remotely control can use internet connection by using their electronic devices for long distance while the local control using in-home controller with a stationary or wireless communication technology to connect to the central hub or gateway. There are several issues that increase the difficulty for designing homeautomation systems.
giving me assiduity, diligence and opportunities for completing my project with the title of IotBasedAutomationSystem for SmartHome. This project and thesis are prepared for Faculty of Engineering Technology (FTEK), Universiti Malaysia Pahang and also for my supervisor, Dr.Waheb Abdul Jabbar Shaif Abdullah. The achievement of this project and thesis are required to all fourth year students as it is an obligation to finish the degree program.
The primarily admired Home Controllers are individuals that are connected to a Windows base PC through Programming only, and are then left to perform the home control duty on a individual basis. Integrating the home systems allows them to communicate with each other through the home controller, thereby enabling only one button and voice control of the various home systems concurrently, in pre programmed scenario or operating Models Smarthome is a very capable field, which has various benefit such as provide better comfort, increased security and safety, the more rational use of power saving. This examine application is very important as in future it offers a powerful means for helping and supporting special needs of the elderly and people with disabilities, for control and monitor the environment.
ARDUINO UNO is the microcontroller which is available as open based on the microchipATmega328P. It has 19 advanced information, a 16 MHz quartz gem, 6 simple data sources, an ICSP header, a USB association, a power jack, and a reset button. This open source Arduino UNO is effectively interfaced to different development sheets; essentially associate to a personal computer with power back up or USB with an air conditioner to-DC connector or battery with more prominent than 5V. You can tinker with your UNO without warring a lot about any kind of implementation and accomplishing something. The Uno board is the first in a progression of USB ARDUINO Figure 3 boards.
The high energy needed by home appliances (likewhite goods, audio/video devices and communication equipment’s) and air-con systems (heating and cooling), makes our homes one among the foremost essential areas for the impact of energy consumption on natural surroundings. AIM for the planning of a system which will minimize energy waste in home environments with efficiency managing devices operation modes. In our design we tend to use a wireless sensing element network to observe physical parameters (like light-weight and temperature) additionally because the presence of user’s reception and in every of its rooms. In order to optimize energy consumption and value while guaranteeing the specified comfort level. When users change their habits as a result of unpredictable events, the system is able to notice wrong predictions analysing in real time info from sensors and to switch system behaviour consequently. Parameters that might stop the introduction of homeautomation systems for energy saving into the mass market.
Figure-1. Block diagram of proposed system. In Seconds section micro controller collects the all the sensor values and compare it with predefined values in the program. If the sensor values exceeds than predefined then it takes the necessary action to control the parameters by switching the relays i.e. ON/OFF. At the same time controller send the SMS to alert the user who is at remote location. User may send the control command using SMS to control the parameter if needed. LCD is used to display the parameter details according to priority assigned to the task using u C/OS-IIRTOS.
Utilizing the same operation, we can control all electrical component such as fan, light, TV, refrigerator, air-condition etc. We can also do the same by the blessing of IoT when the authority of the house is outside of the home even anywhere in the world. Through SMS user has ability to send a code based on perspective electrical component of the house. When the GSM/GPRS module receives the code, it transmits the code as data to the Arduino mega board and Arduino has bound to do what the user said.
In most of the countries, the common medium of travelling is done by public bus transport. The loss due to the public bus transport management system is pretty much higher. This paper concentrates mainly to reduce the death caused by over loading of the bus, accident caused due to travelling in foot board via automation and ticket automation in a smart way. By using the transportation smart card which we have proposed, we automate the ticket issuing process to the passenger and money transfer is made cashless. The cashless payment is already existing method which is used in different application and has also been used in foreign bus transportation system, but the drawback is it has less security. Ticket automation can reduce the cheating done, that is travelling without taking ticket and taking ticket for nearby stop and travelling for far distance in a crowded bus. The death caused due to the travelling in the foot board is also a serious issue that has to be noted. We propose a method of automating the door opening and closing of the bus only at the bus stop without the help of the driver. We use a future generation technology named Internet of Things (IoT) for the communication purpose, which helps in monitoring the arrival and departure of the bus to each and every stop and to maintain the passenger details. The cloud is used to store the database about buses and the passenger. Keywords : Public transport management system, Transportation smart card, Automation, IoT
The best feature of Z-Wave devices is their cross- compatibility among different branded systems. Each Z- Wave device has a unique network ID and each network has a unique identification thus making the system secure. Z- Wave is a mesh protocol, and thus the devices can talk to one another. Z-Wave operating frequency varies with the region; the frequency is 908.42 MHz in the US and 868.42 MHz in Europe. Also, the signal range offered by Z-Wave is high, in the range of 30 meters, and it is possible to extend the range of devices by using them as repeaters. As the signal passes from one device to another, it gains a range of another 30 meters. This process is called hopping, and it can be done to extend the signal using a maximum of 4 devices. However, beyond 4 devices, the Z-Wave protocol terminates the signal.
