Top PDF House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number CBP08198, 10 January 2018: Advertising to children

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number CBP08198, 10 January 2018: Advertising to children

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number CBP08198, 10 January 2018: Advertising to children

advertising, under the “UK Code of Non-Broadcast Advertising, Sales Promotion and Direct Marketing,” known as the “CAP Code”. The system is co-regulatory for broadcast advertising; there is a co- regulatory partnership between the ASA and Ofcom. The “UK Code of Broadcast Advertising” (BCAP Codes) is known as the BCAP Code. On 1 March 2011, the ASA’s remit was extended significantly to cover marketing communications on companies’ own websites and in other third party space under their control, such as social networking sites like Twitter and Facebook. The CAP Code applies in full to this new space. This regulatory system is funded entirely by the advertising industry by a levy on advertising spend. According to the ASA website, the levy is currently set at 0.1% on the cost of buying advertising space and 0.2% on some direct mail. This is collected at ‘arm’s length’ on behalf of CAP, BCAP and the ASA by two bodies: the Advertising Standards Board of Finance and the Broadcast Advertising Standards Board of Finance. The ASA is therefore able to act independently of both Government and industry.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8023, 5 June 2018: Safeguarding in English schools

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8023, 5 June 2018: Safeguarding in English schools

The guidance stresses the importance of making every effort to reach a conclusion in all cases bearing on the safety of children, even if the accused does not cooperate. Similarly, the resignation of the accused should not prevent an allegation being followed up and a referral to DBS must still be made if the criteria are met. Settlement agreements, where a person agrees to resign if their employer agrees not to peruse disciplinary action, should not be used in cases where the accused refuses to cooperate or resigns before their notice period expires. 60

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07972, 30 May 2018: Independent schools (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07972, 30 May 2018: Independent schools (England)

• Education, Health and Care Plans - for children and young people aged up to 25 who need more support than is available through SEN support. They aim to provide more substantial help for children and young people through a unified approach that reaches across education, health care, and social care needs. The Library briefing Special Educational Needs: support in England, SN 07020, provides more detailed information on the system that is in place.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7905, 25 April 2018: Adult ESOL in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7905, 25 April 2018: Adult ESOL in England

In addition to ESOL provision funded through the ESFA, between 2012-13 and 2016-17 was allocated by the Ministry for Housing, Communities and Local Government to six projects delivering community-based English language provision. This included £3.74 million in 2016-17, which was said at the time to be the “first step” in rolling out a £20 million community fund to teach English to isolated women which was announced by the then Prime Minister, David Cameron, in January 2016.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8023, 5 October 2018: Safeguarding in English schools

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8023, 5 October 2018: Safeguarding in English schools

The level of DBS certificate that a school should require depends on the role and duties of the potential staff member, in particular whether they will be undertaking regulated activity (see box 5). If an individual will be involved in regulated activity, which will be the case most of the time in schools, then an enhanced DBS certificate with barred list check will be required. If they will not be involved in regulated activity but will have regular contact with children (for example, contractors on occasional contracts) then an enhanced DBS certificate without barred list check may be appropriate. 51
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 6836, 8 June 2018: School Sport in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 6836, 8 June 2018: School Sport in England

The Bill provided for a scheme by which local area referendums could be held on the proposed sale of school playing fields. Under the Bill’s provisions, a body proposing to sell playing field land of a publicly funded school would be required to conduct a public consultation on the proposed sale. Following the consultation, if more than a certain threshold of people signed a petition objecting to the sale, then a local referendum would be held. If the referendum decided against the proposed sale, the land would not be able to be offered for sale, except in exceptional circumstances, for 10 years.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 7096, 31 August 2018: Poverty in the UK: statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 7096, 31 August 2018: Poverty in the UK: statistics

