Top PDF Implementation of the national funding formula for schools in England

Implementation of the national funding formula for schools in England

Implementation of the national funding formula for schools in England

Responding to the September 2017 statement by Justine Greening, the Institute for Fiscal Studies observed: Last week, the Secretary of State for Education announced arrangements for school funding in England in 2018–19 and 2019–20. This confirmed additional annual funding of around £900m by 2019–20 (as compared with pre- election plans) and announced the amended plans for the national funding formula. Under these new proposals, the funding local authorities receive for schools will be linked to local area characteristics; however, a new national school-level formula will now not be in place until at least 2020–21. This is a smaller step than planned prior to the election – although still one in the right direction. The slower pace of reform and additional money
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School funding reform in England from 2018-19 : implementation of the national funding formula

School funding reform in England from 2018-19 : implementation of the national funding formula

Responding to the September 2017 statement by Justine Greening, the Institute for Fiscal Studies observed: Last week, the Secretary of State for Education announced arrangements for school funding in England in 2018–19 and 2019–20. This confirmed additional annual funding of around £900m by 2019–20 (as compared with pre- election plans) and announced the amended plans for the national funding formula. Under these new proposals, the funding local authorities receive for schools will be linked to local area characteristics; however, a new national school-level formula will now not be in place until at least 2020–21. This is a smaller step than planned prior to the election – although still one in the
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The short- and long-run impact of the national funding formula for schools in England: IFS Briefing Note BN195

The short- and long-run impact of the national funding formula for schools in England: IFS Briefing Note BN195

1. Introduction The government is embarking on the single largest reform of the school funding system in England for the last 25 years. Currently, the level of funding a school receives is determined by a local-authority-specific funding formula and the amount each local authority receives from central government. The proposed reform, due to be introduced from financial year 2018–19, will replace the 152 different local authority funding formulae with one single National Funding Formula (NFF). When fully in place, this would ensure similar schools in different parts of the country receive a similar amount of funding. While this has been the ambition of successive governments, they have consistently shied away from the hard choices such a reform entails. The current government is to be applauded for making specific proposals, setting out the reasons for the choices it has made and publishing a large amount of data alongside these proposals to enable effective scrutiny.
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School funding pressures in England

School funding pressures in England

8 Since 2013-14, the DSG has been split into three notional blocks - schools, high needs and early years. The government consulted on reforming all of these, with a consultation on the principles of a new National Funding Formula (NFF) for schools published in March 2016. 15 It launched a second stage consultation in December 2016, which included indicative allocations at both local authority and school levels. 16 The proposals included a floor which would have ensured that no school lost more than 3 per cent per pupil in cash terms, at least until 2019-20.
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School funding in England : FAQs

School funding in England : FAQs

School funding is at a record high, and schools have already benefitted from the introduction of the national funding formula in April 2018. This is an historic reform, which means that, for the first time, resources are being distributed based on the individual needs and characteristics of every school in the country. The formula allocates every local authority more money for every pupil, in every school, in both 2018-19 and 2019-20, compared to their 2017-18 baselines.

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The implications of the National Funding Formula for schools

The implications of the National Funding Formula for schools

ESG for retained duties (funded at £15 per pupil) is being moved into the central schools block rather than cuts in current proposals, and this is excluded from the analysis. For comparison against 2016-17, per pupil NFF funding in 2019-20 is estimated by taking the published pupil and school-led funding for each school, maintaining the 3 per cent funding floor, but modelling a 5.5 per cent limit to funding increases in line with the proposals on protections. Premises factors are added back in to these totals. This implicitly assumes that the minimum funding guarantee of 1.5 per cent applied over three years does not create an additional floor on losses. In practice, if schools’ pupil characteristics change between now and 2019-20 this may not be the case, and some schools may therefore face slightly smaller losses than those assumed here. At the same time, with baselines for subsequent years expected to be set in 2017-18, some schools may see bigger increases in NFF funding from 2016-17 levels than those modelled here. As such, whilst the overall distribution of funding pressures modelled here is informative, individual school estimates are not and are
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CCN Response to the Schools National Funding Formula Consultation

CCN Response to the Schools National Funding Formula Consultation

a) As stated previously, decisions about how funding should continue to be determined by schools fora, as these bodies are best placed to take in to account local needs and circumstances. However, if Government decide to passport funding directly to schools, then an evidenced-based approach must be taken to ensure a consistent approach to funding, especially given the variation highlighted in the consultation document. Given that the consultation document states that overall attainment for EAL pupils by the end of Key Stage 4 ‘is broadly in line with their EAL peers’, it may be that this factor is not required and improved support is funded via other factors such as low attainment , deprivation and the pupil premium.
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Report to the Schools Forum March National Funding Formula (NFF) for Mainstream Schools Consultation

Report to the Schools Forum March National Funding Formula (NFF) for Mainstream Schools Consultation

