Top PDF House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7033, 2 December 2016: Free schools statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7033, 2 December 2016: Free schools statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7033, 2 December 2016: Free schools statistics

As new schools free schools received specific funding to cover pre- and post- opening costs. The main pre-opening costs are recruitment, project manager and employing staff before opening. Post-opening costs are the extra costs incurred as a result of the diseconomies of scale linked to a new school which tends to recruit well below capacity (ie. youngest cohort only in year one) until there are pupils recruited to all the planned year groups. Both types would be incurred by any new state funded school. The NAO report includes a table with average, maximum, minimum levels for each type of cost at. The Department for Education also publishes detail on pre- and post- opening revenue funding.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 917, 2 December 2016: Tuition Fee Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 917, 2 December 2016: Tuition Fee Statistics

number of changes to student support arrangements. From 2000/01 upfront tuition fees were abolished for all eligible full-time Scottish and EU students studying at Scottish institutions. A contribution will be made after graduation in the form of the Graduate Endowment. This was introduced for students who entered higher education from 2001/02 and qualified after completing a degree level course. The level was initially set at £2,000 (£2,289 for those entering in 2006/07) and can be repaid in the same way as income-contingent student loans. Various groups including lone parents, mature/independent students, the disabled and students studying HNC and HNDs were all exempt from the Graduate Endowment. 9 In summer 2007 the SNP-led Scottish
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House of Commons library: Briefing paper: Number 07819, 2 December 2016: Constituency casework: schools in Scotland

House of Commons library: Briefing paper: Number 07819, 2 December 2016: Constituency casework: schools in Scotland

sufficient number of places in adequate schools for all children of school age. The legislation directly relevant to the opening, closing or status change of a school is The Education (Scotland) Act 1980 , as amended and the Schools (Consultation) (Scotland) Act 2010 , as amended. In that context, education authorities may undertake reorganisation of their school estate at any time. School closures (or rationalisations), amalgamations or altering catchment areas can be prompted by many factors such as changing population patterns and the need to provide suitable school buildings for pupils and teachers. 2
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number CBP07802: 2 December 2016: Social Work Regulation (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number CBP07802: 2 December 2016: Social Work Regulation (England)

[…[ Our priorities for reform in this area are better regulation, autonomy and cost-effectiveness while maintaining and improving our focus on public protection. We intend to consult on how these priorities can be taken forward, taking account of the Law Commissions’ work on simplification and consistency and building on the Professional Standards Authority for Health and Social Care’s paper “Rethinking regulation” published in August 2015. We will present proposals that give the regulators the flexibility they need to respond to new challenges in the future without the need for further primary legislation.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1079, 2 December 2016: Student Loan Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1079, 2 December 2016: Student Loan Statistics

The intention to sell off income-contingent loans was re-iterated in the 2013 Spending Round. More detail was given in the Autumn Statement 2013. Sales of pre-2012 income-contingent loans were expected to start before the end of financial year 2015-16. These would be in a number of tranches and the estimated that gross proceeds are expected to be in the range of £10-15 billion, with a central estimate of £12 billion. The proceeds were said to more than cover the costs of removing the cap on student numbers from 2015-16 which was also announced in Autumn Statement 2013. The central estimates of the cash proceeds from the loan sales over five years were above the Government’s estimate of the cash cost of removing the cap over the whole period
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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 07846, 22 December 2016 : Changes to school accountability and 'league tables' in England in 2016

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 07846, 22 December 2016 : Changes to school accountability and 'league tables' in England in 2016

This year’s GCSE league tables will be changed in the most radical way since they were first introduced a quarter of a century ago. Two new headline measures –Progress 8 and Attainment 8 -will be introduced to encourage schools to focus on an ‘academic core’ of subjects and count every increase in every grade for all pupils. As noted in section 2, above, progress 8 will also be used to judge whether schools fall below the ‘floor’ target or are classed as ‘coasting’; both of which have important implications for schools.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07388, 19 December 2018: Language teaching in schools (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07388, 19 December 2018: Language teaching in schools (England)

