Top PDF International Tundra Experiment ITEX - Expert Network Monitoring Plan. Supporting publication to the CAFF Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program Framework Document

International Tundra Experiment ITEX - Expert Network Monitoring Plan. Supporting publication to the CAFF Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program Framework Document

International Tundra Experiment ITEX - Expert Network Monitoring Plan. Supporting publication to the CAFF Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program Framework Document

4 Future goal The future goal of ITEX is to provide better understanding of tundra ecosystems and how they respond to climate change. Of special interest is the functional role of biodiversity. The scientific results already produced by ITEX have fully demonstrated the tremendous value of having a circumpolar network. However, the success of ITEX is not only owing to involvement of a large number of sites, but also to a few, simple and well-focused questions that could be answered by designing a simple experiment and common protocols. When additional levels of complexity are added by scaling up to landscapes and higher trophic levels, it becomes more challenging to keep similar focus at multiple sites. This problem has been recognised and discussed during many ITEX workshops, and it has been concluded that monitoring across ecotones, e.g. treelines, and along environmental gradients should be a priority. The increase in
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Expert Network Monitoring Plan. Shorebirds Supporting Publication to the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program Framework Document

Expert Network Monitoring Plan. Shorebirds Supporting Publication to the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program Framework Document

The Committee for Holarctic Shorebird Monitoring, CHASM, is a “project” within the International Wader Study Group and is one of the Expert Monitoring Networks of the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program of CAFF. CHASM was formed as the essential first step for guiding the implementation of an effective circumpolar program for monitoring Arctic-nesting shorebirds. A circumpolar monitoring program will help ensure that existing monitoring programs continue to be well coordinated and supported, while simultaneously integrating them into a Holarctic program. The Pan-Arctic Shorebird/Wader Monitoring and Research Workshop brought together 30 specialists to discuss monitoring and research of Arctic-nesting shorebirds. The meeting was held in Karrebäksminde, Denmark from 3-6 December 2003. Participants from seven Arctic nations, as well as five nations visited by Arctic migrants during the non-breeding season, convened with two primary objectives: 1) to summarize existing shorebird monitoring protocols and explore opportunities for integrating them more effectively at the global level; and 2) to discuss the effects of climate change on those populations which have been monitored and studied to date.
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Framework document. Circumpolar biodiversity Monitoring program

Framework document. Circumpolar biodiversity Monitoring program

Their primary task, which is presently voluntary, is to reach out to the experts in their respective fields, willing to take part and put together suggestions for key monitoring parameters relevant to that species or group, and a list of priority species. What parameters need to be collected apart from numbers vary from one group to the other, but are primarily important in terms of population dynamics of the given species. Supporting materials are also needed, i.e. weather parameters, oceanographic information and other physical data, but will vary widely according to the type of monitoring, data handling, and analysis carried out. 2. Site networks. Monitoring and research is often site-based. Identification of existing data and harmonization of methods is being developed across marine, freshwater and terrestrial sites through programs such as ENVINET (www.envinet.npolar.no); SCANNET (http://194.218.66.194/scannet/Scannet); LTER ( L o n g Te r m E c o s y s t e m R e s e a r c h (http://lternet.edu/); and EMAN Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network (http://www.eman-rese.ca/eman/). It is at indi- vidual field sites that long-term observations or experiments are strongest. However, common observations or analyses across the circumpolar region are very limited, with but few exceptions, such as the plant-warming experiments of ITEX (www.systbot.gu.se/research/itex/itex.html). A Circumpolar Protected Areas Network (CPAN) Strategy and Action Plan has been developed through CAFF. This includes provisions for biodiversity inventories and monitoring systems to be established within protected areas, if not already in place. The CBMP will work to encourage cooperation between these networks.
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Expert Network Monitoring Plan. RANGIFERS Supporting Publication to the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program Framework Document

Expert Network Monitoring Plan. RANGIFERS Supporting Publication to the Circumpolar Biodiversity Monitoring Program Framework Document

