Top PDF Corruption and good governance in Nigeria

Corruption and good governance in Nigeria

Corruption and good governance in Nigeria

In 1999, Muyiwa Adeleke alleged that the Debt Management Department of Central Bank of Nigeria attempted to fraudulently transfer $27million from public funds into private accounts aboard. According to him, it is believed that a syndicate made up of officials of the Central Bank and Ministry of Finance stole an estimated $50millon between 1992 and 1997 through various accounting tricks including reversal of entries many times over. In the year 2000, the former Senate President, Dr Chuba Okagigbo was removed on charges of financial irregularities in the management of the Senate’s fund. Immediately after the removal of the Senate President, there were calls for the people and removal of the speaker. In a dramatic turn of events, the speaker accused the Presidency of giving #4million to legislators to remove him. The cash was shamelessly displayed beside the mace (the symbol of authority) on the floor of the house. There was neither an investigation nor proof of the source of the money. Other examples include the allegation against Dr. Makanjuola of the Ministry of Defense who was taken to court and dramatically discontinued by the Minister of Justice. There is also the identify card scam involving the Minister of Labour and Productivity, Alhaji Hussiani Akwanya, who was sacked from the cabinet and other who were arrested the Late chief Sunday Afolabi ( former Minster of Internal Affairs), Doctor Muhammed Shata (former Minister of internal Affaris) Mrs Turries Akerele (permanent secretary), Dr Okewsilieze Nwodo (fomer Governor of Enugu State and Secretary, PDP). In 2012, Several cases were reported such as Pension Scam running in 100 billion of Naira, Hon. Faruk Lawal bribery scandal with Femi Otedola which run into 600 Million dollars.
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Good governance in context: Learning from anti corruption policies of Finland and Singapore

Good governance in context: Learning from anti corruption policies of Finland and Singapore

The most widely discussed topic under the good governance umbrella is arguably corruption. The historical roots of combatting corruption are practically as long as human civilisation itself (Caiden, 2013a, 95). Such efforts intensified in the post-war years, especially when the view of corruption was broadened from legal framework and public sector ethics to economic development and international development aid. The normative concept of good governance emerged on the high level political agenda in the late 1980s and has remained there ever since as a discourse on the preconditions for development in the developing country context. It was further broadened and intensified due to the Asian financial crisis of 1997-98 and the liquidity and credit crunch of the latter half of 2000s, to serious failures of corporate governance such as the cases of Enron and Lehman Brothers, and to large-scale government failures such as the economically and politically devastating politics of George W. Bush’s administration in the USA throughout the 2000s and bad economic policy, corrupted and inefficient tax authorities and widespread tax evasion in the case of Greece, to name just a few notorious examples. Corruption is a critical development issue in East and West alike.
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CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE REALITIES OF PROMOTING GOOD GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA

CIVIL SOCIETY AND THE REALITIES OF PROMOTING GOOD GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA

Civil Society have played a major role in the development and governance processes of Nigeria. With the exit of the military in 1999, the focus of civil society organizations in the country is shifting gradually from defense against repression and abuse of human rights to deepening the democratic space and attaining good governance (Ikubaje, 2011; Fadakinte, 2013). Citizens are also now realizing that democracy should extend beyond conducting free elections and are increasingly demanding governing process that are transparent, free of bureaucratic and administrative corruption, patronage, nepotism, diversion of public funds, and stealing of public assets (Essia and Yearoo, 2000). Consequently, Nigeria has experienced an emergence of vibrant network of civil society associations working on various socio-economic issues to “reestablish the culture of transparency, accountability, integrity and respect for human dignity in order to attain good governance. Despite these efforts, Nigeria is still socio-economically backwards and abject poverty, rising insecurity, political instability, high child and maternal mortality rates and, lack of accountability and transparency with increasing corruption seems to be thriving in the country. This leaves much to be expected from the civil society in promoting good governance and accountable interaction between citizens and government.
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Performing "good governance" : commissions of inquiry and the fight against corruption in Uganda

Performing "good governance" : commissions of inquiry and the fight against corruption in Uganda