In earlier, IOTbased projects devices are connected to “Bluetooth” for controlling devices and appliances remotely using Android basedSmart phone application, which controls various appliances such as lights, TVs etc. These IOTbasedHOMEAUTOMATIONSYSTEM (HACS) receives commands from remote devices using Bluetooth that are manipulated by user. The system in turn dispatch commands to respective appliances that will perform the actions. In present IOTbasedsystem range of controlling devices is limited because of Blue tooth technology as blue tooth will not cover range beyond 100 m, as in many cases some people are not able move much from one place it is essential for them to develop a system which requires less human interaction . Also to improve standards of living, for less energy consumption it is needed to change home conditions ,so we need flexible energy efficient system which detects the fault in the devices automatically and generate a recovery process to resolve the detected problem. If this system has to be scaled up to meet requirements of distributed systems then even though cost of one component of PIC controller basedIOT device is less we can scale it up for multiple connectivity options, which overall reduces cost of distributed IOTbasedsystem.
Wi-Fi basedhomeautomationsystem fundamentally comprise three modules, the server, the equipment interface module, and the product bundle. The figure demonstrates the system display design. Wi-Fi innovation is utilized by server, and equipment Interface module to speak with each other. A similar innovation uses to login to the server online application. The server is associated with the web, so remote clients can get to server electronic application through the web utilizing good web program. Programming of the most recent homeautomationsystem is part to server application programming, and Microcontroller (Arduino) firmware. The Arduino programming, manufactured utilizing C dialect, utilizing IDE accompanies the microcontroller itself. Arduino programming is chargeable for social occasion occasions from associated sensors, at that point applies activity to actuators and preprogramed in the server. Another activity is to report and record the history in the server DB. The server application programming bundle for the proposed homeautomationsystem, is an online application manufactured utilizing asp.net. The server application programming can be gotten to from inner system or from web if the server has genuine IP on the web utilizing any web pilot bolsters asp.net innovation. Server application programming is at fault of, keep up the entire homeautomationsystem, setup, and design. Server utilize database to keep log of homeautomationsystem parts, we utilize XML documents to spare system log.
It’s the technology of today which is touching and transforming every aspect of our real life. IoT has given a concept of Machine to-Machine (M2M) communication. Some of the companies are implementing strategy to capitalize on the Internet of Things so that you can just stop your business and start making it thrives. IoT is going to have huge impact on homeautomation and building automationsystem where every convenience will be taken care of by the interconnected devices on IoT. It is also deployed on large scale for example in Song do, South Africa, the first of it sown kind fully equipped and wired smart city is near to completion (known as Ubiquitous City). With the personal electronics good connected to Internet will enable us to “author” our lives. In medical science field, IoT has given a privilege to devices and system to sense for coming disease and to prevent it, forge. It can make a person healthier with wearable’s that can predict heart attack and cardio vascular strokes. As per a report consumer will start initiating the usage of IoT in a better way during 2015 and onwards compared to past usage. It is expected that IoT products with interoperable capability will dominate the market. Awareness of IoT products is also vital for market penetration along with security features. Even very few Americans are aware of the usage of these products. As per a study of Consumer Electronics Association and Parks Associates found only 10% of the household in USA fully understood the usage of these products. Many interesting IoT products like automatic door locks, Wi-Fi connected ceiling fans, light switches, LED bulbs, smart watches,3-D printers
The main objective of proposed system is make a cost effective systems for offices, hotels and other workspaces. If one forgot to switch OFF light and fan of particular room in the office so there is chance of waste of electricity. Some time there is no presence of any one in the room and still the electrical appliances left ON. Also sometimes very few peoples are present in the office and still all the lights and fans are kept ON. So in this case the proposed system will keep a track of Visitors in the office and manages the electrical resources effectively. This situation can either be handled by user or by system itself. Fig 1. Represents block diagram of system. The system is like a plug and play for the user with less complexity. The system can use Wi-Fi or Ethernet port to connect to internet.
Recently, the homeautomation market is very promising field that is growing very fast and needs vast range of developments that can be carried out in the concept of smarthome. For HomeAutomation there are many technologies available in market like zigbee, x-10, Insteon, Enocean, z- wave etc. The system consists of GSM technology and microcontroller which decreases the cost of system and there are specific pattern of command which gives security against unauthorized user. The proposed system is user friendly, low cost and easy to understand. The range of GSM is global so the user can use the system from any corner of the world. It will automate the home appliances. For future work we can add many features in the system such as sensors for gas and temperature. After testing the system on proteus we will implement it on the hardware.
