Top PDF The Challenges of Rural Women Participation in Development in Delta State

The Challenges of Rural Women Participation in Development in Delta State

The Challenges of Rural Women Participation in Development in Delta State

Illiteracy. There is a high rate of illiteracy among rural women in the less developed countries of the world particularly in Nigeria. Mutangadura (2005) noted that women are more likely to be less educated than men. This condition was predicated on the belief that the girl or woman would end up in another family; discarding the father‟s name for the would-be-husband. Some fathers therefore concentrated on giving formal education to their male children at the expense of the female child. Low level of education is one of the known hindrances to women development and active participation in community development. Ekong (2003) observed with dismay that most rural women do not understand even a display of instructions by line diagrams and are not capable of adopting improved agricultural practices. It is so complicated that rural women cannot understand innovations and contemporary trends in most human endeavours. Apart from their inability to access credit and extension messages, they are unable to know their rights and identify economic support mechanisms that are available (Ofuoku and Emuh, 2009).
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Challenges to Women Active Participation in Politics in Nigeria

Challenges to Women Active Participation in Politics in Nigeria

The global issue of goal 3 (to promote gender equality and empower women) of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) and other international clarion calls for bridging the gap created by long-term discriminations against women and making women visible in politics made Nigeria to recognize women in the political sphere, and include them in both appointive and elective positions. It is no doubt that women still remain highly marginalized, discriminated against; and are under-represented in political life of the nation. This is more obvious when the proportion of men to women in politics and decision making positions is compared despite the fact that women represent 50% of the nation’s population. Several challenges that Nigerian women still face in active participation in politics such as discriminatory socio-cultural and religious practices; lack of finance; under-representation of women in governance; unhealthy political environment; political party discrimination; wrong perception of women in politics; lack of family, fellow women and media support; indigenization of women political aspirants; among others, have been identified as responsible for this state of affair. Thus, the recommended measures to guarantee women active participation in politics in Nigeria included review of discriminatory practices; economic empowerment; support from family, fellow women and media; equal representation in governance; healthy political environment; proper perception of women in politics, among others.
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Corporate Social Responsibility and the role of Rural Women in Sustainable Agricultural Development in sub Saharan Africa: Evidence from the Niger Delta in Nigeria

Corporate Social Responsibility and the role of Rural Women in Sustainable Agricultural Development in sub Saharan Africa: Evidence from the Niger Delta in Nigeria

The analysis of Figure 4 suggests that the interests of most rural women are in farming enterprises, but the 14% not willing to farm, probably were the riverine women occupied with helping their husbands in artisanal fisheries or petty trading of local gins (Kaikai). Hence, the key hindrance to agricultural development and broader growth in the region remains the wide and pervasive agenda gap in access to agricultural land asset and inputs in agricultural productivity. This finding tends to concur with Oseni et al (2015) in that women comprise nearly half of the labour force in Nigeria’s agricultural sector, but they produce less per hectare than men. Also Aguilar et al (2015) in Ethiopia agree that the numerous disadvantages that women in agriculture face include accessing the same resources, land assets, inputs, training, markets and opportunities as men. In Malawi, Karamba and Winters (2015) remarks that women also face ingrained norms and institutional barriers that further widen the gap. Therefore, tackling the barriers that hold back the participation of female farmers in the GMoUs could both enhance gender equality and usher in broader economic activities in the Niger Delta region.
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“Managing Rural Economic Development through Advancement of Rural Women Participation and Leadership”

“Managing Rural Economic Development through Advancement of Rural Women Participation and Leadership”

