Top PDF House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number CBP07802: 2 December 2016: Social Work Regulation (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number CBP07802: 2 December 2016: Social Work Regulation (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number CBP07802: 2 December 2016: Social Work Regulation (England)

The Act transfers the regulation of social workers in England from the General Social Care Council (which will be abolished) to the Health Professions Council. The Council is an experienced professional regulator and is already engaging with key social worker stakeholders […] The changes will help ensure that public protection and confidence is maintained. There will also be significant year on year savings to the public as the Health Professions Council is funded by its registrants. Social workers will benefit from: being regulated on the same basis as other health professionals; standards of proficiency tailored specifically for their profession; and being subject to a fitness to practise process. 72
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 917, 2 December 2016: Tuition Fee Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 917, 2 December 2016: Tuition Fee Statistics

Neither of the first two falls changed the overall upward trends, they were dips linked to changes in fees. Applicant numbers recovered more quickly after the introduction of variable fees in 2006. There is no way to assign a set proportion of these changes to tuition fees. Variations in applicants and acceptances across the home countries since 2006 can help focus on the impact of higher fees to some extent. The number of applicants who lived in Scotland (and hence were not liable for variable fees at institutions in Scotland) increased by 2% in 2006, compared to a 4% fall among those living in England. However, after then the increase in applicants has been larger in England and the total increase between 2004 and 2011 was 28% in England compared with 15% in Scotland. 44
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1079, 2 December 2016: Student Loan Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1079, 2 December 2016: Student Loan Statistics

But the expansion of higher education relies on funding being put onto a sustainable footing. The government must therefore ask graduates to meet more of the cost of their degrees once they are earning. From the 2016-17 academic year, maintenance grants will be replaced with maintenance loans for new students from England, paid back only when their earnings exceed £21,000 a year, saving £2.5 billion by 2020-21. To ensure that the long term costs of the student loan book remain affordable and transparent, the government will consult on freezing the loan repayment threshold for five years and review the discount rate applied to student loans and other transactions to bring it into line with the government’s long-term cost of borrowing.
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House of Commons library: Briefing paper: Number 07819, 2 December 2016: Constituency casework: schools in Scotland

House of Commons library: Briefing paper: Number 07819, 2 December 2016: Constituency casework: schools in Scotland

The legal responsibility for the exclusion of a pupil rests with the education authority. However, they may devolve power to exclude a pupil to senior management level within a school if this see fit. The circumstances under which a pupil may be excluded are set out in Regulation 4 of the Schools General (Scotland) Regulations 1975 . It states that an education authority shall not exclude a pupil from school unless the authority:

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7033, 2 December 2016: Free schools statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7033, 2 December 2016: Free schools statistics

There are no projections of the number of free schools. Their number will depend on the projects that are put forward by potential backers and the response from the Department for Education to these proposals. There is a list of projects in the pre-opening phase this includes 237 schools of all types. No more detail is given. It is possible that not all these schools will eventually open and more new projects are expected to be approved in the near future. 3

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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7847, 29 December 2016 : UK Funding from the EU

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7847, 29 December 2016 : UK Funding from the EU

private sources. They must be additional to, and not replace, existing national funding. The largest single allocation of 2014-2020 ESI funding in England is for the National Offender Management Service (NOMS) to fund activities that support the reintegration of prisoners back into the work force. 53% of the cost of this £247 million project will be funded by the ESF, with the remainder met through national co-financing. ESI funding co-financing rates range between 50% and 85% depending on the fund in question and the category of region – in poorer regions the cap on the share of a project that can be financed by the EU is higher. The chart to the right shows co- financing by fund for the total 2014-2020
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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 07846, 22 December 2016 : Changes to school accountability and 'league tables' in England in 2016

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 07846, 22 December 2016 : Changes to school accountability and 'league tables' in England in 2016

