The government is committed to making funding for the early years fairer. That’s why the government conducted its Review of childcare costs: call for evidence consultation between 15 June 2015 and 10 August 2015, to determine a rate of funding that is sustainable for providers and delivers value for money to the taxpayer. The findings of this review provided the government with vital evidence which has helped to inform the proposed increase in funding rates from 2017/18. We will consult on the proposed new funding allocation system shortly. 07 Jun 2016 | Written questions | 38638
Families where one parent does not work (or neither parent works) will usually not be eligible for these additional hours. However, the government intends to make provision to support families where one parent is in receipt of benefits relating to caring responsibilities or a disability and the other parent is working. Full details will be set out in regulations, but the government intends that the additional entitlement should be available in the following circumstances:
Neil Leitch: I agree with my colleagues: they don’t. In fact, the Treasury, in looking at tax- freechildcare, have some interesting statistics that they quote—it would be useful if we had those available—that show that the vast majority of parents have no idea what the free entitlement means, either in terms of when they can claim it or what the terms and conditions are et cetera. As for flexibility, “affordable, flexible childcare” is a lovely term, but in reality, for the free entitlement, it just does not work. The idea in the review, for example, that we should be tougher on ratios and should work to the maximum is contrary to flexibility. It means that you basically wait to take a child until you fill up the places, rather than take three children at two years of age, you take four children and wait until you get the fourth; or you don’t take six; you take eight if they happen to be three and four-year-olds. That’s not about flexibility.
Children and young people’s mental health is a priority for the Department and we recognise the importance of supporting parents and schools to help children use social media safely. To provide information to parents who are concerned about mental health the Department funded MindEd to set up a new site, MindEd for Families, which was launched earlier this year (http://minded.e-lfh.org.uk/families/index.html). This provides free on-line advice on a range of mental health issues affecting children and young people and includes a section on social media. Teachers can also find advice and training on mental health issues from the main MindEd site, which was funded by the Department of Health (https://www.minded.org.uk/). We are also continuing to provide funding to the YoungMinds parents helpline, a national service providing free, confidential online and telephony support, information and advice, to any parent/carer concerned with the emotional problems, behaviour or mental health of a child or young person up to the age of 25.
There is a saying that Rome was not built in a day, so is banking system of the World. Monetary policy of any country is directly related to economic development of the country where banks play major role. Information technology and communication networking systems have revolutionalised the working of banks and financial institutions all over the world. Banking has become more complex with the introduction of banking has attracted the public at large all over the world. Banking services has reached rural people of India and has its working wing globalized. Thus is the complicatory story of e-banking; where numerous facilities offered due to digitalization, there is also plenty obligation to be meted out by the banks. Banker has to act like a king and servant at the same time. He has to vigil and also be loyal to his customers. This banking has brought banking 24 hours and 7 days, where there is no need for the customer to banking is a product of last century due to research conducted in the field of banking and financial king has been simultaneously evolving with the development of the World Wide Web programmers working databases came up with the idea of online banking transactions sometime during the 1980s in Europe. They called this home banking. In 1983, the building society commonly abbreviated and referred to as the Non Banking Service launched the first internet banking service in United Kingdom. The first online banking service in United States was introduced in 1994.
The decline in the provision of childcare in children’s centres could reflect market factors. Children’s centres in the most deprived areas were originally asked to provide childcare because, at the time, the level of childcare provision in these areas was below the national average. However, it was recognised that the challenge would be whether there was going to be a demand for this provision, and, in particular, if levels of demand could be sustained if commercially viable (rather than subsidised) fees had to be charged. The steady decline of this type of provision could reflect a lack of demand, particularly as childcare provision in children’s centres may now be less likely to be subsidised than when provision was first introduced - it was always envisaged that provision in children’s centres would eventually need to become financially viable, and reductions in children’s centres budget may also have affected their ability to subsidise childcare. 33 Increases in the broader supply of full day care provision may also have impacted on demand for provision specifically based in children’s centres. In response to concerns from some children’s centres about the sustainability and viability of providing childcare, in 2011 the Government removed the requirement for centres in the most disadvantaged areas to provide childcare if there was not an identifiable need.
proportions have changed since 2007. It should be noted that there is a likelihood of double counting of staff within the total group based paid childcare staff figures. For example, a children’s centre may offer both full day care and holiday clubs. It is highly likely that a member of staff at this centre would work in both the full day care provision and the holiday club provision and therefore be counted twice in the total. For this reason total ‘group based childcare’ figures should be treated primarily as an indication of differences between this and the other sectors rather than as an absolute measure. Across all paid staff within all types of provider, more than three in four members of the workforce (78 per cent) in 2011 were qualified to at least level 3 54 and around one in seven (15 per cent) were qualified to at least level 6.