Keep house warm Keep up to date with bills Money to decorate home Replace broken electrical goods Home contents insurance Replace worn out furniture Money to spend on self each week Make savings of 10 pounds a month or more One week's holiday away from home not with relatives Have a warm winter coat Celebrations on special occasions Eat fresh fruit and/or vegetables every day Go to a playgroup at least once a week Go on school trip at least once a term Leisure equipment, e.g. sports equipment or a bicycle Hobby or leisure activity Have friends round for tea or a snack once a fortnight Outdoor space / facilities to play safely Attend organised activity once a week Bedrooms for every child aged 10+ of different gender One week's holiday away from home with family
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 5108, 23 May 2018: Home education in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 5108, 23 May 2018: Home education in England

Eight amendments were made to the Bill during its Lords Committee Stage, all of which were proposed by the Bill’s sponsor, Lord Soley. Three substantive changes were made by the amendments. First, references to “monitor” were changed to “assess”. Thus, the duty of local authorities to monitor the development of children was changed to a duty to assess their development. Lord Soley said that legal experts had advised him that there was not much difference between the two words, but he had proposed the change because of concerns raised by home educators that “monitor” was too strong. 38
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07070, 15 May 2018: Grammar schools in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07070, 15 May 2018: Grammar schools in England

The opponents of grammar schools argue that they were always, and are still, only meritocratic on the surface, as statistically they gave places to only a small proportion of those on free school meals. The modern figures, at a time when we have very few grammar schools which are heavily concentrated in certain areas of the country, are as a result not representative. They mostly reflect the social composition of those areas (notably Kent and Buckinghamshire) in which the grammar schools have survived. And the older figures reflect a society which was more stratified, and in which indeed some working class parents refused to send their children to the local grammar school even if they had qualified, on the ground that they would not fit in. Thankfully, we have moved on from that.
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House of Commons Library briefing paper : number 8538, 10 April 2019 : The review of university admissions

House of Commons Library briefing paper : number 8538, 10 April 2019 : The review of university admissions

As outlined in some of the cases studies in this report, a number of providers use unconditional offers as a tool to support their widening participation goals. The last five years have seen increases in unconditional offers made to 18 year olds across all POLAR4 quintiles. However, applicants from quintiles 1 and 2 (least advantaged) were more likely to be in receipt of unconditional offers (27.7 per cent for both) in 2018, compared to applicants from quintile 5 (most advantaged), of which 18.1 per cent were likely to have received an

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7222, 4 June 2018: Teacher recruitment and retention in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7222, 4 June 2018: Teacher recruitment and retention in England

In March 2018, the DfE announced that schools in the West Midlands and the South East would be asked to participate in a programme designed to help teachers return to the profession after a career break. Up to 10 lead schools were sought, the announcement said, to deliver a pilot that will “test the best approach to supporting teachers who have taken time out of their careers, providing funding to help them after they return to the classroom.” The pilot is planned to start in May 2018 and has a budget of £298,000, which will be adjusted depending on the number of returning teachers supported. 87
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7222, 17 October 2018: Teacher recruitment and retention in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7222, 17 October 2018: Teacher recruitment and retention in England

On 4 October 2016, the then Education Secretary, Justine Greening, announced £60 million of funding for six ‘Opportunity Areas’ to help them “address the biggest challenges they face”. The six areas were Blackpool, Derby, Norwich, Oldham, Scarborough, and West Somerset. It was stated that the areas would be given prioritised access to a wider support package, including a £75 million teaching and leadership innovation fund “focused on supporting teachers and school leaders in challenging areas to develop.” 72 £10 million of the funding is available for teachers in opportunity areas and category 5 and
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7857, 7 February 2018: Higher education student numbers

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7857, 7 February 2018: Higher education student numbers

Applicants to nursing by mid-January fell by around 4,500 or 13%. The 2017 figures themselves were down by 20% on the previous year. This was driven by 4,400 fewer applicants from England, where from 2017 new student nurses will no longer be eligible for bursaries to help with the costs of studying. This was a fall of 13%. Nursing students tend to be somewhat older than the general full-time undergraduate intake. The decline in applications to nursing from older groups was even larger. 2

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper:  Number 07819, 8 March 2018: Constituency casework: schools in Scotland

