Concerns have been raised, however, about the Google service’s security – particularly with respect to protection of privacy. When discussing the security of email systems, one has to keep in mind that “security” is, in this context, an entirely relative term – for the simple reason that email is, almost by definition, a fundamentally insecure means of communication – unless extraordinary and restrictive – and obstructive - measures are put in place. On the one hand it would be at least theoretically possible to set up a special system that would be completely closed-circuited – but, for the provision of electronic
There are four main concerns regarding the use of genetic information in employment and health insurance that have driven consumer efforts to obtain genetic nondiscrimination legislation. The same concerns also apply to the use of genetic information in life, disability, and long-term care insurance. First, individuals are concerned about having their health privacy invaded by commercial entities searching their health records for the existence of genetic information. Second, individuals fear they will be required to undergo genetic testing as a condition of health insurance or employment and thereby to confront information about their health risks that they would prefer not to know. Third, individuals worry that a health insurer or employer will misunderstand the significance of the genetic information, resulting in their being erroneously disqualified from a job or insurance.
However, this study focuses on online privacyconcerns of teenagers, which tend to share more information about themselves on Social Networking Sites (Madden et al, 2013). As Social Networking Sites, such as Facebook and Instagram, bear obvious benefits in terms of socializing and connecting with others to their users, the shortcomings and problems have also become more prominent. These rising privacy issues and concerns have led to the discussion about what one shall disclose about himself online and how the collected data online is being processed. Krasnova et al (2009) have identified in their study online social media specific privacyconcerns. The most frequently mentioned concern was “General Accessibility” (p. 45), including unwanted access of the information provided through e.g. parents, teachers, fellow pupils, but also future employers. Further concerns mentioned are “Social Threats” (p. 46) which include forms of cyber-bullying and online harassment.
difference between generation 1 and generation 2 and 3, generation 2 and 3 are less strict based on the qualitative results. Still, most of the respondents say that they cannot think of a situation where they would give up some of their privacy to get positive returns, but the remaining respondents give more examples of situations, apart from only health reasons. Generation 2 and 3 say that they would also give up some of their privacy for reasons of national security, anti-terrorism and appropriate advertisements. The two youngest generations (generation 4 and 5) are more willing to give up their privacy based on the qualitative results. They say that the right advertisements or discounts can be helpful and they can get financial gain from this. Based on these results it can be concluded that older generation do not care about positive results and have the most privacyconcerns. The younger generations on the other hand find ROBD more important because they say that they would give up some of their privacy if they get positive returns.
ABSTRACT: Cloud computing as an empowering influence gives versatile assets and noteworthy financial advantages as decreased operational expenses. It takes out the need to keep up costly registering equipment, devoted space, and programming. The reasons, for example, the quick development and spread of system administrations, cell phones, and online clients on the Internet prompting to a surprising increment in the measure of information exchange. Practically every industry is attempting to adapt to this massive data.This worldview raises a wide scope of security and protection issues that must be contemplated. Multi-occupancy, loss of control, and trust are important challenges in cloud computing situations. Here big data information has started to pick up significance. Tending to enormous information is a testing and time-requesting undertaking that requires a vast computational foundation to guarantee fruitful information handling and investigation. The definition, attributes, and arrangement of enormous information alongside a few examinations on cloud computing are presented. The relationship between big data and cloud computing, Bigdata information storage frameworks, and Apache Hadoop innovation are additionally discussed.However, it is not just exceptionally hard to store BigData and investigate them with conventional applications; additionally it has testing security and privacy issues. Thus, this paper examines the enormous information, concerns on big data in cloud computing and exhibits near perspective of big data protection and security approaches regarding application, infrastructure and data. By gathering these applications a general point of view of security and protection issues in bigdata is proposed.
With the advancement in Internet technology and communications technology, our everyday lives are led into an imaginary space of virtual world. People can chat, work, and go shopping, keeps pets and plants in the virtual world which is provided by the network. But, human beings live in a real world and perhaps human activities cannot be implemented with the help of services in the imaginary space. The limitation of imaginary space is that it restricts the development of Internet to provide better services. To overcome these constraints, a new technology is required that integrates imaginary space and real-world on a same platform called as Internet of Things (IoTs). Taking into consideration the large number of sensors and wireless communication, the sensor network technology puts up new demands to the Internet technology. This might bring huge changes to the future society, as it might change our way of life and business models. Apart from various benefits of IoTs, there are also several security and privacyconcerns at different layers which are the Front end, Back end and Network. This paper surveys several privacy and securityconcerns related to Internet of Things (IoTs) by defining some open challenges.
Saudi Arabia. The study can provide an important overview of the user concernsabout the privacyconcerns of the users of SNS. On the basis of an extensive survey based on a comprehensive questionnaire, five categories were formulated. The first category talks about the usage of SNS in Saudi Arabia. It was found that 47% of respondents used some kind of SNS while as 28% don‟t use SNS. Some 21% occasionally use SNS and minorities of 4% have never heard of SNS. This suggested that there is fair amount of awareness about the SNS in Saudi Arabia. Although a significant percentage of people don‟t use or occasionally use SNS but the constantly active users of SNS make up almost half of the respondents who participated in the survey.
