Top PDF Genre in a Changing World

Genre in a Changing World

Genre in a Changing World

Genre studies and genre approaches to literacy instruction continue to develop in many regions and from a widening variety of approaches. Genre has provided a key to understanding the varying literacy cultures of regions, disciplines, professions, and educational settings. Genre in a Changing World provides a wide-ranging sampler of the remarkable variety of current work. The twenty-four chapters in this volume, reflecting the work of scholars in Europe, Australasia, and North and South Ameri- ca, were selected from the over 400 presentations at SIGET IV (the Fourth Interna- tional Symposium on Genre Studies) held on the campus of UNISUL in Tubarão, Santa Catarina, Brazil in August 2007—the largest gathering on genre to that date. The chapters also represent a wide variety of approaches, including rhetoric, Systemic Functional Linguistics, media and critical cultural studies, sociology, phenomenology, enunciation theory, the Geneva school of educational sequences, cognitive psychology, relevance theory, sociocultural psychology, activity theory, Gestalt psychology, and schema theory. Sections are devoted to theoretical issues, studies of genres in the pro- fessions, studies of genre and media, teaching and learning genre, and writing across the curriculum. The broad selection of material in this volume displays the full range of contemporary genre studies and sets the ground for a next generation of work. Contributors include John M. Swales, Paul Prior, Maria Antónia Coutinho, Florencia Miranda, Fábio José Rauen, Cristiane Fuzer, Nina Célia Barros, Leonardo Mozdzen- ski, Kimberly K. Emmons, Natasha Artemeva. Anthony Paré, Doreen Starke-Meyer- ring, Lynn McAlpine, Adair Bonini, Rui Ramos, Helen Caple, Débora de Carvalho Figueiredo, Charles Bazerman, Roxane Helena Rodrigues Rojo, Désirée Motta-Roth, Amy Devitt, Maria Marta Furlanetto, Salla Lähdesmäki, David R. Russell, Mary Lea, Jan Parker, Brian Street, Tiane Donahue, Estela Inés Moyano, Solange Aranha, and Giovanni Parodi.
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Genre in a Changing World

Genre in a Changing World

prototypical center. This is not to say, of course, that unusual, idiosyncratic or cre- ative SOPs cannot be successful—as Bhatia has noted on several occasions “genre- bending” can be a “high risk, high reward” option—but that there are prototypical expectations underlying the stylistic and linguistic surface. More generally, we also would do well to come to recognize that the PS/SOP is institutionalized. This becomes particularly clear when we read the interview statements made by the appointed readers of these documents. The reading protocol and interview data in the Issues in Writing volume indicate that the expert readers on admission com- mittees rely to a considerable extent on first impressions—in effect, whether they are turned on or turned off by the opening paragraph. A wrong step here can be hard to recover from. Barton, Ariail and Smith found that “if the opening failed, either because it was not memorable or because it made no compelling connection to the profession, the readers skipped, skimmed, expressed criticism, and generally reacted negatively to the text” (2004, p. 109). We know that marketing research shows that those junk-mail solicitation letters have only a few seconds to catch the readers’ attention if they are not to be immediately discarded in exasperation. The situation here is, of course, not so extreme, but there appear to be parallels. More generally, the medical readers studied by Bekins, Huckin and Kijak “most wanted to see in a PS a clear statement of what the applicant had learnt from his or her life experiences” (2004, p. 65). The PS, they conclude, should be “a site for self-reflection on formative experiences” (p. 69). It would seem then that for the powerful and busy institutional gatekeepers this kind of projection is part of putting together over these two pages a convincing and compelling professional identity. I therefore suggest that the three genre metaphors of frame, prototype and institution help us understand these texts a little more clearly and a little more fully.
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Initial Academic Literacies/EAP/Genre Practices: Towards Horizontal and Participatory Online Offline Learning in a Changing World

Initial Academic Literacies/EAP/Genre Practices: Towards Horizontal and Participatory Online Offline Learning in a Changing World

Mobile communication is a global phenomenon [31] [32]. The use of mobile phones has been recognized as a powerful mode of multimodal pedagogy promoting learning from one mode then to another. In the case of this group (I reserve its contextualization for a subsequent section), learners create meanings about meanings (meta- representation), reading and posting message and sources of knowledge on Facebook characterizing literacies in the plural. Learners do not have to be at their houses or frequent Lan Houses, to access Facebook to share what happened in the class. They do so while practicing literacies/EAP/genre “live” in collective and collaborative ways. One can even say that they are now interfering and intervening in the professor’s choice of material, themes and resources, challenging his/her epistemological and methodological orientations, a contingent and important form of agency in classroom.
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Changing Pattern in World Textile Trade

