Top PDF A study to evaluate the effectiveness of group therapy on depression among alcoholics at a selected de-addiction centre in Madurai

A study to evaluate the effectiveness of group therapy on depression among alcoholics at a selected de-addiction centre in Madurai

A study to evaluate the effectiveness of group therapy on depression among alcoholics at a selected de-addiction centre in Madurai

Title: A study to evaluate the effectiveness of group therapy on depression among alcoholics at a selected de-addiction centre in Madurai. Objectives: To assess level of depression comparing between the control and experimental before Interventation, to assess the level of depression comparing between control and experimental after Interventation, to assess the effectiveness between the control and experimental group, to assess the pre test associated between the demographical variable and level of depression. Hypotheses: There significant difference in the level of depression before and after group therapy among alcohol dependency, there is a statistically significant association between level of depression and demographic variable. Methodology: Quasi experimental research design (Pre-test and post-test control group design was used 60 adults were selected at de-addiction centre in Madurai, pre test was conducted on first day after obtaining consent, group therapy was given for 1 ½ hours daily in the morning for 10 consecutive days and post test on 11 th day by using beck depression inventory scale. Findings: The group therapy improved the level of depression among alcoholics, there was a significant association between post test level of depression and adult age educational status, monthly income, amount of alcohol taken per day, occupational. Conclusion: The present study assessed the effectiveness of group therapy on depression among adults in selected in de-addiction centre in Madurai. The result of the study concluded that group therapy has reduced the depression among alcoholics, it will enhances an overall sense of will being as well as improvement in the quality of life
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A Quasi Experimental study to evaluate the effectiveness of reminiscence therapy on depression among elderly in selected old age homes at Madurai

A Quasi Experimental study to evaluate the effectiveness of reminiscence therapy on depression among elderly in selected old age homes at Madurai

Scogin, Hamblin and Beutler (1987) used three treatment conditions to investigate the efficacy of reminiscence therapy for the amelioration of symptoms in mild to moderately depressed older adults. The reminiscence therapy treatment condition was assessed three times over a two-month program. The first month was active treatment and there was a post treatment follow-up one month later. The other two conditions consisted of a delayed condition which received the same treatment staggered one month behind the immediate treatment condition and an attention control treatment group. Of 29 original participants 60 years of age or older, only 20 completed the study – a sample too small to be generalizable. Although there was no significant relationship found between age and severity of depression on completion of the program, there was a correlation found between less education and lower socio- economic status and likelihood of dropping out of the study. This suggests characteristics that warrant further study as possible predictors of a candidate’s potential success in using reminiscence therapy for depression.
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A study to Evaluate Effectiveness of Aromatherapy on selected adverse effects
among patients undergoing Chemotherapy at Cancer Centre in Madurai.

A study to Evaluate Effectiveness of Aromatherapy on selected adverse effects among patients undergoing Chemotherapy at Cancer Centre in Madurai.

Taehan Kanho Hakhoe (2006) conducted study at Lee GJ. Department of Nursing, Keukdong College, Chungcheongbuk-Do, Korea.The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of the lavender fragrance on sleep and depression in women college students. Forty-two women college students who complained of insomnia were studied during a four-week protocol (control treatment week, 60% lavender fragrance treatment week, washout week, 100% lavender fragrance treatment week). All subjects were in the department of nursing in “K” college and the study was a single blind repeated measurements experiment. For the duration of the study, weekly evaluations of sleep, patterns of sleep disturbance, severity of insomnia scale, self satisfaction with sleep, and severity of depression were performed. Among sleep variables, length of time taken to fall asleep, severity of insomnia, and self satisfaction with sleep were improved for the 60%(p=.000, p=.000, p=.000) and 100%(p=.000, p=.000, p=.000) week while the severity of depression was improved only for the 100%(p=.002) week. According to the study results, it can be concluded that the lavender fragrance had a beneficial effect on insomnia and depression in women college students. Repeated studies are needed to confirm effective proportions of lavender oil and carrier oil for insomnia and depression.
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A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme regarding prevention of Selected Complications among immobilized orthopaedic patients in Government
Rajaji  Hospital, Madurai

A Study to Evaluate the Effectiveness of Structured Teaching Programme regarding prevention of Selected Complications among immobilized orthopaedic patients in Government Rajaji Hospital, Madurai

