Top PDF House of Commons Library briefing paper : The forthcoming review of post-18 education and funding

House of Commons Library briefing paper : The forthcoming review of post-18 education and funding

House of Commons Library briefing paper : The forthcoming review of post-18 education and funding

funding Cut interest rates Higher None Increase loan repayment threshold Higher None Cut loan repayment rate Higher None Reintroduce maintenance grants Fee waivers or grants Differential[r]

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8577: 30 May 2019: The Post-18 Education Review (the Augar Review)
recommendations

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8577: 30 May 2019: The Post-18 Education Review (the Augar Review) recommendations

In February 2018, the Prime Minister announced a wide-ranging Review of Post-18 Education and Funding led by Philip Augar. The Review was partly in response to increased debate around the cost and value of higher education following a period of reform which saw tuition fees rise to £9,250 per year, maintenance grants abolished and typical student debt rise to £47,000 from a three year degree. During the period of higher education reforms the further education sector had also experienced difficult times due to a sustained period of funding reductions. The Review therefore aimed to create a joined up post-18 education that which would work for students and taxpayers.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7708, 4 December 2018: Adult further education funding in England since
2010

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7708, 4 December 2018: Adult further education funding in England since 2010

discretionary learner support) is set to be held constant in cash terms at £1.5 billion up to 2019-20. Funding for apprenticeships and loans is set to increase by 92% and 140% respectively between the 2015-16 baseline and 2019-20. From 2017-18 onwards, apprenticeship funding has, in part, been provided via the apprenticeship levy. The Government has announced a review of post-18 education funding, including further education. The review will be supported by an independent panel, led by Philip Augar, and is expected to conclude in early 2019.
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House of Commons Library briefing paper : number 7708, 20 March 2019 : Adult further education funding in England since 2010

House of Commons Library briefing paper : number 7708, 20 March 2019 : Adult further education funding in England since 2010

discretionary learner support) is set to be held constant in cash terms at £1.5 billion up to 2019-20. Funding for apprenticeships and loans is set to increase by 92% and 140% respectively between the 2015-16 baseline and 2019-20. From 2017-18 onwards, apprenticeship funding has, in part, been provided via the apprenticeship levy. The Government has announced a review of post-18 education funding, including further education. The review will be supported by an independent panel, led by Philip Augar, and is expected to conclude later in 2019.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7708, 21 April 2017: Adult further education funding in England since 2010

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7708, 21 April 2017: Adult further education funding in England since 2010

From 2013-14, grant funding for leaners aged 24 and over studying at levels 3 and 4 (e.g. A-levels) was removed and replaced with Advanced Learner Loans. Initially, loans also replaced grants for apprentices aged 24 and over studying at level 3 and above. However, loans for apprentices were dropped from February 2014 onwards, in part due to low take-up, and higher level apprenticeships were instead made eligible for grant funding from the ASB. 15 The Spending Review 2015 announced plans to expand

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7708, 13 June 2018: Adult further education funding in England since 2010

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7708, 13 June 2018: Adult further education funding in England since 2010

From 2013-14, grant funding for leaners aged 24 and over studying at levels 3 and 4 (e.g. A-levels) was removed and replaced with Advanced Learner Loans. Initially, loans also replaced grants for apprentices aged 24 and over studying at level 3 and above. However, loans for apprentices were dropped from February 2014 onwards, in part due to low take-up, and higher level apprenticeships were instead made eligible for grant funding from the ASB. 15 Following an announcement at the Spending Review

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7357, 21 May 2018: Further Education: Post-16 Area Reviews

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7357, 21 May 2018: Further Education: Post-16 Area Reviews

It is unclear how area-based reviews of post-16 education, which are limited in scope, will deliver a more robust and sustainable further education sector. The departments appear to see the national programme of area-based reviews, which they announced in July 2015, as a fix-all solution to the sector’s problems. But the reviews have the potential to be haphazard, and it is too early to speculate on whether they will lead to significant improvements in local provision. Each review only covers further education and sixth form colleges, and does not include school and academy sixth forms or other types of provider. If a review concluded, for example, that there was over- provision of education for 16- to 19-year-olds in an area, it is not clear that this conclusion would have any influence over decisions regarding provision by local schools and academies. The
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7019, 7 November 2018: 16-19 education funding in England since 2010

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7019, 7 November 2018: 16-19 education funding in England since 2010

Similarly, in a letter on 15 October 2018, Robert Halfon, Chair of the Education Committee, asked the Chancellor to “look very carefully at the core level of funding for students in FE” as he prepared the 2018 Budget and the forthcoming Spending Review. The letter argued that “it cannot be right that a funding ‘dip’ exists for students between the ages of 16 and 18, only to rise again in higher education”, and that “successive governments have failed to give further education the recognition it deserves for the role it pays in our national productivity puzzle.” The letter also highlighted particular issues with regards to 16- 19 funding, including underspends, VAT, and the English and maths condition of funding rules (further information on these issues is below). 50
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7019, 13 June 2018: 16-19 education funding in England since 2010

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7019, 13 June 2018: 16-19 education funding in England since 2010

The overriding challenge for the 16–18 sector concerns the long- run stagnation in the level of resources available. By the end of the current Spending Review period in 2019–20, we expect that spending per student in further education will only be just above the level seen 30 years ago at the end of the 1980s. To date, school sixth forms have probably been better able to manage real- terms cuts in funding given that school funding per pupil was protected in real terms between 2010–11 and 2015–16. This clearly will not be possible indefinitely, especially as school
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: CBP 8097, 3 January 2018: Prime Minister’s announcement on changes to student funding

