large. Due to the nature of the industry, Apple thus needs to adopt effective strategies that will ensure long term sustainability of the company.
Among others, some of the strategies that Apple can adopt includes, increasing the number or retail outlets especially in developing countries, develop a mechanism that would allow for the devices (iphone and iPad) to be charged by other means apart from plugging in to an electricity socket since the main problem of the devises especially the iPhone have received complaints about the short battery life, license the use of Siri and Mac Software to different manufacturers, offer customers the opportunity to customize and personalize the products they want to buy from Apple just like what HP and Dell offers to their customers , Apple should also sell its products at discount rates in situations where they are bought in bulk by education institutions and as far as social corporate responsibility is concerned, Apple should be more engaged with the communities in regions where the company has operations since such approached will go a long way in enhancing Apple brand. From the suggested strategies the following are the definitive strategies that Apple should implement:-
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Introduction to CaseStudy
The new landscape of business today is faced with a turbulent environment which is dynamic and competitive. Firms of 21 st century are now faced with more challenges than ever before as a result of hyper competition, technological revolution and globalization. Business owners and strategist are at pain in finding a perfect solutions to keep their organization relevant to customer needs. Therefore, the need for firms to develop strategies that would foster competitive advantages and sustainability over rival firms are crucial. In present competitive and dynamic business environment, possessing or acquiring new technologies through research and development has become the fundamental objective to corporations like Apple Inc. Strategy is no longer just a broad vision but a particular configuration of activities Apple adopts compared to its rival. In analyzing its potential business opportunities and sources of competitive advantages within Apple Inc. the method researcher applied are SWOT analysis analysis to identify its Internal Factor Evaluation (IFE) and PESTEL analysis to identify the External Factor Evaluation (EFE) that contributed to Competitive Profile Matrix (CPM) to compare Apple’s positioning against its major competitors.
A Big AppleCaseStudy Big Benefits from Full CCAP Deployment
Time Warner Cable, not unlike other North American service providers, continually faces questions about how to deliver more speed, services and choices economically and efficiently to its millions of customers over networks that were initially built to meet different demands and expectations. To improve the customer experience, TWC embarked on a multi-year network transformation initiative in 2014. The initiative required key leaders to re-think how networks could be architected to deliver more – within the confines of costs, time, and space. TWC embraced the full complement of services made possible by Converged Cable Access Platform (CCAP) technology. This meant combining video and high-speed data services onto one platform, no easy feat given that the two networks had grown up side by side and were managed by separate teams within the company. Combining the various services (CMTS, VOD and SDV) onto one platform held the promise of dramatically reducing costs, complexity, and greatly improving the customer experience.
A casestudy was conducted on Apple. The instrument utilized in this study was a casestudy guide developed by the researcher (see Appendix A). Research for this study was conducted during a two-week period during February 2017. Both quantitative and qualitative information will be used in order to explain all aspects of the practices. The researcher primarily used the Apple website to gather information. The Values section of the website was accessed to find detailed information on Apple’s company values and the programs they utilize to fulfill those values. The About tab was used to find various information about the current and new corporate offices. To find general information about the company’s products and services, the 2016 10K Form was used. The
Businesses could play a vital role in responding sustainably to these challenges. There are several attempts for planning a sustainable supply chain where the reduction of material and waste/by-product recycling plays an important role . Reference  for example assumed a closed-loop economy based on the regeneration of re- gional resources keeping the balance between technical and natural environment. An extended input-output model was developed to prove that regenerative economy might be the future. Several studies on sustainability concerned the benefits of co-production. They revealed that integrated systems are more efficient using natural resources and energy -. Co-production allows reusing waste generated during the production process and creates new value-added products. To promote in-plant waste recovery, numerous research works was done at different industries. For example orange waste from beverage industry , biodegradable wastes from grain industry , waste heat from steel industry  and so on. Waste is recovered from the manufacturing process thanks to another production technology implemented, and converted into value-added products (e.g. animal feed, renewable fuel, methane, stone paper…) to reduce environmental impacts and increase economic perfor- mance of production processes  . Blue Economy type of businesses stands for waste recovery and co- production as well . However no literature was found to model Blue Economy type of businesses. For ana- lyzing further this type of production process Koopmans linear activity analysis has been taken into considera- tion. It well confirms to analyze closed or semi-closed loop productions, because it is a practical model allowing producers to choose between a finite number of distinct activities. Relying on more than one activities helps closing the loop of production and circulating materials. In comparison with Leontief input-output model, the degree of substitutability is greater in Koopmans model. It permits choosing from different production technolo- gies, while allowing a process to produce more than one product. That assumes the existence of an objective function and limiting constrains finding the optimal solution among several feasible sets -. It resonates with the concept of co-production, waste recovery, and closed-loop production systems etc. Taking the advan- tage of Koopmans methodology the aim of this study is to define the model for closed-loop production systems and to investigate it on the casestudy of a Hungarian apple juice factory. Finally compare the conventional and the closed-loop production process economic, social and environmental impact based on the casestudy.
