The front of the sensor is the pretty side with the Heart logo. This side makes contact with the skin. On the front, we see a small round hole, which is where the LED shines through from the back, and there is a little square just under the LED. The square is an ambient light sensor, exactly as the one used in cellphones, tablets, and laptops, to adjust the screen brightness in different light conditions. The LED shines light into the fingertip or earlobe, or other capillary tissue, and sensor reads the amount of light that bounces back. The other side of the sensor is where the rest of the parts are mounted. We put them there so they would not get in the way of the sensor on the front. Even the LED we are using is a reverse mount LED.
Health Ecology is the one of the acreage that is rapidly growing actual fast nowadays with the advance of technologies abounding advisers accept appear with different designs for accommodating bloom ecology systems as per the abstruse development. With the boundless of internet, Internet of things is a part of the emerged acreage afresh in which abounding accept been able to absorb it into altered applications. In this cardboard we acquaint the arrangement alleged Iotbased accommodating bloom ecology arrangement application Lab VIEW and Wireless Sensor Network (WSN).The arrangement will be able to yield patients physiological ambit and address it wirelessly via Xbees, displays the sensor abstracts on Lab VIEW and broadcast on webserver to accredit added bloom affliction givers from far ambit to visualize, ascendancy and adviser continuously via internet connectivity.
Internet of Things (IOT) driven health and wellness monitoringsystem enables remote and continuous monitoring of people, with applications in chronic conditions, such as obesity, hypertension, diabetes, heart failure, stress, preventive care and wellness. Medical care and healthcare represents one of the most attractive application areas for the IOT. Digitization and the increasing connectivity between devices, citizens and their meaningful way. Smart manufacturing becomes the norm in industry 4.0, where intelligent machines are network so they can exchange and respond to data to independently manage industrial production. The internet of things is a transformational concept. In 1999, Kevin Ashton, co-founder of the Auto-ID Center at the Science Institute of Technology, envisioned an Internet of Thingsbased on RIFD chips that could enable “things” to communicate with each other.
Internet of Things (IoT) is the new industrial slogan for connecting intelligent and unintelligent devices to the web. The problem of security of data transfer, interoperability of different proposed methodologies, the ubiquity of Wi-Fi and the development of low power consuming MCUs has broadened the search for the best alternative technology for IoT in the oil and gas sector. This paper focus on the communication method for IoT devices to determine the level of functionality and the efficiency of interfacing the new MOD-WIFI-ESP8266-DEV Wi-Fi unit based on the IEEE 802.11 standard with MSP430 by Texas Instrument. The system controls LEDs and monitors Temperature/Humidity sensor (DHT11) using Android application and web service. The system presents in three-layered structure an ecosystem of lightweight, small size, reduced cost and low power IoTsystem. It is expected that industries/users of this system would be able to control, monitor, and analyse data generated by the web of connected devices.
In foreign countries, the IoT technology has emerged earlier and its development is relatively mature. In the USA, a number of institutions have launched research on IoT medicine. Intel is currently developing a wireless sen- sor network system for home care. They embed sensors in shoes, furniture, and home appliances to help older people and people with disabilities live independently. Scientists at the University of Rochester use wireless sensors to create a smart medical room. They use dust to measure important signs of the occupants, sleeping position, and 24 h of activ- ity every day . In China, the State Key Laboratory of Mobile Communications of Southeast University and China Mobile Jiangsu Corporation jointly developed a real-time health monitoringsystem to provide real-time health monitoring services for the elderly through the Internet of Things . However, at present, most of re- searches in China are still focused on theory, and it is rarely used in practice. In the case of IoT medical care, many jobs are just preliminary attempts, or more studies on elec- tronic medical records and single disease detection, and less on in-patient physiological information monitoring. The design of this article applies the Internet of Things to medical monitoring very well.
To expand the working scope of module this paper recommends the to utilize Internet of Things (IOT). Web of Things (IOT) is the internetworking of physical gadgets, vehicles, structures and different things installed with hardware, programming, sensors, actuators, and system availability that empower these articles to gather and trade information broadband Internet is turned out to be all the more generally accessible, the cost of associating is diminishing, more gadgets are being made with Wi-Fi abilities and sensors incorporated with them, innovation costs are going down, and PDA infiltration is soaring. These things are making an ideal tempest for the IOT. Regularly, IOT is relied upon to over cutting edge network of gadgets, frameworks, and administrations that goes past machine-to-machine (M2M) interchanges and covers an assortment of conventions, spaces, and applications.