The findings suggest that the global anti-corruption framework signified by the good governance agenda is hindered by various factors such as the self-interest of donors, the moral hazard inherent in aid and the illegitimacy of conditionality; all of which contribute to the weak enforcement of governance-related conditionalities. This in turn causes aid- recipient countries such as Uganda to do only the minimum necessary to keep up appearances in implementing governance reforms. National anti-corruption is further hindered by the government‘s tendency to undermine anti-corruption by selective or non- enforcement of the law, the rationale being to insulate the patronage networks that form the basis of its political support from being dismantled by the prosecution of key patrons involved in corruption. Thus, the need to appear to be a ―good governor‖ whilst protecting patrons from possible prosecution necessitates a symbolic approach to anti-corruption that nonetheless seems authentic. Ad hoc commissions of inquiry chaired by judges, which facilitate a highly publicised inquisitorial truth-finding process, therefore emerge as the ideal way of tackling corruption because they facilitate ―a trial in which no-one is sent to jail.‖
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Corruption in contemporary Nigeria: The way out

Corruption in contemporary Nigeria: The way out

thereby avoiding a complete collapse of the moral life of Nigeria. It is when we eventually choose a culture of upholding moral values which will fight the scourge of corruption, that we can see and enjoy the benefits that Nozick talked about in our opening quotation. What is Corruption?: Like any other abstract term, giving an all-embracing and unprejudiced definition of corruption may prove troublesome. This problem may emanate from diversities of cultural orientation, from where morality and moral terms receive their meanings. According to Uduigwomen “… the cultural relativist would contend that individuals vary with respect to the group or ‘community’ they belong to, which influences their opinions in making moral judgments” (95). This goes to show that there could be variations in the moral code of Americans and Nigerians. For instance having sexual relationship before marriage in America may not be looked at with as much disdain and intolerance as may be the case in a typical Nigerian society. In like manner, what counts as corruption in different cultures may differ depending on the beliefs and moral orientation of the cultures. Accepting this cultural background theory, but giving us a way forward, Cua holds, and correctly, that:
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PATH TO GOOD GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS

PATH TO GOOD GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA: CHALLENGES AND PROSPECTS

millions of scam e-mail messages sent each year by people claiming to be Nigerian officials seeking help with transferring large sums of money out of the country, to the police officers who routinely set up roadblocks, to extract bribes of 20 naira from drivers (Polgreen, 2005). However, the most disturbing and damaging form of corruption is made manifest in the succession of kleptocratic governments, which has produced extremely wealthy generals and political leaders. Similarly, electoral corruption is prevalent. This is a situation that includes the purchase of votes with money, promises of office or special favors, coercion, intimidation, and interference with freedom of election, sale of votes, killing and maiming of people in the name of election, and a situation where losers end up as the winners (Adeyemi, 2012) Sadly, Nigeria ranked 130th position out of the 180 countries surveyed by Transparency International (2009). The effects of corruption in Nigeria have not been insignificant. From multi-internal effects such as under-development, lack of basic infrastructure like good road networks, misuse of natural resources, inadequate power and water supply, mediocrity in professional and leadership positions, defective leadership outputs, fuel scarcity in an oil producing nation, falling standards of education and work output, high unemployment rates, the ever-widening gap between the rich and poor to mention just a few. There are also international effects such as the tarnished image of Nigeria in international circles and the caution exercised by foreign nationals in entering business transactions with Nigerians thereby weakening the economic sector. The multiplier effect has been the mass spread of poverty and
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Influence of Corruption on Economic Development in Nigeria

Influence of Corruption on Economic Development in Nigeria

In additional to the promotion of inefficiency at the macro level, corruption also encourages inefficiency at the micro level. Public servants who extra-legal income adopt a devil may care attitude to their work. They do as little work as possible but make incomes far excess of what their position and status would legally entitle them. Through bribery, extortion, embezzlement, and contract kickbacks, many public officials can live an easy life with limited productive work, which is detrimental to the productive process [18, 19]. Another negative effect of corruption on economic development is that the cost of supporting the public service is significantly increased. For example, the costs of public projects are usually inflated in order to generate kickbacks for members of the tender’s board, based on a predetermined percentage of the contract value. Even worse, a lot of public projects, for which costs have been wholly or partially paid in advance, are either abandoned or project cost revalued, usually always upwards [20, 21]. In many African countries, some public projects are known to have been awarded two or even three times to the same firm, its parent company or a different contractor anew. In some terribly bad cases, the project remains uncompleted. Meanwhile, millions or billions of dollars of public funds would have gone down the drains, without a commensurate tangible result. The various steel projects in Nigeria, for example, are cases in point, where the Nigerian governments have reportedly spent billions of dollars in the past thirty days on construction of steel plants and have nothing to show for it.
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Democracy and Good Governance in Nigeria: The Imperatives of Supporting Institutions