As noted in section 2.1, the 2011 Ofsted report identified good teaching in two thirds of the lessons observed in primary school, with primary teachers’ subject knowledge and their teaching methods described as predominantly good. Some weaknesses lay in the assessment, and the monitoring and evaluation of provision, often because school leaders did not feel competent enough to judge language provision. The 2011 report stated that in many of the secondary schools visited, opportunities for students to listen to and communicate in the target language were often limited by many teachers’ unpreparedness to use it, and that teaching in Key Stage 4 was focused on achieving good examination results, but this did not always prepare students sufficiently for study at a more advanced level, post-16. However, teaching and learning were good in most of the post-16 providers visited, and the relatively small numbers of students on modern language courses achieved well. 11
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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7847, 29 December 2016 : UK Funding from the EU

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7847, 29 December 2016 : UK Funding from the EU

ESI funding activities can be broken down into the sectors they target which fit within the broad priorities of the MFF (see section 1.1). Figure 8 reveals the total funding for each sector and how this breaks down among the individual funds. Over the 2014-2020 period, the largest share of ESI funding (€2.5 billion, 15% of total funding) was allocated to enhancing the competitiveness of small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Around €2 billion of this was allocated from the EDRF with the remainder from the EAFRD and EMFF. The second largest allocation was for sustainable and quality employment (€2.3 billion, 14%), with €1.6 billion coming from the ESF.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 07059: 18 June 2019: FAQs: Academies and free schools

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 07059: 18 June 2019: FAQs: Academies and free schools

In the case of a converter academy which was previously a (maintained) voluntary-aided, (maintained) voluntary-controlled or (maintained) foundation school with a religious character, there is no restriction on the proportion of places that can be allocated on the basis of faith. In September 2016, the Government published the consultation Schools that work for everyone, which included proposals to allow new faith free schools to select up to 100% of pupils based on their faith, subject to schools taking new measures to promote inclusivity.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7308, 29 August 2017: Regional Schools Commissioners

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7308, 29 August 2017: Regional Schools Commissioners

considering how the education system should evolve to respond to the growth in the popularity and number of academies and free schools. Within government and the education sector there is a growing consensus that decision making should lie closer to academies and that those who have a track record of leading good schools should have a stronger role in shaping the system. To begin this shift in emphasis from decision-making in Whitehall to more involvement by schools at a regional level, we are appointing eight RSCs. The RSCs will be taking key decisions about academies on behalf of the Secretary of State, bringing their expertise and local knowledge into the decision making process. This change will not cut across existing accountability lines; accountability will remain with the Secretary of State. 2
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07059, 30 March 2017: FAQs: Academies and free schools

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07059, 30 March 2017: FAQs: Academies and free schools

In March 2016, the Government said it would pass legislation to require all remaining maintained schools to convert to academy status by 2022 at the latest. The plan was met with criticism; in October 2016, Education Secretary Justine Greening said that the Government would not bring forward further legislation this Parliamentary session. Instead, the emphasis would be on supporting schools toward voluntary conversion and building system capacity.

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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7834, 13 December 2016 : The impact of leaving the EU on higher education

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7834, 13 December 2016 : The impact of leaving the EU on higher education

conference on Monday that the Government plan to commit an extra £2 billion a year by 2020 to support research activities across the country in our university system. I hope that hon. Members will acknowledge that that underscores this Government’s determination to put science and innovation at the forefront of the new industrial strategy. We promised that we would do that, and we are delivering on that. I hope that in his speech this afternoon, the Chancellor will provide further details that will give hon. Members even greater confidence that the Government are clearly putting their money where their mouth is—behind our universities.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number SN04223, 21 December 2018: Research & Development spending

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number SN04223, 21 December 2018: Research & Development spending

R&D investment has risen steadily over the past few decades, from £17.8 billion in 1981 to the current total of £33.1 billion (in 2016 prices). This is a real terms increase of 86%. But as a proportion of GDP, R&D expenditure has fallen over this period (it was the equivalent of 2.0% of GDP in 1981).

