The XMOS XK-1A microcontroller development board was used as the main embedded controller for this project. The XMOS XK-1A is a low cost development board which is based on a single XS-L1 device. It consists of a single XCore, which comprises an event-driven multi-threaded processor with general purpose I/O pins and 64 KBytes of on- chip RAM. In addition, the device consists of two XSYS 20-way IDC headers (one female and one male), an SPI interface to FLASH memory, a 20 MHz crystal oscillator, and two expansion areas with 12 I/O pins each . Programming the device can be done through the use of a JTAG device known as an XTAG that has a USB interface. The device can be programmed with XC programming language in an Eclipse-based environment known as XMOS Development Environment (XDE), which is supplied by XMOS. Figure 3.1 shows the XK-1A microcontroller development board and XTAG interface.
Electronic assembly and testing include two basic types: the PCB board test and the product functional test. The PCB board test mainly measures the RF baseband signals to find out the PA to the antenna before the end of the baseband signal. The result of this test decides whether the transmitter power is good or not, but the naked version connects with the antenna module. As the overall RF performance must closely suit the user’s needs, with a mobile phone the RF performance testing of the final products is a must [6, 7]. Due to the rapid development of computer communications, many of the high- speed data buses are used to test and measure applications. However, each data bus has its advantages and disadvantages, which we must consider when making an appropriate choice for the type of application under examination. GPIB is an 8-bit (Bit) parallel digital communication interface with a data transmission speed of up to 1 Mbyte/s. This bus can not only support the controller but can also be very effectively used between the control apparatus and for communication between the computers, and is often chosen as the system for an equipment GPIB automation control connector. Most RF automated testing programs use the GPIB to control the measurement instrument. As those programs must install their company’s IO Library first to both access measurement test result images and create the database, the programs are large, and their portability is low. In addition, they are expensive .
robotic is to transport in and around the given environment while transmitting returned stay video to the floor station over the internet or Wi-Fi. This stay facts can then be used by the controller to move the robotic round. In this proposed system, the robot isself-contained with wireless transmission of information. This device will help to manipulate/spy at the terrorist assaults at some stage in the arena via tracking and manage of robot through the internet with the Raspberry Pi board. The monitoring and controlling of robot actions are navigated thru the wireless network by using the use of an internet-primarily based server and additionally storing the information and cloud and ship back to the group and we can retrieve the statistics from cloud . In  Shubham Mittal and Jaynendra Kumar Raiproposed device is a Wadoro an autonomous mobilerobot for household surveillance in open-spaces like roofs in the course of night and shaded regions in day-time. This robot has the capability of detecting humans close to real-time round the clock using PIR sensors and digi-cam. The robot cycle is divided into 5 stages i.e., human detection, tracking, reputation and alert-generation with alongside the segment of self-safety. After detection of a human, it starts tracking to come across the face using an set of rules they used in the challenge after the subsequent popularity is performed using the nearby binary sample histograms method to Human face and if the face matches with the face in database and after the mismatch it offers an alert inside the form of smart phone call to the mobile smart phone of the consumer. Self-protection ensures the collision-unfastened actions of the robots and then prevent it from being stolen with the aid of gene rating an alert name on detecting its choose up from the ground. The challenge proposed
The scope of this project is to create a simplerobot with human-robot interaction (HRI) features and aimed to patients and visitors at hospitals only. This HRI featured robot is targeted only for a person who able to use their hands on the touch screen. Software used in the development progress of this project includes SolidWorks 2013 for the designing of the prototype, Nextion Editor to design interface on LCD display, Proteus 8.0 Profession for design and simulate circuit and finally Arduino IDE for programming purpose. Materials used for the prototype build is limited to acrylic and wood. Arduino Mega 2560 is the controller selected for the project and hardware to be used are infrared sensor, ultrasonic sensor and LCD monitor. Evaluation and test method used to analyze this final stage of the project was by on questionnaire, survey from patient volunteers done during the usability test. The robot which will built for this project, will be a type of mobilerobot with LCD monitor equipped on its head. The robot will use line following sensor for its movement around the fixed hospital environment and the interaction will occur by human touching the monitor on top of the robot head for his required service. Addition features added is wireless remote call button using RF Module. The usability test for the final prototype of the robot will be tested at ‘Pusat Kesihatan Pelajar UTeM’.
This paper describes the design and implementation of an integratedsystem with WSN to address the above environmental and agricultural problem. The system aims to achieve autonomous monitoring of livestock movement, welfare and environmental impact. The system will provide not only a solid base for the development and delivery of air quality control system at large poultry buildings but also a general solution for the domain of applications in environment and farm management. The cost-effective solution that addresses the important agriculture issue will bring significant social and commercial benefits.
