Top PDF Comparing the effect of aromatherapy with peppermint and lavender on the sleep quality of cardiac patients: a randomized controlled trial

Comparing the effect of aromatherapy with peppermint and lavender on the sleep quality of cardiac patients: a randomized controlled trial

Comparing the effect of aromatherapy with peppermint and lavender on the sleep quality of cardiac patients: a randomized controlled trial

After obtaining permission from the authorities of Imam Ali Hospital, sampling was conducted in the CCU. This hospital is the largest cardiology center in west of Iran. The CCU ward of the hospital consisted of single-bed rooms separated by curtains. First, eligible subjects were included in the study by convenience sampling and then randomly assigned to the intervention and control groups via block randomization. In the intervention groups, inhalation aromatherapy was performed using 100% pure peppermint or lavender essential oil. On the other hand, aromatic distilled water was used for the control group. In the aromatherapy groups using peppermint and lavender essential oils, three drops of each essential oil were smeared on a napkin, which was attached to a collar for 20 min at 9:00 pm. The same procedure was applied for the control group using three drops of aromatic distilled water. The duration of the intervention was seven nights, and PSQI was completed by all participants before the intervention (on the first night) and on the eighth day (in the morning). It should be noted that the researcher made every effort to keep the possible effects of environmental factors, such as light and noise, on the patientssleep quality to a mini- mum. The study process is shown in Fig. 1.
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<p>Effect Of Peppermint Essence On The Pain And Anxiety Caused By Intravenous Catheterization In Cardiac Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial</p>

<p>Effect Of Peppermint Essence On The Pain And Anxiety Caused By Intravenous Catheterization In Cardiac Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial</p>

operation. 35 Sundstrup et al (2014) used topical gel con- taining menthol essence (4%), which is a main compound in peppermint and reported that it led to a notable decrease in severity of pain in carpal tunnel syndrome patients. 37 Meshgin Abadi et al (2013) tried to determine the effects of aromatherapy massage using a mixture of peppermint, celery, and lavender essences on backache in patients under Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. They reported that the intervention was effective. 36 The effect of aro- matic essences on neck pain using a cream containing lavender, peppermint, black pepper was studied by Ou et al (2014) and the results supported the effectiveness of the intervention. 23 Some of the studies mentioned here used a mixture of different essences, while only pure peppermint was used in our study.
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Effect of Using Eye Mask on Sleep Quality in Cardiac Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Effect of Using Eye Mask on Sleep Quality in Cardiac Patients: A Randomized Controlled Trial

In the present study, the baseline sleep quality was not significantly different in the two groups. However, the intervention could significantly improve the overall PSQI score and all dimensions of sleep except for the use of sleep medications and daytime dysfunction. In addition, although the median score of the daytime dysfunction was not significantly different between the two groups, however, in comparison with the baseline, a significant reduction in daytime dysfunction was occurred in the in- tervention group. According to the patients in this study, the intervention did not affect their use of sleep medica- tions. This finding might be attributed to the fact that most patients in the CCU have doctor’s orders of sleep- ing medication at night and the orders are routinely ex- ecuted by nurses. Moreover, most patients are trusting in their physician’s instructions such as sleep medica- tions and do not change or discontinue their medica- tions without the physician’s authorization (20). Saeedi et al. also noted that complementary therapies had no significant effect on use of sleep medications in hospital- ized patients (6). For instance, Neyse et al. found that ear- plug can significantly improve the majority of domains of sleep quality except for subjective sleep domain (21). Daneshmandi et al. (10) also found that eye mask signifi- cantly improved the mean scores of the sleep latency, the sleep duration, the habitual sleep efficiency, the daytime dysfunction and the use of sleep medications, but had no significant effect on subjective sleep quality domain. The contradiction between the results of Neyse et al. (21) and Daneshmandi et al. (10) with the results of the cur- rent study might be attributed to the differences in the interventions used. For example, in the study conducted by Neyse et al. (21) instead of eye mask, earplugs have been used. On the other hand, in the study conducted by Daneshmandi et al. (10) the duration of intervention was longer than this study. The duration of intervention in the study conducted by Daneshmandi et al. was at least four nights while our intervention lasted only for three nights (10).
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The Effect of Sleep Hygiene on the Incidence of Cardiac Dysrhythmia in Patients with Myocardial Infarction Hospitalized in Critical Care Units: A Randomized Controlled Trial

