Top PDF Development of a Programmable Logic Controller Training Unit for Engineering Technology Curriculum

Development of a Programmable Logic Controller Training Unit for Engineering Technology Curriculum

Development of a Programmable Logic Controller Training Unit for Engineering Technology Curriculum

foremost, the unit had to be open. This meant that while the necessary hardware was available in the training unit, the students were left to develop the system to achieve the outcomes described in the lab activities. This allowed students the opportunity to learn trade skills such as industrial wiring, troubleshooting, and safety, while developing technical knowledge and conceptual understanding of hardware and software. Secondly, the units had to be representative of the current state of technology and capable of adequately representing technology during the system’s life cycle. The Allen Bradley CompactLogix® 1769 platform 6 was therefore selected because it was affordable and representative of PLC’s used in local industry. Additionally, the instructor assigned to develop the trainers and update the curriculum had significant industrial experience with Allen-Bradley controllers and was therefore able to relate relevant experience to the class. Further, based on feedback from the industrial advisory committee and faculty of the Mechanical Engineering Technology and Industrial Technology programs, it was desirable for the trainers to incorporate an adjustable speed drive. Finally, an adequate number of units had to be available to support the class to achieve a combined enrollment of 32 students. By design, groups were intended to include two students; therefore at least sixteen units were required to support the class.
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Industrial Internet of Things Based Programmable Logic Controller

Industrial Internet of Things Based Programmable Logic Controller

hardware description of the system and its specifications. Reference [4] In the Distributed Control System (DCS), the data exchange between the Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) is usually completed through the wired network. ZigBee wireless communication technology is introduced in the design of a new type of PLC to overcome the communication cable boundaries. In [5] the planning is concentrated on development of mobile automatic guided vehicle (AGV) controlled by decentralized edge PLC SIMATIC ET200S hardware. Wireless communications area unit considered because the two leading two-way communications technologies for the rising good Grid applications in [6], because the received signals from the NB-PLC and wireless links area unit allowed to hold identical info, to supply robustness against the interference encountered on each links. In [7] the system is focused on developing an ESP8266 based Low cost Wi-Fi based wireless sensor network, the IEEE 802.11n protocol is used for system. In most of the existing wireless sensor network are designed based on ZigBee and RF frequencies. Reference [8] discusses the natural bottleneck between mass sensor information and Electric Power Communication Transmission Network to put forward the concept of information aggregation layer under the background of heterogeneous network convergence. And lastly, the [9] deals with the sample IOT based security system which utilizes the ESP8266 as the wireless module in order to implement the wireless technology. Delta PLC of the model DVP14-SS2 is used for the customization. They are a second-generation model which consists of 8 Digital Inputs and 6 Digital Outputs of a very slender make. High speed timers and counters can be accessed for multiple timing and scheduling of processes. It also sports an adjustable serial port and an expansion bus which facilitates additional modules for increased supervision without extra wiring and is powered by the SMPS connections. An RS232 cable is used to connect to the MAX3232 converter, from which the Wi-Fi module ESP8266 is connected, with the software program downloaded onto it from the Arduino in order to establish wireless transmission and reception. The MAX3232 is used to converts the signals from the RS232 serial port to the proper signal which are used in the TTL compatible digital logic circuits. The MAX232 converts the signals like RX, TX, CTS, and RTS and it is a dual driver/receiver.
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Development Of An Automatic Can Crusher Using Programmable Logic Controller At FTK Canteen

Development Of An Automatic Can Crusher Using Programmable Logic Controller At FTK Canteen

This project praises to the god for the strength and courage given for me to complete my final year project. I want to express my highly appreciation in the deepest of my heart to my supervisor Mr. Ir. Nik Azran Bin Ab. Hadi for his significant guidance, continuous supervision and giving motivation as well as inspiration for me to complete my project which is Development of an Automatic Can Crusher Using Programmable Logic Controller at Faculty of Engineering Technology (FTK) Canteen. I feel thankful to his insightful advice and suggestion from the earlier until the end of this project.
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Development of cost effective PLC training kit by using arduino platform (PLCDUINO)