3.4 Although, there will remain a local funding formula for 2017/18 and 2018/19, there will be clearly be a strong argument for converging to the national formula in these years ahead of its introduction in 2019/20. 3.5 The scale of the reduction in Education Services Grant is stark. The initial 2016/17 allocation for T&W Council is £2,077,932. This figure consists of £1,667,739 for general funding and £410,193 for retained duties. By September 2017 the general funding element of £1,667,739 duties element will have entirely disappeared. It would be difficult to find a more succinct or compelling illustration of national government’s determination to reduce the role of local government in the English education system to high needs and other very limited aspects.
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School funding reform: an empirical analysis of options for a national funding formula

School funding reform: an empirical analysis of options for a national funding formula

Although this sounds like a simple principle, the mechanics are considerably more complex. First, the YPLA does not know the precise formulae used by local authorities to distribute money to schools, and has previously attempted to replicate these formulae based on published information. As the government acknowledged in the consultation on academies’ funding published earlier this year, 9 ‘There is a risk of error during the replication process [and] ... the process becomes more difficult with an increasing number of Academies’. In the immediate term, the government thus plans to roll forward current per-pupil funding in academies. This circumvents the difficulty of having to replicate local authority fair-funding formulae. However, if continued indefinitely, it would create a financial incentive for academies to admit fewer disadvantaged pupils over time and would provide fewer extra resources to academies that became more deprived over time as compared with maintained schools. An exception to this is the new pupil premium, which will be paid on top of current funding. However, it is considerably smaller than the implicit amount targeted at deprived pupils in existing funding.
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School funding : moving towards a national funding formula : March 2015

School funding : moving towards a national funding formula : March 2015

1.11 2013 Spending Round statement In his statement on the Spending Review, the Chancellor, George Osborne, told the House: I can announce today that schools spending will be allocated in a fairer way than ever before. School funding across the country is not equally distributed; it is distributed on a historical basis with no logical reason. The result is that some schools get much more than others in the same circumstances. That is unfair and we are going to put it right. Many MPs on both sides of the House have campaigned for that. My hon. Friend the Member for Worcester (Mr Walker) has been a particular champion in this Parliament. Now, the lowest-funded local authorities in this country will at last receive an increase in their per-pupil funding as we introduce a national funding formula to ensure that no child in any part of our country is discriminated against. We will consult on all the details so that we get this historic reform right. 64
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School funding reform : an empirical analysis of options for a national funding formula

School funding reform : an empirical analysis of options for a national funding formula

Although this sounds like a simple principle, the mechanics are considerably more complex. First, the YPLA does not know the precise formulae used by local authorities to distribute money to schools, and has previously attempted to replicate these formulae based on published information. As the government acknowledged in the consultation on academies’ funding published earlier this year, 9 ‘There is a risk of error during the replication process [and] ... the process becomes more difficult with an increasing number of Academies’. In the immediate term, the government thus plans to roll forward current per-pupil funding in academies. This circumvents the difficulty of having to replicate local authority fair-funding formulae. However, if continued indefinitely, it would create a financial incentive for academies to admit fewer disadvantaged pupils over time and would provide fewer extra resources to academies that became more deprived over time as compared with maintained schools. An exception to this is the new pupil premium, which will be paid on top of current funding. However, it is considerably smaller than the implicit amount targeted at deprived pupils in existing funding.
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Schools national funding formula Consultation response stage one - North Somerset Council Question 1 Question 2

Schools national funding formula Consultation response stage one - North Somerset Council Question 1 Question 2

a) No. We are concerned about the use of this factor for a number of reasons. Firstly, some pupils with EAL are amongst the highest performers in the schools system and therefore this is not necessarily a strong factor to reflect additional needs – we feel that this can be adequately reflected through the deprivation factor. Secondly, significant improvements will be needed to the data used if this factor is to be used for funding purposes. This is to ensure that the data does not capture languages that are unlikely to be representative of additional needs such as Cornish or Scottish. It can be difficult to cater for a small number of children with EAL compared to where there is a large community. Using this factor could result in funding being allocated where it is not required. Children with EAL in the early stages of their education are more likely to progress more quickly than a young person joining a schools with EAL in key stage 4. This will not be reflected by the proposed use of this data
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LOCAL CONTROL FUNDING FORMULA

LOCAL CONTROL FUNDING FORMULA

(ERT rate is from the Awards tab) Floor Calculation In addition to establishing the funding calculation at full implementation, the LCFF funding formula contains provisions for a phase-in period. An integral component of the phase-in period is the Floor calculation, or a calculation that uses 2012-13 funding per ADA to establish a minimum LCFF funding level during implementation. After establishing the per ADA amount received in 2012-13, the formula multiplies it by projected ADA and adds categorical funding. For school districts, categorical funding is adjusted to pre-deficit funding levels and not adjusted for fluctuations in ADA. For charter schools, categorical funding is adjusted to pre-deficit funding levels, and a per ADA rate is created to adjust for fluctuations in ADA. In future years, Gap funding is added into the floor to move the Floor towards the Target, or full implementation.
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CAPITAL FUNDING FOR VOLUNTARY AIDED (VA) SCHOOLS IN ENGLAND. Blue Book Guidance

