cough, cold and fever. Out of total 139 students, most of the students took NSAIDS as Self-medication followed by lozenges. Conclusion: This study showed that students of second year MBBS after studying pharmacology became more aware about the drugs and hence do not hesitate in taking Self-medication which is a wrong practice. Key words: Self-medication, Questionnaire, Second Year MBBS, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice.
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ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF PHARMACOVIGILANCE AMONG THE UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS IN A NORTHERN INDIAN TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL – AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF PHARMACOVIGILANCE AMONG THE UNDERGRADUATE MEDICAL STUDENTS IN A NORTHERN INDIAN TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL – AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY

The main focus of the pharmacovigilance is to promote the safe and the rational use of medicines. It has played a major role in detection of ADRs but previous studies suggest that under-reporting of ADRs is one of the major problems associated with pharmacovigilance program. 18 Major reason for under reporting is lack of knowledge and skill about pharmacovigilance program, which was reflected in our study, and is consistent with the findings of other studies. 19, 20 This was indicating that continuing sensitization is required regarding ADR reporting and pharmacovigilance. It can be done by educational interventions like incorporation of pharmacovigilance related activities in the undergraduate practical, continuous medical education (CME), and workshop on pharmacovigilance. 21
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Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among college students

Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication among college students

Self-medication was considered to be safe by many non-medical students in comparison to medical students. This could be because medical students are aware of the fact that no drug is totally safe and each can have adverse effects, ranging from mild to severe. The knowledge about self-medication was found to be appropriate among both medical and non- medical students as both agreed that self-medication may lead to use of wrong drug, it may delay diagnosis of disease, it may cause adverse drug reactions and may lead to use of an incorrect drug for an incorrect period of time. More number of non-medical students considered homeopathy to be safe for self-medication when compared to medical students. More number of medical students disagreed that allopathy was safe for routine medication probably because of appropriate knowledge about adverse effects of various drugs. As expected, the knowledge about the correct dose was found to be more among the medical students.
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ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF ANTI-EPILEPTIC DRUGS AMONG EPILEPSY PATIENT IN TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

ASSESSMENT OF KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF ANTI-EPILEPTIC DRUGS AMONG EPILEPSY PATIENT IN TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

numbers of these people remained untreated. The reasons for this failure of treatment are complex and involve nonpharmacologic aspects such as cultural attitudes to epilepsy, the acceptability of drugs as a method of treatment, and the less developed systems for the delivery of healthcare so continuing effective educational interventions will be of value in order to improve the appropriate understanding of epilepsy, and to ameliorate the social discrimination and misconceptions against epileptic patients. Our study investigated levels of knowledge and expressed attitudes to epilepsy among the epileptic patients in south Indian tertiary care hospital. The belief of relating epilepsy to the supernatural is consistent with the study among rural population. The belief of the respondents about the causes of Epilepsy and The study demonstrated that majority of the respondents stated that epilepsy is manifested by convulsions, other manifestations of the disorder proffered by the respondents included falling down, rolling of eyes and foaming of mouth. Up to 31% of respondents did not know the cause of epilepsy. However some of the Other patients mentioned other causes of epilepsy such as heredity (27%), brain defect (8%), birth defects (10%) and stroke (8%). Overall (13%) of the respondents had good knowledge of epilepsy whereas (13%) and (74%) had fair and poor knowledge of the disease respectively. Lack of knowledge increases the potential for inappropriate or inadequate responses by patients. Pharmacist play a key role in educating patients, parents, caregivers, and the community about how to respond to an individual who is having a seizure. Like what was mentioned in the literature the majority of the negative attitudes toward epilepsy were significantly associated with the misunderstanding of epilepsy. Effective educational interventions would be needed in order to improve the appropriate understanding of epilepsy, and
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Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Stress Management among Undergraduate Medical Students at Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice Regarding Stress Management among Undergraduate Medical Students at Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital

questionnaire. For assessment of attitude, students were asked about difficulties they faced in adapting to new environment or home sickness, non-academic reasons making them anxious and confrontation of stress due to competition. To evaluate their practice regarding stress coping methods, students were asked different ways to alleviate stress, as the most preferred way to maintain sound mental health, indulging in their hobbies when stressed, how did they approach stress and presently, whether or not, they were victim of addiction. The questionnaires were collected and evaluated for their completeness.
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Perception and practice of self-medication amongst second year medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Perception and practice of self-medication amongst second year medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