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 1079, 6 February 2019: Student Loan Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 1079, 6 February 2019: Student Loan Statistics

But the expansion of higher education relies on funding being put onto a sustainable footing. The government must therefore ask graduates to meet more of the cost of their degrees once they are earning. From the 2016-17 academic year, maintenance grants will be replaced with maintenance loans for new students from England, paid back only when their earnings exceed £21,000 a year, saving £2.5 billion by 2020-21. To ensure that the long term costs of the student loan book remain affordable and transparent, the government will consult on freezing the loan repayment threshold for five years and review the discount rate applied to student loans and other transactions to bring it into line with the government’s long-term cost of borrowing.
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House of Commons Library: briefing paper : Number 06113, 11 February 2019: Apprenticeship Statistics: England

House of Commons Library: briefing paper : Number 06113, 11 February 2019: Apprenticeship Statistics: England

The number of starts on apprenticeship standards increased by over 60,000 between 2016/17 and 2017/18, while the number of framework starts fell by almost 260,000. 25% of apprenticeship starts were on standards in 2017/18, up from just 2% in 2016/17. 83% of all starts were in four subject areas: Business, Administration and Law; Health, Public Services and Care; Engineering and Manufacturing Technologies and Retail & Commercial Enterprise.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1398, 10 March 2017: Grammar School Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1398, 10 March 2017: Grammar School Statistics

tripartite system at secondary levels; grammar, technical and secondary modern. Grammar schools had existed long before the Act, but their status was similar to that of a current independent school. State support was extended to the ‘new’ grammar schools in the early 20th century, which effectively created a class of maintained grammar schools. Alongside these were direct grant grammar schools which received public funding to pay the fees of pupils from state primary schools that had to make up at least 25% of their places. Very few of these schools were entirely free. 1
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1079, 18 June 2018: Student Loan Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1079, 18 June 2018: Student Loan Statistics

But the expansion of higher education relies on funding being put onto a sustainable footing. The government must therefore ask graduates to meet more of the cost of their degrees once they are earning. From the 2016-17 academic year, maintenance grants will be replaced with maintenance loans for new students from England, paid back only when their earnings exceed £21,000 a year, saving £2.5 billion by 2020-21. To ensure that the long term costs of the student loan book remain affordable and transparent, the government will consult on freezing the loan repayment threshold for five years and review the discount rate applied to student loans and other transactions to bring it into line with the government’s long-term cost of borrowing.
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House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 08444, 10 December 2018 : Off-rolling in English schools

House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 08444, 10 December 2018 : Off-rolling in English schools

four local authorities reported significant increases in the number of children being educated at home and, in particular, concerns that this was not always in the children’s interests. There were disturbing references to children being removed from schools to be educated at home with the encouragement of the school as an alternative to exclusion. One local authority described it thus: “schools off rolling learners to [elective home education] when the families have no means to educate in order to protect their results records and school performance.” One local authority with nearly 2,000 children registered to be home educated said, “the majority have had some form of local authority intervention with a large proportion known to social services.” 5
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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7782, 20 December 2016 : Technical and Further Education Bill: Committee Stage Report

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7782, 20 December 2016 : Technical and Further Education Bill: Committee Stage Report

By way of a summary, the insolvency provisions contained in Part 2 (and Schedules 3 and 4) were considered in detail during the sixth, seventh and eighth sittings. Opposition amendments were largely probing amendments on how the new special administration regime (SAR) would work in practice. In particular, there was a long debate on clause 22, which sets out the general functions of the education administrator. There was only one division, namely amendment 7 to clause 23. This Opposition amendment sought to ensure that FE bodies with a track record of accruing assets publicly could not be transferred to a private company. Following a lengthy debate the amendment was pressed to a vote and defeated (8 votes to 5). Government amendments, which were minor and technical in nature, were all accepted without debate.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 7096: 2 July 2019: Poverty in the UK: statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 7096: 2 July 2019: Poverty in the UK: statistics

The number and percentage of people in absolute low income depends on how you adjust for inflation. The official poverty statistics presented in the HBAI report for 2016/17 use an absolute low income threshold uprated based on the Consumer Prices Index (CPI) measure of inflation. Editions of HBAI before 2014/15 used the Retail Prices Index (RPI) measure, which tends to show a higher rate of inflation than the CPI. This affected the estimated number and proportion of people counted as being in absolute low income. Annex 4 of the HBAI Quality and Methodology Information Report for 2014/15 compares the trend in absolute low income under both CPI and RPI.
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