CAPITAL FUNDING FOR VOLUNTARY AIDED (VA) SCHOOLS IN ENGLAND. Blue Book Guidance

However, although DfE will continue to meet their commitment to 90% capital costs, they advise that there is no contingency reserve from which this 90% funding can be drawn down. The 90% funding must therefore be met from existing funding streams (either the schools’ own funds or the programme allocated through LAs, usually the Devolved Capital Formula or Local Authority Co-ordinated Voluntary Aided Programme (LCVAP)). This has led to unplanned reprioritisation where a major incident at a VA school could see such funding used in an emergency and thus diverted from other VA school planned projects.
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Appendix 1 CONSULTATION ON THE PROPOSED CHANGES TO BMBC S FORMULA FUNDING FOR SCHOOLS 2016/17

Appendix 1 CONSULTATION ON THE PROPOSED CHANGES TO BMBC S FORMULA FUNDING FOR SCHOOLS 2016/17

There is scope to realign some of the funding allocated to deprivation into basic entitlement and still maintain an appropriate level against the national benchmark. Proposal or option to reduce the proportion of funding allocated through the deprivation factor should be considered in the context of the considerable resources currently allocated to schools through pupil premium grant funding. The borough currently receives around £11M (including academies) in funding through the pupil premium grant. This funding is heavily skewed towards schools in deprived areas of the borough and with high numbers of free school meals eligible pupils. Whilst the importance of improving the outcomes of pupils from low income families cannot be understated, there is the need to ensure a degree of fairness within the funding framework. It is fair that schools with low numbers of FSM pupils still continue to get an appropriate level of funding through the AWPU and other factors to ensure that they can continue to deliver an appropriate level of education provision to their pupils.
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Oral statement to Parliament : Justine Greening statement on national funding formula, 14 September 2017

Oral statement to Parliament : Justine Greening statement on national funding formula, 14 September 2017

As I set out in my statement in July, to provide stability for schools through the transition to the national funding formula, each local authority will continue to set a local formula which will determine individual schools’ budgets in their areas, in 2018-19 and 2019-20, in consultation with local schools. So, this means that the school-level allocations from Government I am publishing today, alongside this announcement, are notional allocations which we will use to set the total funding available for schools in each area. As I have set out in the House, schools’ final actual funding allocations for 2018-19 and 2019- 20 will be based on that local formula agreed in their area by the local authority and schools will receive that allocation ahead of the financial year as normal. I will place copies of both documents in the House of Commons library – and the Lords.
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The National Singing Programme for primary schools in England: an initial baseline study

The National Singing Programme for primary schools in England: an initial baseline study

In the introduction to this report, Marc Jaffrey, the ‘Music Manifesto Champion’ wrote ‘Singing has the potential to involve children and young people in music on a scale that we have not witnessed before. It is the most elemental form of music making, and is within the grasp of all of us, whatever our ability. It is a powerful community activity binding individuals and community together.’ In response, the UK Government’s then Secretary of State for Education and Skills, Alan Johnson, together with the then Culture Minister, David Lammy, announced the launch of an additional £10m funding package in January 2007 to support school singing, both in and out of school hours, through a major national
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FUNDING FORMULA Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

FUNDING FORMULA Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Current charter school funding is derived from actual expenditure per pupils for the sending communities. In many cases, districts’ per pupils are nearly two times national and regional averages for education spending. Therefore, some districts may need to reduce their education expenditures. In other cases, some districts may not be contributing sufficient funds to support the BEP and other programs required by law or regulations. These districts will need to start increasing their local contribution. Charter schools will receive the state share of the core instruction amount and student success factor and their share of the local property tax revenue. Changes in state and/or local funding will be transitioned over a period of time so that charter schools will have a number of years to plan.
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SHROPSHIRE SCHOOLS FUNDING FORMULA

SHROPSHIRE SCHOOLS FUNDING FORMULA

formula for Shropshire maintained schools and academies for the financial year 2015-16. The wider school community of Shropshire were consulted on the proposed funding formula during the early autumn. An Authority Proforma Tool has been submitted to the Education Funding Agency (EFA) to ensure that the funding formula is compliant with 2015- 16 financial regulations and conditions relating to the Dedicated Schools Grant. The EFA require the formula to be politically ratified before the end of February 2015, the date by which budgets have to be issued to
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Viable funding options for the National Health Service in England

Viable funding options for the National Health Service in England

better aligned. In 2015, the Chancellor introduced the capability for councils to raise taxes by up to 2% to increase funding of social care. Similar local mechan- isms for raising capital for NHS systems could be cre- ated. In Sweden, for example, county councils and municipalities are able to set user-fees and co-pay- ments on healthcare services, in accordance with the volume of capital generation needed. 23 NHS England is exploring the possibility of local areas retaining the proceeds from selling surplus land to invest in new services. This could be property from NHS trusts or, alternatively, could be garnered from groups of gen- eral practices aiming to consolidate to a single centre, with the remaining land being sold to finance devel- opment. Selling assets to raise cash, however, can only be conducted once, rather than serving as a long-term solution. A crucial limitation of a localised funding approach is the variability in local governments’ abil- ity to raise funding. Further, it is often the case that areas which need funding the most have the least abil- ity to raise funds.
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