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: CBP 8097, 3 January 2018: Prime Minister’s announcement on changes to student funding

increasingly away from non-repayable grants and towards loans. Maintenance grants and NHS bursaries have been abolished and replaced by increased loans, the student loan repayment threshold has been frozen and interest rates on student loans have increased. In addition to these reforms a process called the Teaching and Excellence Framework has allowed higher education institutions with high quality teaching to raise their fees by an inflationary amount to £9,250 in 2017/18 – this is the first fee rise since 2012.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7951, 8 January 2018: Technical education reforms

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7951, 8 January 2018: Technical education reforms

However, if we truly want a world class system our colleges will need the additional funding to provide world class resources. The plan’s provision for everyone to have work experience alone would cost hundreds of millions of pounds and require much input from employers nationwide to be a success. We therefore welcome the Government's acceptance of the need to review the level of funding for college-based technical education and the Sainsbury Panel's specific suggestion that the intended work placements should receive additional funding. 56

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07196, 1 August 2018: Children and young people’s mental health – policy, services, funding and education

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07196, 1 August 2018: Children and young people’s mental health – policy, services, funding and education

Concerns have been raised that provision of mental health support in schools is currently patchy. This was noted by the Care Quality Commission (CQC) in a recent review of CAMHS services. The CQC noted that when pupils can access high-quality counselling through their schools, it can be an effective form of early intervention. However, the CQC said it is not always available, and in some cases there are concerns about the quality of support on offer. 56

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House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 07196, 11 July 2019 : Children and young people’s mental health :   policy, services, funding and education

House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 07196, 11 July 2019 : Children and young people’s mental health : policy, services, funding and education

A strong and dynamic workforce will be critical for the delivery of Future in Mind. The Health Education England Workforce Strategy due to be published in early 2017 will support this. By 2020/21, at least 1,700 more therapists and supervisors will need to be trained and employed to meet additional demand, and the strategy will also outline actions needed to improve retention of existing staff. In addition to these new therapists, all localities should work with the existing Children and Young People’s Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (CYP IAPT) programme to deliver post- graduate training in specific therapies, leading to at least 3,400 existing children and young people’s mental health service staff being trained by 2020/21. 28
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07020, 18 April 2017: Special Educational Needs: support in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07020, 18 April 2017: Special Educational Needs: support in England

Young people and parents of children who have EHC Plans have the right to request a Personal Budget, which may contain elements of education, social care and health funding. A Personal Budget is an amount of money identified by the local authority to deliver provision set out in an EHC Plan where the parent or young person is involved in securing that provision. Local authorities must provide information on Personal Budgets as part of the local offer. Personal Budgets are optional for the child’s parent or the young person but local authorities are under a duty to prepare a budget when requested. 26
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7951, 21 June 2017: Reforms to Technical Education

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7951, 21 June 2017: Reforms to Technical Education

However, if we truly want a world class system our colleges will need the additional funding to provide world class resources. The plan’s provision for everyone to have work experience alone would cost hundreds of millions of pounds and require much input from employers nationwide to be a success. We therefore welcome the Government's acceptance of the need to review the level of funding for college-based technical education and the Sainsbury Panel's specific suggestion that the intended work placements should receive additional funding. 52

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07091, 18 April 2018: School inspections in England: Ofsted

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07091, 18 April 2018: School inspections in England: Ofsted

As a result of the Education and Adoption Act 2016, regardless of the terms in an academy’s funding agreement, the RSC (on behalf of the Secretary of State) can terminate the funding agreement of an academy that has been judged inadequate. This is a power rather than a duty, meaning the RSC may decide to implement other measures to improve the school rather than terminate to bring about a change of trust, for example, where a change of academy trust would prevent the consolidation of improvements in a school […]

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 07059: 18 June 2019: FAQs: Academies and free schools

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 07059: 18 June 2019: FAQs: Academies and free schools

In July 2017, Education Secretary Justine Greening announced £1.3 billion additional funding for schools and high needs, across 2018-19 and 2019-20. This, she said, would allow per-pupil funding to be maintained in real terms for the final two years of the Spending Review period. The money, she said, would come from making efficiency savings in the existing DfE budget, including from the free schools programme:

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7357, 28 March 2017: Further Education: Post-16 Area Reviews

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7357, 28 March 2017: Further Education: Post-16 Area Reviews

The departments explained that they expect steering groups— which include representatives of the community, local authorities and businesses—to present a consensus on the needs of the area, and to generate fully agreed recommendations. All parties should then work together to produce the desired outcome. However, if a college governing body disagrees with the steering group’s recommendations, ministers will need to decide whether that disagreement is reasonable. If the ministers conclude that the governing body is not being reasonable, the funding bodies could impose some additional funding conditions in an attempt to secure cooperation. 61
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House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 07375, 18 September 2019: School buildings and capital funding (England)

House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 07375, 18 September 2019: School buildings and capital funding (England)

On 28 February 2017, the DfE announced that £415 million of funding from the soft drinks industry levy would be allocated to schools in 2018-19 to “pay for facilities to support physical education, after-school activities and healthy eating.” It added that schools would be able to use the funding – referred to as the healthy pupils capital fund (HPCF) – to “improve facilities for children with physical conditions or support young people struggling with mental health issues.” 15

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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7393, 1 July 2019 : Higher education funding in England

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7393, 1 July 2019 : Higher education funding in England

After consultation the Government decided to freeze the repayment threshold for all post-2012 borrowers. The discount rate used for the public accounting of loans was reduced from 2.2% to 0.7%. These changes were expected to result in savings to current spending when grants are ended, and a substantial cut in the subsidy element of loans. On 1 October 2017 the Prime Minister announced a number of changes to these policies: The fee cap would be frozen in 2018-19, the repayment threshold would rise to £25,000 and a there would be a review of the student finance system. The Department for
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