Development of cost effective PLC training kit by using arduino platform (PLCDUINO)

A Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) is a digital computer used in automation industries such as controlling of machineries on factory assembly line. PLC is designed for multiple input/output arrangements and has been gaining popularity on the factory floor and will probably remain predominant for some time in future. Most of this is because of the PLCs can offer an effective solution in term of cost, flexibility, and reliability. A small PLC has a fixed number of connections build in for input and output. It can be expanded further if the base model does not have sufficient I/O. The PLC programs are typically written in a special application called Ladder Diagram that can be downloaded from a personal computer or PLC console. The PLC can be reprogrammed for several times, thus make it adaptable to the process that required changes by the end user/company [19].
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Design and Implementation of Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Using System on Programmable Chip (SOPC)

Design and Implementation of Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) Using System on Programmable Chip (SOPC)

Programmable logic controllers (PLCs) have been widely used for the logic control in the manufacturing system [1]. In industrial application, ladder diagram is the most popular programming language for PLC development. Traditionally, PLC includes a microprocessor, and the ladder diagram is sequentially executed inside this PLC microprocessor in a cyclic scan period. Based on this solution, PLC performance is limited by the cyclic scan period, which depends on the program length and the microprocessor’s processing speed. In order to overcome these drawbacks with the programmable hardware solution, field programmable gate array (FPGA)-based PLC has been focused on by many researchers with its reconfigurable hardware structure and parallel execution advantage. Miyazawa [2] and Ikeshita et al. [3] developed a very rough manner in 1999 to convert the graphic ladder diagram into program description of very high- speed integrated circuit hardware description language (VHDL). Chen and Patyra [4] designed a VHDL model of the whole system directly from the original system requirements to build a controller. Abdel-Hamid et al. [5] and Kuusilinna et al. [6] developed an algorithm to convert finite state machine (FSM) into VHDL.
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Programmable Logic Arrays

Programmable Logic Arrays

A high performance CMOS Programmable Logic Array (PLA) circuit implemented by a new circuit technique is presented. The gate outputs are preconditioned to minimize delay using a new clocking scheme and circuit design. A multi-level logic and layout synthesis tool which utilizes the CVTL circuit technique is also presented. We describe the overall design methodology for generating the high performance PLA. The simulated benchmark circuits show that the average power-delay product is 2.1 times smaller than the pseudo-n MOS implementations for 0.25 μm process
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Development Of Controller For Back Cover Assembly Station For Flexible Manufacturing System Using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)

Development Of Controller For Back Cover Assembly Station For Flexible Manufacturing System Using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)

The aim of this project is to generate a controller device for FMS system. It consist of develop the programming for PLC that used to control the whole of FMS system which is assembly of back cover computer monitor. For this aim we should know of whole system stated FMS including of that FMS system, assembly of back cover monitor computer, PLC, pneumatic system, and the type of PLC we used. Below shown the element of the scope:

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Development Of Sorting System Based On Colour Segregation Using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)

Development Of Sorting System Based On Colour Segregation Using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)

2 The colour sensor senses the colouring box by using the Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) which acts as a main controller for the sorting system. The conveyor which is controlled by the PLC will bring the box that sensed by both Light Dependent Resistor (LDR) sensor and 4 super ultra brightness LED to the exact location. The circuit that consists of LDR sensor and super ultra brightness LED is able to determine the light intensity level on the box.

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Experimental silo controlled by 
		Programmable Logic Controller   PLC

Experimental silo controlled by Programmable Logic Controller PLC

Micro830 is a 16-point device, it has 10 inputs and 6 outputs incorporated, with the possibility of 2 expansion modules as shown in Figure-4. The controller is powered from a 24-volt DC source. It is programmed into the Connected Components Workbench software of free distribution. The terminal description of the 16-point Micro830 controller is shown in Table-1.