Participants were invited to login with their Facebook ac- counts to our experimental system, so that our recommenders could use their real-world Facebook logins to generate rec- ommendations. They were then provided with a prebrief- ing explaining the various recommenders, and how these rec- ommenders could help with configuring privacy preferences. Next, they were presented with a series of recommendations about locations that existed in their Facebook location check- in histories (as shown in Figure 2). Each recommendation was presented as if it had been made using a particular source of data. For instance, in Figure 2 we see a recommenda- tion that was generated using information from a partici- pant’s Facebook friends (in actual fact all recomendations were made randomly, so as to maintain objective accuracy without having it influence quality, satisfaction, or accep- tance). Finally, participants were asked to complete a series of questionnaires about their perceived quality of the recom- mendations, their satisfaction, and system-specific concerns (as shown in Figure 3).
Fortinet’s UTM and next generation firewall network security appliances provide a powerful blend of Application Control, IPS, Antivirus, Botnet and DDoS protection, Web Filtering and Messaging Security, along with centralized network security management and reporting solutions. Ingram Micro offers FortiGate series firewalls;; FortiAnalyzer logging, analyzing and reporting solutions;; FortiWeb Web application and XML firewalls;; FortiToken two-factor authentication solutions;; FortiAP enterprise class wireless access points (WAP);; FortiMail e-mail security;; FortiManager centralized security management;; FortiScan vulnerability management;; FortiClient endpoint security management;; and, FortiAuthenticator user identity management appliances.
that data by companies and government agencies and/or third parties. In fact, there is an endless way of how our information could be collected. For example, technological innovations has made it easy to track our online activities such as call logs, geolocations, text messages and many more. This information is always saved on various servers/ databases which can be accessed by third party application. Think about social media such as Facebook, twitter, LinkedIn, WhatsApp, WeChat etc. that we use for almost every second and you can readily share any information with your friends just on a simple click of a button. Big Data analytics market has in recent years benefited certain companies by selling raw data to concerned companies in exchange of billions of dollars. This is a big trade off. “companies not only must be sensitive to how they deal with consumer information but also must consider the market effects of providing their Big Data analytics to third parties” .
In South Africa, the primary reason why many consumers avoid online shopping is because they fear fraudulent credit card usage, theft, hacking and dishonest sales staff (Rudansky-Kloppers, 2014). Major Internet operators and suppliers should improve the security and sense of information protection by promptly tackling the issues of cybercrime and fraudulent purchases and introducing technology programmes to educate consumers on the various mechanisms of Internet security to increase their level of confidence in website transactions (Goldstuck, 2012). Those consumers who are regular visitors of a website, as well as others who visit it for the first time, will be better protected when the website security endorses a mark that is well-known and inspires a greater level of confidence (Al Rawabdeh, Zeglat & Alzawahreh, 2012).
colleagues found that just under 50% of adults (of all ages) surveyed were worried that someone might gain access to their personal information via the internet. They also found that African Americans are more likely than whites to be concerned aboutprivacy and security on the internet, indicating that race and ethnicity may also be a factor in internet securityconcerns. (Brodie & Flournoy, 2000) Forty percent of people in the Personal Health Working Group’s survey on electronic personal health records stated that they would not want to access their medical records online because of privacy and securityconcerns. (Personal Health Working Group & The Markle Foundation, 2003) Incidents like the recent theft of a Veterans Administration laptop containing personal information for thousands of veterans do nothing to decrease these concerns. Ironically, at the time of the theft the Veteran’s Administration had recently won an innovation award for its massive electronic health records system. (Hayes & Speaking, 2006)
With critical records and data of millions of people digitized, security and management are the primary concerns. Data breaches are not uncommon these days, hence privacy and protection of data has become one of the biggest challenges. Especially for companies and institutions who have large user databases and tons of personal records regarding their clients stored on their servers which are centralised. Most user authentication methods and identity verification systems rely on such a centralized database where all information needed to authenticate an individual is kept in one place. Such information storage presents a single point of compromise from a security perspective . If this system is compromised it poses a direct threat to users‘ digital identities. For a digital ID system to work without becoming an easy target for hacking, it should be decentralized. Moreover, users have to put all trust on third-party identity providers. These identity providers could see all the exchanges between users, which undermines their privacy.The investigation of alternative approaches to IdM is ongoing. One of the proposed methods for this is Blockchain. Blockchain is emerging due to its decentralized architecture and distributed public ledger technology.
