Top PDF House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 5871, 16 April 2019: Youth Unemployment Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 5871, 16 April 2019: Youth Unemployment Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 5871, 16 April 2019: Youth Unemployment Statistics

For context, it is worth noting that the total population aged 16-24 has been declining in recent years; it was 22,000 lower than the previous quarter and 89,000 less than a year before. The number of young people in employment increased by 42,000 over the past year. The number who are economically inactive (not in or looking for work) decreased by 101,000.

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House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 5871, 13 August 2019 : Youth Unemployment Statistics

House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 5871, 13 August 2019 : Youth Unemployment Statistics

This information is provided to Members of Parliament in support of their parliamentary duties. It is a general briefing only and should not be relied on as a substitute for specific advice. The House of Commons or the author(s) shall not be liable for any errors or omissions, or for any loss or damage of any kind arising from its use, and may remove, vary or amend any information at any time without prior notice.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number SN05871, 16 August 2017: Youth unemployment statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number SN05871, 16 August 2017: Youth unemployment statistics

The House of Commons Library research service provides MPs and their staff with the impartial briefing and evidence base they need to do their work in scrutinising Government, proposing legislation, and supporting constituents. As well as providing MPs with a confidential service we publish open briefing papers, which are available on the Parliament website.

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House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 5871, 10 September 2019: Youth Unemployment Statistics

House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 5871, 10 September 2019: Youth Unemployment Statistics

This information is provided to Members of Parliament in support of their parliamentary duties. It is a general briefing only and should not be relied on as a substitute for specific advice. The House of Commons or the author(s) shall not be liable for any errors or omissions, or for any loss or damage of any kind arising from its use, and may remove, vary or amend any information at any time without prior notice.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 5440: 12 June 2019: Higher Education Finance Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 5440: 12 June 2019: Higher Education Finance Statistics

The overall funding level for the sector in academic year 2012/13 was set by the funding council at £5.3 billion which was £1.2 billion (19%) less than in 2011/12. Further cuts of 16% and 14% followed in 2013/14 and 2014/15 as the 2012 reforms applied to increasing numbers of the student population. This is driven by reductions in teaching grant which fell by smaller amounts in each of the next four years. Overall capital and other non-recurrent funding has not been directly affected by these reforms. 2018/19 funding for teaching will be 70% lower than in 2011/12 in cash terms (73% in real terms) despite the increase in student numbers supported by this funding.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 1079, 6 February 2019: Student Loan Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 1079, 6 February 2019: Student Loan Statistics

Tuition fee loans are excluded from the chart above. In 2006/07 234,000 new students were awarded tuition fee loans with an average value of £2,740 and a total value of £639 million. A further 153,000 existing students were awarded tuition fee loans for regulated fees, these totalled £156 million at an average of £1,010. The number awarded and their total value has increased in subsequent years as each year brings a new cohort liable to pay them. The first year of new students under the post-2012 funding regime with its higher fees (and fee loans) caused the total value of Tuition Fee loans to exceed that of maintenance loans for the first time. This gap has since grown and the value of Fee loans was more than double maintenance loans for the first time in 2014/15. This gap continued to grow in 2015/16, but fell from 2016/17 due to the loss of grants for new students.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8386, 17 April 2019: Cost of university courses in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper: Number 8386, 17 April 2019: Cost of university courses in England

There was a surplus on overseas teaching and ‘other’ activities, but this was not enough to cover the deficit on research spending. Changes to how TRAC figures are compiled from 2015-16 mean that direct comparisons with data from before this time are not possible. The 2015-16 data showed a smaller overall sustainability gap of 0.4%, but this was in part due to the use of a smaller sustainability adjustment (£2.3 billion rather than £3.0 billion) as well as a 7% increase in costs Data from earlier years shows an increase in the surplus on teaching after 2012. Publicly funded teaching was 0.9% above full-economic costs in 2011-12, 0.7% higher in 2012-13, 2.1% higher in 2013-14 and 2.6% higher in 2014-15. Between 2011-12 and 2014-15 costs
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House of Commons Library briefing paper : number 7951, 23 April 2019 : T levels : reforms to technical education

