Top PDF INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN AERONAUTICAL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN AERONAUTICAL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN AERONAUTICAL AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING

Pawan Kumar Gupta 23 for a certain service, involving discrete decision variables. Decision variables are divided in two groups. The first group contains parameters that are defined by the engineer, since they are, partially or entirely, connected to broader engineering aspects and the second group includes parameters that can be searched to find the most economical design for the proposed service. Additional constraints represent geometrical features and velocity conditions which must be complied in order to reach a more realistic solution for the process task. The optimization algorithm is based on a search along the tube count table where the established constraints and the investigated design try to eliminate non optimal alternatives, thus reducing the number of rating runs executed. In the algorithm, an outer loop passes through the tube diameter set and another loop moves along the shell diameter set. For a certain shell diameter, the algorithm seeks to identify the smallest tube length which can fulfill the service. Thus, in the analysis of a certain tube length, the number of tube passes and baffle spacing are manipulated in order to find a feasible alternative. If there is no feasible design, the search moves to a larger tube length. If all values of tube lengths were investigated and no feasible design was found, the shell diameter is increased and the process is repeated. After the examination of all shell diameters, the tube diameter is increased and the search goes on. If the last tube diameter was analysed, the algorithm stops. The performance of the proposed algorithm is illustrated through the analysis of the results obtained in two examples of design tasks. The first example aims to compare the solution reached by the optimization algorithm with a previous recent literature approach, also based in a tube count table search. The objective of the second example is to characterize the behaviour of the computational effort according to the different components of the search algorithm.
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International Journal of Advances in Engineering Research

International Journal of Advances in Engineering Research

Now days every product designers, manufacturers and inventers designed their products by using the modern technologies of computer aided drafting & design. AutoCAD is the most popular and common platform for CAD drafting & design services among all other platforms. Due to the emerging growth of CAD, the architects are becoming more sophisticated by lessening their dependency upon excessive paper drawings. This is resulting enough time saving to concentrate on their core activities and business. CAD is not only important in the field of architecture or mechanical engineering sector, but also very crucial in the area of graphic design, fashion design, toy design, packaging, computer gaming and movies. In most of the above highly sophisticated and fashionable sectors, CAD has been proven its vitality as an integrated part of digitisation with high clarity as well as output. CAD is a true asset for architects who are interested to have a robust career in any domain. The CAD system capable of making your work more easier and faster by removing the repetitive works, which not only faster the speed of the work, but also mitigate the stress upon the designer to lot extent due to repetitive works. Further more CAD system is the effective way for reducing the errors in design & drawings with high accuracy and quick turn around time. Now days many CAD design & drafting companies are providing complete project management to serve the entire residential and commercial design need of the architects and engineers.
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International Journal of Advances in Engineering Research

International Journal of Advances in Engineering Research

CAD is not only important in the field of architecture or mechanical engineering sector, but also very crucial in the area of graphic design, fashion design, toy design, packaging, computer gaming and movies. In most of the above highly sophisticated and fashionable sectors, CAD has been proven its vitality as an integrated part of digitisation with high clarity as well as output. CAD is a true asset for architects who are interested to have a robust career in any domain. The CAD system capable of making your work more easier and faster by removing the repetitive works, which not only faster the speed of the work, but also mitigate the stress upon the designer to lot extent due to repetitive works. Furthermore CAD system is the effective way for reducing the errors in design & drawings with high accuracy and quick turnaround time. Now days many CAD design & drafting companies are providing complete project management to serve the entire residential and commercial design need of the architects and engineers. THE FRACTAL GEOMETRY
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Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics

Mechanical Engineering and Aeronautics

Graduated in 2008 with a 1st class (Hons) degree in MEng Aeronautical Engineering Currently back as a research student for a PhD investigating City’s own flow control technologies being applied to wind turbine blades, after working as a graduate engineer for an aircraft structural engineering consultancy, Cabot Design Ltd “As an international student, the prospect of choosing a suitable UK university in which to invest for a career in engineering was daunting. My criteria focussed mainly around the practical ‘hands-on’ skills and the confidence I would gain through experience. The experience in completing the course at City has more than exceeded my expectations. The course structure was broad and thorough, such that a primary focus is given on ensuring a sound understanding of the basics. In the latter stages, the course became specialised enough to provide me with a leading edge perspective on the fields I chose to specialise in.
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IJEDR1701080 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1701080 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

