Top PDF House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8389, 19 September 2018: Returns to a degree

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8389, 19 September 2018: Returns to a degree

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8389, 19 September 2018: Returns to a degree

While there is indeed a strong – and unmet – demand for higher- level sub-degree skills, such as at BTEC or HND level, this does not mean there is a need to reduce the numbers earning a bachelor’s degree or above. Alongside the economic and technological changes of the past decade, we have seen not only a large increase in the proportion of graduate jobs – one that is projected to continue – but also upskilling within specific occupations, where higher-level qualifications become increasingly necessary. Graduate talent seems to spur upskilling, and thus demand for more graduate talent. 9
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8389, 5 April 2019: Returns to a degree

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8389, 5 April 2019: Returns to a degree

2014/15 graduating cohort in 2016/17, by subject of first degree Medicine & dentistry No sustained destination Nursing Activity not captured Veterinary sciences Education & teaching Subj[r]

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7049, 27 February 2018: Postgraduate loans in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7049, 27 February 2018: Postgraduate loans in England

The consultation estimated that the average cost of doctoral study ranges from £45,000 (for a three year degree in lower cost location) to £73,000 (for a four year degree in a higher cost location). It noted that the proposed loan amount would cover around a third to a half of these costs and stated that this “balances the incentives, to ensure students will continue to make considered and informed decisions about pursuing further study at this level.” 44

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7019, 13 June 2018: 16-19 education funding in England since 2010

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7019, 13 June 2018: 16-19 education funding in England since 2010

We have protected the base rate of funding at £4,000 per student for all types of providers until 2020 to ensure that happens. Extra funding is provided where needed, for example, for students on large academic programmes and for providers to attract, support and retain disadvantaged 16 to 19-year olds. In addition, my Rt hon. Friend, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, announced in the Spring Budget a significant investment in technical education for 16-19 year olds, rising to an additional £500 million a year. The first £74 million of this investment will be allocated to help institutions build their capacity for the improved work placements that will form part of new T level programmes, from April 2018 to July 2019.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number CBP08249, 26 October 2018: Support for care leavers

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number CBP08249, 26 October 2018: Support for care leavers

Transitions from children and young people’s mental health services to adult services can be a difficult time for young people. NHS England has therefore developed a model specification for such transitions and included transition from children and young people’s mental health services as one of 13 mandatory national indicators in the Commissioning for Quality and Innovation scheme (2017/19). This offers financial incentives to local areas to make improvements in support of the Five Year Forward View for Mental Health and NHS mandate and will encourage improved transition planning and better experiences for children and young people.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 06798, 16 April 2018: The school curriculum in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 06798, 16 April 2018: The school curriculum in England

The 2015 Government passed legislation requiring relationships education to be offered by all state-funded primary schools in England, and revised relationships and sex education to be offered by all secondary schools. The intention is for first teaching of the new R(S)E to begin from September 2019, following consultation and parliamentary debate. It also passed legislation enabling it to make PSHE mandatory.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07070, 15 May 2018: Grammar schools in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07070, 15 May 2018: Grammar schools in England

transition funding so that schools do not suffer abrupt changes to their funding straight away. We fund all 16-to-19 providers for study programmes of 600 hours per year for full-time students. That is sufficient for a study programme of three A-levels plus one AS-level, and up to 150 hours of enrichment activities, over a two- year study programme. There should be no need to cut those extra-curricular activities, which are such an important part of a rounded school education. In addition, as has been mentioned, we have, in 2013-14, increased the rate for larger programmes of study. For students who are studying four A-levels, the school will receive an extra £400 per pupil, and for those who are studying five A-levels, the school will receive an extra £800. 89
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 7096, 31 August 2018: Poverty in the UK: statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 7096, 31 August 2018: Poverty in the UK: statistics

overestimation of poverty in workless families and underestimation of poverty in working families by scaling the HMRC figures so they sum to national estimates from HBAI. However, clearly this is a crude fix. The End Child Poverty figures are also adjusted for more recent changes in the number of working and workless households at the national level, using data from the Office for National Statistics’ Labour Force Survey (up to July-September 2017). Figures are presented based on income both BHC and AHC, although the AHC figures are obtained by applying a fixed scaling factor to the BHC figures rather than incorporating any additional information about variations in housing costs. 33
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07972, 30 May 2018: Independent schools (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 07972, 30 May 2018: Independent schools (England)

Local authorities are required to ensure that children in their area with special educational needs (SEN) receive the support they need. The Children and Families Act 2014 provided for an overhaul of the system for identifying children and young people in England aged 0-25 with special educational needs (SEN), assessing their needs and making provision for them. The reforms to the system of support began to be implemented in September 2014, in a phased introduction planned to be completed in April 2018.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7905, 25 April 2018: Adult ESOL in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7905, 25 April 2018: Adult ESOL in England

English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) is the term used for English language courses taken by people whose first language is not English and who need English to communicate in daily life. ESOL learners are very diverse, ranging from highly educated and proficient learners tackling a new language, to individuals who have little or no experience of schooling and are not literate in their first language. This briefing covers ESOL for learners aged 19 and over (referred to as adult ESOL). It relates to England only; different ESOL systems are in place in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7951, 8 January 2018: Technical education reforms

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7951, 8 January 2018: Technical education reforms

