Top PDF Integrated early years systems : a review of international evidence

Integrated early years systems : a review of international
evidence

Integrated early years systems : a review of international evidence

policy, at both the national and municipal levels. There is a strong relationship between business and ECEC in the Netherlands, with businesses setting up and funding places for workers in much of the available provision, which is largely provided by the private and voluntary sectors. Social cohesion and parental support is offered in pre-school playgroups within neighbourhoods, and is fundamental to reaching socially isolated families. Overall, the Netherlands has developed a comprehensive system of services aimed at securing the well- being of children, which operates on both a central and a decentralised level (van Riel and van der Kooi, 2016). The Dutch national government retains responsibility for developing national regulations and standards and monitoring the quality of provision but there is an ongoing process of decentralisation of responsibilities from the national government to provincial and local authorities, through which the government aims to move responsibilities back to those directly involved in providing early years services and those who benefit from them. In this context, the role of employers is becoming increasingly prominent and
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Integrated early years systems : a review of international
evidence

Integrated early years systems : a review of international evidence

1 Introduction The Welsh Government is developing its system of services for children from conception to 7 years, and is considering all relevant services as within scope for this development. It is looking at international evidence on early years systems which have similar policy challenges, or have already developed an integrated early years system, from which it can learn. To support this work, the Centre for Research in Early Childhood has been commissioned to complete a short focused evidence review for the Wales Centre for Public Policy which builds on and extends policy comparison work already completed by CREC for various international bodies and the Department for Education (London) which has documented and analysed international comparisons between preschool systems in 45 countries. The review draws on this work and a number of other published reviews which were identified through a rapid evidence evaluation process.
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Integrated early years systems : a review of international
evidence

Integrated early years systems : a review of international evidence

Mewn perthynas â gwasanaethau iechyd, mae Estonia yn gwneud peth cynnydd o ran creu model ‘cydlynol’ o integreiddio drwy ei chanolfannau meddygon teulu aml arbenigedd lleol, y mae’r[r]

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Integrated early years systems : a review of international
evidence

Integrated early years systems : a review of international evidence

Lloegr - Mae Rhaglen Plentyn Iach (Adran Iechyd, 2009) a Dechrau Iach 3 wrth galon gwasanaethau iechyd cyhoeddus i blant a theuluoedd ac yn dod ac iechyd, lles a gwydnwch i bob plentyn. Mae gan rain ffocws ar iechyd ac anogir lleoliadau addysg a gofal i fod y gyfrifol am eu gweithredu. Iwerddon – Mae gwasanaeth iechyd a gofal cymdeithasol rhanbarthol newydd wedi ei lansio sydd yn gweithio’n uniongyrchol mewn ysgolion cynradd prif ffrwd i gefnogi plant. Bydd ‘RISE’ (Regional Integrated Support for Education) yn galluogi staff o sectorau iechyd a gofal cymdeithasol ac addysg i weithio’n agos gyda’i gilydd i gynorthwyo plant i gael mynediad at leoliadau dysgu a gwella eu
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The effects of integrated care: a systematic review of UK and international evidence

The effects of integrated care: a systematic review of UK and international evidence

Methods: The study aimed to carry out a systematic review of the effects of integration or co-ordination between healthcare services, or between health and social care on service delivery outcomes including effectiveness, efficiency and quality of care. Electronic databases including MEDLINE; Embase; PsycINFO; CINAHL; Science and Social Science Citation Indices; and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant literature published between 2006 to March 2017. Online sources were searched for UK grey literature, and citation searching, and manual reference list screening were also carried out. Quantitative primary studies and systematic reviews, reporting actual or perceived effects on service delivery following the introduction of models of integration or co-ordination, in healthcare or health and social care settings in developed countries were eligible for inclusion. Strength of evidence for each outcome reported was analysed and synthesised using a four point comparative rating system of stronger, weaker, inconsistent or limited evidence.
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The effects of integrated care: a systematic review of UK and international evidence

The effects of integrated care: a systematic review of UK and international evidence