The Effect of Sleep Hygiene on the Incidence of Cardiac Dysrhythmia in Patients with Myocardial Infarction Hospitalized in Critical Care Units: A Randomized Controlled Trial

with MI, so that the intervention group experienced less PVCs and PACs on the third day than the second day of hos- pitalization. In agreement with the present study, Jones et al. (15) and Babaee et al. (23) have reported that decreas- ing the environmental light and noises along with using earplug and eye mask could improve the sleep quality in critical care patients. Arab et al. have also compared the ef- fects of earplug and eye mask on sleep quality and reported that earplug was more effective than eye mask (24). In a re- cent study, Hazeri et al. investigated the effect of sleep hy- giene training on nurses’ sleep quality and stated that the intervention was not effective (25). It seems that education interventions might not be much effective solely. However, such trainings might be more effective if accompanied by some environmental modifications such as those imple- mented in the present study.
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The Effect of Aromatherapy Using Lavender Essential Oil on Anxiety in Candidate Patients of Upper Limb Reconstruction Surgery: A Non-Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

The Effect of Aromatherapy Using Lavender Essential Oil on Anxiety in Candidate Patients of Upper Limb Reconstruction Surgery: A Non-Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial

This study is a clinical, one-blind trial with random- ized assignment including two groups of aromatherapy and placebo. The study population consisted of patients undergoing upper limb reconstruction surgery who were admitted to the 15-Khordad Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery Hospital in 2017. To determine the required sample size at a confidence level of 95 % and a test power of 80%, and assuming that the size of the effect of aromatherapy on the anxiety score compared with the placebo group is at least d = 0.26 (according to similar studies) in order to consider it statistically significant, af- ter formulating the “sample size formula for comparing the mean of the two populations,” the required sample size was estimated at each group as n = 50, and con- sidering that two groups were needed for this study the total number of samples included 100 subjects (Braden, Reichow & Halm 2009). Samples were selected through convenience sampling method.
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Investigating the Effect of Lavender Essential oil on Sleep Quality in Patients Candidates for Angiography

Investigating the Effect of Lavender Essential oil on Sleep Quality in Patients Candidates for Angiography

Inadequate sleep quality is one of the most common problems in patients admitted to Cardiac care units (CCUs). Therefore, this research aimed to investigate with the effect of lavender essential oil in sleep quality in candidates for angiography who were hospitalized in an CCU in Iran. This randomized clinical trial was conducted in 60 patients undergoing angiography who were hospitalized in the CCU of a hospital in Ilam City, Iran. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to either a case group or a control group (each group, n = 30). Data were collected using the St. Mary's Hospital Sleep Questionnaire, which was completed before and after the intervention. The case group received 15 drops of lavender essential oil 24 hours prior to angiography and every 8 hours thereafter; the control group received its previous routine care. After the intervention, the data were analyzed via descriptive and inferential statistical tests using SPSS statistical software v19. The demographic characteristics of the case and control groups were similar (P>0.05). There was no statistically significant difference before the intervention in sleep quality between the case group and the control group (P>0.05). Additionally, no statistically significant difference was observed in the case or the control group with respect to sleep quality before and after the intervention (P>0.05). Due to the lack of effect shown by lavender essential oil in sleep quality, further studies should be conducted to the effects of lavender and other essential oils.
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Effects of aromatherapy with lavender essential oil on sleep quality among retired older adults

Effects of aromatherapy with lavender essential oil on sleep quality among retired older adults

