The impacts also differ by family type. The children of lone parents actually account for all of the net increase in FSM eligibility under UC: we estimate that around 60,000 more of them will be entitled to FSMs in 2021–22 than would have been the case under the legacy system (though again there are winners and losers among the children of both lone parents and couple parents). This difference can be partly explained by the fact that couple families are relatively likely to be in the ‘lower hours’ group (which, for them, means working fewer than 24 hours per week) and yet still be earning over £7,400. As stated above, all families in such circumstances will lose their FSM entitlements under UC. Figure 3 shows the proportion of children entitled to FSMs across the income distribution, and how that proportion changes as a result of the introduction of UC. Unsurprisingly, the share of children who are entitled to FSMs under either system decreases sharply as you move up the income distribution. The net effect of the policy is to increase the share of children in the poorest fifth of households who are entitled by about 2 percentage points. The net change in the other deciles is relatively small. The higher net proportion of winners in the bottom quintile is roughly in proportion to the higher proportion of entitlements that go to those families in the first place: in other words, under UC, the proportion of means-tested FSMs going to the bottom quintile will be approximately unchanged (at 65%). Notably, under both the UC system and the legacy system it replaces, fewer than half of the children in the lowest income quintile will be entitled to FSMs. Thus far, we have focused our analysis on the entitlement to FSMs. However, some
Currently, while parents lose entitlement to freeschoolmeals when they exceed a certain income, the loss is partially offset by the additional income received through Working Tax Credit. UnderUniversalCredit the loss may not be alleviated by other benefits, as support is tapered away smoothly – so there is no obvious point at which to withdraw a passported benefit without creating a ‘cliff edge’. 1
UniversalCredit, which will see five benefits combined into one, means the end of the current basis for determining freeschoolmeals and therefore Pupil Premium eligibility. The Department does not yet know how it will identify disadvantaged pupils following Universal Credit’s introduction, and there is relatively little time to find an answer. There has also been substantial variation in the level of under-claiming between local authorities. In 2013, in some areas more than 30% of eligible pupils did not take up their freeschoolmeals entitlement compared to 0% in other areas. The Department told us that it wanted to target local authorities where under-claiming was high, so that schools do not miss out on funding because parents fail to claim. 14
UniversalCredit, which will see five benefits combined into one, means the end of the current basis for determining freeschoolmeals and therefore Pupil Premium eligibility. The Department does not yet know how it will identify disadvantaged pupils following Universal Credit’s introduction, and there is relatively little time to find an answer. There has also been substantial variation in the level of under-claiming between local authorities. In 2013, in some areas more than 30% of eligible pupils did not take up their freeschoolmeals entitlement compared to 0% in other areas. The Department told us that it wanted to target local authorities where under-claiming was high, so that schools do not miss out on funding because parents fail to claim. 13
Turning now to examine the impact by schools’ levels of deprivation, Figures 7 and 8 show the impact of the NFF on funding by decile of the proportion of the student body who are eligible for freeschoolmeals (FSM), the most widely used measure of deprivation at school level. School spending has been increasingly focused on pupils from disadvantaged backgrounds since the mid 1990s and, as pointed out in Section 3, the introduction of the NFF was designed to largely preserve the existing level of total funding targeted at disadvantaged pupils. However, Figures 7 and 8 show that this is not quite the case. In primary schools, funding per pupil in the most deprived decile is expected to grow by only 0.3% in cash terms between 2017–18 and 2019–20 as a result of the NFF (compared with 0.8% on average); in secondary schools, spending on the most deprived decile is set to fall by 0.2% (compared with average growth of 0.7%). The schools that benefit most from the introduction of the NFF are those with middling proportions of students from
firm links with the local safeguarding authority through the staff with designated safeguarding responsibilities. These staff have also been trained at the appropriate level in safer recruitment. Well-conceived policies are in place to manage students’ behaviour and these are supported by a clear system of rewards and sanctions. The anti-bullying policy provides good guidance for staff on preventing bullying and dealing with any incidents of bullying should they occur. There are clear procedures to assess potential risks and to ensure pupils’ safety in school and on educational trips and visits. There are clear policies on first aid and health and safety. A fire risk assessment and a report from the fire authority have already been completed for the temporary accommodation and are securely planned for a month before pupils move into the new premises, so that requirements are likely to be met. Procedures for the regular checking of fire and electrical appliances are in place. The school’s disability and equality scheme provides detailed information and guidelines on promoting and improving access and includes the development of wheelchair access for wheelchair users and disabled toilet facilities.