Democracy and Good Governance in Nigeria: The Imperatives of Supporting Institutions

In a democracy, the people name the one who makes the law and the one who implements it; the people themselves form the jury that punishes infractions of the law. Institutions are democratic not only in their principle, but in all their developments as well; thus the people name their representatives directly and generally choose them often, in order to keep them more completely independent (Tocqueville, 2010). So, it is really the people who lead, and, although the form of the government is representative, clearly the opinions, prejudices, interests, and even the passions of the people cannot encounter any lasting obstacles that can prevent them from appearing in the daily leadership of society. Government understandably exists to serve the people. And when the citizens are positively influenced by government, confidence and legitimacy on the government increase, which is a key ingredient of democracy. Governance is more about meeting the needs of the people in an ongoing basis. Democracy and good governance require hard work and sacrifice on both the led and leadership. Institutions of the state and non-state institutions, work together to expand the reach and content of good governance. Political parties, the press, the judiciary, electoral umpire, civil society organisations and myriads of others have an ongoing stake in state affairs which must be nurtured and protected from predatory inclinations of man. But how critical is good governance to democratic success in Nigeria?
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Political Parties Defection and Good Governance in Nigeria: A Critique

Political Parties Defection and Good Governance in Nigeria: A Critique

Political defection and citizen participation: Good governance requires all men and women to have a voice in decisions affecting them. Politicians on the other hand argue that marginalisation is the cause of their defection. They claim to defect to political parties in which they will have a say. In this case, defection promotes good governance, as it fosters participation. But where politicians re-defect back to their former parties which they claimed did not guarantee their participation before proved that Nigerian parties do not promote participation of all and there is no internal democracy in political parties. A party without internal democracy can not give good governance to the society.
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ADMINISTRATION AND GOOD GOVERNANCE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: THE CASE OF NIGERIA

ADMINISTRATION AND GOOD GOVERNANCE IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: THE CASE OF NIGERIA

This paper examines the importance of Administration and Good Governance and its basic processes in Nigeria. It evaluates the crucial ways of improving administration and good governance as a distinct skill and its objectives. New ideas and interpretations were inculcated to give a balanced and integrated view of administration while relating administrative processes to other business functions. The paper also brought together existing knowledge regarding the basic processes of administration while stating the ideas in practical and useable form. The paper concludes that lack of administrative processes are key factors that affects the smooth running and growth of an organization. The paper recommends that administration which is guidance, leadership and control would promote sound growth of an organisation.
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Church Ethical Values in Good Governance and Entrepreneurship in Nigeria

Church Ethical Values in Good Governance and Entrepreneurship in Nigeria

Abstract: This research explores the impact of the Church ethical values on the governance and the development of entrepreneurship in the context of Nigeria nation. Entrepreneurship has been identified as a major source of employment, economic growth and innovation. As a result, entrepreneurship has captured the attention of increasing number of scholars in various fields including the Church. The Bible is concerned with the economics of the poor and their well-being. A possible way for Christian to represent the God’s plan for earth is to be entrepreneurial, starting business organization rooted in the desire to see the gospel transform the society. For example, Proverbs 6:9 challenges the poor by asking them to awake and go to work. Frost, the director General of the British Chamber of commerce indicated that “Thriving successful business are the lifeblood of prosperous communities. It has never been more important to support the next generation of wealth creating entrepreneurs particularly in these challenging economic times”. The church needs entrepreneurs, people who hate the status quo by challenging the norm, people whose greatest fear is the feeding of being stuck right where they are for the rest of their lives. Challenging the status quo is where entrepreneurship begins. The church in Nigeria realized that, the government cannot run the race alone, hence she (the church) becomes partners in progress in running a good governance with advancing entrepreneurship in developing Nigeria. It is against this backdrop that the study seeks to examine the cooperation of the government, the church and entrepreneurship in Nigeria. The study applied analytical methods for its findings.
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GOOD GOVERNANCE AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: THE GAP BETWEEN RHETORIC  AND REALITY

GOOD GOVERNANCE AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: THE GAP BETWEEN RHETORIC AND REALITY

However, the most dangerous and negative challenge that have frustrated governance in Nigeria is the widespread problem of endemic corruption. Corruption has become a contagious and alignment socio- economic and political problem enervating the development aspirations of the state. It permeates every strata of the society, reduces the values system and has been institutionalized. Even, the present government led by president Buhari, that was majorly voted into power in 2015 on anti-corruption slogan is not left out of this endemic virus as evident in some of her top officials been fingered in the act while the president look the other way round as agitations for their investigations and prosecutions felt into the deaf air of the presidency. See the below table as justification of the above assertion.
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Econoimic Viability And Good Governance: A Panacea To Crime In Nigeria