Immobilization is commonly used practice in the orthopeadic department as a method of treatment. The physiological and psychological alterations which result from recumbency can have a drastic effect on the patients. Some authors consider that immobilization may be responsible for many undesirable complications that affect many organs. It increases heart rate, reduces stroke volume and cardiac output and ultimately reduces maximal oxygen uptake by the body. In addition to cardiovascular and pulmonary complications, bed rest and immobility cause loss of bone mass, hypercalcemia and atrophy of skeletal muscle. An immobilized patient may lose 10- 15% of muscle strength per week. Besides these adverse physical effects of immobility, patients may experience psychological effects such as restlessness, anxiety, insomnia, depression, decreased concentration and tolerance to pain. Immobility can also be devastating to lung function. Weakened respiratory muscle can hammer chest wall expansion and impede adequate tidal volume for air exchange. Most of these complications cans be prevented through meticulous nursing care and continuous observation for signs and symptoms of chest infections and other complications.
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Effectiveness of family focused intervention on coping among family members of alcohol dependent patients at selected alcohol de-addiction centre, Coimbatore

Effectiveness of family focused intervention on coping among family members of alcohol dependent patients at selected alcohol de-addiction centre, Coimbatore

The data was collected for 30 days. The study was conducted at Kasturba Gandhi Memorial De-addiction centre in Coimbatore for family members of alcoholics from 20.06.11 to 20.07.11. The samples those who fulfilled criteria were recruited in the main study and the sample size were 30. Pre test was done on the first day using Modified Lazarus Coping Scale. Then family focused intervention was given to the family members of alcohol dependent patients. Intervention was given for duration of 20-30 minutes (9-10 sessions) for 10 family members of alcohol dependent patients for a period of 10 days. Post test was conducted in the 11 th day for each group to evaluate the level of coping among family members of alcoholics after administering family focused intervention.
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A study to evaluate the effectiveness of pranayama on the level of stress among wives of alcoholics in selected rural community at Dharapuram.

A study to evaluate the effectiveness of pranayama on the level of stress among wives of alcoholics in selected rural community at Dharapuram.

Stress is simply a fact of mature forces from outside world affecting the individual. The individual responds to stress in ways that affect the individual as well as their environment. Stress comes in many forms and affects people of all ages and all walks of life. No external standards can be applied to predict stress level in individuals. The degree of stress in our lives is highly dependent upon individual factors such as our physical health, the quality of our interpersonal relationship, the number of commitment and responsibilities we can try, the degree of others dependence upon us, expectations of us, the amount of support we receive from others and the number of changes or traumatic events that have recently occurred in our lives. The common symptoms of stress are muscle tension, sleeping disturbance, ulcers, headache, high blood pressure, rapid breathing, indigestion, fatigue, nervousness, anxiety, and forgetfulness, fear of failure, irritability, depression, anger, and mood swings.
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Effectiveness of horticulture therapy on depression among elderly at selected old-age home in Madurai

Effectiveness of horticulture therapy on depression among elderly at selected old-age home in Madurai

program improved physical function, mental health, and ability to cope with Musculo- skeletal pain. The research team designed a prospective, non-randomized, controlled cohort study, enrolling all patients consecutively referred to the Zurzach Interdisciplinary Pain Program (ZISP) who met the study’s criteria. The team divided them into two cohorts based on when medical professionals referred them before (control group) or after (intervention group) introduction of a horticultural therapy program. Seventy-nine patients with chronic musculo-skeletal pain (fibromyalgia or chronic, nonspecific back pain) participated in the study. The research team compared a 4-week, inpatient, interdisciplinary pain-management program with horticulture therapy (intervention,( n = 37) with a pain-management program without horticultural therapy (control, n = 42). The horticultural therapy program consisted of seven sessions of group therapy, each of 1-hour duration. On discharge, the research team measured small to moderate outcome effects (effect size (ES) up to 0.71) within both groups. The study found significantly larger improvements for the horticultural therapy group vs the control group in SF-36 role physical (ES = 0.71 vs 0.22; P= .018); SF-36 mental health (ES = 0.46 vs 0.16; P = .027); HADS anxiety (ES = 0.26 vs 0.03; P = .043); and CSQ pain behavior (ES = 0.30 vs–0.05; P = .032).
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A study to evaluate the effectiveness of guided imagery technique on depression anxiety and stress among cancer patients receiving radiation therapy in erode cancer centre at Erode.

A study to evaluate the effectiveness of guided imagery technique on depression anxiety and stress among cancer patients receiving radiation therapy in erode cancer centre at Erode.