Poor sleep quality is one of the most common problems among older adults. Non-pharmacological interventions are considered as a better choice for treatment of sleep problems in older adults. The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of aromatherapy with lavender essential oil on sleep quality in older adults. This single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 100 retired older adults. Participants were divided into two groups using simple random sampling. The intervention group received 2 drops of lavender essential oil and the control group received 2 drops of placebo in a glass of water, during bedtime, for 7 nights. All participants filled out the Pittsburgh sleep quality index before and after the intervention. There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of socio-demographic characteristics and sleep quality score before intervention. A significant difference in sleep quality was observed in the group receiving lavender essential oil compared to the control group 7 nights after intervention. Lavender essential oil has a positive effect on improving older adults’ sleep quality.
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Randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of canola oil on blood vessel function in peripheral arterial disease: rationale and design of the Canola-PAD Study

Randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of canola oil on blood vessel function in peripheral arterial disease: rationale and design of the Canola-PAD Study

Radial pulse wave analysis was conducted using the SphygmoCor pulse wave monitoring system (AtCor Medical, Sydney, NSW, Australia) and SphygmoCor Px Aortic BP waveform analysis software (AtCor Medical). Endothelial function was assessed using the Itamar EndoPAT-2000 device (Itamar Medical Inc., Franklin, MA, USA). Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) were assessed by an AGE reader (Diagnoptics Technologies, Groningen, Netherlands). A selection of cognitive tests was administered to assess various aspects of the participant’s level of functioning cognition. Each of the following tests was administered by trained study staff: i) Hopkins Verbal Learning Test, an assessment of verbal learning and memory; ii) Digit Symbol Similarities Test, an assessment of executive functioning, including perceptual speed, motor speed, visual scanning, and memory; and iii) Digit Span Test, a measurement of short-term memory and working memory. Cognitive testing data from patients with severe internal carotid artery stenosis ($70%) will be excluded from analysis because of the potential of this condition to influence cognitive function. 21
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Original Article Continuous positive airway pressure and cardiovascular outcomes in obstructive sleep apnoea patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Original Article Continuous positive airway pressure and cardiovascular outcomes in obstructive sleep apnoea patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

age of overall variability attributable to hetero- geneity, with a value of lower than 50% indicat- ing mild heterogeneity of bias. Egger’s and Begg’s tests were used to identify small-study effects [13, 14]. This study did not visually exa- mine publication bias with funnel plots, as it is indicated for meta-analyses of more than 10 studies [15]. Sensitivity analyses were peform- ed to show how effect sizes changed after the removal of each individual study. All statistical analyses were performed with Stata 14.0 soft- ware (Stata, College Station, Texas, USA). Results

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Effect of nursing supportive care on state anxiety of patients receiving ECT: A controlled Randomized clinical trial

Effect of nursing supportive care on state anxiety of patients receiving ECT: A controlled Randomized clinical trial

An overall finding of this study reveals that nursing Supportive Care is effective on reducing state anxiety of patients receiving ECT. Aside from vast application of this procedure, it is stressful and anxiety in psychiatric patients can lead to negative consequences. Thus providing interventions to decrease this anxiety is needed. These interventions can be delivered by nurses. Based on the results of current investigation, nurses should spend more time with patients to meet their needs and reduce their anxiety.

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Does lavender aromatherapy alleviate premenstrual emotional symptoms?: a randomized crossover trial

Does lavender aromatherapy alleviate premenstrual emotional symptoms?: a randomized crossover trial

From a pharmacological point of view, Herz [20] showed that lavender acts postsynaptically and suggested that lavender modulates the activity of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP). A reduction in cAMP activity is associated with sedation. Linalool, a principal compo- nent of lavender, has also been found to inhibit gluta- mate binding, which may have sedative effects. To further explore the psychoneurophysiological mechanism of aro- matherapy with lavender, neuroimaging techniques pro- vide new insights into the role of the brain in correlation with autonomic modulation. Olfaction is mediated by chemoreceptors of olfactory cells located in the nasal mu- cosae and olfactory neurons in the olfactory bulb. Olfac- tory information is further projected to the primary olfactory regions in the brain and most of these brain re- gions are strongly connected to or are part of the limbic system, the center of autonomic function and emotion [6]. By applying a combination of HRV power spectral analysis and positron emission tomography (PET) examination, Duan and colleagues [36] found a significant increase in HF power, indicating parasympathetic nervous system acidity after a lavender aroma treatment, as we demon- strated in the present study. Simultaneous PET measure- ments, detecting the specific regional metabolic activations and reductions after the treatment, suggested that the la- vender fragrance induced not only physical relaxation but also improved mental function.
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and alternative medical treatments in Turkey