Abstract— The agribusiness sector is the largest economic sector and the most important part of the Indonesian national economy, but the agribusiness sector begins to experience threats in fulfilling human food. Fulfillment of food faced some challenges including an increase in population, which means rising food, urbanization resulting in a decrease in the number of farmers and dietary changes, limited resources (land and air), changes to facilitate and waste food. This corresponds to the data issued by the United Nations, which is the fulfillment of food from approximately 9.6 billion people in the world in 2050 . Along with that, the agricultural land area also decreased due to the transfer of agricultural land function. Farmbot can increase agricultural production to solve human food because it can manage crops within 24 hours without stopping. Farmbot is liquid of agricultural robots that can plant seeds with regular, watering plants and monitoring plant growth. Farmbot can be controlled through an application interface that allows remote access from any location in easy Internet-connected devices. In this study, it will create an automation system that can plant seeds, watering agricultural crops by controlling air production, monitoring plant conditions, plant databases by using applications and designing algorithms to detect crops. Besides, other ways can measure the moisture of the soil to scheduling watering as a watering parameter. To implement this feature can work using a robotic hand with a CNC (Computer Numeric Control) gesture system that would be controlled by the Arduino and Raspberry PI. Following are the procedures for implementing agricultural automation with IoT applications (Internet of Things), seedlings with the help of seeders that stored in plant databases, watering and direct monitoring by users who use camera help.
M-Health also known as mobile health is a term used for the practice of medicine and public health which is supported by the mobile devices. This term is most commonly used in reference to usingmobile communication devices, such as mobile phones, tablets, computers, etc, for health services and information, but also to affect emotional states. The e-Health field has helped to emerge a sub-segment as of m-Health, the use of information and communication technology (ICT), such as communications satellite, computers, mobile phones, patient monitors, etc., for health services and information. The applications of m-Health include the use of mobile devices in collecting community and clinical health data, delivery of researchers, healthcare information to practitioners, and patients, real-time monitoring of patient vital signs. A recent technology emerging now-a-days is Near Field Communication (IOT) which is known to be a wireless technology used for communication in a short range of five to ten cams. Based on RFID technology, that can be used to read information from a tag with the help of a reading device such as mobile phones. The IOT is available in the form of IOT tag.IOT tag is a device that is a small passive with no battery and which contains a tiny microchip attached to a small loop antenna. When scanned by an IOT reader such as a mobile phone, this tag powers up and wirelessly transfers information such as a web address, text, or a command for an App. The IOT tag can be secured with authentication so that the data on the tag cannot be altered or left unlocked so the data can be altered again and again. IOT tags are basically either printed stickers or plain stickers, but they can be also enclosed in IOT products. IOT
On the other hand, it can also be used as means of constantly monitoring one’s own physical condition without having to visit a doctor every time. After collecting enough data over a long period from variety of subjects, abnormalities can be recognized by using techniques like analysis biomedical signal, machine learning and pattern recognition, and a notification can be sent to the doctor only when one needs medical attention. It should be noted that, with just one glance at ECG, it is not possible to predict if a person is going to have a heart attack. In fact, American Heart Association recommends that one should get ECG checked up only there are other symptoms associated with Heart. This is important because a normal person’s ECG can also result in a misleading diagnosis, followed by extensive and often unnecessary treatment. In any case if one shows any symptoms of having cardiac problems ECG is the most important means of understanding the state of the heart and hence remains to be one of the most extensively researched fields of Biomedical world.
2.1.IOTBased Solid Waste Management System -A conceptual approach with an architectural solution as a smart city application Abhay Shankar Bharadwaj, Rainer Rego, Anirban Chowdhury* Frugal Labs Tech Solutions Private Limited, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India Overall system architecture and protocol stack to give an IoTbased solution to improve the reliability and efficiency of the system. 2.2. A Waste City Management System for Smart Cities Applications -Dung D. Vu, & Georges Kaddoum Electrical Engineering Department École de Technology Supérieure Montréal, Canada. In this approach, the sensor model detects, measures, and transmits waste volume data over the Internet. The collected data including trash bins geo-location and the serial number is processed by using regression, classification and graph theory.