The conceptual framework of the study was based upon Sister Callista Roy’s Adaptation model. The research approach used for this study was Experimental Approach and the research design was “Quasi Experimental Design”. 60 cancer patients receiving radiation therapy were selected for this study using purposive sampling technique. Data were collected with the help of Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale (DASS 21) through interview method. The tool was given to five experts for content validity. This standardized scale’s reliability is 0.94. The tamil version of the tool s reliability was checked using test retest method and was found to be reliable (r= 0.9). Pilot study was conducted to find the feasibility of the study and to plan for data analysis. Guided Imagery intervention was given to the experimental group dividing them into 3 groups. Each group containing 10 members were given intervention for 30 minutes everyday for 3 weeks. After 3 weeks post test was done using the same scale for experimental and control group to assess the effectiveness of Guided Imagery technique on depression, anxiety and stress among cancer patients receiving radiation therapy. Descriptive statistics (frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics (paired ‘t’ test, unpaired ‘t’ test and chi- square test) were used to analyze the data and test hypotheses.
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Effectiveness of Reiki Therapy on Depression among Geriatrics in Selected Oldage Homes at Madurai

Effectiveness of Reiki Therapy on Depression among Geriatrics in Selected Oldage Homes at Madurai

The old age is an integral part of human life. It is the evening of life. It is unavoidable, undesirable, unwelcome and problem ridden phase of life. But it is really interesting to note that everybody likes to live a long life, but not to be old. It is ironical that however undesirable the old age that is bound to life. A man is compelled to go through the pains and pleasure of this age as like other phases in life, before making exit from this mortal world. Reiki therapy may help restore a person’s overall sense of balance, both in the mind and the body. This may help to improve the person’s mood and help him or her to overcome feelings of guilt and/or sadness. . However there are inherent difficulties in assuming from these studies that Reiki therapy for depression is an effective treatment with the general adult population .
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Effectiveness of music therapy on depression among depressive patients at selected psychiatric hospitals, Coimbatore

Effectiveness of music therapy on depression among depressive patients at selected psychiatric hospitals, Coimbatore

Schaub (2002) studied the effect of music on pain. Older adults undergoing hip and knee surgery participant were randomly assigned to room in the orthopedic section of the hospital. Control group receive standard post operative care had a bed side compact disc player that would automatically play. Numerical rating scales used by researcher to determine the difference between pain level in the control and experimental group Analysis done by repeated measure ANOVA was used. There was a significant reduction in the number of pain medication taken post operatively in those participate who listened to music when compared with those who did not (f=26.93, p=0.01).
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A study to evaluate the effectiveness of yoga therapy on the level of stress among housewives at selected community area in Dindigul District.

A study to evaluate the effectiveness of yoga therapy on the level of stress among housewives at selected community area in Dindigul District.

Chen KM, Tseng WS(2012) Contected a study on effects of newly developed silver yoga exercise programmed for housewives . Using a one-group, pre-post test design, a convenience sample of 160 community-dwelling housewives was recruited. The silver yoga exercise intervention was administered three times a week, 70 minutes per session, for four weeks. Data were collected at baseline and after completion of the four- week intervention. Results indicated that participants body fat percentage and systolic blood pressure decreases, balance and range of motion on very active and tension reduced, and sleep disturbance was minimized (app p<0.05). Preliminary evidence supports that the silver yoga exercise program provides positive effects on the promotion of good mental health in housewives living in the communities. 
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Effectiveness of guided imagery on stress among spouse of alcoholics at de addiction ward in government rajaji hospital, Madurai

Effectiveness of guided imagery on stress among spouse of alcoholics at de addiction ward in government rajaji hospital, Madurai

Liza Varvogli1, Christina Darviri (2011) studied about “Stress Management Techniques”: evidence-based procedures that reduce stress and promote health According to the World Health Organization; stress is a significant problem of our times and affects both physical as well as the mental health of people. Stress is defined as a situation where the organism‘s homeostasis is threatened or the organism perceives a situation as threatening. Stress coping methods are the cognitive, behavioral and psychological efforts to deal with stress. After a thorough literature review in major databases (MEDLINE, Scopus, Science Direct) the following techniques were identified and are presented and briefly discussed here: progressive muscle relaxation, autogenic training, relaxation response, biofeedback, emotional freedom technique, guided imagery, diaphragmatic breathing, transcendental meditation, cognitive behavioral therapy, mindfulness-based stress reduction and emotional freedom technique. These are all evidence-based techniques, easy to learn and practice, with good results in individuals with good health or with a disease.
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Effectiveness of humour therapy on depression among the elderly in selected old age home, Coimbatore.