Previously we described the cross-subarchitecture binding mechanism we use in the instantiations. This mechanism does not bind directly between pairs of sub architectures, but via a shared feature-based language. The important point here is that it relies on mappings between the ontologies for different sub architectures, e.g. between the binding features used for the visual entity red and the name red. This shared language has a mapping to each different SA representation. Typically, this mapping would be defined by the system designer, an approach taken in our system for most of the mappings. We would like, however, for the system to be able to acquire such mappings, and this is what the learning part of the example interaction demonstrates. Later on, when references are made to objects (e.g. in event I), the binder works using the mappings learnt previously between the ontologies (in events A to E) to carry out the binding.
Mobilerobot can be described as a small robot that operated autonomously or manually controlled that can move at any environment profile given. Every mobilerobot can be operated to do any task depending to its function and reason of its development. Mobilerobot nowadays is widely used in order to perform any task that simple and repeated job or dangerous to human being such as a mobilerobot for military used, for an example; the mine detection robot. Mobilerobot is widely in use today in many sectors. In manufacturing industries as an example, mobilerobot can be used as a part supplier from section to section. It will reduce manpower from supply parts and also will increase accuracy to supplying time. Because of mobilerobot size is not over than human sizes and have capability to move around, human tend to use it as a service robot in certain area such as shopping complex for shopping guidance and hospital for nurses and doctor support service. Basically, mobilerobot can be used in any sectors and its applications are wide as it can be design and built according to desire task.
Project scopes are important in order to develop these projects and it is required to assist and guide the development of the project. The scopes will be covered on design and programming of a mobilerobot. Part of design will include the application of Catia DS Software. It is for mechanical structure to select the material should be use. Electrical and electronic part are related in programming where need to develop the interface between programming, electronic circuit and mechanical system. The scopes of this project are:
Abstract. With the progress of science and technology, robot technology has a rapid development and penetrated into the social production of all aspects. To achieve the natural communication between men and machine that voice interaction is the future of human- computer interaction mainstream. While network language constitutes an important part of people's daily life in the information age, some negative phenomena also arise—the abuse of the Internet violence language. In this paper, through the introduction of speech recognition and synthesis technology, the NAO robot is developed and embedded in the open artificial intelligence platform of IFLYTEK, which is based on the vocabulary of high frequency Internet violence and the corresponding quiz database is established at the same time. When people talk with the NAO containing the Internet violence language, the robot will prompt immediately and persuades them to use civilized language, which will standardize the network language environment, and further promote the construction of socialist spiritual civilization.
Nevertheless, programming and control an industrial robotic arm is remain complicated and time-consuming. Additionally, technical expertise is required to control and program the robot. Many researchers have put effort in this field to make it smarter and efficient. Hand movement data acquisition is one of the greatest research technologies and has been widely used in the industrial application. Actually, the development of glove- based system has begun about 20- 30 years ago. According to the journal , Sayre glove, Digital Entry Data Glove and LED glove were the first glove prototypes in this world . Thomas de Fanti and Daniel Sandin has developed a glove system called Sayre Glove in 1977. A flexible tube is attached along the finger of glove. A photocell is attached to one end of the tube while source was attached at another end. A camera based system was used for the LED glove to track position. While, in the year of 1983, Gary Grimes developed Digital Entry Data Glove. Various kinds of sensors are embedded on the glove to determine the finger touches. The research in this filed is continued from years to years in order to improve the previous study limitations and build a better performance glove-based system in future.
The following subsections are studies and reviews based on specific hardware, soft- ware and feature for this research area. The initial direction for this research is achieving high flexibility and high movement precision of a robotic car via voice instruction command using mobile application. In addition, this research aims to contribute in the fields of voice recognition method and mobilerobotsystem performance. Hence, sufficient study is con- structed in order to understand the current technology and an improvisation will benefit the society, world and future generations.
location-stamped, so that a hospital, for instance, can know exactly when and where radiation levels exceeded permissible levels. Such robots are often part of the wireless enterprise network, interfaced with other sensing and control systems in the building. For instance, the PatrolBot security robot responds to alarms, operates elevators and notifies the command center an incident arises. Other autonomously guided robots include the SpeciMinder and the Tug delivery robots for hospital labs, though the latter actually has people at the ready to drive the robot remotely when its autonomy fails. The Tug sends a letter to its tech support person, who then takes the helm and steers it over the Internet by looking through a camera low in the base of the robot.