Network Organization The coordination of the CARMA Network will rely on information from partner countries regarding their wild herds and observations from their communities. As well, Circum-Arctic monitoring data from existing remote sensing platforms (i.e. satellite, weather stations) will be obtained. All of these data will be integrated and periodic reports and assessments produced. Figure 2 summarizes the flow of information and products produced by the CARMA Network. The Canadian Wildlife Service of Environment

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Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group

Terrestrial Expert Monitoring Group

Biodiversity is defined by the Convention on Biological Diversity as “the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part, this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems.” More simply, biodiversity is the variety of the world’s organisms, including their genetic makeup and the communities they form. Biodiversity is dynamic: the genetic composition of species changes over time in response to natural and human-induced selection pressures; the occurrence and relative abundance of species in ecological communities changes as a result of ecological and physical factors In the context of Arctic biodiversity, the CAFF-CBMP recognizes the influence of natural- and human- processes in Arctic ecosystems. Arctic biodiversity depends, to a large extent, on systems extending far beyond the boundary of the Arctic, for example global migration of species.
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Network Monitoring and Management Recommendations Best Practice Document

Network Monitoring and Management Recommendations Best Practice Document

The SysLog (System Logger) protocol has been developed as a mechanism for gathering information about the changes and events in Unix operating systems, and one of its very useful features is the possibility of sending the information via the network. This has enabled collecting the messages on a central server, which in turn allows for the quicker and easier detection of problems and their solutions. SysLog uses the UDP protocol (port 514) on the transport layer, while the application layer offers no mechanism for providing information on whether the message was properly transferred to its destination, and therefore the protocol has been placed in the category of unreliable protocols. Despite these shortcomings, SysLog is one of the commonly used protocols for gathering information about the state of the system.
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Real-time Network Monitoring Supporting Percentile Error Objectives

Real-time Network Monitoring Supporting Percentile Error Objectives

Stockholm, Sweden {gonzalez, stadler}@ee.kth.se Abstract. We report on the versatility of A-GAP for supporting different types of accuracy objectives. Previously, we considered accuracy objectives expressed in terms of the average error. In this paper, we focus on percentile error objectives. A-GAP is a protocol for continuous monitoring of network state variables. Network state variables are computed from device counters using aggregation functions, such as SUM, AVERAGE and MAX. A-GAP is designed to achieve a given monitoring accuracy with minimal overhead. A- GAP is decentralized and asynchronous to achieve robustness and scalability. It executes on an overlay that interconnects management processes on the devices. On this overlay, the protocol maintains a spanning tree and updates the network state variables through incremental aggregation. Based on a stochastic model, it dynamically configures local filters that control whether an update is sent towards the root of the tree. We evaluate A-GAP through simulation using real traces for an ISP topology (Abovenet). The results prove the versatility of A- GAP for supporting different types of accuracy objectives. The results also show that we can effectively control the trade-off between accuracy and protocol overhead, and that the overhead can be reduced significantly by allowing small errors.
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PROGRAM/ACTIVITY/PROJECT MONITORING MATRIX STRATEGIC PLAN

PROGRAM/ACTIVITY/PROJECT MONITORING MATRIX STRATEGIC PLAN

Preparation/Updating of course syllabus in the same or different departments that meet together, and usually share the same teaching data details such as common subject description, teaching techniques and strategies, instructional technology/ materials, and student's evaluation. Though these subjects also share the same subject name, they are being offered to different major courses across university. The output will be used for subject credit transfer specially when the students wishes to transfer into another program being offered by the university.