Econoimic Viability And Good Governance: A Panacea To Crime In Nigeria

Crime is one of the social menaces be devilling every human society. More importantly is the effect of crime as it threatens human survival. Though crime is inevitable as long as there are more than two people in the society, but its degree must not be on the high side. This paper has thus examined the various kinds of crimes and various punishments in the Nigeria criminal justice system and beyond. The various approach adopted in handling crime has also been examined. Crime is deeply rooted in poverty, hopelessness, frustration, unemployment and illiteracy. If we do not shun chauvinism and unhealthy rivalry, if we do not shun despotism and if we do not shun ethnocentric tendencies and work hard enough to get the poor and the less privilege off the street, we will create room for these ones to be used as an agent of terror. If we do not help them, someone else will help these ones for the cost of terrorising us all. It is thus our conclusion that the various punishments adopted are not effective in curbing crime and that a legalistic approach to crime will not serve the interest of the society. If truly our government are serious in fighting crime to a standstill, good governance and economic viability should be put in place so as to make survival less competitive. Attempt to depend only on penology and legalistic approach as a means of fighting crime will always open a new vista of crime which is alien to the society and capable of fighting back the system. The time is now to take the bull by the horn.
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Corruption Perception Studies and Anti-Corruption in Nigeria

Corruption Perception Studies and Anti-Corruption in Nigeria

and often burgeoning misconduct may poison public sentiment toward democratic politics in general.” There is no gainsaying the fact that corruption undermines the legitimacy of governments. That is why perception studies of corruption must be taken very seriously. Indeed, governments have expressed grave concern about the claims on the status of corruption in Nigeria. For in- stance, when TI publishes a CPI that shows an improvement in the relative ranking of Nigeria in the CPI, government officials advertise it as a confirmation that their anti-corruption effort is succeeding. When the report is unfavourable, they try to discredit the claims, reflecting a politics of anti-corruption locally, albeit with some international connection. Indeed, President Good Luck Jonathan in response to some of these report had argued that although there were cases of corruption in the country, the menace was being “over-amplified.” The president referred to the conduct of government business, which he said had experienced more transparency and fairness, to buttress his position. He spe- cifically pointed to the fertilizer sector and the power sector, espe- cially the bidding processes, as evidence that the government is “bringing down the issues of corruption gradually” (Ehikioya and Ofikhenua 2013: 63).
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CURBING CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA: THE IMPERATIVES OF GOOD LEADERSHIP

CURBING CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA: THE IMPERATIVES OF GOOD LEADERSHIP

corruption to become the full blown cancer it has become in Nigeria. Towards this, some concrete efforts at curbing corruption were made. These efforts were reflected, among others, in the establishment of Independent. Corrupt Practices and other Related Offences Commission (ICPC) in 2000 and the establishment of Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) in 2004. Even with these initiatives, Obasanjo’s leadership itself was, bedeviled by corruption of monumental proportion (Dike, 2003). Abada (2003) in this respect too notes that corruption was very much celebrated in Obasanjo’s administration with allegations of corruption in high places Among these corrupt activities include electoral fraud and corruption as was reflected in 2003 and 2007 general elections, bribery for budget approval by the National Assembly, payment of hugesums of money prior to being confirmed as ministerial nominees by the legislators and use of excessive money during election campaigns etc (Derin, 2007). Monumental corrupt allegations also trailed Obasanjo’s alleged third term bid. Again, the allegations and counter allegations by president Obasanjo and his Vice, Atiku Abubakar reveal that those who were supposed to be fighting corruption were themselves deeply involved in corrupt practices.
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Rethinking Civil Society And The Travesty Of Anti-Corruption In Nigeria