and alternative medical treatments in Turkey

to the important role of nurses in symptom management and symptom relief. The CAM methods were used to handle the symptoms in all of the nursing theses/dissertations investigated. Although the ratio of the theses/dissertations, which investigated the effects of the CAM methods on "Quality of Life" was found to be 8%, all of the other symptoms (pain 29.5%, fatigue 14.8%, sleep 13.6% and nausea/vomiting 11.4%) indirectly affect the quality of life. The concept of quality of life was defined as related to how one feels and to what extent and how one can undertake daily life activities. Symptoms, such as fatigue, pain, sleep disorders, nausea, vomiting and constipation affect all areas of individuals' lives and their quality of life. 4
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A randomized crossover trial on the effect of compression stockings on nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy

A randomized crossover trial on the effect of compression stockings on nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy

Introduction: This study aimed to assess the impact of wearing compression stockings on women’s quality of life (QoL) associated with nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy (NVP). Methods: In this randomized, open, single-center, crossover study, 74 women were assigned 1:1 to 2 weeks with compression stockings followed by 2 weeks without or vice versa. The main outcomes were NVP-associated QoL, leg-related QoL, and dizziness, as assessed by the Nausea and Vomiting in Pregnancy Quality of Life (NVPQOL) questionnaire, Chronic Venous Disease Quality of Life (CIVIQ) questionnaire, and questions on dizziness at baseline and after each 2-week period, respectively. Daily NVP was assessed using the modified Pregnancy-Unique Quantification of Emesis and Nausea (PUQE) questionnaire. Data were analyzed using Pearson’s chi-square and independent t-tests.
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Effect of Peer Education On the Medication Adherence and The Quality of Life of Hypertensive Patients

Effect of Peer Education On the Medication Adherence and The Quality of Life of Hypertensive Patients

Two months after the intervention, the quality of life of hypertensive patients in the intervention and control groups was compared, and this comparison revealed that the two groups were significantly different after the intervention in all areas, especially in the two main dimensions of physical health and the overall quality of life. A study by [22] was done on the effect of peer education on the students' knowledge about breast self-examination (BSE) and health belief was on 250 students, which showed that this educational approach had a considerable effect on the knowledge and health beliefs of the students. The results of the study by [18] on the evaluation of peer education on the quality of life in patients with breast cancer referring to a cancer clinic at Shiraz University of Medical Sciences on 99 women with stage 1 and 2 cancer one year after the modified radical mastectomy, revealed that this educational method, is an effective approach to recovery and improve the quality of life in patients with mastectomy. Also, after 2 months it was observed that the various aspects of life of these patients, including public health, psycho-socio-spiritual function, cognitive function and their role playing were increased, and their fatigue, loss of appetite and insomnia decreased. It was also found that the participants' sexual function, body image, sexual performance satisfaction and positive attitude to life have improved. One limitation of their study was the generalizability of the results to the other private and public hospitals in Iran.
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Effectiveness of endoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia correction for clinically occult inguinal hernia (EFFECT): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Effectiveness of endoscopic totally extraperitoneal (TEP) hernia correction for clinically occult inguinal hernia (EFFECT): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Cost-effectiveness will be based on all resources used within and outside the hospital and productivity loss for both groups of patients. The acquired data will consist of all health care professional visits, hospitalizations, im- aging, biochemical investigations and surgery. Health care use will be monitored through the medical consumption questionnaire (MCQ), a generic instrument for measuring health care use and calculating medical costs, at 1.5,3, 6 and 12 months after treatment [6]. Participants in both treatment groups will be given a patient diary where the use of painkillers and (optional) treatment with physical- and/or physiotherapy will be registered the first 6 weeks after treatment. Productivity will be measured through the productivity cost questionnaire (PCQ), a standardized in- strument for measuring and valuing productivity losses, at 1.5,3,6 and 12 months after treatment [7]. We aim to calculate total costs per patient in every group. We aim to calculate cost-effectiveness ratios to indicate the total costs per additional unit of effect, cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY).
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Results of a randomized and controlled clinical trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of combination therapy with Endostar and S-1 combined with oxaliplatin in advanced gastric cancer