In a future Internet of Things (IoT) a large number of embedded, possibly mobile computing devices will be interconnected through WSNs, constituting various autonomous subsystems that provide intelligent services for end users. Therefore, Internet connectivity in WSNs of the IoT is highly desirable, featuring sensing services at a global scale all over the world. The range of sensor network applications is nearly unlimited, thus, in order to flexibly integrate any kind of sensor into any type of (software) system, the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) established the Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) initiative that specifies standard interfaces and encodings to remotely access, encode and exchange the sensed data. Sensor Web applications became practical based on the present revolutions in computation and telecommunication hardware and are traditionally defined as a web of interconnected heterogeneous sensors that are interoperable, intelligent, dynamic, flexible and scalable.
To improve traffic conditions and traffic pressure, this paper intends to use the IoT technology, Cloud computing, Raspberry Pi and semantic annotation technologies. The actual scenario of this research is as follows: The information generated by IoT devices data collected from all roads through gateways can presented to all travelers and users. After collecting the real-time traffic data, the system can recognize the current traffic, traffic flow conditions and can predict the future traffic in urban Real-time traffic monitoring and controlling are one of the biggest problems in this present living world. So many researchers have dealt with and put their effort into this problem, as a result, several types of approaches have developed. Currently using traffic monitoring and alert systems are not up to the needs of smart city applications and more expensive. This paper proposes an Internet of Things (IoT) based Smart Real-Time Traffic MonitoringSystem to provide better service with low cost for Smart city applications using semantic annotations. The proposed framework contains two phases namely-traffic monitoring unit and traffic reduction unit. The first phase analyses semantic traffic to detect an emergency, the latter phase removes redundant semantic information for traffic
Based on the applications of Wireless Body Area Networks (WBAN) integrated with Internet of Things (IoT), it is proposed to design a health monitoringsystem which finds the heart rate of patient, temperature where the patient is available and any gas environment(abnormal condition) of the patients in hospitals. In this paper, a cloud environment/IoT is created with the help of Visual studio 2010 and a Local Host(Hospital) is created which gives the information of the heartbeat of patient and his/her environment. This information is updated to a server (medical server) for getting any additional information from doctor/nurse.
can recognize the current traffic, traffic flow conditions and can predict future traffic in urban areas. After that, sensor data monitoring and sensor data detection have been measure for analyzing and visualize the acquired data. Based on the system- generated data may useful to drivers for choosing optimal routes. Therefore, the system is dynamically administrative, control and monitor on moving cars. If constructions on intelligent traffic systemusingIoT, then there is a lot of benefits for users such as improving traffic conditions, less traffic jam and high reliability, traffic safety, management costs and independence of weather conditions. Bridges, roads, tunnels, vehicles, traffic signals and drivers these are some of the traffic elements in IoT. All these items will be connected to the web for monitoring and identification through different types of IoT devices like RFID, sensors, actuators, Global Position Systems (GPS) and laser scanners. As of late fame of private engine, vehicles are getting urban activity more swarmed. As a result activity, observing is getting to be noticeably one of the imperative issues in enormous smart city framework everywhere throughout the world. Some of these concerns are movement clog and mischances that normally cause a critical exercise in futility, property harm, and environmental contamination. Any kind of clog on streets, at last, prompts budgetary misfortunes. In this way, there is a pressing need to enhance traffic management. The presence of the Internet of Things (IoT) gives another pattern to canny traffic improvement .
ABSTRACT: Now a day’s technology becomes ever more invasive, the design challenges in home automation are increasingly apparent. Seamless controlling home, monitoring and programming by the end user have yet to enter the mainstream. This could be legitimate to the challenge of developing a fully independent and extensible home system that can support devices and technologies of differing functionalities and protocols. This paper describes how to control and monitor home appliances using android application over internet. There are number of commercial home automation systems available in market. However, these are designed for limited use. Therefore, home appliances can individually be controlled both from within the home and remotely. This is very helpful to physically challenged people. In the proposed system we have worked on Getting the notification on our phone whenever anyone secretly enters into the room. The practical goal of this paper has been to create a virtual, but practically usable, android home automation system. The android mobile is used to send the commands to the Arduino to control all the home appliances. The main feature of this system is to control IOTbased air quality monitoring by dust sensor.
