the MobileGIS technology, high-precision, fast and accurate GPSvehiclepositioningmonitoring is important in the construction of the intelligent transportation system. In order to seek for a solution to fast and high-precision moving target spatial location, and improve the application value of GPS location information in vehiclemobilepositioning, this article has studied the design and implementation method of the vehicle orientation, monitoring & control system combined with CORS service network and MobileGIS. It has designed the vehiclepositioningmonitoringsystem architecture integrated with CORS and MobileGIS. It has also analyzed the characteristics of spatial and attribute data related to vehiclepositioning control, studied the data classification organization and the integrated model which uses Oracle for object-relational storage of spatial and attribute data, and focused on the space-time cube model of vehicle track data. Besides, this article has made an elaboration on functional design and implementation of the monitor service center, mobile terminal and data communication server in the vehiclepositioningmonitoringsystem. Practice shows that the application of CORS service network and MobileGIS in vehiclepositioningmonitoringsystem has improved the accuracy of spatial location of moving vehicles, and has helped visual display of located objects, which has also verified the feasibility to integrate CORS and MobileGIS for mobile location services. It has important theoretical and practical value to further study the algorithm, model and technology of path analysis and map-matching in mobile location integrated with CORS and GIS.
system for determining the vehicle location and speed and from the data collected by GPS receiver and that stored in Databases we can derived a lot of useful helpful information in monitoring and managing transport. It is required to have a technique to handle the huge amount of spatial data entailed in a digital road map and data that received from the GPS belongs to the coordinates and speed, in order to trace the accurate position within a reasonable time. In this paper, we propose a client/server solution, two integrated databases the first for the spatial data processing and the second is textual as an alternative database to store text coordinates of the spatial data to eliminate the processing time, and a cache method to improve the system performance.
ABSTRACT: This project mainly used to monitoring the positioningsystem based on surface nodes equipped with GPS and acoustic transducers Additionally we are adding obstacle sensors, mems sensors are adding easy to mount, since they can be placed in the hull of a ship or in the vehicle. If any critical condition occurs then alarm will on and inform the people. The Bluetooh protocol is used as the communication medium between the transmitter and receiving base station. Here in this project the receiving base station which consist of mobile phone. Inside the mobile phone android application. One of the main advantage by using Bluetooth is the communication path which is wide by using this method more detailed information could be obtained from the structural behaviour as well as the actual condition of the building structure. This will enable engineers use more precisely information for the structure analysis and repair as well as life time prediction.The main aim of this project is to underwater vehicle’s damage and also we can get structural behaviour as well as the actual condition of the underwater position. If any critical condition that occurring the ship or in the vehicle. In this project work detailed study of installing various equipments, sensoring the information and which helps to minimise the damages for huge structures and loss human lives.
The Vehicular System provides information of a vehicle like velocity, position, through a GPS module and identity of a vehicle to a monitoring station and to a mobile phone according to a definite event stored in a program or a query from a monitoring station. 760 Accelerometer senses the collision of the vehicle and sends this information in real time to a hospital/police station. The monitoring station display these information on GUI also stored these information in database for further process according to a program. Monitoringsystem based on Wireless camera. The system is useful in much application such as surveillance, security, tracking, which may be installed in cargo trucks, cars, motorcycle, and boat. The system can be used in many applications.
To sum up, most of the existing vehiclemonitoring sys- tems use GPS to collect vehicle location information, and domestic autonomy is week. The location information is sent by using existing mobile communication network. We have set up corresponding database servers and moni- toring centers to store the vehicles’ conditions and re- motely controlled vehicles by the monitoring center. In the monitoring center, we can only check the vehicles’ functioning conditions. To develop such a system is very complex and costly, and its maintenance requires a lot of manpower and money. Individuals need to register as members and pay fees before they use the system. There- fore, the cost of using such system is high for individual owners [11, 12]. With the gradual improvement of BeiDou Navigation Satellite System, the vehiclemonitoringsystem using BeiDou Navigation Satellite System has also become a research hotspot [13–15]. In this paper, a vehicle moni- toring and locating tracking system based on BDS/GSM is designed and implemented. The BeiDou Navigation Satel- lite System developed by China spots the vehicle location. The location information of the vehicle is sent through the GSM network. The system monitors the APP client by itself. It can check the vehicles’ positions on mobile phones at any time and monitor the vehicle in real time. When there is no need to monitor the vehicle, this system can be used to find vehicles in parking lots.
