Top PDF House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8389, 5 April 2019: Returns to a degree

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8389, 5 April 2019: Returns to a degree

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8389, 5 April 2019: Returns to a degree

2014/15 graduating cohort in 2016/17, by subject of first degree Medicine & dentistry No sustained destination Nursing Activity not captured Veterinary sciences Education & teaching Subj[r]

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8389, 19 September 2018: Returns to a degree

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 8389, 19 September 2018: Returns to a degree

While there is indeed a strong – and unmet – demand for higher- level sub-degree skills, such as at BTEC or HND level, this does not mean there is a need to reduce the numbers earning a bachelor’s degree or above. Alongside the economic and technological changes of the past decade, we have seen not only a large increase in the proportion of graduate jobs – one that is projected to continue – but also upskilling within specific occupations, where higher-level qualifications become increasingly necessary. Graduate talent seems to spur upskilling, and thus demand for more graduate talent. 9
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 04195, 5 April 2018: Schools meals and nutritional standards (England)

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 04195, 5 April 2018: Schools meals and nutritional standards (England)

4.4 Under our proposed threshold, a number of low-income households who are not currently entitled to free school meals will become newly entitled, and the vast majority (around 90%) of pupils currently eligible for free school meals will continue to be eligible. However, although we are increasing the number of eligible children, some households (particularly those working fewer hours but with higher incomes) will have earnings above the new threshold, and would therefore stand to lose eligibility. 14

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 6700, 17 April 2018: The Pupil Premium

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 6700, 17 April 2018: The Pupil Premium

The consultation proposed introducing a net earnings threshold (not including benefits) of £7,400 per annum for a household’s eligibility for FSMs under Universal Credit. A typical family earning around £7,400 per annum would, the consultation said, have a total household income of between £18,000 and £24,000 once benefits are taken into account. The Government estimated that under the proposed threshold an extra 50,000 children would become eligible for FSMs compared to the current number of claimants – an increase in the FSMs cohort of around 5%. 35

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House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 7647, 11 July 2019 : Early Intervention

House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 7647, 11 July 2019 : Early Intervention

The Healthy Child Programme was introduced in 2009 and thus may not reflect the most up-to-date developments in evidence, commissioning and integrated delivery, national policy priorities or expectations from the public on accessing information through digital channels. We are therefore working with Public Health England (PHE) on modernisation for the Programme, with an initial focus on the first 1,000 days and early years, to improve a range of childhood outcomes including early development and school readiness. There is also an ambition to ensure a stronger link with pregnancy and preconceptual care, while the refresh of the Healthy Child Programme also provides an opportunity to link with the refresh of the health visitor and school nurse service model (4-5-6) which PHE are undertaking. 47
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House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 06045, 4 September 2019: English Baccalaureate

House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 06045, 4 September 2019: English Baccalaureate

We should acknowledge that the curriculum always involves trade-offs: more time on one subject means less time on others. Over the years, I’ve been asked to add scores of subjects - from intellectual property, to Esperanto, to den building - to the national curriculum. Many of these are important and interesting. The question, though, is always whether they are sufficiently important to justify reducing the time available for the existing subjects in the curriculum, and I make no apology for protecting space for the English Baccalaureate subjects wherever possible. That is not to say, of course, that subjects outside the English Baccalaureate have no place in schools. The EBacc is a specific, limited measure consisting of only 5 subject areas and up to 8 GCSEs. Whilst this means that there are several valuable subjects which are not included, it also means that there is time for most pupils to study other subjects in addition to the EBacc, including vocational and technical disciplines which are also vital to future economic growth.
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House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 1078, 11 September 2019: Education spending in the UK

House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 1078, 11 September 2019: Education spending in the UK

measure of the population group most likely to benefit from education. Looking across the charts on the previous page it is clear that the increase in spending in the first two decades happened when the 5-19 population was increasing. Falls in population in the late 1970s and 1980s coincided with falls in spending. The population increased in recent years but spending has fallen. This is a rough and ready form of analysis only. The scatter plot below reveals more detail. It compares total spending on education as a % of GDP 12 to the population aged

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 0616, 9 January 2019: Oxbridge 'elitism'

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 0616, 9 January 2019: Oxbridge 'elitism'

In July 2012 The Department for Education released new ‘experimental’ statistics which looked at the destination of A level students the year after they took their qualifications. The data identify those in higher education and within this those in any Russell Group university and those at Oxford or Cambridge. The information is taken from matching National Pupil Database records to those held by the Higher Education Statistics Agency. It only includes young people who studied at state sector schools or colleges in England. Information is broken down by region, local authority, individual (state) school or college and, more recently, student characteristics. The data now covers the period up to 2017 and can be found at can be found at: Destinations of Key Stage 4 and Key Stage 5 pupils.
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House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 0616, 31 July 2019 : Oxford 'elitism'

House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 0616, 31 July 2019 : Oxford 'elitism'

In July 2012 The Department for Education released new ‘experimental’ statistics which looked at the destination of A level students the year after they took their qualifications. The data identify those in higher education and within this those in any Russell Group university and those at Oxford or Cambridge. The information is taken from matching National Pupil Database records to those held by the Higher Education Statistics Agency. It only includes young people who studied at state sector schools or colleges in England. Information is broken down by region, local authority, individual (state) school or college and, more recently, student characteristics. The data now covers the period up to 2017 and can be found at can be found at: Destinations of Key Stage 4 and Key Stage 5 pupils.
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House of Commons Library briefing paper : number 07236, 23 April 2019 : Careers guidance in schools, colleges and
universities