A more detailed breakdown of pay levels by staff type, ownership, profit making status (for childcare providers) and area deprivation (for both childcare and early years providers) has been included in Appendix 1 (Tables 5.16a - 5.16f and 5.18c). Among full day care, full day care in children’s centres and sessional providers, staff in local authority run establishments earned more per hour than those working in privately owned, voluntary or school run providers. Staff working in out of school providers earned a higher rate of pay per hour if they worked in school run settings. Among sessional providers and full day care providers in children’s centres, staff working for profit making organisations were paid slightly more than staff working for not-for-profit organisations. Again, the differences tended to be small (around 50 pence) although this rose to a difference of £1.20 for managers in sessional providers. Staff working in after school clubs, holiday clubs and full day care
One of the main differences between traditional paper petitions and new e-petitions in all four public cases is the point of contact between the principal petitioner and the receiving institution. In the case of paper petitions, the principal petitioner normally gets in touch with the administration (or the sponsoring MP in Queensland) after having collected signatures, and hands over the actual petition, the lists with signatures and other required documents all at once. The internet-based procedure, however, requires the petitioner to contact the administration prior to the signature phase. So far, only few insights could be gained on the political effects of this early procedural “filter”. On the one hand, the early contact with the experts in the administration opens the opportunity to improve the petition text, and the petitioner may receive useful tactical advice on how to promote the e-petition. On the other hand, it cannot be ruled out that the petitioner’s genuine request might be distorted in this process. By comparison, paper petitions, submitted after the signatory phase, are – at least theoretically – more likely to be rejected on formal grounds.
In their study of the European parliament's platform PETI, Cruickshank and Smith (2009), make the observation that conceptually, petitioning can be regarded as a hybrid form between pure representative democracy and direct democracy. In this context, it is often stressed that beyond the immediate question of success or failure for a given partition, the option to participate and to be able to communicate with the legislature is in itself important. Cruickshank and Smith (2009) highlight not only the different technical and legal implications of e-petitions across European countries, but also point to the variance in success between national electorates. Within this body of scholarship, electronic petitions are often championed as instruments of representative democracy despite considerable differences between the demographics of internet users and non- users. In Germany, 86% of the population use the internet at least occasionally, with 72% accessing it every day or almost every other day (Seybert and Reinecke, 2014). This is higher than the European Union average at 78%, but lower than the United Kingdom at 92%. In another Eurostat survey, half of German internet users reported having used some form of e-government service, such as online tax reporting, less that in France with 60%, but more than in the UK (Seybert and Reinecke, 2013). These figures suggest that while the early experiments with e-petitioning may have reached only a small portion of the electorate, current implementations should have achieved a more representative adoption.
In a representative democracy it is important that politicians have knowledge of the desires, aspirations and concerns of their constituents. This can be accomplished by them attending meetings; conducting advice surgeries and sim- ply talking with people. The question then arises as to how representative these interac- tions are? Ideally the conduct of a statistically sound opinion survey would provide a more objective measure of local views; however, in the era of big data thoughts turn to how alter- native data can inform politicians about impor- tant issues (Bright & Margetts, 2016; Karpf, 2016b). One such source of data are signatories to electronic petitions (e-petitions) (Karpf, 2016a). In this study use is made of such e-peti- tion data to provide local politicians with infor- mation about possibly the most significant event in recent United Kingdom (UK) politics, the referendum on its European Union (EU) membership.
This new “extended entitlement” is due to be introduced from September 2017 across England, with some parents in pilot and “early innovator” areas benefitting earlier. In the 2015 Spending Review, the Government announced an extra £300 million to increase the national average funding rate for freechildcare for 3 and 4 year olds to £4.88 (although the actual rate paid to providers will be determined by local authorities). In addition, £100 million of capital funding has been allocated to create 18,000 additional places.