Smart Vehicle Surveillance System is one of the measures of monitoring vehicles. The word Surveillance means to observe or monitor something. Real-time vehicle tracking and monitoring is a method used to track and monitor any remote vehicle equipped with a hardware unit that receives and transfers signals through GPS and GSM technology with capturing of the image at that instant. It makes use of GPS to provide the actual geographic real-time position of each vehicle and GSM to intimate the user about the location. A vehicle tracker is, therefore, a major and essential device that should be in every vehicle because it gives the owner the ability to know the exact location of such cars at any point in time anywhere in the world with geography information systems (GIS). It is very useful for both individuals and companies. It can help a company in the sense that the company workers cannot take the company car(s) to unassigned locations. It can also help an individual who is probably on a business trip to know whether his car is still where he left it or not. Today, the vehicle tracking system is playing a major role in most sectors as vehicles have become a major means of transportation.
Vehicle tracking systems are commonly used by fleet operators for fleet management functions such as routing, dispatching, on-board information display and security. Other applications include monitoring driving behavior, such as an employer monitoring an employee, or a parent monitoring a teenaged driver. Vehicle tracking systems are also popular in consumer vehicles as a theft prevention and retrieval device. The police can simply follow the signal emitted by the tracking system and locate the stolen vehicle. When used as a security system, a Vehicle Tracking System may serve as either an addition to or replacement for a traditional Car alarm. The existence of vehicle tracking device then can be used to reduce the insurance cost, because the loss-risk of the vehicle installed with this system drops significantly.
Lack of comprehensive fiscal strategies to check the increase of private / personal vehicles Urban environmental management addresses problems that are spatially distributed as well as dynamic. The two basic methods or paradigms addressing these dimensions are data bases and geographical information systems (GIS) on the one hand, and dynamic simulation models on the other . To prevent or minimize the damage caused by atmospheric pollution, suitable monitoring systems are urgently needed that can rapidly and reliably detect and quantify polluting sources for monitoring by regulating authorities in order to prevent further deterioration of the current pollution levels. So as to carry out urban mobile air pollution monitoring over an extensive area, a combination of ground measurements through sensors and wireless communication networks and internet GIS was used for this purpose. This portable device, comprising solid state gas sensors integrated to a Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) linked through Bluetooth communication tools and Global PositioningSystem (GPS) allowed rapid dissemination of information on pollution levels at multiple sites simultaneously. The Air Quality report generated and published using Internet, GPS and GIS to provide real-time information to the public and enhanced public participation .
With the rapid vehicle volume growth on roads, the performance of urban road traffic systems is a major concern to transportation planners, road users, and all members of the urban community. The evaluation of the performance measures relies on the accuracy and reliability of the collected traffic data. This paper describes a method of extracting transportation information using global positioningsystem (GPS) receivers integrated with geographic information system (GIS) technology. An AgGPS132 DGPS receiver was used to collect probe vehicle data along several highways of interest in Columbus, Ohio for 2002 and 2003. A digital orthophoto quarter-quadrangle (DOQQ 2000) with a ground resolution of 0.5 ft (0.15 m) is used as a backdrop to develop the highway database. The collected GPS points were mapped to the highway using a "snapping" technique in a GIS environment. Travel time, speed and congestion index values were measured along selected highway segments for evaluating the traffic condition of the highways. The results of GPS data compared favorably with the corresponding loop detector data. For all runs, the average difference values between the GPS probe vehicle speed data and the loop detector speed data were less than 4 mph (6.4 km/hr).
From a control point horizontal angles, distances and vertical angles to the details close to the control are measured, and then the coordinates of these details are calculated automatically by Topcon SET 3F total station and its reflectors. Nowadays, surveying equipment such as the total stations become common used in detail surveys because both the distance and the angles or bearing can be measured with the coordinates of points computed. The output or reading can be displayed automatically by pressing a button on the control panel of the instrument. Each total station can store up to 5000 or more coordinated points inside its internal memory, and as a built-in COGO (Coordinate Geometry) program to facilitate computations, setting-out, and other surveying operations in the field. Field observation data can be downloaded on Civil Design Survey software and then imported to a CAD and integrated with GIS for further analysis for modeling.