Results of a randomized and controlled clinical trial evaluating the efficacy and safety of combination therapy with Endostar and S-1 combined with oxaliplatin in advanced gastric cancer

Gastric adenocarcinoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Although surgical removal is frequently used for gastric adenocarcinoma at the early stage, advanced gastric adenocarcinoma does not benefit significantly from surgical operation. Chemotherapy for advanced gastric adenocarcinoma has been proven to be superior to best supportive care in terms of survival and quality of life. 1–3 Chemotherapy is mainly used in early stage gastric cancer

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The effectiveness of acupuncture on the sleep quality of elderly with dementia: a within-subjects trial

The effectiveness of acupuncture on the sleep quality of elderly with dementia: a within-subjects trial

Acupuncture is an effective non-pharmacological thera- peutic technique in treating sleep problems. It is a form of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that essentially corrects health problems by the use of sterilized needles inserted into meridian points of the human body. According to TCM theory, pain or diseases are a result of an imbalance in the yin and yang forces in the body or of excess or deficiency of Qi (air), blood, or body fluids. The mechanisms of acupuncture work by recreating the balance in the yin and yang forces and restoring Qi, blood, and body fluids to normalcy through stimulation of specific meridian points that govern different organs and their interactions. 9 The procedure is considered
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Randomized controlled trial on the safety of intracameral cephalosporins in cataract surgery

Randomized controlled trial on the safety of intracameral cephalosporins in cataract surgery

participated, and the number of eyes randomized to each treat- ment and control were closely matched for every surgeon, even though a perfect 4 × 4 allocation was not achieved. This design allowed the differentiation of treatment (drug) effect from the surgeon effect through statistical analysis. The mean endothelial cell loss of 9.9% in this study compared favorably with the results in two recent studies on endothelial cell loss in phacoemulsification. Using fortified BSS as irrigating solution, the mean cell loss at 2 months was 13.2% ( ± 2%) in Lucena’s study 19 and 22.9% ( ± 14%) at 3 months in the
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A randomized-controlled trial pilot study examining the effect of extracorporeal magnetic innervation in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women

A randomized-controlled trial pilot study examining the effect of extracorporeal magnetic innervation in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence in women

Methods: A total of 52 women were included in the analysis: 28 participants were allocated to the experimental group (EG) and 24 to the control group (CG). The average age was 65.41 years (±SD 4.08). EG patients completed ExMI therapy. The treatment sessions lasted for 15 minutes, and occurred three times a week, for 4 weeks. No therapeutic intervention was applied to the CG. To objectify the treatment outcomes in both groups before and after the treatment, we measured myostatin concentration and performed the UI severity assessment (The Revised Urinary Incontinence Scale), perceived self-efficacy assessment (General Self-Efficacy Scale), and depression severity assessment (Beck Depression Inventory).
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The Effect of Aromatherapy by Lavender Oil on Infant Vaccination Pain: a Double Blind Randomized Controlled Trial

The Effect of Aromatherapy by Lavender Oil on Infant Vaccination Pain: a Double Blind Randomized Controlled Trial

In the present study, we examined the effectiveness of the lavender oil inhalation on the pain resulting from the injection of pentavalent vaccination. Upon injection, all infants in both groups developed grimace and cried, indicating that the injection of this vaccine is painful. Shortly after the injection (15 seconds later), the pain scores were no different between the lavender and placebo groups. However, after 5 min, the pain was relieved significantly in the lavender group compared to the placebo group. Other results such as the changes over time, shorter crying periods and fewer numbers of grimaces in the lavender group 5 min after vaccination showed that the lavender oil had outperformed the placebo. There are a few studies investigating the effects of the lavender oil on the pain in neonates and infants. Kawakami et al., showed that the odor of the lavender had no effect on the crying duration during heel stick puncture though it caused the cortisol level to be reduced. 12 In the above mentioned study, they used 10%
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