Now days, there is a large field of interest in the development of wireless sensor network (WSN) techniques and helpful for moving vehicle applications, to implement WSN communication between roadside rigid infrastructure equipment and vehicles or between vehicle to vehicle. As discussed above the Traffic congestion has become a major problem in the development of any country. To solve this problem fundamentally lot of countries are unswerving to ITS research and development. ITS is an advanced information technology, control technology, electronic sensor technology, data communication transmission technology and the effective integration of computer technology applied to the entire surface traffic management system established in a large range, all-round role, real-time, accurate and efficient integrated transport management system in the future direction of development of transport system [1].
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IJEDR1701098 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1701098 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1701098 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (www.ijedr.org) 637 With the continual growing of the emerging Internet of things technologies, the concept of Internet of things will soon be inevitably developing on a very large scale. This rising paradig m of networking will control every part of our lives ranging fro m the automated houses to smart environ ment monitoring and health by embedding intelligence into the objects around us. In this paper present the architecture of IoTs and also highlighted various enabling technologies and few of the relate d applications.
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IJEDR1702203 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1702203 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

related factors are threatening food security situation of the area. Although the initiation of farmer’s traditional surface irrigation practice is appreciated, it is not in a position to provide sustainable supply source and effective utilization of water. Therefore, the development of Nanno Small Scale Irrigation Project diversion irrigation is expected to contribute towards alleviating these problems thereby increasing food supply and income source to the community and also at local and regional levels (Ebissa G. K. et al 2017). Fortunately, Ethiopia is lucky in that it has got ample source of surface and subsurface water for which it is known as “The Water Tower of East Africa.” Moreover; the irrigation potential is estimated to be about 4.25 million hectare of which only 5.8% is irrigated.(source: Study carried out by International Water Management Institute-IWMI). Nowadays, implementation of small and medium scale irrigation schemes is being given priority in the water sector development strategy of Ethiopia.
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IJEDR1702220 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1702220 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

We are heartily thankful to our Department of Electronics and Commun ication Engineering, H.O.D. Mr. Vinod Kumar, Assistant Pr of. Mr. Ra j Ranjan Prasad (Dept. of ECE), Assistant Prof. Mr. Nit in Ku mar (Dept. of ECE), Ms. Gunjeet Kaur (Ex- Assistant prof. Dept. of ECE) and all the faculty me mbers of the department whose encouragement, guidance and support from the in itia l to the final level enabled us to develop an understanding of the project.

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IJEDR1702222 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1702222 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1702222 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (www.ijedr.org) 1426 multiplier. However, in practice, multipliers are very difficult to implement and mixers are used instead. Although mixers perform the multiplication operation, they are not ideal and other unwanted signals are created in the process. The fundamental role of a mixer is to multiply two signals in the time domain. To understand why this is important for frequency translation consider two signals b(t) and c(t) defined as

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IJEDR1702232 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1702232 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1702232 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (www.ijedr.org) 1485 CONCLUSION: K-mean is one of the most typical and widely used algorithm for clustering. This research paper analyses the standard algorithm and gives an approach that the increasing sample rate in k-mean clustering algorithm decreases the computation time of cluster formation. So from the above result it has been proved that K-mean clustering algorithm is best for hugged data.

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IJEDR1702248 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1702248 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

This process includes the signing of the message to be sent to the destination, done by the source entity with the help of the private and its public key using the “[r]

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IJEDR1702258 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1702258 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

4. Correlation : Correlation measures the linear dependency of grey levels of neighboring pixels.Digital Image Correlation is an optical method that employs tracking & image registration techniques for accurate 2D and 3D measurements of changes in images. This is often used to measure deformation, displacement, strain and optical flow, but it is widely applied in many areas of science and engineering. One very common application is for measuring the motion of an optical mouse.

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International Journal of Engineering Research & Management Technology

International Journal of Engineering Research & Management Technology

Cloud Computing authorize universal, on- demand, appropriate network access to a shared computing resources (e.g., applications, servers, storage, and services) that can be exp[r]

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IJEDR1701019 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1701019 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1701019 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (www.ijedr.org) 123 Using IO trigger for at least 10us high level signal. The Module automatically sends eight 40 kHz and detect whether there is a pulse signal back. If the signal back, through high level, time of high output IO duration is the time from sending ultrasonic to returning.