Women round the world are dynamic leaders and powerful advocates of development and change. However area for his or her leadership and broader social and political participation remains affected. By mid-2011, solely twenty eight countries may claim that women’s parliamentary illustration had reached a vital mass of 30% or additional. Solely nineteen women were leading their countries as electoral heads of state or government. Female support countries have to extend women’s political leadership, as well as constitutional reforms and special temporary measures to lift the amount of women’s presence in political positions. Wherever women have equal right to access economic assets, good livelihoods and leadership opportunities, the building blocks of economic authorization, economic well-being will increase. The global Economic Forum’s Gender Gap Report found that in 134 countries with offered information, larger gender equality correlates with a better gross national product. However way too usually, gender discrimination continues to undercut women’s choices. Women advocates for economic authorization as women are right, and as a colossal profit for societies and economies. It supports countries in enacting laws and policies that increase women’s access to economic resources, and to ascertain services that support property livelihoods. This paper examined advancement of rural women because the foundation for the accomplishment of the twenty first century development goals in Asian nation. The paper highlighted on the authorization of rural women, as well as in reference to access to education and coaching, management over resources, participation in decision-making, changes in unit structures, migration and knowledge and communication technologies and descriptions activities administrated by the organizations of the Indian system to enhance the case of rural women and makes recommendations.
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Impact of Microcredit on Women Empowerment in India: An Empirical Study of Punjab State

Impact of Microcredit on Women Empowerment in India: An Empirical Study of Punjab State

The study shows that microcredit has significantly improved the income of the women respondents which in turn has increased their participation in household decisions. This impact is more among large borrowers than small borrowers. Thus, microcredit has strengthened the women empowerment. The results of regression analysis indicate that the impact of microcredit is highly significant and established positive relationship with empowerment index in the rural area of Punjab. Thus, women mobilization towards Self Help Groups should be encouraged through the process of motivation which will lead to empowerment and is very essential for their upliftment and overall economic development of the country. Moreover, the problems like delay in sanction of loan, inadequate loan size, lack of skill based training and difficulties in marketing the product must be addressed for effective working and sustainability of SHGs in the state of Punjab.
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Rural Development in Maharashtra to upgrade the living standard of Rural People

Rural Development in Maharashtra to upgrade the living standard of Rural People

Abstract- Rural development is conceived as strategy aimed at finding ways to improve the rural lives with participation of the rural people themselves so as to meet the required need of the rural area. According to World Bank (2005), rural development is the process of rural modernization and the monetization of the rural society leading to its transition from traditional isolation to integration with the national economy. Also, rural development is perceived as a process of not only increasing the level of per capital income in the rural areas but also the standard of living of the rural population measured by food and nutrition level, health education, housing, recreation and security. Conversely, environmental challenges can limit the attainment of rural development goal with agriculture specifically like Yavatmal District area, in Mahatashtra . The basic objective of this paper is to upgrade the living standard of the rural people by providing ways to develop rural parts of Maharashtra and improving food security including those below poverty line (BPL) by restricting the rural-urban migration. However, to provide optimum benefit to the grass-root level, there is a need for coordination among various Government agencies and other institutions engaged in rural development for State Government and Central governments various project. This will also assist to upgrade the living standard of the rural people in Sustainable Livelihood Development of a settlement.
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Role of participatory videos in economic empowerment of rural women: a case study from Bangladesh

Role of participatory videos in economic empowerment of rural women: a case study from Bangladesh

Currently women are mostly deprived in Bangladesh. Their work is not properly recognized. But they have the potentiality to do many income generating activities (Parveen and Leonhauser, 2004). Participatory video programs aim at developing the overall sphere of community at grass root level by empowering rural women and mainstreaming them in household economic contribution. Participatory video permits for women empowerment in a range of ways. Papa et al. (2000) reported that empowerment of women is connected to sharing feelings (connectedness), assessing individual measures for relationships and environmental shock (integrative thoughts) and serving one others in the course of joint stroke (mutual enactment). A large number of women also take part in these development programs. For true development of rural women, participatory video programs have to find out the level of empowerment of the beneficiaries and taken special program for low empowered women. To identify the level of empowerment and formulate development strategies, it is necessary to conduct a study on empowerment of the women in the perspective of countryside of Bangladesh. The focal point of the study is to determine and describe the empowerment of rural women through Income Generating Activities (IGAs) under participatory video programs. The following specific objectives are undertaken for this study:
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Rural women and agricultural development in India