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Appendix Environmental Construction Compliance Monitoring Program Plan

Appendix Environmental Construction Compliance Monitoring Program Plan

Project Site, the Applicant proposes to take the following steps to better determine the nature and extent of potential MEC issues and then take appropriate corrective action measures. The first step is to better determine the history of military activities within the proposed Project footprint. This would include further research regarding prior MEC removals that may have been issued in the past for certain areas by military or other investigating entities, and may include consultations with DOD personnel and archival research. As a result of the historical occurrence of military training activities throughout the DTC-CAMA, potentially including the Project area, this MEC consultation and archival research will address the entire Project footprint, including the specific areas of concern identified by the Phase I ESA and cultural resource surveys. With that more comprehensive understanding, the Applicant will propose, as necessary, further appropriate above and below- ground assessments, under the direction of an expert consultant team, to delineate areas for further investigation and then removal. The Applicant, under direction from the BLM, will determine which site-specific in-field investigative techniques and methodologies will be utilized to investigate and resolve potential MEC issues prior to Project construction. Finally, all construction workers will receive appropriate MEC health and safety awareness training to ensure that they know what actions to take if unanticipated MEC or other suspicious articles are encountered during construction.
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Community participation in biodiversity monitoring

Community participation in biodiversity monitoring

Introduction Globally, the involvement of local people in gathering biological data is a popular and growing phenomenon. Data may be used to inform and reinforce environmental management, particularly in developing countries, through Community Wildlife Management (CWM) and Community Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM) (e.g. Martin and Martin, 2011, Mbaiwa et al., 2011). In North America, the data collected by the public is used most frequently for environmental quality and wildlife monitoring (e.g. Savan et al., 2003, Whitelaw et al., 2003), whilst in the UK and Australia, public biological records are largely used in the monitoring of wildlife species distribution and populations (e.g. Toms and Newson, 2006, Szabo et al., 2010). The generation of large datasets through public involvement has clear ecological benefits, such as the development of long-term monitoring to support conservation. However, public involvement as citizen scientists in ecological data collection can also bring social benefits, both to the participants concerned and to the wider community. Participation in environmental activities has been acknowledged to play a role in increasing scientific literacy and social capital in a broader sense (Conrad and Hilchey, 2010), as well as helping to promote a reconnection between people and nature (Devictor et al., 2010), and raising awareness of environmental issues (Brossard et al., 2005, Devictor et al., 2010). The aims of many organisations acknowledge that the conservation of wildlife involves not only practical conservation measures, but also promotion, awareness- raising and education amongst the public. Many organisations put an emphasis on awareness-raising through their objectives. For example, the mission statement of the British Trust for Ornithology (BTO) is outlined specifically ‘to promote and encourage the wider understanding, appreciation and conservation of birds’ (BTO, 2010).
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BRICKS Communication Strategy, Monitoring Framework and Action Plan

BRICKS Communication Strategy, Monitoring Framework and Action Plan

coordination among the implementing agencies, and between the agencies and the SAWAP projects. A survey instrument will also be prepared to assess the communication needs of the direct beneficiaries of the project -- the country project teams and key country stakeholders implementing the SAWAP projects - - and identify motivational factors that would facilitate portfolio-wide knowledge sharing and production, as well as benchmarking and monitoring. The main components of the survey will be identified prior to and further discussed during the first SAWAP communication workshop.

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FRAMEWORK FOR THE BRITISH COLUMBIA AIR MONITORING NETWORK

FRAMEWORK FOR THE BRITISH COLUMBIA AIR MONITORING NETWORK

implementing operational controls. In the Check stage, the plan is monitored and corrective actions are taken. In the Act stage, the plan is reviewed, including reviewing progress and acting to make needed changes to the EMS. The goal of this framework is to guide decision making about allocating monitoring instrumentation and funds with a focus on where in the Province monitors should be placed, what data from monitors should be used for, and why monitors may be needed. Information about how to site, install, and operate monitors is covered in other documents. For example, monitoring operations and instrumentation are handled in standard operating procedures (SOPs) and instrument operation manuals.
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A   Net Framework Approach for a Network Monitoring Tool