Changing Pattern in World Textile Trade

While India and Pakistan have some of the natural and government-induced advantages that China enjoys. However, they do not (except for India’s population) enjoy them to the same degree, as does China. None of them has the population, raw materials, vertical organization or variety of products that China has, or even close to it. Only Vietnam, whose wages are even lower than China’s stands a chance of survival. They struggle to maintain a significant presence in world textile and apparel trade. Textile and apparel account for a significant share of their export earnings and cotton farming is a large part of their domestic economies and the social upheaval. So, they will do whatever it tackles to survive. If it requires more and larger subsidies they will subsidize. If it takes increased dumping, they will dump. If more currency manipulation is needed, they will manipulate their currencies.
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The role of bioenergy in a climate-changing world

The role of bioenergy in a climate-changing world

Bioenergy has been under intense scrutiny over the last ten years with signi fi cant e ff orts in many countries taking place to de fi ne sustainable practices. As described above, concerns over potential conflicts with food production, over whether or not there is su ffi cient land and over whether bioenergy can really be delivered sustainably lie at the centre of an ongoing debate that have put development on hold in some regions. The real danger is not that once the bioenergy genie is out of the bottle ruinous land-use change will ensue. The recent investment decline in the bioenergy expansion worldwide provides ample evidence that the growth of bioenergy could be curtailed. Rather, the real danger is that bioenergy development will proceed so slowly and that a key strategy for climate change mitigation and adaptation will be e ff ectively taken o ff the table. The way forward for the sustainable expansion of bioenergy requires careful planning across multiple agencies of governments since the bioeconomy develops in the nexus of land, water, agriculture, forestry, and related sectors, posing complex questions to policy makers. It is important that science is designed accordingly to deliver the much-needed guidance and technologies to bridge the knowledge gaps (Souza et al., 2015d). There is need for integration of sciences for bioenergy to achieve its maximum bene fi ts and a much deeper analysis of social and environmental benefits. While a lot has been communicated on the potential negative aspects, a stronger effort must be made to communicate the cases of success and good practices (Dale et al., 2013). Bioenergy needs to be considered an integral part of strategic planning for a low carbon economy and can contribute with a large share of the global bioeconomy development if long-term policies are in place. Understanding the dynamics of costs and benefits along the entire production chain in integrated assessments, especially concerning the social implications of bioenergy can help the assessment of risks and contribute to the emergence of appropriate fi nancing schemes. One example was created synergistically by the partnership Below50 of the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD), Roundtable for Sustainable Biomaterials (RSB) and Sustainable Energy for All (SE4ALL) for global collaboration to promote the best-of-breed of sustainable fuels that can achieve signi fi cant carbon reductions and scale up their development and use (http://www.wbcsd.org/global-companies-unite-in-below50.aspx).
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European Food Systems in a Changing World

European Food Systems in a Changing World

These examples illustrate the dynamic nature and complexity of food systems. It is against this background that ESF and COST joined forces to tackle the issue of European Food Systems in a Changing World through a Forward Look. The objective of the Forward Look was to develop medium- to long-term views of future research need around the thematic focus of food security. It was multidisciplinary in nature, involving the ESF Standing Committees for Life, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Medical Research, Humanities, the Social Sciences and the COST Domain Committees for Food and Agriculture, Earth System Science and Environmental Management and Individuals, Societies, Cultures and Health. Both the Science Policy Briefing and the Final Report have been internationally peer-reviewed, and have been approved by the relevant ESF Standing Committees and COST Domain Committees.
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Peering Into the Future: Pediatrics in a Changing World

Peering Into the Future: Pediatrics in a Changing World

In January 2008, the American Academy of Pediatrics launched the Vision of Pediatrics (VOP) 2020 project. At the heart of this project was the explicit acknowledgment of the inevitability of change in a world of increasing complexity, unpredictability, and interconnectedness. The VOP 2020 focus on change and its impact on child and adoles- cent (hereafter, “child”) health and the practice of pediatric health care was built on previous efforts. Shifts in US population demo- graphics, family structure, income, educational levels, and cultural norms 1–3 continue to directly affect the health and well-being of chil-
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Adapting to a changing world: RAGgenomics and evolution

Adapting to a changing world: RAGgenomics and evolution

Loss-of-function mutations of RAG-1 and RAG-2 lead to disruption of the V(D)J recombination, disturbing T- and B cell development and causing severe combined immune deficiency (SCID).. A[r]