Effectiveness of humour therapy on depression among the elderly in selected old age home, Coimbatore.

The data was collected for a period of 30 days. The study was conducted inSt.Joseph old age home, Coimbatore from June 20 to July 20. The first four days assessment of the 120 elderly was done with baseline data. Among these 120 elderly persons, 40 samples were excluded under exclusion criteria. The remaining 80 samples were administered geriatric depression scale and 50 samples were identified with depression. Humour therapy was given for 30 minutes in duration of 3 weeks by dividing the depressed elderly into three groups. After the intervention the level of depression was reassessed with same scale on the last two days.
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Evaluate the effectiveness of drumstick leaves juice to increase the haemoglobin level among adolescent girls with anemia in a selected homes at Madurai district.

Evaluate the effectiveness of drumstick leaves juice to increase the haemoglobin level among adolescent girls with anemia in a selected homes at Madurai district.

Dreyfuss, D.A et al., (2007) conducted an analytical study to assess the anemia among Indian adolescent girls under the project by Health and Family Welfare Bureau. Blood collection was done and serum ferritin, peripheral blood smear and Haemoglobin test were done and analysis was carried out. The result showed that in India severe anemia ranges from 1.6% to 11.7% among adolescent girls, moderate anemia seen in rural area were more (38%) than in urban (11.9%) area (P< 0.05). He concluded that the adolescent girls are vulnerable to iron deficiency anemia, which interferes in their physical capacity and work performance. Adolescent period is the preparatory period for the physical development for the future mothers. The young reproductive age group women are more susceptible to anemia, because of their poor dietary intake.
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Effectiveness of yoga on resilience among adolescents at selected schools in Madurai

Effectiveness of yoga on resilience among adolescents at selected schools in Madurai

Jessica J. Noggle, Naomi J. Steiner, Takuya Minami, Sat Bir S. Khalsa (2012) conducted a study to test feasibility of yoga within a high school curriculum and evaluate preventive efficacy for psychosocial well-being. Grade 11 or 12 students (N =51) who registered for physical education were cluster-randomized by class 2:1 yoga: physical education as usual. Self-report questionnaires were administered to students 1 week before and after. Perceived Stress Scale and Inventory, Resilience Scale, State Trait Anger Expression Inventory and Child Acceptance Mindfulness Measure were used. The yoga program of physical postures, breathing exercises, relaxation, and meditation was taught 2 to 3 times a week for 10 weeks. Analyses of covariance were used. Although PE as usual students showed decreases in primary outcomes, yoga students improved. Total mood disturbance improved in yoga students and worsened in controls (p=0.015). Although positive affect remained unchanged in both, negative affect significantly worsened in controls while improving in yoga students (p=0.006). Students rated yoga fairly high, despite moderate attendance.
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Effectiveness of aromatherapy in reduction of depression among senior citizens residing at selected old age homes in Madurai, Tamilnadu.

Effectiveness of aromatherapy in reduction of depression among senior citizens residing at selected old age homes in Madurai, Tamilnadu.

In a report by the Research Institute of Nursing Science (2006) (Faculty of Nursing Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea), aromatherapy massage was studied on elderly girls in Korea to work out its efficacy on anxiety and shallowness issues. Massage was administrated using aromatic essential oils, like chamomile, lavender, lemon and rosemary. Overall, the study lasted seven weeks in duration. Aromatherapy massage sessions were set three times per weeks, with every session being 20 minutes. After the initial 3-week period, a 1-week intermission ensued, and then continued the remaining 3 weeks. While blood pressure and pulse rate were not considerably affected, remarkable variations were clearly established in regard to anxiety and self-esteem.
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A study to evaluate the effectiveness of guided imagery on depression among patients with end stage renal disease in a selected hospital at Tamilnadu

A study to evaluate the effectiveness of guided imagery on depression among patients with end stage renal disease in a selected hospital at Tamilnadu

INTRODUCTION: Kidney maintains the homeostasis of our body. Patients with Chronic Renal Failure experience depression. In this context relaxation therapy like guided imagery has its own significance in reducing the level of depression , thus enhancing the scope of nursing. OBJECTIVE : To evaluate the effectiveness of guided imagery on level of depression among patients with End Stage Renal Disease. DESIGN : A quantitative approach using quasi experimental design with pre-test post-test. PARTICIPANTS : 60 clients with End Stage Renal Disease was selected using convenient sampling in M.M Hospital, Dharapuram. INTERVENTION: Guided imagery 20 minutes twice a day for three days. TOOLS : Modified Beck’s Depression Scale to assess the level of depression. RESULT : Analysis using independent ‘t’ test and paired ‘t’ test found significant values at p < 0.05 level. CONCLUSION : This study finding conclude that the guided imagery is effective in reducing the level of depression among patients with End Stage Renal Disease.
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Effectiveness of oat meal therapy on blood pressure among clients with hypertension in selected rural area-paravai at madurai