Methods: The study aimed to carry out a systematic review of the effects of integration or co-ordination between healthcare services, or between health and social care on service delivery outcomes including effectiveness, efficiency and quality of care. Electronic databases including MEDLINE; Embase; PsycINFO; CINAHL; Science and Social Science Citation Indices; and the Cochrane Library were searched for relevant literature published between 2006 to March 2017. Online sources were searched for UK grey literature, and citation searching, and manual reference list screening were also carried out. Quantitative primary studies and systematic reviews, reporting actual or perceived effects on service delivery following the introduction of models of integration or co-ordination, in healthcare or health and social care settings in developed countries were eligible for inclusion. Strength of evidence for each outcome reported was analysed and synthesised using a four point comparative rating system of stronger, weaker, inconsistent or limited evidence.
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Review of the international evidence on support for unpaid carers

Review of the international evidence on support for unpaid carers

Assistive technology (AT) Our review looked at two broad types of assistive technology. The first is directed at the care-recipient and thus can be seen in the same category as ‘replacement’ services for care- recipients which have potential to also support carers. We looked at the evidence on technology that acts as memory aids; provides safety or security; and/or enables more inde- pendent living. The second type is technology that is aimed directly at the carer such as technology-assisted or delivered training or support. Examples of interventions that appear to be potentially effective for either carers’ employment or their health and wellbeing are summarised in table 2.
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Financial Market Consequences of Early Adoption of International Standards on Auditing: International Evidence

Financial Market Consequences of Early Adoption of International Standards on Auditing: International Evidence

Empirical Literature Review and Hypotheses Development Two fundamental mechanisms have been proposed in the current IFRS literature to examine the causal relationships between ISAs adoption on FMIs involving environmental impacts and economic indicators. However, market mechanisms have not sufficiently been covered in the extant ISAs literature (Boolaky & Omoteso, 2016; Boolaky & Soobaroyen, 2017). Hence, it is essential to expand these mechanisms to include an additional mechanism, namely, FMIs. This is because the practical application of ISAs adoption requires the integration of various mechanisms, including environmental, economic and market mechanisms. Hence, in this study, a comprehensive range of financial indicators have been included as proxies for market mechanisms to test the impact of ISAs adoption on the FMIs. Additionally, financial market mechanisms are important because they can consider causality effects of environmental factors in addition to the financial consequences of ISAs adoption at the macro or country level. For instance, ISAs adoption may affect stock prices, market capitalisation, stock market returns, and the other FMIs relevant to the auditing environment of stock exchanges.
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Preventing youth homelessness : an international review of
evidence

Preventing youth homelessness : an international review of evidence

It has been useful to consider the range of youth homelessness interventions at both national and local levels using the typology of prevention. The typology reinforces that, to effectively tackle and end youth homelessness, there is a need to consider structural and systemic issues that reach beyond housing. The international evidence review concludes that to be most effective, youth homelessness prevention should involve all five strands of prevention and sets out the areas of each for which there is evidence of effectiveness. It also concludes that research indicates that youth homelessness prevention requires targeted interventions and approaches that account for the distinct challenges that young people face. Some local authorities in Wales are recognising this in the way that they provide services to young people with housing issues, while others take a much more generic approach, expecting young people to access services and projects that are provided for all age groups.
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A review of the evidence on the use of ICT in the Early Years Foundation Stage

A review of the evidence on the use of ICT in the Early Years Foundation Stage

literacy and maths and the development of communication skills’ 9 . It also involves training the teachers. ICT is also a valuable tool in building professional capacity, managing information systems and administration. Such a framework would be a resource to guide the EYFS sector’s ICT development. It includes self-review and improvement (like the Test Bed Project). It supports the achievement of ten-year Children’s Plan. It could exploit existing pockets of excellence through regional professional development, research projects and the development of ICT-based resources. But to complement existing ‘bottom-up’ initiatives, there would need to be a strategy that helped all practitioners and settings to incorporate ICT into the every-day learning of young children, involved parents and communities in such activity, using the framework as
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GETTING IT RIGHT FOR FAMILIES A REVIEW OF INTEGRATED SYSTEMS AND PROMISING PRACTICE IN THE EARLY YEARS CLARE MESSENGER AND DONNA MOLLOY

GETTING IT RIGHT FOR FAMILIES A REVIEW OF INTEGRATED SYSTEMS AND PROMISING PRACTICE IN THE EARLY YEARS CLARE MESSENGER AND DONNA MOLLOY