authority on an annual basis and has extensive premises and fire risk assessments and procedures in place. The proposed very minor adaptations to the building will have no impact on the already established fire escape routes, risk assessments or procedures. The school’s comprehensive policies relating to first aid, educational visits and health and safety, clearly outline the responsibilities of staff at different levels and also those of students. Discussions with the headteacher and the health and safety officer for the building confirm their good awareness of potential hazards. The headteacher has completed fire warden training. All staff are due to complete one full week of training in areas such as first aid, health and safety, and child protection in the middle of August, prior to the school opening, so that requirements are likely to be met. There are detailed plans to ensure that only those with
In the present study, data indicated that parents of primary-school children did not regard stigma as an issue because pupils automatically received their meal without the need for a ticket or token. Thus, the potential for them to be identified as receiving FSM was negligible. Parents with children in secondary schools preferred the cashless payment system because it did not identify pupils on FSM. Head teachers also saw the benefit of cashless systems since they did not discriminate between paying and FSM pupils and consequently had the potential to eliminate stigma if it existed. Interestingly, while no respondents had witnessed or experienced bullying in school due to FSM entitlement, this was something that many respondents were alert to. Indeed, for some respondents, an awareness of the possibility of bullying was a direct result of their own or their children’s experiences at school:
Senior staff in the Trust have been trained in safe recruitment and all the required checks on previous professional history, professional and character references, and medical fitness have been completed for staff already appointed. These are entered on a suitable single central register for the new school.
Under the current Higher Education (HE) finance system in England, universities can charge students tuition fees of up to £9,250 per year. Going forward, the plan was to allow some universities to increase fees in line with inflation if they met certain requirements in the TEF. Freezing tuition fees at £9,250 raises questions about whether the TEF reform will still be implemented. Further, freezing the maximum level of tuition fees without
7.28 Around a third of parents in the survey reported these changes. However, there was little evidence from the qualitative research with parents that these things had changed as a result of the trial. Furthermore, in the survey, there was little difference between those whose children were taking schoolmeals the same amount as before and those whose children were taking schoolmeals more often. It is not clear why this is the case – it might be expected that if the trial is having an impact on these issues it would have a greater impact on those who are taking schoolmeals more often. In some cases, it may simply be that the child is five months older and the changes would have occurred anyway. It is also possible that having more of their friends taking schoolmeals has had a positive influence on those who were already taking them. Finally, some parents may have (consciously or unconsciously) over- reported the benefits of the trial, under the impression that doing so would increase the likelihood of the continuation of freeschoolmeals for their child. While the letter accompanying the questionnaire clearly stated that their individual response would not be used to decide whether the trial was rolled out in their child’s school, it is more difficult to reassure parents through a postal questionnaire than through face to face discussions.
The school will cater for boys and girls in the age range 11 to 19 years. Currently, there are 39 male and female students registered to enrol when the school officially opens on 1 September 2014. It proposes to expand to an ultimate intake of 80 students, when the new build is complete. The school is housed on the original site of the Silverbanks pupil referral unit, and plans are in place for a complete
Understanding of democratic processes will be encouraged through the election of class and school councils, and pupils will be helped to understand what it means to carry out active roles as citizens. The local college of further education and the local university are partners in the Trust and will play an important part for pupils, from an early age, in raising aspirations and encouraging ambition.
In April 2012, the then Education Secretary, Michael Gove, asked John Vincent and Henry Dimbleby, the founders of Leon restaurants, to conduct an independent review of school food. In July 2013, Vincent and Dimbleby published the School Food Plan, which provided a wide range of steps for schools to increase the take-up of schoolmeals, to improve the quality of schoolmeals, as well as to take other measures such as teaching pupils about cooking and ingredients. 1
The personal development policy indicates that students will learn about performing service within the school and in the local community. Themes within the personal development programme include ‘working together’ in which students will consider ways in which to work cooperatively with people in the local and wider communities. The programme also includes consideration of public services and institutions,
Initially, up to 50 Year 10 students will be admitted to the refurbished premises. There are sufficient classrooms of suitable size, including appropriate facilities for teaching science, food technology and information and communication technology. The school has arrangements in place to use the off-site facilities of local further education providers and local employers to implement some of the planned
Applebee’s – free meal, Friday, Nov. 11: Last year, Applebee’s served 1,024,000 million freemeals to military veterans and active servicemembers. Applebee’s is again offering a free meal to military veterans and active-duty service members on Veteran’s Day, Friday, Nov. 11, 2011. There will be 7 entrées to choose from. Military ID or proof of service required. Find locations at http://applebees.com/. Chili’s – free meal, Friday, Nov. 11. Chili’s is offering all military veterans past and present their choice of one of 6 meals. This offer is available during business hours on November 11, 2011 at participating Chili’s in the U.S. only. Dine-in from limited menu only; beverages and gratuity not included. Veterans and active duty military simply show proof of military service. Visit their website to find locations. Golden Corral – Free meal, Monday Nov. 14: The 10th annual Golden Corral Military Appreciation dinner will be held on Monday, November 14, 2011 from 5 pm to 9 pm in all Golden Corral Restaurants nationwide. The free “thank you” dinner is available to any person who has ever served in the United States Military. If you are a veteran, retired, currently serving, in the National Guard or Reserves, you are invited to participate in Golden Corral’s Military Appreciation Monday dinner. For more information visit http://www.goldencorral.com/military/. Hooters – Free Meal, Friday, Nov. 11. Hooter’s is serving up a free meal to military veterans all day on Veterans Day. Offer good for all veterans and active duty military personnel. Choose one of the new specialty items on the Hooter’s menu. Offer valid at participating Hooters only; open to all active duty and military veterans with valid military ID or proof of military service. Drink purchase