However because of improper regulation and easy availability of prescription as well as non-prescription drugs, immoral self-medication has become a rampant practice in India. 5 Such inappropriate self-medication can result in wrong diagnosis which may lead to delayed treatment and failure of therapy, adverse drug reactions, dangerous drug interactions, incorrect manner and dose of administration, prolonged suffering, and risk of development of bacterial resistance and drug dependence. 6 Effective treatment of any ailment requires sound knowledge of disease as well as the drugs. Even though MBBS students have wealth of information at their helm to diagnose themselves and self-medicate, they lack in expertise. As future health care providers and prescribers, understanding practice of self-medication in these students is of paramount importance so that habits of ethical practice are inculcated in their budding years. Although many studies have been previously done on this subject, yet none have been done in Goa. Keeping this in mind, the current study was carried out in Goa Medical College to assess the perception and practice of self-medication amongst second year medical students.
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THE PRACTICE OF SELF MEDICATION IN DIARRHEA AMONG SECOND YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN JHARKHAND

THE PRACTICE OF SELF MEDICATION IN DIARRHEA AMONG SECOND YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN JHARKHAND

Different OTC antidiarrhoeal drugs are available in medicine shops. Majority of students used ORS as the self medication. Many patients with sudden onset of diarrhea have a benign and self limited illness requiring no treatment or evaluation. In severe cases, dehydration and electrolyte imbalances are the principle risks, particularly in infants, children and frail elderly patients. Oral rehydration therapy is therefore a cornerstone for patients with acute illness resulting in significant diarrhea. This is of particular importance in developing countries, where the use of ORS therapy saves many thousands of lives every year
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Prevalence, knowledge, attitude and practice regarding self-medication among medical, dental and paramedical students in a tertiary care hospital

Prevalence, knowledge, attitude and practice regarding self-medication among medical, dental and paramedical students in a tertiary care hospital

Self-medication has its own benefits and drawbacks 1 . Self- medication carries advantages only if used as a self-care component. Drawbacks include irrational drug use, increased drug resistance, adverse drug reactions, drug dependence etc. 1 Educational status, friends, family, society and drug advertisements etc., are influencing factors which affect the pattern of self-medication. 6 A study had described that educated people practiced self- medication more than illiterates. 7 Higher education and professional status has been mentioned as predictive factor. 8 It is equally practiced by doctors as well by medical students. 9 Several studies had also mentioned that influences of pharmacology subject knowledge on increased prevalence among medical students. 5,10 Not only medical knowledge of students but availability of drugs as free samples and influences of internet also plays a significant role. 11
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Comparative assessment of antibiotic resistance among first and second year undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

Comparative assessment of antibiotic resistance among first and second year undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care teaching hospital

The other factors implicated in the emergence of bacterial resistance are the patient’s insisting to write antibiotics, incentives given to the doctors by the pharmaceutical industry in writing particular type of brands, over the counter availability, lack of culture and sensitivity reporting and lack of public awareness regarding the antimicrobial resistance. 6 Antimicrobial resistance increases the cost of healthcare due to lengthier stays in hospital, additional tests, usage of more expensive drugs and more intensive care required. Without effective antimicrobials for prevention and treatment of infections, medical procedures such as organ transplantation, cancer chemotherapy, diabetes management and major surgeries become very high risk. 7 If there were a continuous supply of new and novel antibiotics, then antimicrobial resistance wouldn’t be of such a great concern. 8 Therefore, efforts are being made to reduce the rate and curb the extent of antimicrobial resistance by raising awareness in the community at large and targeting the public specifically. 8
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Original Research Article A study to assess self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital

Original Research Article A study to assess self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students in a tertiary care hospital

METHODS This was a cross sectional questionnaire-based study, conducted at Sri Venkateshwaraa Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Puducherry. Before initiation of the study, Institutional Ethics Committee approval obtained and the study was conducted for a period of 3 months. Duration of the study November 2018 - January 2019.The undergraduate students studying in second MBBS, of all ages and both the gender were included in the study. Written informed consent was obtained from all the study participants. A semi –closed, pre validated questionnaire model was used in this study (Questionnaire enclosed in Annexure 1). A brief description about the purpose of the study and the procedure to complete the questionnaire was explained in detail to all the students. The candidates were instructed and properly guided to complete their response within the stipulated time. The results were analyzed and expressed by descriptive statistics, such as counts and percentages.
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Self medication among medical and dental students in tertiary care teaching hospital of Udaipur, India