This year’s GCSE league tables will be changed in the most radical way since they were first introduced a quarter of a century ago. Two new headline measures –Progress 8 and Attainment 8 -will be introduced to encourage schools to focus on an ‘academic core’ of subjects and count every increase in every grade for all pupils. As noted in section 2, above, progress 8 will also be used to judge whether schools fall below the ‘floor’ target or are classed as ‘coasting’; both of which have important implications for schools.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 7049: 5 December 2016: Postgraduate loans in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 7049: 5 December 2016: Postgraduate loans in England

2. To counteract this risk, respondents suggested that some form of tuition fee cap be imposed and/or that institutional fee changes should be subject to greater scrutiny or be made more transparent to mitigate this risk. Recognising the Government does not intend to introduce new or additional regulation, there could be a monitoring role for Higher Education Funding Council for England (HEFCE) and/or the Office for Fair Access (OFFA). 34

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07303, 2 March 2017: Personal, social, health and economic education in schools (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07303, 2 March 2017: Personal, social, health and economic education in schools (England)

In July 2016, Caroline Lucas presented the Personal, Social, Health and Economic Education (Statutory Requirement) Bill 2016-17, in favour of statutory PSHE including SRE and education on ending violence against women and girls; and to provide for initial and continuing teacher education and guidance on best practice for delivering and inspecting PSHE and SRE education. The Bill is scheduled to have its Second Reading debate in January 2017.

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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7834, 13 December 2016 : The impact of leaving the EU on higher education

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7834, 13 December 2016 : The impact of leaving the EU on higher education

One leading university said anecdotal evidence that UK applicants were being dropped from EU bids came almost straight after the vote. Since then they had witnessed “a substantial increase in definitive evidence that EU projects are reluctant to be in collaboration with UK partners, and that potentially all new funding opportunities from Horizon 2020 are closing”. Incidents reported by the universities suggest that researchers across the natural sciences, the engineering disciplines and social sciences are all affected. At least two social science collaborations with Dutch universities have been told UK partners are
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House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 08444, 10 December 2018 : Off-rolling in English schools

House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 08444, 10 December 2018 : Off-rolling in English schools

four local authorities reported significant increases in the number of children being educated at home and, in particular, concerns that this was not always in the children’s interests. There were disturbing references to children being removed from schools to be educated at home with the encouragement of the school as an alternative to exclusion. One local authority described it thus: “schools off rolling learners to [elective home education] when the families have no means to educate in order to protect their results records and school performance.” One local authority with nearly 2,000 children registered to be home educated said, “the majority have had some form of local authority intervention with a large proportion known to social services.” 5
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number SN04223, 21 December 2018: Research & Development spending

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number SN04223, 21 December 2018: Research & Development spending

R&D investment has risen steadily over the past few decades, from £17.8 billion in 1981 to the current total of £33.1 billion (in 2016 prices). This is a real terms increase of 86%. But as a proportion of GDP, R&D expenditure has fallen over this period (it was the equivalent of 2.0% of GDP in 1981).

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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7782, 20 December 2016 : Technical and Further Education Bill: Committee Stage Report

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7782, 20 December 2016 : Technical and Further Education Bill: Committee Stage Report

By way of a summary, the insolvency provisions contained in Part 2 (and Schedules 3 and 4) were considered in detail during the sixth, seventh and eighth sittings. Opposition amendments were largely probing amendments on how the new special administration regime (SAR) would work in practice. In particular, there was a long debate on clause 22, which sets out the general functions of the education administrator. There was only one division, namely amendment 7 to clause 23. This Opposition amendment sought to ensure that FE bodies with a track record of accruing assets publicly could not be transferred to a private company. Following a lengthy debate the amendment was pressed to a vote and defeated (8 votes to 5). Government amendments, which were minor and technical in nature, were all accepted without debate.
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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7845, 22 December 2016 : Work and Health Programme

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7845, 22 December 2016 : Work and Health Programme

This information is provided to Members of Parliament in support of their parliamentary duties. It is a general briefing only and should not be relied on as a substitute for specific advice. The House of Commons or the author(s) shall not be liable for any errors or omissions, or for any loss or damage of any kind arising from its use, and may remove, vary or amend any information at any time without prior notice.