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 07819, 8 March 2018: Constituency casework: schools in Scotland

in January and February may also choose to defer their child's entry; these requests are automatically approved. Children with birthdays in January and February and whose entry to school is deferred are eligible for a further year of funded pre-school education whereas those with September to December birthdays who are deferred are not. Children whose entry is deferred will tend to be aged between 5.5 and 6 years old at the time they start school. 11

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House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 7393, 4 January 2019 : Higher education funding in England

House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 7393, 4 January 2019 : Higher education funding in England

Loans therefore are treated very differently in the fiscal deficit and national debt. The difference is really one of timing with the costs being recorded upfront in the debt and only after they are written off (after 30 years for most) in the deficit. Overall costs for a cohort of loans will eventually be the same under each method. In July 2018 the Office for Budget Responsibility published a paper that looked at the ‘fiscal illusions’ resulting from the different accounting treatment of loans in government accounts and made suggestions for alternative

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1398, 10 March 2017: Grammar School Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1398, 10 March 2017: Grammar School Statistics

In 2008 the then Department for Children, Schools and Families looked at the intake of grammar schools in comparison to that of their local area. This found that free school meal rates in grammars were not representative of their local areas. They were around one-fifth of the level in their local area in 2007. In addition they also had fewer pupils from the low attaining ethnic groups, Black African, Black Caribbean, Bangladeshi and Pakistani, than their local area. The gap varied somewhat by ethnic group, but was typically around half the rate in their local area in 2007. This study also looked at the level of deprivation affecting children in the areas that different types of schools took their pupils from. In grammar schools in 2007 the proportion of pupils from the least deprived quartile was just over 40%, compared to around 25% in their local area. The proportion of their intake from the most deprived quartile was around 8%, compared to just over 20% in their
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number CBP08249, 26 October 2018: Support for care leavers

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number CBP08249, 26 October 2018: Support for care leavers

Transitions from children and young people’s mental health services to adult services can be a difficult time for young people. NHS England has therefore developed a model specification for such transitions and included transition from children and young people’s mental health services as one of 13 mandatory national indicators in the Commissioning for Quality and Innovation scheme (2017/19). This offers financial incentives to local areas to make improvements in support of the Five Year Forward View for Mental Health and NHS mandate and will encourage improved transition planning and better experiences for children and young people.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 08117, 7 June 2018: Sexual harassment in education

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 08117, 7 June 2018: Sexual harassment in education

Some universities however such as the Universities of Oxford (see Box 1), Loughborough, Cambridge, West of England, have implemented specific policies and procedures on sexual harassment and assault. In October 2016 Goldsmiths, University of London introduced a 10 point plan to address Sexual Harassment; this strategy was put in place following a series of complaints of sexual harassment and violence against staff. 32 The policy includes the creation of a new post to

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House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7905, 22 January 2017: Adult ESOL in England

House of Commons Library : Briefing paper : Number 7905, 22 January 2017: Adult ESOL in England

provider may pass on the remainder to the learner. There is no funding provided for ESOL provided in the workplace. As funding for adult ESOL courses is demand-led, there are no future budgets set for their level of funding. Data on past funding levels (not including community learning) has been provided in response to parliamentary questions and shows that, other than in 2012-13, real levels of funding have fallen in each year since 2009-10. The overall reduction up to 2015-16 was 60% in real terms. ESOL participation

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1079, 18 June 2018: Student Loan Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1079, 18 June 2018: Student Loan Statistics

Some limited historical data are available on bankruptcies and Individual Voluntary Arrangements (IVAs). These only cover students who notified the Student Loans Company of this while they were studying and hence exclude anyone with a student loan who became bankrupt or had an IVA after they graduated. The total number bankrupt or with IVAs in England increased from 10-20 a year in the late 1990s to 110 in 2004. The Higher Education Act 2004 included provisions to prevent student loans being written off by bankruptcy. There were 30 IVAs amongst this group in 2005 and 20 in 2006. Over this period there were large
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