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INSOMIA - A WORLDWIDE PROBLEM IN A CHANGING WORLD

INSOMIA - A WORLDWIDE PROBLEM IN A CHANGING WORLD

Inadequate sleep hygiene This form of insomnia is caused by bad sleep habits that keep you awake or bring disorder to your sleep schedule.. This condition is present in 1-2% of adoles[r]

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Free Choice of the Nature in the Changing World

Free Choice of the Nature in the Changing World

Abstract Our changeable world threatens the life of organisms in the nature. To survive, the populations of organisms have to change adequately. They need freedom for adaptive actions. The adaptability gives populations a chance to survive. Man-made forest plantings of the Central Russian Upland do not provide for their forest components the possibility of self-control as they are homogeneous and are the prerequisite for inharmonious development of biota, for the excessive development of some parasitic for forest trees species. Such plantings become the real "kingdom" of forest trees parasitic fungi and insects. Global warming and a wrong human activity can worsen health of the forests even more. A natural renewal in these forest plantings is impossible. The purpose of this work is to promote the natural biotic self-control of pathogenic processes and self-regeneration in forest ecosystems and to exclude thanks to it the need of use of both chemical and biological pesticides for forest protection. One of the key positions of a self-regulation of pathogenesis is inbreeding in populations of parasitic organisms. The self-control in forest plantings is achieved through forming of mosaic highly heterogeneous forest ecosystems. Functionally such plantings are close to the natural woods. Such plantings must be created. It's necessary to understand that the solution of environmental issues has to correspond not only to local, but also global interests.
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European Food Systems in a Changing World

European Food Systems in a Changing World

Supermarkets as large corporate concerns are coming under pressure to respond to the external costs that their business generates – particularly in terms of environ- mental, public health and social costs. Given their role as a key driver of food supply chains and standards, the retailers are coming under the spotlight to take actions to tackle these external costs. They are responding, in some cases ahead of governments. For example, in October 2005 in a landmark speech in the wake of hur- ricane Katrina, the chief executive, H. Lee Scott Jr., of Wal-Mart (the world’s largest grocery retailer) announced that it will start holding its suppliers more accountable for environmental and social standards at foreign factories: “The environment is begging for EDLC [everyday low costs]… for the Wal-Mart business model. And if we do that, everyone will benefit.” (Scott, 2005). Subsequently, in October 2006 the head of Wal-Mart’s global buying unit said that the retailer wants to work with fewer fac- tories handling larger orders so that it can keep a closer watch on working conditions, quality and costs. The retailers want to build long-term relationships with 900 or 1 000 key manufacturers to produce everything from food to towels. “We’re going to focus on consolidating our factory relationships because as we do that, we’re able to get our hands around ethical standards, quality and sustainability.” (Planet Retail, 2006). And, in February 2007, the chief executive made a further announcement that it had “stepped up the pace in the race to be green with a series of initiatives to cut its own giant carbon footprint – and those of its suppliers, customers and staff” (Finch, 2007). In 2006-7 some of the other larg- est UK grocery retailers made similar announcements. In short, the influence of big retailers on food supply chains is immense and the directions these retailers take will have a profound effect on the viability of methods of production and who the producers are who can afford to stay in business. The criteria are changing as the retailers are responsive to shifting consumer moods and social trends (as with the example of Wal-Mart, above). The changing criteria that retailers base their standards and specifications upon impact upon the supply chains and so upon the type of food demanded. Food may be classified according to the processes of production, inputs, externalities created and measured, freshness pesticide standards, into setting standards for many
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Tom Regan: A Visionary Changing the World

Tom Regan: A Visionary Changing the World

The publication of The Case for Animal Rights opened doors for Regan. Invitations to present lectures, to give speeches and to explain his work increased. Tom took this opportunity to rep- resent the animal rights movement in a way that few had done so well before him – as a movement of thinkers, of thoughtful, compassionate humans who are willing to reflect on their best efforts and work hard to change the world. Regan believed that his fate was to help humans view other animals in a different way – as individuals, as the subjects of their own lives.

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The Prestigious World University on its Homepage: The Promotional Academic Genre of Overview

The Prestigious World University on its Homepage: The Promotional Academic Genre of Overview

In practice, overview genre works as an academic digest in the form of a short written report that draws on the brief compilation of facts about the universities. The analysis of the corpus of overviews displayed that although this genre was not lengthy enough to include all details about the university, it had the capacity to incorporate some general yet inclusive information that the prospective visitors, especially students need to know. The results further revealed the presence of six obligatory moves in the generic organization of this genre, i.e. source of reputation, historical origin, current status of development, commitments, goals and orientations, global state as well as services and supports. The first move, namely source of reputation included certain steps, such as scholarly status, influential contribution, honors and awards, hallmarks, and partnerships. This move described different sources of pride, dignity, and eminence that distinguished a university from others by directly or indirectly positioning it among one of the unrivalled, top-tier academic centers in the world. The second move, i.e. historical origin incorporated date of foundation, name of founder, and historical highlights as its profound steps. This move was shown to be a flashback to the past and a clear-cut representation of the university‘s depth of originality and long-term presence in education and research. The third move built the backbone of the practical initiatives in form of the present institutional, demographical, educational, and geographical conditions prerequisite for the development of university. This forward-looking move which was planned to be fulfilled by means of the current status, quality, and infrastructure of the university had certain steps, such as
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Enemy impact on plant communities in a changing world