Vehicle tracking and locking systems are commonly used by fleet operators for fleet management functions such as routing, dispatching, on-board information display and security. Other applications include monitoring driving behavior, such as an employer monitoring an employee, or a parent monitoring a teenaged driver. Vehicle tracking systems are also popular in consumer vehicles as a theft prevention and retrieval device. The police can simply follow the signal emitted by the tracking system and locate the stolen vehicle. When used as a security system, a Vehicle Tracking System may serve as either an addition to or replacement for a traditional Car alarm. The existence of vehicle tracking device can then be used to reduce the insurance cost, because the loss-risk of the vehicle installed with this system drops significantly.
Tushar Saxena, Deepak Kumar and J.S. Jadon has presented all the satellite navigation systems available or in process today. Every system from GPS to IRNSS has been properly introduced and signaling schemes and modulation schemes are studied. Satellite navigation now days are what every country desire to have to become on great power as most importantly it serves military applications and rescue operations. The next generation of satellite navigation are giving services to the civil users and hence a very good market for commercial point of view .
The importance of a localised VPS, as part of the infrastructure of Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS), has been recognised in Hong Kong. Recently, VPS has been proposed in many projects by government agencies as well as private sectors. For example, VPS is one of the two techniques currently under study by Transport Department of HK SAR government, for its plan in Electronic Road Pricing (ERP). The Fire Service Department of HK SAR government also initiates a study on the use of VPS for its "Third Generation Mobilizing System". Some local bus companies are also investigating the use of VPS for bus management and passenger information display system. 2.1 GPS visibility in Hong Kong
Passive LF RFID tag is mounted on 120 L and 240 L bin, in order to the gather the serial number of the bin. LF RFID provides resistance to environmental influences. For example, Otsu's method is chosen the threshold to minimize the intra-class variance of the threshold black and white pixels. To make each cluster as tight as possible and minimizing the overlap. Obviously, the distribution cannot be changed, but the separation (the threshold) can be adjusted. As we adjust the threshold one way, we increase the spread of one and decrease the spread of the other. The goal then is to select the threshold that minimizes the combined spread. We can define the within-class variance as the weighted sum of the variances of each cluster. RFID reader and camera are mounted in the truck to capture the serial number of the truck and bin as well as image of the bin and forwarded to the control sever via GSM/GPRS network. When the truck comes closer to the bin RFID reader communicates with the RFID tag to capture the tags ID and other information about of the bin and sends it to the control server to ensure proper collection and management of waste. When the control server received the serial number, the system would to
transmission and reception of data among the mobile unit and control stations are working successfully. These results are compatible with GPS technologies. In , a vehicle tracking system is an electronic device, installed in a vehicle to enable the owner or a third party to track the vehicle's place. This paper proposed to design a vehicle tracking system that works using GPS and GSM technology. This system built based on embedded system, used for tracking and positioning of any vehicle by using Global PositioningSystem (GPS) and Global system for mobile communication (GSM). This design will continuously watch a moving Vehicle and report the status of the Vehicle on demand. In , Face Detection System used to detect the face of the driver, and compare with the predefined face. The car owner is sleeping during the night time and someone theft the car. Then Face Detection System obtains images by one tiny web camera, which is hidden easily in somewhere in the car. Face Detection System compared the obtained images with the stored images.
The agroforestry system has a complex structure, where 40 plant species, including annual and perennial plants, and shrubs and trees were found. Minor richness of cultivated species - rated 20, 15, 14 and 11 were found in crop areas of respectively tropical flowers (heliconiaceae, musaceae, zingiberaceae, shaded by gliricidia), a sequence of annual crops, associated or not, including legumes, vegetable gardens and agroforestry system. The units that presented richness ranging from 5 to 9 were the areas taken by annual and vegetable crops. Single-cropped areas were given the lowest richness values (4, 3, 2 and 1), had simpler structure and consisted of fruit trees, annual crops and vegetables.