In 2009, for instance, Samsung launched its movie store application for phones. Apple had previously entered this market by enabling movies on iTunes, which was initially a mere music platform. Other instances, in which Apple’s and Samsung’s products compete include the tablets, Galaxy Tab and Apple’s iPad, for instance. This is also a valid example of envelopment, which is something Samsung as a follower in terms of market entries, appears to engaging into often. In both cases, Apple released its product first and Samsung acted as a follower. The same applies to the releases of the first tablets and smartphones. This may be a reflection of strategy on a higher level: Apple’s early entries refer to a “pioneer” strategy, whereas waiting, and entering later represents a follower strategy (Miller et al, 1989). As discussed previously, the existing platform literature generally assumes Winner-Take-All battles that get sequentially disrupted and repeated, as a result of network dynamics (Cennamo & Visnjic, 2013). In these single-winner outcomes, managers are normally encouraged to subsidize the early adopters, and then, to rely on the network effects to drive the market to “tip” towards a single standard, typically owned by a single company (Kemerer et al, 2011). When it comes to the competition between Apple and Samsung, the results suggest, however, that this may not be the case. For these companies during the researched period of time, “winner-take-some”, might be more suitable way of describing the competition. The competition between these two has elements of supra platform competition, which assumes various different business models, envelopment moves to innovate those business models, or to compete, and innovations to protect the core market (Cennamo & Visnjic, 2013). As Cennamo & Visnjic (2013), further explain, these supra platform markets emerge as a result of parallel envelopment moves into neighboring markets, which lead to the erosion of the boundaries of the markets. For example, iTunes, initially a music platform has now expanded to books, movies and to other content.
Safety is very important for the employees in a company. Without safety a worker does not satisfy in the work place. In Safety needs affecting the sales people topics the questions come about the security and stability in the Apple Company. In the company accessibility and efficiency of employees is the transfer (Smoke, 2005). For this reason, the choice to deal out the authority to take away directors and staff were mannered. If less money allocate for the employees then less journey, staffs can upset in the life of security and stability of service. Apple have a secure data and Apple company different from others company about the protection of their own created data. It needs to give the security for the employees to protect the data. So the company needs to arrange the safe journey for the employees for safe them from kidnapping. Also the Apple does not give the reasonable overtime payments to their employees. It’s a big issue for employee’s satisfaction in the Apple Company. The Apple Company organise different shifts for their staffs. If the company give more hours and reasonable shifts that would be great but this is the big issues in the Apple Company. Company give the employees short shift and this is difficult for the employees. Also in the shift one week to another week staffs saw that more change coming in their shifts. As a result the balance shift pattern is not available in the Apple Company Stratford (Westfield) Branch UK. Also the length of the shifts is not expected by the employees. One of the employee who is work in the Apple Stratford (Westfield) branch UK last five years, he answered a question about the Safety needs affecting the sales people topic is like that:
Apple’s current vision statement was introduced by CEO Tim Cook, who stated, “We believe that we are on the face of the earth to make great products and that’s not changing. We are constantly focusing on innovating. We believe in the simple not the complex. We believe that we need to own and control the primary technologies behind the products that we make, and participate only in markets where we can make a significant contribution. We believe in saying no to thousands of projects, so that we can really focus on the few that are truly important and meaningful to us. We believe in deep collaboration and cross-pollination of our groups, which allow us to innovate in a way that others cannot. And frankly, we don’t settle for anything less than excellence in every group in the company, and we have the self- honesty to admit when we’re wrong and the courage to change. And I think regardless of who is in what job those values are so embedded in this company that Apple will do extremely well.”(Source: Panmore) Apple’s vision statement is considerably detailed and reflects the company’s comprehensive approach in ensuring continued growth and success. For instance, the vision statement enumerates a number of major points, such as the emphasis on innovation, which directly relates with Apple’s rapid innovation strategy. From the launch of iMac in 1998 to iPod in 2001 and the iPhone in 2007, Apple has been
Das dritte Ziel der Untersuchung ist es, herauszustellen, welchen Stellenwert emotio- nale Werbung im Marketing Mix der Apple Inc. einnimmt. Bei der Vorstellung der Marke „Apple― (Kapitel 5.2) wurde deutlich, dass die Apple Inc. seit den 1980er Jahren eine sehr erfolgreiche Marke aufgebaut wurde, die in einigen Rankings als wertvollste Mar- ke weltweit geführt wird 146 . Dabei setzt die Apple Inc. auch bei der Konzeption ihrer Werbespots auf emotionale Botschaften. So stellte sich bei der Analyse des klassi- schen Marketingmix (Kapitel 5.3) heraus, dass die starke Nachfrage nach dem iPhone 6 nicht durch seine technische Überlegenheit zu erklären ist, sondern nach Auffassung vieler Autoren eher auf die Kommunikationspolitik der Apple Inc. zurückzuführen ist 147 . In Kapitel 5.4.2 wurde deutlich, dass die Apple Inc. in den vergangenen Jahren einen „Kult― geschaffen hat, der für den Produktabsatz einen relevanten „added value― (Kapi- tel 5.1) darstellt. Damit werden viele der in Kapitel 4 beschriebenen emotionalen Fakto- ren in die Marketingstrategie eingebunden.