A Net Framework Approach for a Network Monitoring Tool

The C# is a language that was developed by Microsoft that has many advantages over other programming languages; the first reason is the simplicity of the language, the C# is a relatively simple programming language that can easily be learned, and is similar to C, C++ and java in syntax. In addition to that, C# is an object oriented programming language. Encapsulation was a very useful feature of the language in this project. The main object connection, look to Table 4, has saved a lot of time in terms of development in debugging that would’ve been needed in developing multidimensional arrays and computationally linked arrays of different object types. Furthermore, C# provides interaction with native win32 dlls which basically means that any native win32 function that is not natively available for the C# could be called, which expands the functionality of the language to a near equivalent of the more versatile C++/C. The language also offers a type safe development environment which might prove useful for future development. A type safe language would generally not allow the improper use of pointers that would complicate and halt execution, which leads to another feature, pointers. Pointers have been an important feature that has been used in the Net Porter, pointers are basically memory address holders which are very useful in case of unmanaged data types [30] (enums in case of the Net Porter), these memory address holders also evade garbage collection. Garbage collection is a memory management technique which frees unnecessarily consumed memory space; evading garbage collection is good when it is constantly needed to refer to an object of the same type for the same process/function. Type safety can be evaded by using the unsafe pointer feature of the .Net. Finally, the c# has an amazing amount of libraries and wrappers that are responsible for performing almost any function that might be needed in a matter of a few lines of code. In addition to that, there are libraries that are provided with the .Net framework that make a programmer’s life easier and manage system I/O, networking and security with minimal efforts.
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Minnesota Groundwater Level Monitoring Network. Guidance Document for Network Development

Minnesota Groundwater Level Monitoring Network. Guidance Document for Network Development

The transducer and datalogger equipment must be able to measure ground water levels and temperature. They need to be a self-contained unit, which must include the transducer, the datalogger, the power supply, and the ability to be easily downloaded in the fi eld. If possible, they should all be from the same manufacturer so there is consistency in the equipment and downloading software. The dataloggers should be able to withstand the conditions of the well they are installed, which include temperature and water pressures. Prior to installation, the expected range of the water levels needs to be considered. Initially, it is expected that a datalogger with a pressure range of 15 feet will be suffi cient for most of the network wells. However, the record of each well needs to be examined prior to datalogger installation to insure that the resolution of the datalogger is appropriate to the conditions of that particular well. Because these dataloggers are typically non-vented units, meaning that they do not take atmospheric barometric changes into account when recording the water level, a barometric datalogger will also need to be installed. This type of datalogger will allow the barometric changes to be removed from the water level data. A barometric data logger covers a 20-mile radius from the barometric logger location. The barometric datalogger can be installed in one of the obwells in the area, along with the water level datalogger. The barometric datalogger should be downloaded at the same time as the nearby water level dataloggers. The water levels from the surrounding wells can be compensated to refl ect the change to due barometric changes. It is estimated six or eight barometric data loggers are needed for complete coverage of the state.
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Illinois. Ambient Air Monitoring. Network Plan 2014

Illinois. Ambient Air Monitoring. Network Plan 2014

Appendix D to Part 58 establishes the design criteria for the ambient air monitoring network. The network is designed to meet three general objectives: provide air pollution data to the public in a timely manner, support compliance with ambient air quality standards and emissions strategy development, and support air pollution research studies. Specific objectives for the monitoring sites are to determine the highest pollution concentrations in an area (peak), to measure typical concentrations in areas of high population density (population), to determine the impact of significant sources or source categories (source), to determine general
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Illinois Ambient Air Monitoring 2015 Network Plan

Illinois Ambient Air Monitoring 2015 Network Plan

6 Fine Particulate Matter (PM 2.5 ) Illinois is required to operate a minimum of 13 FRM or FEM PM 2.5 monitors. NCore requires one continuous and one filter based PM 2.5 monitor. One near-road monitoring site with one FRM or FEM PM 2.5 monitor shall also exist. Illinois is required to operate at least one FRM or FEM PM 2.5 site monitoring regional background and at least one FRM or FEM PM 2.5 site to monitor regional transport. Additionally, 15 other PM 2.5 monitoring sites are operated for purposes of supporting the basic monitoring objectives of public data reporting, air quality mapping,
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Vermont Annual Air Monitoring Network Plan 2014