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House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 7647, 11 July 2019 : Early Intervention

House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 7647, 11 July 2019 : Early Intervention

smoking cessation, drug and alcohol services, and sexual health. In 2015 it also took responsibility for early years support for children such as school nursing and health visitors. These services are funded by central government from the public health grant, and funding and availability of these services over the next five years will be decided in the next Spending Review. Chapter 2 of the NHS Long Term Plan (January 2019) noted that the Government and the NHS will consider whether there is a stronger role for the NHS in commissioning health visitor services and other public health services. On 6 June 2019 the Department of Health and Social Care announced that a Government review had confirmed local authorities will continue to commission public health services, and that the forthcoming prevention Green Paper will consider closer working between local government and the NHS. 40
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8389, 19 September 2018: Returns to a degree

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8389, 19 September 2018: Returns to a degree

It is important to realise that these associations are not necessarily causal. For instance, better levels of reported health are not necessarily due to going to higher education, even in part. There could be other factors which are linked separately to both indicators. This is particularly the case with such social outcomes which will always have multiple contributory factors. If there are causal associations then these could potentially be linked to ‘cultural’ benefits attending university as well as improved employment/ earnings. The direction of cause and effect could also work in the other direction with, for instance, lower levels of higher education participation among those with pre-existing health problems
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number CBP08198, 10 January 2018: Advertising to children

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number CBP08198, 10 January 2018: Advertising to children

advertising, under the “UK Code of Non-Broadcast Advertising, Sales Promotion and Direct Marketing,” known as the “CAP Code”. The system is co-regulatory for broadcast advertising; there is a co- regulatory partnership between the ASA and Ofcom. The “UK Code of Broadcast Advertising” (BCAP Codes) is known as the BCAP Code. On 1 March 2011, the ASA’s remit was extended significantly to cover marketing communications on companies’ own websites and in other third party space under their control, such as social networking sites like Twitter and Facebook. The CAP Code applies in full to this new space. This regulatory system is funded entirely by the advertising industry by a levy on advertising spend. According to the ASA website, the levy is currently set at 0.1% on the cost of buying advertising space and 0.2% on some direct mail. This is collected at ‘arm’s length’ on behalf of CAP, BCAP and the ASA by two bodies: the Advertising Standards Board of Finance and the Broadcast Advertising Standards Board of Finance. The ASA is therefore able to act independently of both Government and industry.
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House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 06045, 4 September 2019: English Baccalaureate

House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 06045, 4 September 2019: English Baccalaureate

The English Baccalaureate is very different in purpose from the National Curriculum review and is not necessarily affected by its decisions. The National Curriculum review will determine what subjects should be made compulsory and at what ages, along with any content that should be taught to all young people. The EBacc is not compulsory—the information was made available to help parents find out more about pupils’ achievement in key academic subjects, which we know parents themselves value and in recognition of the urgent need to halt and reverse the declining number of pupils who are taking up those subjects. 14
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 08083: 9 May 2019: Gypsies and Travellers

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 08083: 9 May 2019: Gypsies and Travellers

carried forward as wider welfare reforms have been implemented. Work undertaken for the Ministerial Working Group also found that, while in general Gypsies and Travellers did not feel individually discriminated against by Jobcentre Plus, there was a real fear of discrimination and a belief that staff might not always be sensitive to their culture. Internal guidance for DWP staff now includes “easy-to- find information about Gypsy and Traveller issues, including background to the population, history and cultural traditions, as well as links to best practice, and to Gypsy Roma and Traveller organisations”. 207 This
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 08083: 9 May 2019: Gypsies and Travellers

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 08083: 9 May 2019: Gypsies and Travellers

carried forward as wider welfare reforms have been implemented. Work undertaken for the Ministerial Working Group also found that, while in general Gypsies and Travellers did not feel individually discriminated against by Jobcentre Plus, there was a real fear of discrimination and a belief that staff might not always be sensitive to their culture. Internal guidance for DWP staff now includes “easy-to- find information about Gypsy and Traveller issues, including background to the population, history and cultural traditions, as well as links to best practice, and to Gypsy Roma and Traveller organisations”. 207 This
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