Rural women and agricultural development in India

Women’s involvement in agriculture and allied activities: According to Swaminathan, “some historians believe that it was woman who first domesticated crop plants and there by initiated the art and science of farming. While men went out hunting in search of food, women started gathering seeds from the native flora and began cultivating those of interest from the point of view of food, feed, fodder, fibre and fuel”. In India women producers are focused on value, volume and number of hours worked for producing food. But some works like collecting fuel, fodder and water, growing vegetable, farm production are unrecorded in the census country. The women who have work on family land also not recorded as a workers but 78% of women are found who are engaged in agriculture particular in the rural area. They are found as third workers on the land. The traditional gender division of labour ensures that these women get on average 30% lower wages than men. Women’s livelihood strategies and their support on food security are diverged and complex, from cultivating crops, rearing the family, gardening etc. They make above contributions unequal access to land, inputs and information. Women have played a key role for improving the agricultural production and other allied activities in India. It is prove that the women farmers performance in labour intensive job like weeding, picking, cotton stick collection etc. During the harvesting and weeding time the women labour is needed in the work of transporting by carrying a bundle of crops and weeding from the field. The physical strain among the female workers is high because of the heavy work in agricultural activities. Multiple works like transporting, land preparation, cleaning of animals sheds, feeding the animals and disposal of cow dung which have directly effects on women health. Due to poverty most of the women face lack of required protein which has got a very poor health.
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The Role of Women in Strengthening Family Economy in Indonesia

The Role of Women in Strengthening Family Economy in Indonesia

In the question of technical effort women face the same barriers with perpetrators of micro enterprises in General. Lack of capital, the limited market coverage, limitations appropriate technological mastery, as well as the limited mastery of the management skills and mastery of technical production is an example of the problem related to the technical effort. While the structural persolan are political women faced from two sides of the same weight, first a range of regulations that are not conducive to women for business development because of less sensitive gender, such as banking and other institutions in providing credit services and programs that highlight the head family as beneficiaries. Other structural issues related to inequality relationship between women with husbands and families.
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Role of Microfinance in Micro Entrepreneurship Development in Bangladesh: Prospects and Challenges

Role of Microfinance in Micro Entrepreneurship Development in Bangladesh: Prospects and Challenges

Access to credit was critical for the success of almost every enterprise of this study. From the starting up of business venture to scaling up, and sustaining the ventures, access to credit was the catalyst of success. MFIs in that case played as very flexible and reliable source of financing to the enterprises. Almost all the respondents of this study have started becoming successful when they could ensure influx of money into their business. It is evident from both successful and failed enterprises that credit was key player behind success and failure. When entrepreneurs could ensure required investment, their business expanded and when they had to withdraw money from their business due to personal, familial or other reasons their business stumbled and in few cases shut down. After analyzing the cases, critical role of MFIs found in three stages of microenterprises development viz.; during starting up the venture, during scaling up of venture and during critical time of venture.
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The Existence of Hinduism in the Legal System State Administration in Indonesia

The Existence of Hinduism in the Legal System State Administration in Indonesia

Constitutional Law is a branch of law that directly discusses the problems of constitutional law that apply today in Indonesia. This means that the rules of Constitutional Law that have prevailed in the past are not Positive Law, if the regulation is at present is no longer valid. However, the regulations are also still needed as an important material in order to study the history of the Indonesian constitution.As a state of law, "The government is obliged to carry out the law as a binding source must be obeyed ..." (Pudja, 2002: 22) and always be used as a guideline or consideration in order to regulate the community, state, or in the process of proceedings outside or in court. According to the power of law, the Hindu law can be divided into two, Dharma and Rta.
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Languages of Education in Nigeria: Extent of Implementation in the (UBE) Schools in Ebonyi State

Languages of Education in Nigeria: Extent of Implementation in the (UBE) Schools in Ebonyi State