-------------------------------------------------------------------------***------------------------------------------------------------------------ Abstract - This papers presents the design and implementation of smart door lock system using the idea of internet of things. Internet of things is smartsystem that can help physical object to communicate with people and devices. And recently internet of things is gaining attention because of advance of hardware technology and big data. Smarthomeautomationsystem playing a major role which helps in reducing a work done manually by using some embedded hardware and software technologies that come with it. The proposed system is accessed through fingerprint biometric, keypad system and also Wi-Fi based app control door lock system. The use of this proposed system is to provide access to only authorized persons. An emergency alarm is provided to protect the system if any unauthorized person intrudes into the system. In the system, motors are used for locking and unlocking the door.
ABSTRACT: Presently, It is necessary to control the home from desire location. This automationsystem provide to control of devices within their home and continuously monitoring the devices from remote location through IoT. The Motion sensor detects presence of person in room which help to take decision to turn on/off light. Also the system complete different jobs in smarter way such as the water tank fills the water depending upon the water level of tank by starting the motor, As considering the security of the home this system consisting the gas leakage sensor, temperature sensor for detecting the gas leakage and fire in house. Also the system consists of door on/off sensor for detection of unauthorized person entering in the home. If any problem is detected in the system then it can reports that problem by message to service center.
The captured image will be sent to the authorized person by the usage of inbuilt Wi-Fi module in the Raspberry Pi board. Again the owner can grant access or deny the access of the intruder through g-mail. This paper depicts a system where the booking of LPG cylinder is made easier without any human intercession. The weight of the cylinder is constantly monitored and when the cylinder is empty a real time message is sent to the gas agent.
Abstract—In the modern smarthome, smart meters and Internet of Things (IoT) have been massively deployed to replace traditional analogue meters. It digitalises the data collection and the meter readings. The data can be wirelessly transmitted that significantly reduces manual works. However, the community of smarthome network is vulnerable to energy theft. Such attacks cannot be effectively detected since the existing techniques require certain devices to be installed to work. This imposes a challenge for energy theft detection systems to be implemented despite the lack of energy monitoring devices. This paper develops an energy detection system called Smart Energy Theft System (SETS) based on machine learning and statistical models. There are 3 stages of decision-making modules, the first stage is the prediction model which uses multi-model forecasting System. This system integrates various machine learning models into a single forecast system for predicting the power consumption. The second stage is the primary decision making model that uses Simple Moving Average (SMA) for filtering abnormally. The third stage is the secondary decision making model that makes the final stage of the decision on energy theft. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed system can successfully detect 99.96% accuracy that enhances the security of the IoTbasedsmarthome.
from last few years. Consequently, providing facilities and security are becoming increasingly prominent features on mobile devices. In this paper, we have to develop a homeautomationsystem that interfaces with Android mobile devices. The mobile device and system can communicate with each other via Wi-Fi. The mobile application can be loaded and interfaces with system from any compatible device. Commands to ON/OFF electrical equipment like lights, fans, air conditioners etc. and setting timer at home or any organization can be sent easily and quickly from the mobile devices via a simple and comfortable GUI application, which is easy to use for the any normal users. The system then acts and respond to these commands by taking actions per commands and gives the result to the user. The user can also see the result on Android mobile application within the range of Wi-Fi. Therefore, it's a good choice to design a homeautomation for luxurious life that aims at designing an advanced homeautomationsystem using Wi-Fi technology.
The ZG2100 single-chip 802.11b transceiver includes MAC, baseband, RF and power amplifier, and built in hardware support for AES, and TKIP (WEP, WPA, WPA2 security). The device has an API targeted for embedded markets so an operating system is not required for operation. There is a fully integrated radio ideal for 1 & 2Mbps operation with optional support for external PA and antenna switch operation. The ZG2100M modules incorporate the ZeroG ZG2100 single chip 802.11b transceiver with all associated RF components, crystal oscillator, and bypass and bias passives along with a printed antenna to provide a fully integrated Wi-Fi I/O solution controllable from an 8 or 16-bit processor. The ZG2101M module is similar but bypasses the on- board PCB antenna and uses a U.FL connector for connection to an external antenna. Interface is via SPI slave interface with interrupt for HOST operation. The modules support RS232 serial interfaces (requires level shifter) for debug and JTAG boundar y scan. Operation is via a single 3V supply utilizing internal 1.8V regulator, supporting various power states, such as hibernate and SLEEP, for end applications long battery life. ZG2100M contains a built in PCB antenna for ease of system integration and significant BOM reduction. The module is manufactured on an FR4 PCB substrate, with components on the top surface only. Connection is made as a surface mount component via flat pack (no pin) connections on two sides.