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Data Acquisition System Using Programmable Logic Controller

Data Acquisition System Using Programmable Logic Controller

Industry needs less manpower, more and accurate throughput. Accuracy enhances by exact reading of data from sources which further uses to control the whole system. The main objective is to design fully automatic system to achieve the industrial requirement. Our proposed system work at remote location for supervisory control and data acquisition with the help of appropriate Programmable Logic Controller (PLC). Main aim to design automatic system implemented using ABB 564 Ethernet PLC having control builder plus and panel builder tools. This data acquisition system used to monitor accurate temperature, pressure, voltage and current using PLC implemented with the aid of ladder logic. Communication between PLC and human machine interface carried out by TCP/IP protocol. Expected outcomes are graphical representation of accurate acquire parameters also indication of alarm for over limit values. Addition of energy analyzer in this system is used to monitor total system power consumption.
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“Home Automation Using Plc”

“Home Automation Using Plc”

Now-a-days, the rapid development of information technology has brought powerful changes to the structure of automation system, and makes people to set a higher request to security, comfort and efficiency of home environment. Intelligent household devices have become a research focus in home automation industry, for how to let television set, refrigerator, lightings, alarm sensor, and other home devices work efficiently and easy to be utilized. Through the integration of information technologies with the home environment, systems and appliances are able to communicate in an integrated manner which results in convenience, energy efficiency, and safety benefits. In this research paper we are targeting to automate the home appliances using PLC. The aim of this research paper is to get knowledge about the PLC used in industries and implementing it for energy saving purpose at home.
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Design Of Automated Guided Vehicle Using Programmable Logic Controller

Design Of Automated Guided Vehicle Using Programmable Logic Controller

Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) are vehicle based robot that are used in industry application. AGV is traditionally used to move works part or load from one place to another place around the industry facilities. However, with the rapid improvement in technology, the AGV has been used in many other industries such as transporting goods in warehouse and transporting foods and medicines in hospitals [1]. The movement of the AGV are fully controlled by either microprocessor or Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) that are already programed to do a certain task and following a special route made using white or black line or any coloured strips [2]-[3].
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Multichip Programmer Board

Multichip Programmer Board

XV LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS ADC Analog Digital Controller CPLD Complex Programmable Logic Devices CPU Central Processing Unit DC Direct Current DDR Data Direction Register EEPROM Erasable E[r]

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The Importance of the Programmable Logic Controller “PLC” in the Industry in the Automation Process

The Importance of the Programmable Logic Controller “PLC” in the Industry in the Automation Process

processes of its activities, in which process automation has enabled industrial automation to make a major technological advance. In view of this, the paper aims to describe the importance of PLC in the industry in the automation process and its role during the fourth industrial revolution. Most industries are responsible for most of the percentage of GDP (Gross Domestic Product) movement in industrialized countries, at a time when companies seek to maximize their processes in an increasingly competitive market, always having to adapt any and all procedures with a view to technological advances, making a particular industrial process cleaner, which is of great importance to maintain the consumer market. The result is the benefits of using the PLC, decreasing hard work, repetitive work and jobs that brought major problems to employee health. Moreover, the implementation of the PLC has made this technology easily accepted by the job market, bringing optimization, increased productivity, generating more profits, making a highly profitable investment. Therefore, the PLC is responsible for the major technological breakthrough and will be part of industry 4.0.
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Programmable Logic Controller Based Metal Segregation in Steel Industry

Programmable Logic Controller Based Metal Segregation in Steel Industry

The conveyor system hasbeen imparted in our system to separate the metals and non-metals for the segregation process. We have chosen the conveyor system because it will be one of the simplest processes in order we can easily separate the incoming process through the conveyor belt. We can also use hopper like system in order for segregation process. But when compared to that the conveyor system will be easiest and also it can be easily interfaced through the Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) system. Here we have shown you the simple conveyor system with two motors.
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FPGA-Based Flash Memory Controller for BZK.SAU.FPGA10.1 Microcomputer Architecture Design as an Educational Tool

