Top PDF COMMERCIAL AREAS OFALLAHABAD CITY AND ITS IMPACT ON CONTOUR TRAFFIC NOISE POLLUTION OF THE THE ENVIRONMENT

COMMERCIAL AREAS OFALLAHABAD CITY AND ITS IMPACT ON CONTOUR TRAFFIC NOISE POLLUTION OF THE THE ENVIRONMENT

COMMERCIAL AREAS OFALLAHABAD CITY AND ITS IMPACT ON CONTOUR TRAFFIC NOISE POLLUTION OF THE THE ENVIRONMENT

41 | P a g e roads [5]Generally, motor vehicles, which form a significant part of urban environment, are an important source of noise emission, contributing about 55% of the total urban noise [6]The rapid growth of vehicular population gives rise to unrestrained noise pollution and other associated health problems causing both short term as well as long term psychological and physiological disorders. Traffic can be considered as the major source of noise pollution in large cities [7,8]Depending on its duration and volume of exposure noise pollution effects can be categorized into physical effects (temporary and permanent loss of hearing), physiological effects (high blood pressure, cardiac problem) and psychological effects (sleeplessness, decrease in working efficiency, stress, annoyance etc) [9] Chronic exposure to noise can cause temporary as well as permanent loss of hearing. Besides the auditory effect noise can also cause other significant non auditory health effects, such as cardiovascular problems, hypertension, changes in social behavior and induces depressive tendencies [10] Long-lasting, high- level sounds are the most damaging to hearing and generally the most annoying. Therefore, a study was planned on noise generated from the different commercial areas of Allahabad city and its impact on the people so as to bring down the pollution level through public participation and to suggest mitigation measures.
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Effect of Road Traffic Noise Pollution in Cuddalore Town: A Case Study

Effect of Road Traffic Noise Pollution in Cuddalore Town: A Case Study

Abstract: The paper suggests that vulnerable institutions like schools and hospitals should be located about 50m away from the roadside unless any special arrangement to alleviate sound is used. Noise measurements were taken at seventeen chosen areas with high population density, heavy traffic, commercial and residential buildings. At each sampling site six readings were taken after an interval of every 45 minutes in June 2012. Average, maximum and minimum values were calculated and compared with standards prescribed by the Central Pollution Control Board. Noise pollution was measured and analyzed and it was noticed that the maximum average of noise level was measured. The major contribution of the traffic noise, towards overall noise pollution scenario, is a well-known established fact. Traffic noise from highways creates problems for surrounding areas, especially when there are high traffic volumes and high speeds. Vehicular traffic noise problem is contributed by various kinds of vehicles like heavy, medium trucks/buses, automobiles and two wheelers. Amongst, noise pollution is an important type, which causes more annoyance and health problems to the human beings. The present work discusses the fundamentals of acoustics and analysis of vehicular traffic noise. The vehicles represent the most important noise source. It was estimated to about 80% from road vehicles. Road traffic noise is one of the most widespread and growing environmental problems in urban areas. The impact of road traffic noise on the community depends on various factors such as road location and design, land use planning measures, building design, vehicle standards and driver behavior. In the study area 17 locations are identified to measure noise level. By using sound level meter noise levels are measured at different peak sessions i.e. morning, afternoon and evening.
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A  Review on Noise Pollution due to Traffic

A Review on Noise Pollution due to Traffic

Abstract: Noise pollution, in the recent times, has been well recognized as one of the major trepidations that impact the quality of life in urban areas across the globe. India’s major cities are rapidly emerging as industrialized and urbanized cities and have started facing severe noise pollution problems. Noise compared to other types of pollution disrupts daily routine and quality of life. Noise level more than permissible limit, is called noise pollution. It is underrated environmental problem. Every day several vehicles are moving in and around the city resulting in immense heavy traffic congestion and severe noise pollution. Therefore most of the major roads experience huge vehicular congestion during peak hours and it crosses the permissible limit of noise. This paper includes a study on hazardous effects of Noise Pollution and reviews the literature on research carried out in various years and different parts of the world to demonstrate the current status of noise pollution due to traffic.
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A study on ambient and traffic noise pollution in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

A study on ambient and traffic noise pollution in Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India