QUEEN’S PARK: COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT “We started off talking about how to stop youth violence and gangs and ended up agreeing it’s all about the early years and we needed to change our services.” Queen’s Park has the second highest level of child poverty in London. Only 15% of children arrive at one local primary school assessed as school ready. The local community is very concerned about a growing culture of youth and gang violence after a high profile stabbing incident. The Paddington Development Trust (PDT), a local regeneration company, led an engagement session with local residents. Through exploring and discussing what a better response would look like, it was agreed that better intervention and prevention in the early years was the best way to tackle entrenched inter-generational problems in the community. A number of service gaps were identified such as the lack of services focused on building the attachment between new mothers and their babies, and a lack of stay and play sessions in local children’s centres that were not being used by a high proportion of local residents.
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Integrated working: a review of the evidence

Integrated working: a review of the evidence

29 because of earlier intervention, a reduction in the duplication of assessments and improved co- ordination of service provision through enhanced multi-agency working. In relation to early years services, the Early Support Pathfinders, which were established to provide support to families with younger disabled children, emerged as a very successful initiative. A national evaluation identified substantial improvements in multi-agency planning and delivery, better co-ordination of on-going support for families, and making straightforward and smooth the processes of referral and initial assessment (Young et al, 2006). The evaluation found that where there were more agencies and cross-agency services involved, then more families tended to become involved in Early Support-related activity. The evaluation concluded that the Early Support philosophy was as much a key driver for change as specific working practices. In some cases, the Early Support philosophy enabled Pathfinders to leave behind previous structures of ineffective joint working. In other sites, shared understanding allowed effective structures of joint working to be enhanced. Co-location of services did not emerge as a significant driver for improved inter-agency working from the perspective of professionals, but parents identified benefits in terms of ease of access, practicality, speed and flexibility of
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Equity and evidence in twenty five years of early childhood policy research

Equity and evidence in twenty five years of early childhood policy research

review included three international members, from France, the USA and Canada. Like the other EPPI review groups, the Early Years Group has had a small grant from the DfES, managed at the discretion of the group. This money has mainly been used to cover the employment and search expenses of an experienced data researcher whose task has been to search for studies and manage their flow through the review. In effect, no-one’s time was fully remunerated, and most of the work was voluntary. Funding for academic posts assumes a proportion of time to be spent on research activities, but for freelancers and practitioners, time is money. Like other review groups, we had to debate as to whether the review was in itself a valuable and useful activity, and warranted the time spent; a position not fully upheld by all the members of our group. The question of funding remains an outstanding one. It remains to be seen how much longer one can depend on goodwill and voluntary effort in establishing a review system that is built on collaboration, but requires such close and continuous attention to detail.
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Preventing youth homelessness : an international review of
evidence

Preventing youth homelessness : an international review of evidence

Summary of evidence and gaps in knowledge Existing scholarship demonstrates that transforming public systems’ policies and practices can support youth homelessness prevention. Perhaps the most robust evidence exists for interventions within child welfare, including interventions that nurture family and natural supports, expand post-care services, and prepare youth for independent living. Research also indicates that unsupported transitions from care, corrections, and in-patient healthcare institutions can lead directly to homelessness for many youth. Effective interventions to support youth during these transitions include: youth-led discharge planning that initiates early; family mediation and reunification prior to, during, and after exits from public systems;
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Management accounting and integrated information systems: A literature review

Management accounting and integrated information systems: A literature review

Cooper and Kaplan (1998) repeat the message that although integrated cost systems might seem attractive, their potential dangers must be acknowledged. The question that might be asked is where we are today, 15 years after the launch of the four- stage model. Empirical evidence indicates that organisations are still struggling with disintegrated information systems. Malmi (2001) and Granlund and Malmi (2002) report that balanced score- cards are maintained in separate spreadsheet solutions or specialised software. Quite often, data are entered manually into the systems. Hyvönen (2003) finds that financial departments prefer BoB systems, which is an example of a stage three system. These findings could indicate that companies are still in the third phase. Companies might have tried to skip the third phase. With the first wave of ERP systems, they were said to be able to fulfill the entire need for an enterprise system. As a result, some companies might have tried to integrate everything into the ERP system, thus skipping phase three and going directly to phase four.
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Early Years Education: Perspectives from a Review of the International Literature

Early Years Education: Perspectives from a Review of the International Literature