In  an ongoing pilot project where RFID technology finds a useful and potentially promising application in the field of library science. Attempt to replace the barcode system with an intelligent library management system to improve productivity and reduce labor cost. Goals of this proposed system is concaving books on shelves with push of a button theft control and time efficient. The barcode or magnetic tape used today requires line of sight and time consuming circulation processing of each individual book. Also delay in work for both library staff and users. Also barcode technology has a limited read range is inappropriate for automated stock taking or for quick locating misplaced items- declared cost resulting in significant replacement costs. We can use RFID with multiplexer to overcome all those problems.
A resident health information systembased on the Internet of Things is discussed in.The system can provide comprehensive services for community residents. In particular, by analyzing existing issues, it is highlighted that the new data integration and application technology is necessary，such as Internet of Things， mobileInternet ， cloud computing and big data. An elderly healthy wearable hand ring systembased on the Internet of Things to collect and monitor personal health data in real time is discussed in. The software system can collect sensor real -time monitoring data, establish complete personal health information database including body temperature, blood pressure, blood glucose, electrocardiogram, sleep, movement. The monitoring devices with data telecommunication function and the community monitoring management server with data processing and health estimation are discussed in. To relieve the prevalence rate of chronic disease and the aging population, the technique of front-ends and monitoring measurement were used in the design of the monitoring terminals which were applied in the outdoor and indoor monitoring conditions．In view of the traditional medical monitoring system’s problems, such as excessive lead wire, limited user activity, insufficient of early warning and medical guidance， a human body’s cloud health monitoring and early warning system is discussed in .It is aimed at providing the technical support for the body disease early warning of handicapped persons， and also creating conditions for the individuals, families, community monitoring and remote medical treatment．An advanced ubiquitous healthcare monitoringsystem with the aid of wireless sensor network based on the Wi-Fi/3G/LTE relay sensor nodes is discussed in. In this work, wearable healthcare devices are used to measure the human body vital signs, device built-in wireless communication module via a public wireless communication network to transmit real-time medical monitoring and analysis system.
---------------------------------------------------------------------***---------------------------------------------------------------------- Abstract - The large deployment of Internet of Things is actually enabling Smart City projects and initiatives all over the world. Objects used in daily life are being equipped with electronic devices and protocol suites in order to make them interconnected to the Internet. According to a recent Gartner study, 50 billion connected objects will be deployed in smart cities by 2020. These connected objects will make our cities smart. However, they will also open up risks and privacy issues. As various smart city initiatives and projects have been launched in recent years, we have witnessed not only the expected benefits but the risks introduced. We describe the current and future trends of smart city and IoT. We also discuss the interaction between smart cities and Internet of Things and explain some of the drivers behind the evolution and development of Internet of Things and smart city. The potential application of smart cities with respect to technology development in the future.
In modern agricultural production, the perception equipment of Internet of things technology is used to collect the perception data such as light intensity, environmental temperature and humidity, soil pH value, soil fertility and crop growth status. After a series of processing, the data is uploaded to the support layer of Agricultural Internet of things cloud platform through the network layer. Through the use of cloud compu- ting technology for real-time analysis of the perceived data, the Internet of things cloud platform will make intelligent decision-making feedback . This process has realized the real-time monitoring of agricultural production and the automatic control of agricultural production equipment, so that the crops are always in a good and suita- ble growth environment . Agricultural production has gradually shifted from a production model centered on manpower to an isolated machine centered on infor- mation and software. Through the precise control of agricultural use, water use, ferti- lizer use, and the precise control of livestock and aquaculture, agricultural waste and pollution are reduced. Disease prevention and epidemic prevention and control are also gradually strengthened, which promote the agricultural production and realize the meticulous management of modern agriculture. Agricultural Internet of things and cloud computing technology can also be applied to the logistics, transportation and traceability of agricultural products. This process has realized the management of agricultural products from production, processing, warehousing, transportation, distri- bution and sales . It not only ensures food safety, but also promotes the intensifica- tion, scale and standardization of agricultural products.
ABSTRACT:To decrease the challenges that the cities face such as scarcity of energy sources, flooding prevention, healthcare, housing water and deteriorating infrastructure, making a city ’smart’ is emerging. The internet of things or IOT provides the ability for human and machines to interact from billions of things that include sensors, services or other internet connected things. This paper aims to realize the security requirement and security architecture of internet of things technology for urban flooding prevention management system and discussed the demand and overall design of urban flooding prevention management system. Finally, the application process of the internet of things technology in flooding prevention management system is summarized. For emergency command and dispatch there is visual management, and at the same time, network assessment management for the drainage pipe can be conducted correctly.