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IJEDR1701056 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

IJEDR1701056 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (

Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) [1] is rapidly growing in the information world and this is the area of research in recent days. WSN area is the collection of the tiny sensor nodes equipped with integrated sensing, data gathering, processing ability and limited storage space as well. WSN provides the platform to the sensor nodes for sensing and monitoring the network area. The platforms of wireless sensor network are dependents on battery power. WSNs have been used in crucial and sensitive applications to save the lives such as hospitality, homeland security, environmental monitoring, and infrastructure systems. WSNs have been used in military application also.
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IJEDR1904068 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research ( www.ijedr.org385

IJEDR1904068 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research ( www.ijedr.org385

IJEDR1904068 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (www.ijedr.org) 387 Accelerometer is basically the Micro-Electro-Mechanical device which is used to measure the acceleration in all the 3 axes basically MEMS consists of the micro sensors, micro actuators, microelectronics and micro structures all integrated onto the same silicon chip.A transducer is a device that transforms one form of signal or energy into another form. The term transducer can therefore be used to include both sensors and actuators and is the most generic and widely used term in MEMS.MEMS concept was basically found in the year 1950’s and later 1958 silicon strain gauges are commercially available later1995 BioMEMS rapidly develops and in 2000 MEMS optical-networking components become big business the basic MEMS diagram is shown in the fig:4
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ENGINEERING - Transfer

ENGINEERING - Transfer

Engineers apply the theories and principles of science and mathematics to research and develop economical solutions to practical technical problems. Their work is the link between scientific discoveries and commercial applications. Engineers design products, the machinery to build those products, the factories in which those products are made, and the systems that ensure the quality of the product and efficiency of the workforce and manufacturing process. There are a variety of engineering fields: electrical, mechanical, civil, industrial, aeronautical, chemical, materials, nuclear, petroleum and mining engineering.
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IJEDR1903146 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research ( www.ijedr.org838

IJEDR1903146 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research ( www.ijedr.org838

Industrial engineers (IEs) apply science, mathematics, and engineering methods to complex system integration and operations. Because these systems are so large and complex, IEs need to have knowledge and skills in a wide variety of disciplines, the ability to work well with people, and a broad, systems perspective. Industrial engineers use their knowledge and skills to improve systematic processes through the use of statistical analysis, interpersonal communication, design, planning, quality control, operations management, computer simulation, and problem solving. It eliminates waste of time, money, materials, energy and other resources. Industrial Engineering is also known as Operations management, Production Engineering, or Manufacturing Engineering depending on the viewpoint or motives of the user. In lean manufacturing systems, Industrial engineers work to eliminate wastage of time, money, materials, energy, and other resources
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IJEDR1903107 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research ( www.ijedr.org611

IJEDR1903107 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research ( www.ijedr.org611

IJEDR1903107 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research (www.ijedr.org) 612 on a simple principle of physics which governs that the high frequency sound waves propagate through the solid materials have been examined to detect any kind of internal defect within the material. This type of ultrasonic testing can also be used to measure thickness of an object. Other special equipment is used to receive these high frequency sound waves. This testing have been used to detect a variety of discontinuities such as hidden cracks, voids, plastic, metal, steel and any alloy; yet these are also significant to composites, ceramics and wood product also. At currently, for accurate and fast location determination of flaws; many advanced flaw detectors are available in the market, which have a trigonometric function with using the ultrasonic techniques. Transducers can be used to set the programme with predetermined instrument settings. Frequencies of 20 KHz to 100 MHz utilizes for ultrasonic testing but most of work performed between 500 KHz to 20 MHz frequency range. For the system of laser-based maintenance, laser ultrasonic testing includes a technology likewise non-destructive testing technique. It is a technique that uses laser beam to generate and detect ultrasonic waves in substances under the surface of the materials. Present applications for laser ultrasonics is water inspection, wall thickness measurement of seamless steel tubes and inspection of composite components in aircraft. Lockheed Martin, was the first scientist who executed a laser ultrasonic test system for composite components inspection.
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IJEDR1903151 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research ( www.ijedr.org885

IJEDR1903151 International Journal of Engineering Development and Research ( www.ijedr.org885

Neuro-marketing includes the direct use of brain imaging, scanning or other brain activity measurement technology to measure a response to specific products, packaging[r]

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