In paper ,One of the paper demonstrates the framework being tried when the vehicle is moving and the framework is displayed as a guarding gadget against burglary by sending the proprietor the area of the vehicle when it quits moving. This likewise has no outcome to decide the precision of the framework. Paper exhibit a framework that is continually being screen by an administer framework and demonstrate the present area of the vehicle on Google delineate, GPS persistently refresh the present facilitate to the controller and occasionally send SMS to direct framework to store the way that the vehicle have taken. It give a thought regarding the GPS arrange need to refresh consistently with the goal that the client always know position of the vehicle. The two framework demonstrate that the controller can be seemed well and good nature for an endeavor of burglary rapidly send a SMS to the client show the vehicle have been alter. Thought it is a decent measure to act when the robbery is in the demonstration, the thought must be made to the controller a yield framework as an acting physical bolt with the correct device.
Abstract: The Concept of "Advance VehicleMonitoringSystem" is only following of the vehicle by utilizing the GPS and the Wi-Fi module gadget. The burglary of the vehicle is expands step by step to take care of these issue, we are building up the idea of the GPS beacon which is set inside the vehicle. Right off the bat we need to pass an extremely little measure of current which function as the detour method for beginning the Engine. As the current is get interfere with our framework can distinguish that the client or individual isn't attempting to begin motor by another path and around then by utilizing the WIFI module we get the message on our versatile that somebody endeavouring to stolen our vehicle. Another idea with respect to the fuel marker works by utilizing the heap cell. Burden Cell help us to identify the accurate dimension and measure of the fuel which is available in the tank and by estimating the amount of that fuel it shows us that in certain sum our vehicle will go specifically separate. For example in 1ltr vehicle will travel 5km. So here by utilizing the GPS procedure it will shows us the closest fuel station yet here and there it happen that some fuel station are shut or no fuel away to them. To take care of above issue GPS encourages us to explore the closest and in working condition fuel station on our vehicles dashboard so client can without much of a stretch came to there. The following utilization of the Load cell for the fuel discovery procedure is that it will assist us with detecting the precise amount of the fuel which is to be appears on fuel station machine while filling the fuel. So the fundamental favourable position of these is to keep the fuel stole at the fuel station. Additionally giving answer for the "Drink and drive" cases we are utilizing the Alcohol discovery sensor which recognize the dimension of the Alcohol and according to the set dimension in the event that it goes high, at that point by utilizing the particular measure of current the vehicle motor get bolted till the clients Alcohol level is low as indicated by the predefined level.
of radio signals from two or higher power fixed transmitters. The system consists of a receiver, and data interface box/modem connected to a separate two-way radio. Based on LORAN signal, the receiver calculates the longitude and latitude in degrees and plotted the location on a map. The LORAN‟s tracking system has limited resolution, which makes the system impractical. Signpost systems are mostly used in rail lines. A transponder is polled as the train traverses its route. As train pass, it receives handshake from the signpost transmitter. A transmitter on the mobile would report passing the signpost to a system controller . GPS based tracking is used to locate the position of a vehicle. It is a satellite-based navigation system that was developed by the U.S. Department of Defence (DoD) in the early 1970s . Initially, GPS was developed as a military system to fulfil U.S. military needs. However, it was later made available to the civilians, and is now a dual-use system that can be accessed by both military and civilian users.
Abstract- In the future Internet, where the trillion of devices will be connected through expanding mobile network capacity networks (heterogeneous mobile networks) that may vary in both networking and link technologies. Internet of Things (loT) and Machine to Machine(M2M) communication are expected to be the important model of communications. Either due to mobility or simply switching links, the loT/M2M devices need to remain connected regardless they change their points of attachment frequently to the network. To meet the needs of devices regarding secured connectivity and seamless mobility in heterogeneous networks, an ID-based communication network architecture is implemented. This ID based communication is mainly used to reduce the transmission delay and provides better connectivity. This paper introduce an design of ID based communication network architecture for monitoring the vehicle parameters in heterogeneous mobile network area without any transmission delay.By using the ID based communication the vehicle parameters are monitored using three different sensors, the measured values are uploaded into the local database and transmission delay is minimized and connectivity is improved.