ABSTRACT: A Telecommunication systems trust and privacy is as good as its security mechanism. Its security design keep evolving over time as new treats and technology evolve. LTE/SAE is 3GPP’s wireless Communication new DNA, a move away from a hybrid of packet switched and circuit switched network which 3G networks possess, though with room for backward compatibility. LTE/SAE’s new architecture is a flat IP architecture; it therefore comes with all security issues inherent in IP network coupled with the design having non-3GPP heterogeneous technologies integrated into it. Its’ security cryptography, rides on the good features of 3GPP AKA cryptographic algorithms, used in UMTS and added new ones. Some major securityconcerns in LTE/SAE from several researchers work points to, user privacyconcerns, threats to UE/USIM tracking, base stations and handovers, broadcast or multicast signaling, denial of service (DOS), manipulation of control plane, unauthorized access to network, compromise of eNB credential and physical attack on an eNB protocol attack on eNB and attack on the core network and eNB location based attacks. In this paper, we will be analyzing, LTE/AKA architecture and its vulnerability, after which we will be proposing a protocol, referred to as Security Enhanced Adaptive Protocol (SEAP-AKA), which is to prove to eliminate the importance of synchronization between a cell station and its home system. SEAP-AKA specifies six flows sequence with respect to execution environment. Entities of the new protocol possess flexibility as it adaptively picks out flow for execution, which helps to optimize this efficiency both in the home network and Mobile network.
In addition to other defenses, standards are important in all fields of computing. For years, as new fields have been created and growing in computing, they have all seen the requirement for standards. Within the field of security, standards help ensure that privacyconcerns are addressed, that data integrity is maintained, and interactions with smart devices is accurate and reliable. By applying standards in a similar fashion, the Internet of Things can help maintain the same privacy and security the rest of the field offers (Von Solms, 1999). On the legal side of defense, there must be legal ramifications for these new technologies. As other technological fields grew before, many laws were created as-needed, instead of as preventative measures. As the Internet of Things grows and sees more wide-spread use, it is important to establish new laws concerning these devices. The is especially important as this is the beginning of the virtual and physical interacting, and real-world consequences are now much more possible (Weber, 2010).
inconsistency between Internet user attitudes toward privacy and users’ actual online behavior can be explained by “the privacy paradox” (Barne, 2006). Proposing the concept of privacy fatigue to explain this, Choi, Park, and Jung (2018) examined the effects of privacy fatigue on online privacy behavior and suggested that perceived privacyconcerns negatively influence users’ online privacy behavior only when consumers have a lower sense of privacy fatigue. The concept of privacy fatigue is relatively new, and it remains to be further explored. The current study therefore intends to examine the role of privacy fatigue in personalized advertising. More specifically, it aims to provide insights into the extent to which privacy fatigue moderates the effects of perceived privacyconcerns on advertising effectiveness. As predicted in the research model, perceived privacyconcerns have stronger influence on click- through intentions and forward intentions when privacy fatigue is low.
Moving critical applications and sensitive data to public cloud environments is of great concern for those organizations that are moving beyond their data center’s network under their control. Connected Vehicles using these data will lead to solutions to many vehicle motions and create a new way of vehicle movement. To alleviate these concerns, a cloud solution provider must ensure that customers will continue to have the same security and privacy controls over their applications and services, provide evidence to customers that their organization are secure and they can meet their service-level agreements, and that they can prove compliance to auditors.
We also found the participants to hold different views about their online privacy. The three personas seemed to understand well which information would be appropriate to be disclosed, and some intentionally accepted the risks to achieve their purposes (e.g. included identifiable information to make accounts searchable by friends). Our sample’s participants also considered the threat of racism as not existing, which may be due to the fact that Vietnam’s population is generally homogeneous or that they have a high level of racism tolerance. As a result, it would be interesting to replicate this research in heterogeneous and multicultural countries (e.g. Australia) and compare the findings. On the other hand, the concernsabout usability of Facebook’s multiple privacy settings were relatively high in general. Moreover, participants of Persona 3 especially feel concerned about the privacy threats on Facebook. While these participants could have many reasons and past experiences that led to such high concerns, it may also be due to them not knowing much about the available privacy settings. SNS should continue to educate their users as well as make it easy for them to effectively use the provided protection. Furthermore, a majority of our participants felt unsure about whether Facebook as a global organisation would provide them assistance if their online privacy was harmed, provided that they are local users. In this case, the perceived presence of SNS organisations would play a crucial role in providing the global users a state of security and may subsequently affect their behaviours, thus its visibility should be enhanced.
In view of these concerns, this research is concern on how to demystify these plaguing hierarchy of security and privacy issues and associated risks responsible for the prevalent operational concerns of this new computing paradigm as well as further raise the existing level of awareness and commitment to these concerns by cloud consumers so as to decline the fear to the full cloud service adoption and deployment. In suggesting answer to this, the research is not limited to the direct deployment of cloud services provider or vendor security solutions but instead, further emphasises a difference with deeper advocacy that proper implementation of security, privacy, and forensic measures should be considered as the responsibilities of all consumers of the services within the prescribed cloud computing model.