House of Commons Library briefing paper : number 07236, 23 April 2019 : Careers guidance in schools, colleges and universities

In September 2012 local authority maintained schools became subject to a statutory duty to provide impartial careers guidance to pupils in years 9 to 11. In September 2013, the statutory duty on schools was expanded to cover pupils in school years 8 (12-13 year olds) to 13 (17- 18 year olds). There have been other connected reforms, including the disbanding of the Connexions service at the national level, and the establishment of a National Careers Service (NCS) in April 2012. The Department for Education has published statutory guidance (most recently updated in October 2018) for maintained schools on their duty to provide careers guidance. 1
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House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 5871, 13 August 2019 : Youth Unemployment Statistics

House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 5871, 13 August 2019 : Youth Unemployment Statistics

For context, it is worth noting that the total population aged 16-24 has been declining in recent years; in April to June it was 87,000 less than a year before. The number of young people in employment decreased by 25,000 over the past year, while the number who are economically inactive (not in or looking for work) decreased by 74,000.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 06798, 16 April 2018: The school curriculum in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 06798, 16 April 2018: The school curriculum in England

The 2015 Government passed legislation requiring relationships education to be offered by all state-funded primary schools in England, and revised relationships and sex education to be offered by all secondary schools. The intention is for first teaching of the new R(S)E to begin from September 2019, following consultation and parliamentary debate. It also passed legislation enabling it to make PSHE mandatory.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8076, 3 April 2019: Children: surrogacy, single people and parental orders (UK)

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8076, 3 April 2019: Children: surrogacy, single people and parental orders (UK)

On 12 December 2018, the draft Remedial Order was considered in Grand Committee in the House of Lords. Although there was no contention over the Order, the Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State at the Department of Health and Social Care, Lord O’Shaughnessy, noted that participants in the debate had highlighted that “thorny and difficult cases will continue to emerge”, and added that “we need to deal with them as they arise if they have policy implications”. 62

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 06154, 5 April 2017: 16-19 Bursaries for further education in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 06154, 5 April 2017: 16-19 Bursaries for further education in England

This information is provided to Members of Parliament in support of their parliamentary duties. It is a general briefing only and should not be relied on as a substitute for specific advice. The House of Commons or the author(s) shall not be liable for any errors or omissions, or for any loss or damage of any kind arising from its use, and may remove, vary or amend any information at any time without prior notice.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7905, 25 April 2018: Adult ESOL in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7905, 25 April 2018: Adult ESOL in England

The Controlling Migration Fund includes a local services fund worth £100 million (£25 million in each of the four years from 2016-17 to 2019-20), which councils in England can bid for funding from. The prospectus explaining how local authorities can access the fund makes clear that proposals for funding should demonstrate how they will benefit the resident community in the first instance. It also notes, however, that “legitimate migrants may be the focus of some projects, for example English language support.” 35 In response to a parliamentary

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 1079, 6 February 2019: Student Loan Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 1079, 6 February 2019: Student Loan Statistics

confirmed the earlier announcements about loan interest rates, thresholds, timing of repayments etc. and gave more detail about certain exceptions and repayments from non-UK residents. They introduced the terms ‘standard interest rate’ for the element linked to RPI and ‘additional interest rate’ for the variable element paid on top of this for those earning between the lower and higher interest thresholds. Borrowers earning above the higher interest threshold pay the standard rate plus 3%, as do those still studying or who have not reached their Repayment Due Date (April after the end of their course).
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 7484: 20 May 2019: Income inequality in the UK

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 7484: 20 May 2019: Income inequality in the UK

The extent to which we can look at how inequality has evolved over time based on the above measures is limited according to the availability of survey data. However, researchers at the World Wealth & Income Database have constructed a longer time series using tax returns. The chart below shows the share of income going to the top 1% and 0.1% of taxpayers from the start of the twentieth century, up to 2014. Unlike the data above, figures cover taxpayers only rather than all individuals and only count income reported for tax purposes.

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House of Commons Library : briefing paper : number 07972, 28 June 2019 : Independent schools (England)

House of Commons Library : briefing paper : number 07972, 28 June 2019 : Independent schools (England)

Local authorities are required to ensure that children in their area with special educational needs (SEN) receive the support they need. The Children and Families Act 2014 provided for an overhaul of the system for identifying children and young people in England aged 0-25 with special educational needs (SEN), assessing their needs and making provision for them. The reforms to the system of support began to be implemented in September 2014, in a phased introduction planned to be completed in April 2018.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 7049, 29 January 2019: Postgraduate loans in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 7049, 29 January 2019: Postgraduate loans in England

The consultation estimated that the average cost of doctoral study ranges from £45,000 (for a three year degree in lower cost location) to £73,000 (for a four year degree in a higher cost location). It noted that the proposed loan amount would cover around a third to a half of these costs and stated that this “balances the incentives, to ensure students will continue to make considered and informed decisions about pursuing further study at this level.” 42

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 7096: 2 July 2019: Poverty in the UK: statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 7096: 2 July 2019: Poverty in the UK: statistics

introduced statutory ‘life chances’ indicators relating to children in England living in workless households and educational attainment at the end of Key Stage 4 (age 16). A policy paper published by the Department for Work and Pensions in April 2017, Improving Lives: Helping Workless Families , set out seven other non-statutory indicator areas, relating to parental conflict; poor parental mental health; drug and alcohol dependency; problem debt; homelessness; early years; and youth employment.

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