Effectiveness of oat meal therapy on blood pressure among clients with hypertension in selected rural area-paravai at madurai

According to Pins JJ, (2009) conducted a study on Primary study outcomes included change in Systolic Blood Pressure and Diastolic Blood Pressure as well as antihypertensive medication reduction. Secondary measures included blood lipid, fasting glucose, and insulin levels and side effects related to elevated Blood Pressure and increased dietary fiber intake.Seventy-three percent of participants in the oats group versus 42% in the control group were able to stop or reduce their medication by half. Treatment group participants whose medication was not reduced had substantial decreases in Blood Pressure. The oats group experienced a 24.2-mg/dL reduction in total cholesterol levels, a 16.2-mg/dL decrease in low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, and a 15.03-mg/dL drop in plasma glucose levels vs controls. Results suggest that a diet containing soluble fiber-rich whole oats can significantly reduce the need for antihypertensive medication and improve Blood Pressure control. Considering the lipid and glucose improvements as well, increased consumption of whole oats may significantly reduce cardiovascular disease risk.
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A Study to evaluate the Effectiveness of nutrition ball on haemoglobin level among adolescent girls with iron deficiency anaemia at selected industry Hostel in Madurai

A Study to evaluate the Effectiveness of nutrition ball on haemoglobin level among adolescent girls with iron deficiency anaemia at selected industry Hostel in Madurai

Shams, S., Asheri, H., Kianmehr, A. (2010 ), A cross-sectional study of the prevalence of iron deficiency anaemia at Iran in Iranian females aged 18–25 years old. A detailed physical examination was conducted on all the participants. Serum iron and total iron binding capacity levels were measured using a commercially available kit . The haemoglobin (Hb) and mean corpuscular volumes (MCV) were analysed on the cell counter. The concentration levels of serum ferritin were measured using radio-immunoassay. Their ages ranged from 18 to 25 years, with a mean age of 19.8 years. Among the 224 participants 118 (52.7%) had a normal iron status (Group 1), nine (4.0%) suffered from Iron Deficiency Anaemia (IDA) (Group 3) and 97 (43.3%) had Iron Deficiency (ID) without anaemia (Group 2). There were a significant differences in terms of the ferritin, iron and TS levels between the ID and normal groups (p < 0.00005). Considerable differences were also found for all the indices between the ID and IDA groups (p < 0.00005). The indices of the iron status were significantly different between the normal and IDA groups (p < 0.00005).
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Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral group therapy for depression in routine practice

Effectiveness of cognitive behavioral group therapy for depression in routine practice

Concerns have been raised as to whether the findings from research studies can be generalized to routine clinical practice. In this context, it is common to distinguish between the efficacy and the effectiveness of a treatment [15,16]. Efficacy refers to the results achieved in research trials, whereas effectiveness is understood as the therapy outcome in routine practice. The primary goal of research trials is to establish a causal relationship between a given treatment and an outcome (internal validity). In research trials, participants are often selected patients and are treated by trained therapists who follow treatment manuals strictly, receive regular supervision and whose treatment adherence is closely monitored [15]. In contrast, routine clinical practice is characterized by unselected patients, high therapist caseloads, and flexible use of treatment protocols. It has been suggested that due to strict exclusion criteria, patients participating in clinical trials are not representative of patients typically seen in clinical practice in terms of severity and comorbidity, compromising the generalizability of RCTs (external validity) [17-20]. However, recent studies report only minor differences in clinical characteristics between patients participating in RCTs and patients seen in clinical practice, which may indicate more liberal inclusion criteria in more recent RCTs [21-23]. Due to practical and ethical reasons, randomization of patients to an active or non-active control condition is often not feasible in ordinary clinical settings, and some authors have argued that randomization is not representative of clinical practice [24]. Finally, due to publication bias, the effects of treatment for depression found in research trials may be overestimated [25]. Therefore, research on the effectiveness of treatment in routine clinical practice is needed. Although effectiveness studies do not typically have a control group and are therefore unable to establish
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