Mishra et al., (2008) studied the adverse impacts of noise on male and female population comprising of different age groups in Roorkee. The analysis indicated that automobiles and loud speakers are major sources of noise pollution. Significant adverse impacts such as effect on hearing, interference with communication, annoyance, sleep disturbance, deafness, are noticeable from the respondents. Public awareness and education are some of the probable solutions suggested for mitigating the problems. Vidyasagar and Nageswar Rao (2006) studied ambient noise levels in Visakhapatnam, an industrial and sea port city in coastal Andhra Pradesh. Ambient noise levels measured at six different locations representing residential, industrial, commercial, and silence zones indicated high sound levels which is alarming. Ambika et al. (2015) mapped noise levels in Mumbai, which is considered as commercial capital of India with massive development projects pertaining to infrastructural and commercial sectors that will be continuing on a regular basis, and observed that the noise levels in the city, on the whole, were very high and above the permissible limits. Balashanmugam et al., (2013) studied the ambient sound levels in Chidambaram at various locations and found that they are higher than permissible limits. Vehicular traffic and air horns are found to be the main reasons for these high noise levels. Sundarakumar (2011) studied ambient noise levels in Vijayawada, a commercially busy city located along Krishna river in Andhra Pradesh. Thirty four noise samples analyzed in urban and rural areas indicated that the noise levels are elevated in urban areas compared to suburban areas. Balashanmugam et al. (2013) studied the noise levels at different locations belonging to four zones viz., residential, commercial, industrial and silence, in Cuddalore, Tamilanadu and opined that the ambient noise levels are exceeding the prescribed limits. Rapid and unplanned urbanization resulting in great influx of people from all parts of the region and country, improper management of town roads and traffics, lack of sufficient parking spaces and exponential growth of both private and public vehicles in the city are identified as the major reasons.
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Noise Pollution Analysis during Chhath Puja in Gorakhpur City

Noise Pollution Analysis during Chhath Puja in Gorakhpur City

Abstract—Noise pollution beyond a level is harmful. Recently noise pollution has been well recognized as one of the major trepidations that impact the quality of life in urban areas across the globe. The present work, shares the assessed data regarding noise levels in the commercial areas of Gorakhpur city during Chhath puja which is celebrated by major people in Hindu Religion in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. Selected points as per their purpose were sampled in commercial zone in order to cover the whole commercialized and populated area of the city. The observation sites were selected at ten different locations in commercial areas of Gorakhpur city and Energy Equivalent noises (Leq) for hourly observations for noise were made at these sites. The relative standing of noise with respect to regulatory norms was looked into and the range of minimum and maximum values of Leq was also workout. It is found that the noise levels are generated by traffic volume and congestion, generators and people on roads. It is also seen that, on many sites, significant increase in noise is observed whole day as because of public holiday. Maximum people were in the market for shopping and after 2 p.m. people were in chaos to arrive at Chhath ghats and other establishments and commercial activity picks up. Due to Chhath puja daily traffic volume in the market was larger than the normal days. It is suggested that implementation of speed limit to vehicles on road, provision of silencers and sound proof generators, traffic diversion, phasing out of old noisy vehicles, declaration of no horn zone and provision of noise barriers, wherever feasible, along with tree plantation may be considered for reduction of noise.
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Upcoming Longest Elevated Flyover Carridor of the State of Madhya Pradesh in the City of Jabalpur is Control the Noise Pollution

Upcoming Longest Elevated Flyover Carridor of the State of Madhya Pradesh in the City of Jabalpur is Control the Noise Pollution

In WHO noise quality guidelines, values are summarized with regard to specific environments and effects. For each environment and situation, the guideline values take into consideration the identified health effects and are set, based on the lowest levels of noise that affect health (critical health effect). Guideline values typically correspond to the lowest effect level for general populations, such as those for indoor speech intelligibility. Noise guideline values are for the onset of health effects from noise exposures [19].The role of WHO about the control of noise pollution is noteworthy. Although WHO is not an authority to prescribe the limits of noise, it recommends some permissible limits of noise, which are just advisory for its member states [16].
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Assessment of local pollution influence on the weather and impact on the air quality over subtropical southern Africa