Enemy impact on plant communities in a changing world

③ Nitrogen enrichment increases the impact of enemies on plant functional composition. 318[r]

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New Skills in a Changing World: Strategic Alliances at World Heritage Sites

New Skills in a Changing World: Strategic Alliances at World Heritage Sites

The   presentation   aims   to   examine   the   new   type   of   skills   that   heritage   professionals   may   need   to   acquire   in   response   to   the   changing   socio-­‐economic   context   of   the   contemporary  world.  It  will  also  look  into  possible  strategic  alliances  between  higher   education,   communities   and   the   tourism   sector   that   could   link   conservation   and   sustainable   development   (especially   youth   employment)   at   World   Heritage   Sites.   Particular  attention  will  be  given  to  the  social  threats  induced  by  tourism  at  heritage   sites,   such   as   the   dramatic   decrease   of   young   population,   rural   exodus,   or   the   deterioration  of  the  local  social  fabric,  and  the  critical  need  for  revitalization  strategies   in  this  regard.  
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Transient windows for connectivity in a changing world

Transient windows for connectivity in a changing world

In addition to climate change, anthropogenic landcover change can also have major impacts to the temporal dy- namics of connectivity. Dynamic aquatic systems appear to be particularly vulnerable to this type of change. Rivers are routinely dammed, diverted, channelized, and pumped, which dramatically alters natural flooding regimes, reduces windows of connectivity in the system, and negatively im- pacts resident species [39]. For example, the channelization and damming of the Danube River in the mid-1800’s al- tered the river ecosystem, which was once characterized by flooding-related dynamic changes in connectivity, into a static landscape with limited connectivity. This change has led to significant terrestrialization and a decline in species richness [66]. Similarly, the increase in impervious surfaces that accompanies urbanization can lead to more frequent, rapid changes in water levels and a lower frequency of flooded or saturated conditions for nearby vernal pools, reducing windows of connectivity between pools and negatively impacting resident species [67]. Finally, an- thropogenic changes to disturbance regimes can alter windows of connectivity and impact population-level pro- cesses, particularly genetic ones [68]. Fire suppression, for instance, has reduced connectivity for collared lizards (Crotaphytus collaris) in the Missouri Ozarks, changing how genetic differentiation is partitioned within and be- tween subpopulations [68].
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Staying ahead in a fast changing world.

Staying ahead in a fast changing world.

Typical Applications include: Stack Gases (CEM), Scrubber Efficiency, Turbine/Generator Feedback Control, Process Chemical Gas Analysis, Personnel Safety, Power Plant Stack De-Nitrific[r]

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How Mobile Payment Is Changing The World

How Mobile Payment Is Changing The World

Alipay, the main third-party payment platform, established in 2004. It provides simple, safe, fast payment solutions, and achieves its payment service based on “trust." It solved the problem of consumers’ disbelief about online shopping. In the early stage, users transfer the money into Alipay account, and Alipay informs the retailers online for consignment. After consumers receive the goods and they affirm on their Alipay account [16]. Then Alipay transfers the money to the retailer's’ account. “Alipay” is different from “Alipay wallet,” but both operate under Alibaba. From the beginning of the second quarter of 2014, Alipay stands as the top of mobile payment firm around the world [17]. Consumers complete secured transactions, online payment, credit card payments, mobile phone recharge, utility bill payment through
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Affiliates in a changing online gambling world

Affiliates in a changing online gambling world

5 and expand their offerings to other jurisdictions as well. It is a small step for man, but a big step for affiliates! In this modern world, gambling operators might consider that it is better to have an affiliate as a friend than to have been “de-friended” by one.

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Role of Libraries In Changing Education World

Role of Libraries In Changing Education World

 Navigation in a complex world : Although the internet – in some parts of the world – makes accessing information much easier than in the past, finding the right information has arguably got more difficult. While students were previously exposed to only a limited range of quality assured and peer-reviewed material, they will now encounter information from a wide range of sources. Understanding how to navigate to reputable sources is vital if students are to avoid confusing information with knowledge.

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