Self medication among medical and dental students in tertiary care teaching hospital of Udaipur, India

Self-medication is a common practice among a group of health workers in Nigeria, according to Ehigiator O et al. 10 Undergraduate medical and paramedical students have easy access to information about pharmaceuticals from drug indices, literature and social media. 11 A previous study from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi reported that self-medication was significantly higher among undergraduate medical and paramedical students in India and it increased due to their medical acquaintance. 12 Hence, the present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of self-medication and perception towards self-medication among the undergraduate medical and dental students of the Pacific Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India.
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A QUESTIONNAIRE BASED SURVEY ON THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES ABOUT ANTIBIOTIC USAGE AND RESISTANCE AMONG THE SECOND YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS OF A TEACHING TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

A QUESTIONNAIRE BASED SURVEY ON THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES ABOUT ANTIBIOTIC USAGE AND RESISTANCE AMONG THE SECOND YEAR MEDICAL STUDENTS OF A TEACHING TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Background: Antibiotics are the most commonly prescribed medications and the one often misused too. The threat of antibiotic resistance is increasing rapidly and needs immediate addressal. Practitioners have a pivotal role in combating antibiotic resistance by promoting awareness and also through their safe and rational prescribing. Examining the knowledge, attitude and practices of medical students regarding antibiotic resistance can assist in planning and devising an effective and tailored educational tool for them.
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Knowledge Attitude and Practice towards Infection Control Measures amongst Medical Students in a Medical Teaching Tertiary Care Hospital

Knowledge Attitude and Practice towards Infection Control Measures amongst Medical Students in a Medical Teaching Tertiary Care Hospital

9 Skin contamination with body fluids 81 10 Contamination of working surfaces with body fluids 65 during certain medical procedures like while taking a biopsy, blood culture col- lection or during an intra-arterial injection. However the significant difference in the answers might be due to the fact that the study population in majority had final year MBBS undergraduate students who might not have performed/attended such above mentioned procedures. Analysis of Knowledge, Attitudes and prac- tices are shown in Figure 1 & Figure 2 of hospital acquired infections and in- fection control practices as answered by final year MBBS undergraduate stu- dents.
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Original Research Article The pattern of self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students of tertiary care hospital, Andhra Pradesh, India

Original Research Article The pattern of self-medication practice among undergraduate medical students of tertiary care hospital, Andhra Pradesh, India

counter and prescription only drugs and if they choose ‘yes’’ they have to mention them in a single sentence to avoid unnecessary biased opting of option ‘’yes’. 6 were multiple choice questions. Among them 5 questions are testing the pattern and their attitude about self-medicatio n practice and 1 question is testing their source of knowledge for self-medication practice. The question about the morbidities or illnesses for which they practice self- medication was framed such that the mentioned illnesses were more common in the society. Options for medications they use is such that those medications were easily available over the counter in pharmacy. System of medicine question was related to know if students were also taking alternate medicines like Homeopathy, Ayurveda and Siddha on their own without specialist prescription on which they have very less or no knowledge. Frequency of self-medication practice question was framed to know if they were doing that in the past or even now also. The question that they were prescribing medicines to non-medical people was asked to know how irrationally they prescribe the medicines with no complete knowledge.
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Assessment of empathy among first-year medical students: A knowledge, attitude and practice study

Assessment of empathy among first-year medical students: A knowledge, attitude and practice study