House of Commons Library briefing paper : number 7951, 23 April 2019 : T levels : reforms to technical education

The consultation response said that there is no ‘one size fits all’ approach that could meet the needs of the majority of adult learners. The Government, it said, recognises that 19-23 year old learners could benefit from the same T Level programme as 16-19 year old learners. For learners aged over 24, the Government will take into account wider reviews of technical education, including the reviews of qualifications at levels 3, 4 and 5, and will “consider any specific adaptations that will improve accessibility.” 58

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House of Commons Library briefing paper : number 8538, 10 April 2019 : The review of university admissions

House of Commons Library briefing paper : number 8538, 10 April 2019 : The review of university admissions

The minority of university offers are unconditional, but the share of all offers made that were recorded as unconditional has increased significantly, from 9.2 per cent in 2013, to 15.1 per cent in 2018. Most unconditional offers are made to older students, but the unconditional offer rate for 18 year olds has driven the overall increase in unconditional offers; up from less than 1% of offers to this age group in 2013, to 7.1% in 2018. 23% of 18 year olds received an unconditional offer in 2018, or 34% if all offers with any unconditional component are included. Unconditional offers are more common at universities with lower entry requirements. In 2013 just 16 universities had unconditional offer rates to 18 year olds of 1% or more. In 2018 this number had increased to 84.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 06798, 16 April 2018: The school curriculum in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 06798, 16 April 2018: The school curriculum in England

The 2015 Government passed legislation requiring relationships education to be offered by all state-funded primary schools in England, and revised relationships and sex education to be offered by all secondary schools. The intention is for first teaching of the new R(S)E to begin from September 2019, following consultation and parliamentary debate. It also passed legislation enabling it to make PSHE mandatory.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 7096: 2 July 2019: Poverty in the UK: statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing Paper Number 7096: 2 July 2019: Poverty in the UK: statistics

introduced statutory ‘life chances’ indicators relating to children in England living in workless households and educational attainment at the end of Key Stage 4 (age 16). A policy paper published by the Department for Work and Pensions in April 2017, Improving Lives: Helping Workless Families , set out seven other non-statutory indicator areas, relating to parental conflict; poor parental mental health; drug and alcohol dependency; problem debt; homelessness; early years; and youth employment.

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House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number Number 7096, 5 September 2019: Poverty in the UK: statistics

House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number Number 7096, 5 September 2019: Poverty in the UK: statistics

The proportion of individuals in relative low income BHC was highest in Wales, the West Midlands, the North West, the North East and Yorkshire and Humber (all 19%) over the three year period 2015/16 to 2017/18 and was lowest in the South East and South West of England (both 13%). On an AHC basis, the proportion is highest in London (28%). A much higher people in London are counted as being in poverty based on incomes AHC owing to the high cost of housing relative to other parts of the UK. Data on poverty trends by region are published alongside this briefing paper.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 6700, 17 April 2018: The Pupil Premium

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 6700, 17 April 2018: The Pupil Premium

The consultation proposed introducing a net earnings threshold (not including benefits) of £7,400 per annum for a household’s eligibility for FSMs under Universal Credit. A typical family earning around £7,400 per annum would, the consultation said, have a total household income of between £18,000 and £24,000 once benefits are taken into account. The Government estimated that under the proposed threshold an extra 50,000 children would become eligible for FSMs compared to the current number of claimants – an increase in the FSMs cohort of around 5%. 35

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House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 1078, 11 September 2019: Education spending in the UK

House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 1078, 11 September 2019: Education spending in the UK