Licensed under Creative Common Page 696 sector. The question that is addressed in this case is whether an arrangement of collective farming provides the solution to this challenge. Farm cooperatives may avoid the negative effects of this factor, but when farmers were asked about this suggestion most of them hesitated to negotiate or operate as a group. As mentioned on the above paragraphs, government policies must support financially farmer’s cooperatives in order to reduce the negative effects of this barrier.
Virus disease play important role in the natural regulation of insect population and their potential as biocontrol agents were investigated since early 1950. The most promising virus agent for controlling apple arthropod pests is a granulovirus (family Baculoviridae), which was first isolated from dead larvae found in an orchard in Mexico . Granulovirus of codling moth (CpGV) is insect-specific granulovirus that offers new means of highly selective control of the codling moth Cydia pomonella L in fruit orchards . The commercial products that are utilized in IPM programs contain the virus in an aqueous suspension and are sprayed during the egg hatch. Thus, timing of GpCV application is critical in order to promote ingestion of the occlusion bodies into neonate larvae before they are entering into the fruits. The GpGV is highly selective and host range is actually limited to C. pomonella and few tortricidae [26,37]. Commercial products of CpGV are now registered and available in Europe and North America and used by orchardists worldwide . In addition, the application of CpGV is compatible with the use of other compounds in IPM [37,38]. Its sensitivity to degradation by UV light is the most important limitation for its widespread use as a biological control agent and research is being carried out to solve the problem . The combined use of yeast-based attractants, feeding stimulants or pear ester is proposed as novel insect control technique to enhance larval mortality when using granulovirus .
The calculations above using the solar panel with efficiency of 20% can replace only 28% of the total electricity required to run Blue Apple Printing in the U.K. The replacement of fossil fuels with solar cells will also reduce the carbon emission into the atmosphere and reduce damage to the environment. However, in Northern Iraq due to longer daily and annual daylight hours we can replace 83% of the energy needs with silicon solar cells.
Indeed, the apple sector has recorded significant growth in terms of area and production with average annual growth rates of 5.39% and 3.95% 2 over 2001-2016 period, respectively. However, this substantial improvement, which is expected to increase the surplus of both production and consumption areas, is penalized by unsatisfactory marketing conditions, especially the predominance of intermediaries in the marketing channels that monopolize a large part of the added value of the sector. In addition to their impact through the distortion of price signals between surplus and deficit markets, the market power of commercial intermediaries can be a source of asymmetric price transmission in the sense that price increases may be transmitted more rapidly than price decreases [3, 4, 5].
Apple sends an email if it looks like customer’s card is about to expire, or if they tried to buy a song and card was declined.
2. If a card fails 24 hours before expiration, Apple will try it again, up to 6 times in an 8 hour window (but no definite practice).
However Apple also has to struggle with intellectual property right claims against itself or litigation based on allegations of patent infringement, which are time-consuming, disruptive to the company´s operations, distracting to management and have even increased as the company has grown. This is especially critical concerning Apples cellular enabled products, which are facing a hard competition with mobile communication and media device companies that are possessing essential patent portfolios. Apple not only has to defend infringement actions within the U.S. and before the U.S. International Trade Commission but also internationally in Europe and Asia. These processes can be very costly and cause substantial damages. Apple points out that the harm could even be so broad that the company is temporarily or permanently prohibited from marketing or selling certain products through injunctions. In the long run a high degree of litigations can affect the financial condition and operating results of Apple by disgorgement of revenue or profits. This development could push the company in future to enter licensing agreements, although they might not be obtainable on acceptable terms and can´t ensure that litigation will not occur. Additionally, licensing agreements would increase the company´s expenses (Apple INC., 2013).