Assessment of local pollution influence on the weather and impact on the air quality over subtropical southern Africa

over the highland and further distribute it across. Between 2005 and 2010, wind patterns become more intense in summer, this could possibly scatter emissions further. Sulphate aerosols can also act as sites for cloud formation (cloud condensation nuclei [CCN]), althoughclouds formed around these compounds have varying radiative properties than other CCN. Increases in sulphate abundance may lead to more clouds or increase cloud albedo, and cause a net reduction in solar radiation reaching the earth surface (AQRS, 2001).An increase in the rainfall intensity in summer would imply more pollution washout from the atmosphere, especially in the proximity of polluting areas. On the other hand, frequent winds in winter increase likelihood of pollution transport and/or result in the build up of pollution (haze) above. This can alter radiation budget (depending on the intensity of absorbing or scattering aerosols present), or impact on cloud microphysical properties.
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Study Of Traffic Noise Pollution At Intersection of Major Roads For Akola City (M S)

Study Of Traffic Noise Pollution At Intersection of Major Roads For Akola City (M S)

was found that the noise pollution at all the time violating the Indian norms of ambient noise standard. In this paper finally it concluded that noise pollution must be controlled in Akola city by enforcing the ambient noise standard strictly and by diverting traffic on the other roads as possible, also it needs to change the mindset, developed positive attitude and awareness to create noise free environment.

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Impact assessment of noise pollution in relation to damage on human in Sydney and the precarious noise pollution of Dhaka

Impact assessment of noise pollution in relation to damage on human in Sydney and the precarious noise pollution of Dhaka

Construction of New Roads and other Modes of Travel: It is a fact that Dhaka city does not have enough roads for the exiting vehicle on top of that every month thousand cars are added to the existing fleets making traffic congestion worse. It is also true that Dhaka is one of the unplanned cities in the world. I am sorry to say that RAJUK has certified big multistorey building but never thought of keeping enough road space to pass two cars even in areas like Gulshan, Banani and Baridhara. Rajuk has made Dhaka city inhabitable. Getting a new road within Dhaka city is impossible therefore alternative mode of transport is the only answer. There were many governments in the past who were so busy in governing that they did not have any time to think about the increase of population, necessity of new roads, they did not have the capacity to think that Dhaka city will become a mega. They were busy in looting people’s money under the protection of notorious home minister Lutfuzzaman Babar siphoning thousands of crores of taka to foreign banks and left every difficult task to be completed by Sheikh Hasina the current prime minister. Sheikh Hasina has already proved that she is a true patriot like her father - Bangabandhu – Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and she has already established our economy on very strong footings. UN has declared that under her (Sheikh Hasina) leadership Bangladesh is on its way to become one of the top 30 economies of the world by 2030. She has begun revolution to build mega infrastructural projects. Construction of “Light Rail” roads and many u-loops, under passes and over passes have begun under the supervision of Transport Minister. Once done things will be lot better. The country therefore needs her to govern with her rock solid determination, courage
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Industrial Noise Pollution and Its Impact on the Hearing Capacity of Workers: A Case Study of Gujranwala City, Pakistan

Industrial Noise Pollution and Its Impact on the Hearing Capacity of Workers: A Case Study of Gujranwala City, Pakistan

used to get information. Questionnaire contains 26 questions some questions are related the worker’s personal profile, diseases that occurred in the noisy environment like headache, hearing loss, ear discharge, earache, annoyance, irritation, tinnitus, exposure of noise pollution and awareness about noise pollution among the workers. In data collection binary earth software GPS device handy GPS (version 16.6) with the accuracy level approximately 15 feet was used to trace the geographical location of the industries visited during the survey. Microsoft Excel 2010 and cross- tabulation was used for the graphical presentation. Chi- square run over to summarize data, in chi-square test find out the association among different variables. Spatial data were analyzed using Arc GIS. Interpolation IDW and buffering analysis were performed to show the noise pollution levels in Gujranwala industries and prepared maps to show hearing loss among industrial workers and pollution level in different location of Gujranwala.
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REVIEW ON ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE POLLUTION

REVIEW ON ROAD TRAFFIC NOISE POLLUTION

Transportation sector is one of the main contributors to noise in the urban areas. The traffic noise environment in Balasore, a city of Orissa, India in terms of standard noise offensives, community response and community health effects are worked out in the present study. A preliminary survey adopting questionnaire method amongst 212 local inhabitants also carried out to gather secondary information about the suffering of noise related physical condition problems. Noise pollution is not properly recognized despite the fact that it is steadily growing in Developing countries like India and in particular in the state Orissa. It is well conventional now that noise is a potential hazard to health, communication and pleasure of social life. Transportation sector is one of the main contributors to noise in this urban area. The present study explicitly reveals that the noise levels are greater than the permissible limit in all the six locations including 24 sites. Of noise pollution associated with the proposed project should be established
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THE ADVERSE PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACT OF NOISE POLLUTION AND ITS HEALTH HAZARDS