Three-dimensional digital substation specific applications can be divided into three stages. In the design phase, in order to achieve a three-dimensional model with a powerful combination of information documents, form a complete three-dimensional visualization of plant information system. It needs so much information, such as an integrated three-dimensional model of a large number of design-related one-dimensional and two-dimensional design information, materials, finished products, and construction and operation and maintenance of the neces- sary information. In the infrastructure period, owners and construction unit use three-dimensional model to query design information and direct extraction inventory of a variety of design drawings, equipment and mate- rials linking with model, provide detailed procurement information to the procurement system and simulate con- struction progress of the infrastructure and overhaul lifting reserved space, intuitive three-dimensional model to guide the construction, provide visual design communication services to remote construction site through INTERNET network
Today the Automatic Guided Vehicles or AGVs can definitely perform its tasks autonomously without or with minimum human intervention. Since it is categorized as automatic, one would expect it to be automatic in every aspect. But the fact is that, they are autonomous as long as they are fed with enough power. Once its power source gets exhausted, it has to stop working and inform the operator to switch batteries or recharge the batteries. When the battery is completely discharged, the power supply was manually disconnected from the robot and connected to the charger. During this time the robot remains non-functional and hence to attain complete autonomy it has to be addressed. To attain complete autonomy, a method is proposed bearing in mind the certain factors; like the cost, compatibility with existing robots, compliance and simplicity. In this paper, a docking system is designed for the National Instruments robotics starter kit robot 1.0 also known as DaNI 1.0 robot.Docking mechanism was designed to accommodate alignment errors, which occur due to various entry angles and positions, and will be described in detail later. Autodesk Inventor was used for performing the mechanical design of the system.
Technology is used to help solving the predicament by introducing robots to provide assistance. Robot is a machine, capable of carrying a multifaceted series of actions automatically. It is divided into two main categories which is Industrial Robots and Non- Industrial Robots. In this study, it will discuss on the introduction of service robot in health care setting
This thesis presents the design process and development of a mobilerobot and all the necessary software to control it. The goal of the thesis is also to determine, whether a Raspberry Pi computer is a suitable platform to use for robotics related projects. The iOS application provides the ability to guide the robot, watch its video stream and control the angle of its video camera. By using five LED diodes for illumination it is possible to watch the video stream in low light conditions. The mobile application communicates over the network with a program written in Python, that runs on the Rasp- berry Pi and manages all robot’s functionalities. This work describes the design process of a robot, appropriate hardware and software selection, soft- ware development and integration of all needed components into a finished product.
Different types of experiments and researches had been done. For example: Jung-Ming Yang and Jong-Hwan Kim  had proposed a novel control algorithm to achieve trajectory tracking of a mobilerobot with nonholonomic constraints. They used the computer-torque method for feedback-linearization of the dynamic equation and a theory of sliding mode for robust control. From their study, it was found that a mobilerobot with two control inputs to asymptotically stabilize to a desired trajectory consisting of three posture variables.
Almost every field in engineering make use of and reap the benefits of computer simulations. Robotics is no exception. At present there are several robot simulators ranging from open source and free to commercial and proprietary software. The level of simulation differs considerably among the simulators. Some allows the user to specify robot behaviours or plans, while others can be used to examine the exact path trajectory driven by a robot. A superior robot simulator must both support simulation and allow robot to interacts with the environments i.e. permit sensing and react to its environment changes through sensors and actuators. Followings are a short survey done on simulators offering these features.
Presently, the needs for monitoring and surveying missions are extremely high in demand due to devastations and accidents that are happening quite frequently nowadays. Places those are not suitable for human presence and access often creates high risk together with endangering the human life as well. Border patrolling, chemical plantations, nuclear reactors and other life risking places are part of the mentioned condition. Furthermore, the existing patrolling and monitoring robots and equipment that are already being used are high in price and require complex circuitries that often results delayed operation in the event of break down. Besides that, robot that can be used for domestic purposes; small scale monitoring and surveillance in a smaller radius site such as house and safe lockers in banks, emphasizing on cheaper prices, simple and understandable operative system are extremely rare and need a huge attention as it will be new to the domestic surveillance market.
Multi-robot motion planning approaches are distinguished by their levels of centralization. In fully centralized methods (e.g. , , ), a single planner plans all robots’ motions simultaneously. This often makes use of a joint configuration space that represents the configurations of all robots . Slightly less centralized is the decoupled approach , , , where each robot plans its own path, but a single centralized planner coordinates the robots by dictating how each robot follows its path. Significantly less centralized are emergent behaviors methods , , where each robot follows local behaviors that depend on relative locations of nearby robots. In emergent behavior methods, a centralized planner determines the general motion of the robots, and the structure that they maintain. Fully decentralized methods are usually coverage methods , , , , with goals of maximizing the total region visible by robots’ sensors, or of minimizing the probability of passing undetected through a region. In coverage methods, all robots plan independently, but consider each others’ locations when moving.