The first brand personality‟s indicator is sincerity. Which one has the better sincerity is depend on how the customers look into the product itself. If talking about sincerity, it refers to brand that are down-to-earth, honest, genuine, and cheerful. The brand not must to have all the personality criteria but at least has one of the criteria. Both of Apple Ipad and Samsung Galaxy Tab has a brand that can be accept by all people because of its genuine. But the problem is about the price that can‟t exactly cheap. So the price is one of a problem because it is not down-to-earth. It is true that Apple Ipad has more expensive price than Samsung Galaxy Tab but the price also makes Apple Ipad looked honest because although Apple Ipad has more expensive price but the product also has a great quality better than Samsung Galaxy Tab.
Collected information was analyzed with the help of SPSS programming and Excel. Statistical package for social science (SPSS) adaptation 23.0 for windows 8.1 was used for data examination and hypothesis testing. The statistical techniques used in this study are Average, Standard deviation (S.D) and Analysis of variance (ANOVA).
Consumer Reports then released information that indicated that an iPhone case could mitigate
the antenna problem. 9 At the end of the July 16, 2010 press conference in Cupertino – rather than at the beginning, and rather grudgingly – Apple offered free cases. Consumer Reports also indicated it did not think that that this solution amounted to a substantive offer from Apple, because the company was financially capable of providing a more reasonable solution. 9 According to Apple, a case “prevents skin-to-iPhone contact” at the lower left of the phone, which can change the cellular antenna’s ability to receive and transmit signals. Lastly,
The main material of the study consist 267 apple farmer surveys from Antalya, Denizli, Isparta, Karaman, Konya and Niğde Provinces. Farmers divided into the 5 groups according to the level of early warning adoption level through the evaluation of technical experts also it has been imposed on secondary sources such as organizations datas (Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, etc..), national/international publications. Districts are determined according to the apple production area in sampling process and villages which have early warning stations constituted sampling framework of the study. Stratified sampling method was used to calculate sampling size (Neyman) (Çiçek and Erkan, 1996). Farms divided in four orchard size according to apple production areas. Farms between 1-7.5 decares I.group, 7.6 – 25 decares II.group, 25.1 – 50 decares III.group and higher than 50.1 decares defined as IV.group. Interviewed farms are selected randomly. Data which gathered from survey had been transferred to the computer and analyzed by using staatistical package programs. Production costs constitute from all the expenses which are done during the production process such used inputs, services. Daily wages in the regions are taken as a basis while calculating family workforce. 3% of total variable cost be considered as a general management cost. Circulating capital interest is a variable cost which shows capital’s alternative cost. Circulating capital interest calculated by using half (%6.5) of the Turkish Agriculture Bank crop credit interest rate (%13.5). Land interest calculated by using 5% of the current purchase and sale value in the research region (Kıral ve ark.,1999). Facility capital interest is calculated by using 5% interest to the half of the total facility costs. As is known facility cost in perennial plant means all the various expenses from the beginning to the first harvesting season. In perennial plant some of the facility cost can be in the first year and some of them can be in few years and some of them can be every year until the harvesting.
temperature and rainfall in magnitude and timing. He revealed that temperature determines quantity and quality of fruits produced. Higher temperature at the fruit development stage speeds-up maturity, fruit size and quality . Researchers showed that climate change affects the chilling requirement of temperate fruit crops significantly and therefore, the opportunity to meet this requirement will be reduced as the climate becomes warmer. Increase in average global temperature has shifted the existing plant species and varieties to new latitudinal belts with favorable climates . A study at two locations in Himachal revealed prevalence of lower average temperature and its impact on delaying the flowering time of apples . Role of environmental conditions on flowering and yield in apple in district Kullu of Himachal Pradesh was studied and it was found that that low temperature during the winter promote rest completion, whereas the high temperatures interspersed with low chilling temperature retard this process . Impact of climate change on apple output was studied and linkages between productivity and weather parameters have revealed ‘temperature variations’ as pivotal factor in disturbing the hydrological cycle and intensity of occurrence of other parameters . Researchers carried out a study in Lahaul-Spiti, Kullu and Shimla district and highlighted that temperature in apple growing regions of the mountain state of Himachal Pradesh showed increasing trends whereas precipitation showed decreasing trends. They further revealed that climate change has demonstrated its impact with the decreasing productivity of apple crops in recent years at lower elevations, providing opportunity for more apple cultivation at higher elevation regions of Himachal Pradesh . Researchers correlated the meteorological and apple production data for years (2001- 2009