THE ADVERSE PSYCHOSOCIAL IMPACT OF NOISE POLLUTION AND ITS HEALTH HAZARDS

According to the international programme on chemical safety (WHO,1994), an adverse effect of noise is defined as a change in the morphology and physiology of an organism that result in impairment of functional capacity, or an impairment of capacity to compensate for additional stress, or increases the susceptibility of an organism to the harmful effects of other environmental influences, this definition includes any temporary or long-term lowering of the physical, psychological or social functioning of humans or human organs. When considering the effects of noise on human health and quality of life, we have to take onto account the intensity of the sound in question, its duration, and the time and place at which it heard.
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Application of GIS in Urban Traffic Noise Pollution

Application of GIS in Urban Traffic Noise Pollution

points data collected in the field using calibrated sound level meters CELL-450 and Quest-2900. Preliminary traffic information was obtained through city authorities. Measurements were done at the traffic peak time and also when the traffic was at its minimum, during three successive months. The numbers of crossing vehicles as well as their speeds were documented. All data processing was carried out in ArcGIS, and SPSS-W software environment. The study area of this research was the first district of Tehran, the capital city of Iran that is located in latitude 35° 45', North and Longitude: 51° 30', East (Fig. 1). The district faces a heavy traffic jam, and as such all major roads are the subjects of this research. In the 20th century, Tehran faced a large migration of people from all around Iran such that the city population reached to 11 million people in 2006. More than 3 million cars are running in the city now. A survey of urban noise was done to determine the positions of measurements using the available city maps and Ikonos imagery. Four types of survey practices were identified: receptor-oriented, source-oriented, randomly chosen, and density-oriented sampling methods [ 10]. In order to reduce any systematic tendencies, random sampling was exercised in this research.
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THE LEGAL IMPERATIVES FOR REGULATING NOISE POLLUTION IN NIGERIA IN THE QUEST FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: LESSONS FROM INDIA

THE LEGAL IMPERATIVES FOR REGULATING NOISE POLLUTION IN NIGERIA IN THE QUEST FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT: LESSONS FROM INDIA

The term SD has become a global cliché to describe man's attempt to control and reverse the negative consequences of his domination of the earth. It has to do with positively exploiting the environment for the good of mankind and taking steps to preserve the same environment for future use. Thus, as noise impairs health, it impacts adversely on the attainment of SD. Noise pollution must therefore be controlled or managed to mitigate its harm on persons and the society using diverse schema including legal instruments. International legal regimes and convention are instituted to encourage State Parties to establish national laws or regulations for the prevention and control of, and protection against, occupational hazards in the working environment due to air pollution. Similarly, in Nigeria, the regulation of noise is constitutionally provided for under section 20 where the government is encouraged to ensure the protection of the environment. There are regulations at the Federal level and some states to manage noise pollutions. However, there is no single comprehensive law on the subject. At best there are scattered regulations on the control of noise pollution by some agencies of government.
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Study of Noise Pollution in Nashik City

Study of Noise Pollution in Nashik City

Rapid urbanization and alarming growth of population is causing serious environmental problems in Nashik city. Noise is one of the environmental problems that uncomfort in daily life. Noise pollution has become major concern for communities living within the city. The study examines the problem of noise pollution in the wake of its ill effect on the life of the people. A cross-section survey of the population in Nasik city points out that main sources of noise pollution are loudspeakers and automobiles. However, female population is affected by religious noise a little more than male population. Major effects of noise pollution include interference with communication, sleeplessness, and reduced efficiency. The extreme effects e.g. deafness and mental breakdown neither is ruled out. Generally, a request to reduce or stop the noise is made out by the aggrieved party. However, complaints to the administration and police have also been accepted as a way of solving this menace. Public education appears to be the best method as suggested by the respondents. However, government and NGOs can play a significant role in this process.
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Sources of nickel pollution and its impacts on environment: a review