Field-based teacher education (FBTE) in New Zealand has been a part of the educational landscape of early childhood education (ECE) since the 1960s. The history of FBTE is grounded in many important early childhood education narratives including the women’s movement, the growth of the childcare sector, and the development of early childhood education specific teaching qualifications. Yet, the story of FBTE seems to be relatively unknown by those in the early childhood and teacher education sectors. The lack of research pertaining to field- based teacher education is a point which is also highlighted in the work of Brennan, Everiss and Mara (2011). In their report, An Exploration of Field-based Early Childhood Teacher Education in Aotearoa New Zealand, the authors discuss that field-based teacher education ‘is an area which little is known about’ (p. 5). Zeichner (1999) highlights that the lack of research pertaining to field-based teacher education is due to social prejudices that exist deriving from historical views of teacher education. Zeichner provokes teacher educators to open their minds to new ways of teaching, highlighting that field-based teacher education offers the chance for new ways of enquiry-based learning.
All types of childcare provider have increased in number since 2001 (or in the case of holiday clubs, since 2003), with the exception of sessional care providers which have dropped by 39 per cent since 2001 and childminders who have decreased in number by three per cent since 2005. The fall in the number of sessional providers over the past few years could partly be due to increasing parental demand for childcare that covers longer hours. In 2008 one in five full day care providers (18 per cent) said that they had changed from offering sessional care. Most of these (70 per cent) said that they did this because of parental demand for longer hours of childcare.
The project has nine key objectives relating to the development of a comprehensive data bank on the whole child, and all the variations encompassed by that concept, which can be used to inform Government policies and services (Chapter 1). The Study is multi-disciplinary with information collected on a broad range of variables that can both affect and describe the lives of young children from birth to 5 years with a particular focus on cognitive, physical, social-emotional and behavioural outcome trajectories. These are understood as being influenced, and influencing, the relationships between the child and the actors in the various environments in which he/she operates, as conceptualised by Bronfenbrenner, and described earlier in this report. For example, it is possible to look at the ways in which regularly occurring parent-child interactions (parent-child relationships) vary by the characteristics of the child (say temperament) and also by another relevant aspect of the context of this interaction (different family type or social class), with data which has now been collected at three different time points. One important developmental outcome of how the parent and 5-year-old child interact which is particularly relevant at this time is readiness for primary school.
Parents were asked to include any time that the child was not with a resident parent or a resident parent’s current partner, or at school. In order to remind parents to include all possible people or organisations that may have looked after their children, they were shown a list of childcare providers: nursery schools, nursery classes, reception classes, special day schools, day nurseries,
The opposite party bank refused to accept the deposit of motor vehicle tax by the complainant on the ground that the District Transport Authority has not opened an account with them, it was held that refusal of the bank is understandable. In any event, since the complainant did not have any account with the opposite party bank. It was held that he is not a consumer under the Act as neither any goods were purchased nor any services were hired by him for consideration from the opposite party. In the circumstances, the complaint was held not maintainable. Nawal Kishore Sharma Vs. The Accontant State Bank of India - 55 The issue in the case was whether the Ajara Urban Co-op. Bank being a large commercial organization and the purchase of Zerox Machine for its commercial activity as a bank could maintain a complaint under the Consumer Protection Act in respect of the Zerox Machine. The commission held that when a Xerox machine has been purchased by a bank for its office use and the complaint is not regarding services attached to it but rather that machine was faulty and defective then complaint does not fall within the purview of the Consumer Protection Act as machine purchased being for commercial purposes. IDC Electronics Ltd. Vs. Ajara Urban Co-operative Bank Ltd & Ors. 56 A revision petition was filed by the Bank of Maharashtra against the order of District Forum directing it to renew FDR of the respondent, to treat the amount of Rs.20,040/- withdrawn by the Respondent as having been paid under Cash Credit Facility, that Rs.42,042 with interest due under Cash Credit Scheme be paid to the complainant and Rs.900 be paid as expenses for hearing, Rs.1000/- for mental pain and Rs.2000/- for mental torture. The bank's appeal was dismissed by the State Commission against which the revision was filed before the National
HMRC recognise that over the summer some parents didn’t receive the intended level of service whilst using the site. Whilst the majority of parents used the childcare service without significant problems, some parents experienced technical issues including delayed decisions about their eligibility for one or both of the schemes. The Government acted quickly to address this, and HMRC and their delivery partners NS&I have now made significant improvements to the service. 28