Compared to the attention given to the transition from early years or pre-school provision to primary school there has been relatively little research and writing on the relationship b[r]

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in the Early Years: A Review of the Literature

in the Early Years: A Review of the Literature

The essential common areas of focus for nurturing both children’s spiritual and religious development include approaches, strategies and activities that pay attention to and activate: their imagination and creativity; their senses of wonder and awe, of mystery, of identity and belonging, of connectedness to themselves, others, nature and for some to God or an Ultimate, of security and serenity; their participation in, and contribution to, community and to the wellbeing of family, friends and community members (Adams, 2009; Adams et al., 2008; Baumgartner & Buchanan, 2010; Bellous & Csinos, 2009; Berryman, 1992; Bradford, 1999; Eaude, 2005, 2009; Hyde, 2008; Yust, 2003). Also emphasised in the literature was the critical nature of the creation of a safe and secure environment in which children would feel free to share their spiritual experiences (Adams, 2009; Hay, 1998) as well as the inclusion of the spiritual and affective domains in the curriculum (De Souza & Hyde, 2007). The use of sensory and tactile materials integrated with story, symbol, ritual and action that would stimulate children’s imagination and enable their acquisition of a language to express their spirituality also featured throughout the literature (Bellous & Csinos, 2009; Berryman, 1991; Bradford, 1999; Cavalletti, 1992; Hyde, 2008).
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Structural elements of quality early years provision : a review of the evidence. August 2018

Structural elements of quality early years provision : a review of the evidence. August 2018

‘at risk’. While one in three children were ‘at risk’ of developing learning difficulties at the start of the pre-school, this proportion fell to one in five by the time they started primary school (Sammons, Sylva, Melhuish, Siraj-Blatchford, Taggart, Grabbe, & Barreau, 2007). The evidence is also clear that for early years provision to deliver its promise, it needs to be of high quality. Yet, what ‘high-quality’ means is still debated. The existing evidence on what is meant by high quality is dense, poorly understood, and inaccessible to practitioners, commissioners and policy-makers. The research on quality can be distinguished according to two areas: process - what is done in classrooms/settings within the existing resource envelope – and structures – ratios, wages, qualifications, leadership structures, etc. The distinction between process and structural elements drawn by the literature does not imply that they are strictly separate and act in isolation; quite the opposite. Structural elements provide the framework for the elements of process quality to operate and to have the fullest impact on children’s outcomes.
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Transformational Leadership - An Integrated Evidence Review

Transformational Leadership - An Integrated Evidence Review

The following search terms and combinations relevant to the PICOT question were (a) satisfaction AND leader OR supervisor AND engagement, (b) nurse AND satisfaction AND engagement, (c) transformational AND leadership, and (d) shared-governance AND satisfaction. The following databases accessed for the search included: (a) Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), (b) PubMed, (c) Joanna Briggs, and (d) Cochrane. The following search filters were applied: (a) English language; (b) research articles; (c) publications from nursing, psychology, social work, human resources, and occupational health; (d) peer-reviewed; and (e) published with the past ten years. The search did not include unpublished works. Initially, the search revealed 896 articles from multiple databases (see Table 1).
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Thinking Skills in the Early Years : A Literature Review

Thinking Skills in the Early Years : A Literature Review

demand are made, children are more likely to be successful in hypothesising about the future since they do not have to imagine an alternative situation to replace existing reality. This skill of ignoring one’s ‘real-world’ knowledge and working from the prem- ises given can be seen as essential to the process of reasoning. Harris and Leevers (2000) noted that children have an ‘empirical bias’ when the problem is rooted in their experience but that, when presented with syllogistic problems based on fan- tasy (i.e. ‘every banana is purple’), they can reason logically with what they are given. The authors sought to test the strength of this emergent ability by inviting children to reason according to premises that run counter to experience, rather than lying completely outside it, as in the case of fantasy. A suggested syllogism is ‘All fishes live in trees. Tot is a fish. Does Tot live in water?’ Harris and Leev- ers reported research that shows that children aged four to six are able to reason in this manner, particularly when a problem is presented as part of a make- believe game. Evidence from their own research shows that the effects of instruction in the make-believe setting applied a week later and that, even with- out a make-believe setting, encouraging the children to think about the problem produced a similar benefit.
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