Good clinicians are expected to demonstrate empathetic behaviour whereby it is necessary for medical students to develop an empathetic attitude during the curriculum. The anatomy class- room is possibly the ideal place to cultivate the sense of empathy among medical students as they deal with the feelings associated with dissecting a human cadaver. Hence we conducted this knowledge, attitude and practice study to assess the empathetic attitude among first-year medical students. A self designed, pretested questionnaire was framed to explore the sense of empathy and the questionnaire was administered among 100 first year MBBS students before the summative assessment and their responses were collected and analyzed. We observed that 55% and 16.3% of the respondents were inclined for adopting a mechanized approach to patient care as they were in favour of investigation oriented diagnosis and medicine based treatment respectively as primary component of medical practice. Only 16.3% and 12.2% of the respondents prioritized patient oriented approaches in the form of understanding the disease process and emphasizing on communication with patients respectively. During clinical training 70.4% and 15.3% of respondents would concentrate on self development as they look forward to honing their clinical skills and acquiring high level of knowledge respectively. Only 8.2% and 6.1% of the respondents opted for developing patient oriented skills like developing an empathetic attitude and enhancing communication skills respectively. However 60.2% agreed that empathy of a physician does influence the clinical outcome and 74.5% opined that they have developed/enhanced a feeling of empathy by learning anatomy through human cadaver based teaching. Empathy among first-year medical students was on the lower side, however they have developed a baseline empathy level after one year of attending dissection classes in anatomy. Effectively designed education strategies can further enhance the feeling of empathy during clinical training.
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Research Article A descriptive study of prevalence, pattern and attitude of self-medication among second professional medical students in a tertiary care center

Research Article A descriptive study of prevalence, pattern and attitude of self-medication among second professional medical students in a tertiary care center

Another problem with self-medication is a risk of using expired drugs, sharing them with friends or taking medicine that have been originally prescribed for some other problem and irrational use of drugs resulting in accidental drug poisoning. Therefore, it can be inferred that the practice of self-medication gets incorporated in the medical professionals right from their undergraduate days. Self-medication has its pros and cons and as an optimistic approach responsible self-medication is a convenient alternative to treat minor illnesses as well manage acute emergency, and is not always hazardous when one knows for what complaint which medicine is to be used, it is necessary to educate students for circumstances when they may self-medicate and when they must see a doctor even for apparently trivial complaints.
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Study of knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among health care workers at MC Gann Teaching District hospital of Shivamogga, India

Study of knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among health care workers at MC Gann Teaching District hospital of Shivamogga, India

The overall prevalence of self medication in nursing staff and paramedical staff was 100% in this study were as in a study conducted by Williams A et al the prevalence of self medication among nursing and midwifery students was 91.7%. 16 In a study conducted by Asa auta et al, the prevalence of self medication among medicine vendors was 75.4%. 17 Another study conducted among the health workers in tertiary hospital at Ondo State, Nigeria reported a prevalence of 73%. 18 Demographic variable such as education status, socioeconomic status, gender and age also affect the status of self medication, with Self- medication being more in advanced education, in middle income earners, female and lesser than 40 years of age. 19 Self medication is practiced due to the advantage of being convenient, saves time from consulting doctor, helps in treating minor ailments, being more economical when reaching doctor becomes difficult and early/initial relief of symptoms before consulting doctor. 20,21 Though self medication has advantages it is becoming an occupational hazard due to the ill effects of self medications such as use of sub therapeutic or toxic doses, use of improper drug, drug interactions, drug abuse or drug dependance, failure to diagnose the illness, wastage of health resources due to illicit use and drug resistance. 20,21 Self medication or irrational use of antibiotics has led society to antibiotic resistance which is a serious health problem worldwide. 22,23
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Perception and preferences of teaching and learning methods among second year medical students: a cross sectional survey in a rural tertiary care teaching hospital

Perception and preferences of teaching and learning methods among second year medical students: a cross sectional survey in a rural tertiary care teaching hospital

Most medical school curricula have adopted new methods of teaching and learning to varying degrees. 6 Didactic lectures, role playing, case studies and demonstrations through videotapes, problem based learning (PBL) and several others are the different teaching methods employed at the undergraduate level to appeal to students with different learning styles. But whether and how these things are appealing to the students need to be known. In medical education, planning a lesson which makes the student to gain maximum knowledge within a short span of time is also a challenge. 7 It is very important for any medical teacher to meet the educational need of the students regarding the knowledge, attitude and the skill. It is also necessary here to note that the medical students represent a different population which differs from general population in age, place, ethnicity, level of preparedness, learning styles and preferences. 8
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Knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among undergraduate medical students in a teaching institution

Knowledge, attitude and practice of self medication among undergraduate medical students in a teaching institution

The study shows that self medication is being practiced highly by the medical students who are equally exposed to the hazards of self medication like the general population. Self medication should be opted for only in appropriate situations and not inadvertently. Education of the medical students for safe self medication practices is the need of the hour. Awareness about the various adverse effects of the drugs, danger of interactions and antibiotic resistance should be created even among medical students. This will ensure safer self medication practices among the medical
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