FPGA-Based Flash Memory Controller for BZK.SAU.FPGA10.1 Microcomputer Architecture Design as an Educational Tool

Abstract—Operating systems and computer architecture and organization course are fundamental topics underlying many disciplines, including computer, electrical and electronics engineering departments. These courses involve both a theoretical and practical part for the effective learning process. A FPGA-based micro computer architecture design named BZK.SAU.FPGA10.1 was proposed to reinforce computer architecture and organization fundamentals in 2011. Also we developed an educational operating system named BZK.SAUOS from scratch on BZK.SAU.FPGA10.1 architecture. The program written using the user interface of this operating system was saved to main memory of this microcomputer architecture since it does not have a nonvolatile memory unit. So the process of editing on a file previously written is not impossible. This paper addresses an effective learning approach that permits one to work on real computer architecture and original operating system while supporting easily to save and edit their program using flash memory instead of main memory. The flash memory controller in this work have been designed completely hardware. So this controller allows the students to examine the internal structure of this controller while improving the motivation in the control of storage units like flash memory, hard disk etc. Overall, this work helps the students to improve controller design experience of storage units in low-level in addition to an increase in their learning process in the computer architecture and operating systems topics.
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Energy Management System in Buildings using Programmable Logic Controller

Energy Management System in Buildings using Programmable Logic Controller

A Current Transformer (CT) is an electric device that produces an alternating current (AC) in its secondary which is proportional to the AC in its primary. Current transformers, together with voltage transformers (VTs) or potential transformers (PTs), which are designed for measurement, are known as instrument transformers. In our Project, it is used to measure the load current in the crusher unit and provide signals to PLC and VFD to control the conveyor movement. In case of Overload, the conveyor is stopped.

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Traffic Signal Control Using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)

Traffic Signal Control Using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)

Timers, counters, shift registers, math functions are included in ladder logic to perform an operation as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7 of experimental setup. Ladder logic is a graphical programming language with simple contacts that simulate the opening and closing of the relays. Making ladder logic of working of traffic light. PLC mainly operates by continues scanning of instruction in the logic, one at a time to switch on or off the various

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Steam Boiler Automation Using Programmable Logic Controller

Steam Boiler Automation Using Programmable Logic Controller

A program consists of instructions that accomplish specific tasks. The degree of complexity of a PLC program depends upon the complexity of the application, the number and type of input and output devices, and the types of instructions used.Ladder logic is one programming language used with PLCs. Ladder logic incorporates programming functions that are graphically displayed to resemble symbols used in hard-wired control diagrams. The left vertical line of a ladder logic diagram represents the power or energized conductor. The output coil instruction represents the neutral or return path of the circuit. The right vertical line, which represents the return path on a hard-wired control line diagram, is omitted. Ladder logic diagrams are read from left-to-right and top- to-bottom. Rungs are sometimes referred to as networks.
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Analysis Of Power Consumption By Using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)

Analysis Of Power Consumption By Using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)

The rapid growth of electricity consumption increased in accordance with the development of the country to reach its status as the industrial countries. The development of supervisory system that control and monitor play an important role to balance energy production and to evaluate the consumption needs from the consumer. Nowadays, the usage of power for individual house may increase if there is less aware on power wasting. By turning on electrical appliances that may not be beneficial enough for the owner, it will increase the power usage that obviously will double up the cost of utility billing. The aim of this project is to control and monitor in load utilization by using Programmable Logic Controller (PLC) via Human-machine Interface (HMI). Hence, PLC is used as the centralized component of sending and receiving data to the system via HMI and analyse power consumption based on customer usage with a several cases. The eight cases of load utilization and its power consume will be investigated. This program will be run by designing ladder programming software and user interface program while its controller will be developed using PLC. The development of this monitoring and controlling system is simulated through the implementation of eight cases mentioned previously. As a result, the outputs of power obtained from HMI display are identical with theoretical value and this project can be applied in domestic house for controlling and monitoring the power usage.
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