Ezemma (2004), Chukwu (2007) and Ughammadu and Okaforcha (2012) state that resources that enhance implementation of languages in Education were at variance in urban and rural areas and point out that some schools in the rural areas experience poor staffing and that specialized language teachers were lacking in schools. Also, the scholars note that the number of students taught English language was not matched with corresponding number of teachers, and in most cases students were not taught or were not taught by teachers with requisite qualifications. Poor funding, lack of training and retraining of teachers of languages are mostly experienced in the rural areas. Most often fund mapped out for certain projects are diverted for some other things unrelated to education (Gusau, 2016). Also training and re- training of teachers were often not done but even when such opportunities were given to teachers, some head teachers most often only included their relatives, their town’s people or their friends disregarding those they call the non-indigene even when such teachers may have come from the same state probable because of the very meager token snack stipends that were paid to participants. This might be why Anikweze (2011) explains that education should serve as a vehicle for enthroning culture of reforms and so prescribed the training and retraining of teachers in comprehensive approaches. However, the Head teachers forgot that all the teachers in the school whether indigene or non-indigene are teachers and they aspire for one goal which is effective education delivery while those who do not benefit from the training and retraining exercise, the effect would be that the pupil become recipient of the effect of poor pedagogy. Eluwa and Akanwa (2013) and Adu and Olaita (2007) point out that Nigeria educational system has suffered some setbacks in terms of adequate qualified teachers. Teachers’ knowledge of the subject matter they teach has attracted increasing attention from research scholars and policy makers over the years (Akinsolu, 2010). Adequate training and retraining of teachers especially in languages in education in Nigeria no doubt would enhance effective language implementation in schools.
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The Relevance Of Genetics In The Development Of Fishery Technology In Nigeria

The Relevance Of Genetics In The Development Of Fishery Technology In Nigeria

Genetics can be placed at the central core of fishery development. It has profoundly buttress the fishery technology of some countries. There exist scanty reported works on fish genetics in Nigeria. Some noticeable problems militating against the development and progress of fish genetics in the nation include the followings : Life cycle of fish : The life cycle of an organism must be fully and easily controlled for good genetical study to be carried out. Most fishes have complex cycles which contribute to the set-back of fish genetics research in fish culture. This is the major problem militating against rapid development and expansion of aquaculture in the tropics generally. In Nigeria most species preferred by consumers such ar Chrysichythys nigrodigitatus (silver catfish), Clarias gariepinus (mud catfish), Lates niloticus (Nile perch), Heteropbronchus bidersalis (catfish) etc are difficult to breed. This necessitates specialized hatchery techniques which are difficult to combey.
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Prevalence of hypertension in the rural adult population of Osun State, southwestern Nigeria

Prevalence of hypertension in the rural adult population of Osun State, southwestern Nigeria

Hypertension is a silent killer and most patients are detected to have it incidentally when they are admitted to hospital for unrelated disease or subjected to pre-employment or preoperative medical checkups. Many patients are also diagnosed when they seek medical advice because of target organ damage. Target organ damage and associated clinical conditions are very common in newly diagnosed hypertensive patients in Nigeria, with a recently reported prevalence of 66.7%. 16 However, the majority of the rural population

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No gynecologist in town: the gynecological care&nbsp;of women in rural Taiwan<br />

No gynecologist in town: the gynecological care&nbsp;of women in rural Taiwan<br />

There were some limitations in our current study. First, with our algorithm, the residency could not be identified in 6.3% of women because they did not utilize any ambulatory medical services during the year. Perhaps their unmet needs in gynecological services also deserved investigation. Second, the diagnosis codes from deidentified claims data are limited in that we only could access to determine their accuracy. Furthermore, disease severity and urgency were Table 4 Number and percentage of women living in towns without a gynecologist and having gynecological diseases in 2010 (n=5,189), stratified by disease group and type of consulted clinic
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<p>Statistical Challenges in Development of Prognostic Models in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Comparison Between Existing Models &ndash; A Systematic Review</p>

<p>Statistical Challenges in Development of Prognostic Models in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma: Comparison Between Existing Models &ndash; A Systematic Review</p>