T level programmes are likely to be equivalent in size to a 3 A level programme and will generally be studied full time over two years by 16-19 year olds. It is expected, on average, that they will consist of 1,800 hours in total – 50% more than the current average 16-19 study programme. The March 2017 Budget announced additional funding for this increase, amounting to £500 million a year once T levels are fully rolled out. T levels will consist of five components:

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8023, 5 October 2018: Safeguarding in English schools

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8023, 5 October 2018: Safeguarding in English schools

Following commencement of the relevant provisions of the 2017 Act, local authorities have until 29 June 2019 to develop and publish their safeguarding partner arrangements, but they may do so at any point within this period. Following publication, safeguarding partners will have a further three months to implement the arrangements. All new local arrangements must, therefore, be implemented by 29 September 2019. LSCBs must continue to carry out their statutory functions until the point at which safeguarding partner arrangements begin to operate in a local area. 7

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8023, 5 June 2018: Safeguarding in English schools

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8023, 5 June 2018: Safeguarding in English schools

Following a consultation, revised Keeping children safe in education guidance will come into force from 3 September 2018. The main difference with the current guidance is the inclusion of a new section setting out principles for schools to consider when responding to reports of child on child sexual violence and sexual harassment. Until the revised guidance commences the version of Keeping children safe in education published in 2016 is still in force and is what schools must continue to have regard to. The final section of the briefing provides further information.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7019, 7 November 2018: 16-19 education funding in England since 2010

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7019, 7 November 2018: 16-19 education funding in England since 2010

Similarly, in a letter on 15 October 2018, Robert Halfon, Chair of the Education Committee, asked the Chancellor to “look very carefully at the core level of funding for students in FE” as he prepared the 2018 Budget and the forthcoming Spending Review. The letter argued that “it cannot be right that a funding ‘dip’ exists for students between the ages of 16 and 18, only to rise again in higher education”, and that “successive governments have failed to give further education the recognition it deserves for the role it pays in our national productivity puzzle.” The letter also highlighted particular issues with regards to 16- 19 funding, including underspends, VAT, and the English and maths condition of funding rules (further information on these issues is below). 50
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House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 8655, 12 September 2019: Funding for healthcare students in England

House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 8655, 12 September 2019: Funding for healthcare students in England

Information on training for paramedics is available on the NHS Health Careers website at Entry requirements and training (paramedic). Funding for paramedics has always been different to funding for other allied health professional courses like nursing, medicine and dentistry, due to the different training routes that were available to paramedics, some of which were funded. Students could receive different support packages depending on their training route. Students taking paramedic science degrees receive the standard student funding package. Since March 2018 paramedicine has been an all degree profession so most paramedic students will be eligible for funding from SFE.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 6836, 10 October 2018: Physical education and sport in schools

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 6836, 10 October 2018: Physical education and sport in schools

Efficiencies and savings across our main capital budget can, I believe, release £420 million. The majority of this will be from healthy pupils capital funding, from which we can make savings of £315 million. This reflects reductions in forecast revenue from the soft drinks industry levy. I will be able to channel the planned budget, which remains in place, to frontline schools, while meeting our commitment that every single pound of England’s share of spending from the levy will continue to be invested in improving children’s health; that includes £100 million in 2018-19 for healthy pupils capital. 34
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 6710, 17 October 2018: Initial teacher training in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 6710, 17 October 2018: Initial teacher training in England

undergraduate and postgraduate trainees on non-salaried routes can apply for funding under the standard undergraduate student support system. In addition, a range of bursaries and scholarships are available to some trainees, depending on the subject they are training in and, for postgraduates, the class of their first degree. For 2018-19 the Government is also piloting early-career retention payments for maths teachers. Under the scheme, eligible individuals will receive early-career payments of £5,000 each (£7,500 in some areas) in their third and fifth year of teaching in addition to a £20,000 bursary during their training.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper:  Number 07819, 8 March 2018: Constituency casework: schools in Scotland

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 07819, 8 March 2018: Constituency casework: schools in Scotland

in January and February may also choose to defer their child's entry; these requests are automatically approved. Children with birthdays in January and February and whose entry to school is deferred are eligible for a further year of funded pre-school education whereas those with September to December birthdays who are deferred are not. Children whose entry is deferred will tend to be aged between 5.5 and 6 years old at the time they start school. 11

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House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 07388, 18 September 2019: Language teaching in schools (England)

House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 07388, 18 September 2019: Language teaching in schools (England)

Nick Gibb: The Department for Education is currently in discussion with awarding organisations, Ofqual and others, including foreign embassies, to consider how best to maintain as wide a range of languages as possible at GCSE and A level. We are continuing to develop proposals to achieve this and will hold a more formal, public consultation in due course. I announced on 22 July 2015 that to avoid any gap in provision in certain languages we will, where necessary, extend the timetable for awarding organisations to continue with existing qualifications until September 2018. 46
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 8596: 19 June 2019: Devolution of the Adult Education Budget

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 8596: 19 June 2019: Devolution of the Adult Education Budget

As set out above, just under half of the devolved AEB will be allocated to the Greater London Authority. In November 2018, the Mayor of London published a Skills for Londoners Framework, which set out how City Hall aims to achieve the priorities set out in the Skills for Londoners Strategy, published in June 2018. It proposes making a number of changes to the national programme for the delivery of the AEB budget in London. This includes the following eight priorities for reform, in addition to some further areas, outside of the delivery of the statutory entitlements:

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