This paper looks at trends in public sector education expenditure in the UK. Some more detail can be found in Public expenditure statistical analysis 2018 including a breakdown of total expenditure by type of education and spending in total and per head in the different parts of the UK. The annual report and accounts of the Department for Education includes more technical detail of spending in the most recent year and, in appendices, plans to the end of the current spending review period. Chapter B of the OECD’s Education at a Glance 2018 compares education spending across OECD and other countries.
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 06154, 5 April 2017: 16-19 Bursaries for further education in England

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 06154, 5 April 2017: 16-19 Bursaries for further education in England

This information is provided to Members of Parliament in support of their parliamentary duties. It is a general briefing only and should not be relied on as a substitute for specific advice. The House of Commons or the author(s) shall not be liable for any errors or omissions, or for any loss or damage of any kind arising from its use, and may remove, vary or amend any information at any time without prior notice.

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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1079, 2 December 2016: Student Loan Statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 1079, 2 December 2016: Student Loan Statistics

These confirmed the earlier announcements about loan interest rates, thresholds, timing of repayments etc. and gave more detail about certain exceptions and repayments from non-UK residents. They introduced the terms ‘standard interest rate’ for the element linked to RPI and ‘additional interest rate’ for the variable element paid on top of this for those earning between the lower and higher interest thresholds. Borrowers earning above the higher interest threshold pay the standard rate plus 3%, as do those still studying or who have not reached their Repayment Due Date (April after the end of their course).
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7033, 2 December 2016: Free schools statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 7033, 2 December 2016: Free schools statistics

The first 24 free schools opened in September 2011 and their number reached 425 in September 2016. This includes primary, secondary, 16-19, special and alternative provision free schools. It also covers University Technical Colleges and Studio Schools, both of which are included by the Department for Education under the broader free schools category. These schools have largely opened at the start of each academic year – six waves so far. The second wave of free schools which opened at the start of 2012/13 was more than double the first with 57 new schools. 110 opened (and are still open) at the start of 2013/14, 102 at the start of 2014/15, 67 at the start of 2015/16 and 52 at the start of 2016/17. 1 So far
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House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 0796, 2 May 2017: Poverty in the UK: statistics

House of Commons Library: Briefing paper: Number 0796, 2 May 2017: Poverty in the UK: statistics

The proportion of people in absolute low income is expected to remain broadly flat between 2015/16 and 2021/22, but again falling levels of absolute low income for pensioners and working-age adults without children contrast with a worsening picture for families with children. The IFS analysis concentrates on changes in poverty based on incomes after housing costs (AHC), suggesting this is more informative than looking at incomes before housing costs (BHC) as discussed on pages 26-7 of their report. However, the projections for relative and absolute low income for different groups are broadly similar whether we look at incomes BHC or incomes AHC.
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House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 7647, 11 July 2019 : Early Intervention

House of Commons Library briefing paper : Number 7647, 11 July 2019 : Early Intervention

Local authorities are receiving £16 billion between 2015 and 2021 to spend on public health functions, which includes funding to support the healthy child programme and the mandated five health visits, which the hon. Lady mentioned, for children between the ages of nought and five. We are seizing the opportunities presented by such moments with families. A key piece of partnership working between the Department and Public Health England will see the Institute of Health Visiting train up to 1,000 health visitors in 2019 to identify and support children with speech, language and community needs early. The health visitors will then cascade the training to provide even greater reach. It is important to make sure that an evaluation takes place to make sure it is as effective as possible.
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House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 06045, 4 September 2019: English Baccalaureate

House of Commons Library Briefing Paper: Number 06045, 4 September 2019: English Baccalaureate

The English Baccalaureate is very different in purpose from the National Curriculum review and is not necessarily affected by its decisions. The National Curriculum review will determine what subjects should be made compulsory and at what ages, along with any content that should be taught to all young people. The EBacc is not compulsory—the information was made available to help parents find out more about pupils’ achievement in key academic subjects, which we know parents themselves value and in recognition of the urgent need to halt and reverse the declining number of pupils who are taking up those subjects. 14
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