Methods and Results: A literature search identi fi ed 46 articles that proposed 55 different prognostic models for DLBCL by combining different clinical, laboratory, and other para- meters of prognostic signi fi cance. In addition, six studies used nomograms, which avoid risk categorization, to create prognostic models. Only a minority of studies assessed discrimina- tion and/or calibration to compare existing models built upon different statistical methods in the process of development of a new prognostic model. All models based on nomograms reported the c-index as a measure of discrimination. There was no uniform evaluation of the performance in other prognostic models. We compared these models of DLBCL by calculat- ing differences and ratios of 3-year overall survival probabilities between the high- and the low-risk groups. We found that the highest and lowest ratio between low- and high-risk groups was 6 and 1.31, respectively, while the difference between these groups was 18.9% and 100%, respectively. However, these studies had limited duration of follow-up and the number of patients ranged from 71 to 335.
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Participation of women in HIV clinical trials: the IPEC-FIOCRUZ experience

Participation of women in HIV clinical trials: the IPEC-FIOCRUZ experience

Women that were not screened for a clinical trial may not have been asked to participate for a variety of reasons. First, women would not have been asked to participate if the prescreening process determined them to be ineligible. This is often the case for women that are well controlled on their current ART, as many of our studies target treatment-naïve patients or those in need of salvage therapy. Second, women were asked to participate based on the type of trial being conducted. Therefore, women on ART could not have been asked to participate, for example, if only treatment-naïve studies were available at a given time. Third, women may have been eligible for but not asked to participate if the num- ber of female or total enrollment slots was limited. Lastly, some women may not have been approached to participate for reasons not captured above (physician preference, etc).
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Challenges for Rural Infrastructure Development Fund: A Case Study of Karnataka State

Challenges for Rural Infrastructure Development Fund: A Case Study of Karnataka State

Available online: https://edupediapublications.org/journals/index.php/IJR/ P a g e | 4222 in urban areas, lack of adequate mass transport facilities has spawned an explosion of personalized transport especially of two wheelers and cars. The proliferating automobiles in cities have hiked pollution and accidents as never before. The clogged arteries of the cityscape have paradoxically slowed down mobility. And the urban-rural divide is manifest in every field of infrastructure development including transport. A large number of villages lack a reliable all weather road connection with near-by markets and towns.
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Gap Bridging Between Policy and Reality of Industrial Development in the State of Gujarat

Gap Bridging Between Policy and Reality of Industrial Development in the State of Gujarat

Since independence in India, the role of state and union government is to provide all socio-economic facilities to its all citizens, for which government has to lead the economic development from the front. Until recent past, the government use to play role of “provider” which altered and became as “facilitator” after economic reforms in 90’s. Even before its inception, the union government has realized the need of sizable industrial development for rapid economic development and hence since first Five- Year Plan, the heavy thrust has been given on industrialization.
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Analysis of Socio Economic Determinants to Broiler Production by Rural Women in Imo State of Nigeria

Analysis of Socio Economic Determinants to Broiler Production by Rural Women in Imo State of Nigeria

Abstract— Women have been the bed rock of agriculture in Sub Saharan Africa as they feature in all arrays of the sector and prominent among them is broiler production. This sub sector of animal production has not only empowered these women in alleviating poverty in their domains but source of savings. In recognition of the aforesaid, successive Nigeria government and nongovernmental organization had introduced various policies and programmes aimed at developing and dissemination of improved technologies and associated production packages to these farmers in order to encourage them. This study was designed at identifying the farmers’ socioeconomic factors that will enhance the adoption of improved production technologies as these would aid the concerned bodies for appropriate policies formulation for the success of the programmes. This research is indispensable especially now that animal protein origin is deficient in the menu of many poor households in the country and there is great need to remedy the situation as effects of malnutrition are devastating.. 120 farmers were selected using multi stage random sampling technique. Structured questionnaire was used to illicit information from the farmers. Peason product moment correlation technique and percentage response were used to address the effect of farmers’ socioeconomic characteristics on their output and their production constraints respectively. The study found that age, level of education, household size and access to credit were the major determinants of the size of broiler production in the study area. The cost and return analysis showed that broiler is a profitable venture, on comparing the total cost (712,125) to total revenue (925,000) with the benefit cost ratio of 1:1.2. The major constraints to broiler production were; poor access to credit, high labour cost, poor breed of chicks and
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