Rethinking Civil Society And The Travesty Of Anti-Corruption In Nigeria

In view of the above, in as much as the civil society has not lived up to expectations, their effort and contributions as non-state actors cannot be undermined, as they have initiated programmes and policies that are geared towards fighting corruption in Nigeria since May29, 1999. In fact, investigations of many allegations of corrupt practices by government officials were as a result of pressure mounted by civil society groups that demanded the accountability in the face of scandal. Through investigative and incisive reportage, the media have provided an important counter-point to the abuse of an entrusted power for private gains, shedding light on the wrong doings of the public office holders and even in the private sector. The media, alongside other groups, have provided the basic knowledge with which citizens can hold public and private institutions accountable. They have also collaborated with anti-graft and other law enforcement agencies to expose corruption in low and high places (Ukase and Audu, 2015. At least, we are witnesses to the removal of former Inspector General of Police Tafa Balogun, former first female Speaker of the House of Representatives Patricia Etteh, former Senate Presidents, former Minister of Education Fabian Osuji and his Health counter- part, Grange and former Governor of Bayelsa State, Dimipreye Alameiyeghsea, just to mention but a few.
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Poverty Alleviation Through Good Governance In Nigeria: An Islamic Perspective

Poverty Alleviation Through Good Governance In Nigeria: An Islamic Perspective

Poverty in Nigeria consists of many of the above mentioned characteristics. Therefore, this proves that there is the need for the Muslims to look inward and use the Islamic teachings provided to tackle the absolute poverty affecting a large number of their members. One of the suggested ways is by increasing the physical stock of capital through the institution of Sharikah which will boost business by increasing job opportunities for the growing population of our youth. The Islamic economic system makes it an obligation of the state and a collective duty to eliminate operation, establish social justice, and defend the weaker segment of society as well as the protection of citizens. The well-to-do are enjoined to support the poor while the state must ensure the provision of the basic minimum standard for every citizen. Therefore Islam encourages investment instead of keeping cash, buying hard currency, and landed properties or hoarding of foodstuff.
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Prayer for Good Governance: A Study of Psalm 72 in the Nigeria Context

Prayer for Good Governance: A Study of Psalm 72 in the Nigeria Context

Psalm 61 is a payer for God’s protection and the psalmist dedicates a significant part of his poem in praying for the wel- fare of his leader in these words: “prolong the life of the king; may his years endure to all generation! May he be enthroned forever before God; appoint steadfast love and faithfulness to watch over him!” (vv. 6-7) He prays for long life, steadfast love and faithfulness. These are God’s gifts to the king so that he will be able to do his work effectively for God and for the peo- ple, particularly for the petitioner who implores divine protec- tion on himself. He obtains this through the good leadership of the king whom he believes that God will keep long in office. The background of this triple petition and of the concepts found in the Royal Psalms, which will be discussed below, is the promise of the perpetuity of the Davidic dynasty in 2 Sam 7, particularly in vv. 12-17. It was also customary in the Ancient Near East to pray for king’s long life. At the end of a prayer to Ishtar, the petitioner intercedes for the king, praying for his long life (Falkenstein-Von Soden, 1953). Another Babylonian hymn to Nana also concludes with an intercession on behalf of the king, particularly for long life (Falkenstein-Von Soden, 1953). In Psalm 72, the author prays twice for God to give the king long life (vv. 5 and 15). The Prayer for Good governance in Anambra State asks that God may sustain the leaders in good governance. In other words, those who govern well may con- tinue in doing well and their office be prolonged.
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Good Governance and Poverty Reduction Relationship a case study of Nigeria

Good Governance and Poverty Reduction Relationship a case study of Nigeria

This apparent paradox of rising growth with poor governance performance and rising growth with rising poverty, contradict the theoretical as well as empirical evidences suggesting that t[r]

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An Analysis of Grand Corruption and Anti-Corruption Institutions in Nigeria and Kenya; 1960-2015

An Analysis of Grand Corruption and Anti-Corruption Institutions in Nigeria and Kenya; 1960-2015

Despite the Attorney General's effort to control the Commission, EFCC did not back down. In mid-December 2007, it arrested former Ekiti State governor Ayo Fayose, and former Delta State governor James Ibori, seen as a powerful and politically connected governor to the President Musa Yar’Adua. Ibori’s arrest seemed to demonstrate EFCC's initial autonomy from political interests, its commitment to its institutional mandate of fighting corruption, and its capacity to arrest and prosecute the high-profile persons who are usually seen as untouchables. However, a week after these arrests, the Attorney General announced that the government intended to merge the EFCC, ICPC and the Code of Conduct Bureau (CCB) because of the overlapping functions of the agencies (Lawson, 2009; EFCC Official, O.I, 09/12/15/; Anti-Corruption Expert, 03/02/16). Though his announcement seemed justified because the EFCC and ICPC perform largely the same function, the timing was politically assumed. It further increased the suspicion that the Attorney General wanted to assert his authority over the agencies and get rid of the Former vibrant EFCC’s Chairman.
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