Sources of nickel pollution and its impacts on environment: a review

Nickel and nickel compounds have many industrial and commercial uses. Most nickel is used for the production of stainless steel and other nickel alloys with high corrosion and temperature resistance. Nickel metal and its alloys are used widely in the chemical and food processing industries, especially as catalysts and pigments. The nickel salts of greatest commercial importance are nickel chloride, sulphate, nitrate, carbonate, hydroxide, acetate and oxide (Grandjean,1984). Nickel is used in a wide variety of metallurgical processes such as electroplating and alloy production as well as in nickel-cadmium batteries. There is evidence suggesting that nickel may be an essential trace element for mammals (Goyer, 1991). Nickel is reportedly an essential micronutrient for maintaining health in certain species of plants, invertebrates, birds, and mammals, including humans (NAS, 1975).
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Transboundary Pollution in the Capital City of Botswana

Transboundary Pollution in the Capital City of Botswana

Some air pollutants are known to circulate globally and deposit on land and water bodies far from their sources. There are generated in one country and felt in others. These require international actions and collaboration to control their formation and effects. Transboundary air pollutants can survive for periods of days or even years and can be transported 100s or thousands of miles before they affect the air we breath, soils, rivers, lakes and/or our food. Transboundary air polutants cause a number of different problems: e.g formation of particles, ground level ozone which are hazardous to health, the formation of acid rain which can damage buildings and sensitive ecosystems and some that are toxic to human health and the environment (http://naei.defra.gov.uk/, 2016). Transboundary air pollution is a particular problem for pollutants that are not easily destroyed or react in the atmosphere to form secondary pollutants. This is why routine monitoring of transboundary atmospheric particles (Clarke et al., 1999) is very important.
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The evaluation of Noise Pollution at Samen district in Mashhad by means of Geographic Information System (GIS)

The evaluation of Noise Pollution at Samen district in Mashhad by means of Geographic Information System (GIS)

Due to the importance of environmental health factors, noise maps have been studied in many projects. Amongst these projects, a study like our study used the GIS software and IDM method in order to investigate noise pollution caused by traffic in SKANE area of Sweden. However, the difference was that Fracas in his study did not mention the selection of appropriate methods for interpolation and enjoyed the use of computational software that could present a predictive model for the distribution of sound in the mentioned region [4]. However, in our study, the best interpolation method after evaluation of optimal error was selected. The values of Leq, NPL, TNI was measured in District 14 of Tehran and IDW interpolation method was employed to prepare zoning maps, like our study [26].
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The Impact of Anthropogenic Activities on The Indicators of Environmental Pollution

The Impact of Anthropogenic Activities on The Indicators of Environmental Pollution

The Zhukovski Region of the Russian Federation is located in the north of the Bryansk Region in the basin of the Desna, Vetma, and Ugost rivers, and is one of the most economically developed industrial centers of the Bryansk Region [Ahromeev, 2000, 2007]. The Zhukovski Region occupies the area of 111.458 hectares. Half of the area is covered by forests, mainly coniferous. Soils are dominated by sod weak podzol and mezopodzol. The climate is temperate continental. Summers are warm, while winters are moderately cold. Zhukovski Region represents diversified industry, wood processing, food and processing industry, intense forestry, and agricultural production. Industrial and domestic wastes, as well as landfills contribute to pollution and unsustainable use of land, creating a real threat of
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Citizen Assisted Environmental Pollution Measurement in Developing Cities

Citizen Assisted Environmental Pollution Measurement in Developing Cities

Measuring the level of pollution in a city is vital for maintaining its living standard and healthy environment, and also to help city authorities for taking actions to mitigate and prevent these pollutions. Pollution in land, water, and air of a city is attributed mainly to motorized vehicles, construction works, human and industrial waste and so on. Measuring pollution is, however, expensive in terms of human efforts, resources and costs. For developing cities, such as Dhaka where the authors live, these challenges are severe because o lack of infrastructure and financial capacity. As a functional alternative, in this paper we propose citizen-assisted pollution measurement techniques that leverage voluntary participation of city dwellers in collecting pollution-related data and evidence using their mobile phones and other suitable digital gadgets. This technique is popularly called as participatory sensing [1], [2]. In these techniques, smart phones possessed by average individuals are harnessed for capturing and reporting data about certain events experienced by ordinary citizens. Thanks to enormous proliferation of
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