Vermont Annual Air Monitoring Network Plan 2014

Vermont are continuing to be reduced. New air pollution control technologies and strategies on various emission sources are expected to provide further reductions of air pollutants in the future. Ambient air monitoring is valuable service, which is essential for state and federal environmental planning, enforcement efforts, air pollutant trends analysis, and more recently providing timely air quality health advisories. Air monitoring began in Vermont in the 1960’s, with a focus on total suspended particulate (TSP). During the 1970’s, monitoring methods improved to allow for better quality particulate sampling and continuous monitoring of gaseous criteria pollutants such as carbon monoxide (CO), sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), nitrogen dioxide (NO 2 ), and ozone (O 3 ). During
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State of Kansas Ambient Air Monitoring Network Plan

State of Kansas Ambient Air Monitoring Network Plan

Air Monitoring The Bureau of Air’s, Air Monitoring and Planning Section administers the air monitoring and modeling program and the emissions inventory program. In cooperation with two local agencies, section staff operates the Kansas Ambient Air Monitoring Network, which provides air quality data from 20 sites across the state (Figure 1). The monitoring data is analyzed to determine compliance with federal standards for criteria pollutants and to evaluate air quality trends. In addition, the department has 6 mercury wet deposition monitoring sites located across the state. Staff members also conduct an annual emissions inventory of pollutants emitted from permitted facilities and other sources for the entire state. Staff who conduct air quality modeling use the emission inventory data. Modeling helps to better understand the causes of air pollution and to develop pollution reduction strategies in targeted areas. Such pollution reduction strategies are incorporated into state and regional plans to protect the public health, welfare and environment from the negative effects of air pollution.
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Rhode Island 2014 Annual Monitoring Network Plan

Rhode Island 2014 Annual Monitoring Network Plan

The 2010 amended NO 2 NAAQS requires Rhode Island to operate two NO 2 monitoring sites, one at “a location of expected highest NO 2 concentrations representing the neighborhood or larger spatial scales” and a second monitor at a near-road location where maximum microscale- representative concentrations are expected, Rhode Island intends to use the current NO 2/ NO x site at Brown University in Providence to fulfill the requirement for a neighborhood scale site. NO 2/ NO x monitoring has been conducted at that site, which has been approved as neighborhood scale representative, since 1994; therefore, the data collected at that site can be used to track trends in NO 2/ NO x concentrations over time. Moreover, the site is in the area of the State with the largest NO 2/ NO x - emitting sources and the highest density of NO 2/ NO x emissions. NO 2
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Missouri Department of Natural Resources Air Pollution Control Program 2015 Monitoring Network Plan

Missouri Department of Natural Resources Air Pollution Control Program 2015 Monitoring Network Plan

monitoring sources emitting one ton per year or more. Airports are specifically exempted from these requirements except for a special study being conducted at specific airports, none of which are in Missouri. Department staff reviewed the 2011 National Emissions Inventory (NEI) and did not identify any additional lead sources emitting greater than 0.50 tons of lead per year for which ambient air monitoring is not currently being conducted or where EPA has not already granted a modeling waiver consistent with 40 CFR 58 Appendix D, 4.5 (a) (ii). Department staff will review the 2014 NEI lead data and evaluate any newly identified sources as part of the 2016 Monitoring Network Plan before making any additional monitoring network changes. In addition air modeling simulation will be performed where necessary to estimate the maximum potential ground level airborne lead concentrations from the electric generating stations that combust coal as their primary fuel to substantiate a monitoring waiver request consistent with 40 CFR 58 Appendix D 4.5(a)(ii).
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