Top PDF An IOT based smart metering development for energy management system

An IOT based smart metering development for energy management system

An IOT based smart metering development for energy management system

The worldwide energy demand is increasing and hence necessity measures need to be taken to reduce the energy wastage with proper metering infrastructure in the buildings. A Smart meter can be used to monitor electricity consumption of customers in the smart grid technology. For allocating the available resources proper energy demand management is required. During the past years, various methods are being utilized for energy demand management to precisely calculate the requirements of energy that is yet to come. A large system presents a potential esteem to execute energy conservation as well as additional services linked to energy services, extended as a competent with end user is executed. The supervising system at the utilities determines the interface of devices with significant advantages, while the communication with the household is frequently proposing particular structures for appropriate buyer-oriented implementation of a smart meter network. Also, this paper concentrates on the estimation of vitality utilization. In this paper energy is measured in units and also product arrangement is given to create bill for energy consumption and implementing in LabVIEW software. An IOT based platform is created for remote monitoring of the metering infrastructure in the real time. The data visualization is also carried out in webpage and the data packet loss is investigated in the remote monitoring of the parameters.
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Residence Energy Control System based on Wireless Smart Socket and IoT

Residence Energy Control System based on Wireless Smart Socket and IoT

users can set up management policies to control home energy consumption based on the time of a day. We can design a power meter which shows real-time information about home energy consumption to users. The main goal is raising consumers’ energy consumption awareness, potentially inspiring them to be more energy efficient. Many of the electronic appliance control applications utilize a lot of sensors to sense user locations and activities. Some of them use Open Service Gateway initiative or Service- Oriented Architecture to predict users’ behaviors in a house; with this we can manage the home appliances in a particular house. Some previous studies improved functions of sockets set up in a house and connected with wireless networks to control home appliances. Sensing users’ location, motion, and habits with a large number of sensors may not be an energy efficient method since these sensors consume considerable resources. So it would be better for them to be low cost and high coverage. Also, according to the survey on developed countries by the International Energy Agency, the energy consumed by idle appliances, called standby energy, in a house is about 3% to 11% of total energy consumed by the house. Basically, house energy can be further reduced if standby energy is effectively lowered without significantly affecting users’ everyday lives, implying that the conflict between house energy saving and user’s living convenience need to be balanced.
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IOT Based Smart Irrigation System

IOT Based Smart Irrigation System

In India, agriculture plays an important role for development in food production. In our country, agriculture are depends on the monsoons which is not sufficient source of water. This system will be a substitute to traditional farming method .We will develop such a system that will help a farmer to know his field status in his home or he may be residing in any part of the world. It proposes automatic irrigation system for the agricultural lands. Currently the automation is one of the important role in the human life. It not only provide comfort but also reduce energy, efficiency and time saving. Now the industries are use automation and control machine which is high in cost and not suitable for using in a farm field. So here it also design a smart irrigation technology in low cost which is usable by Indian farmers. An automated irrigation system was technology in low cost which is usable by Indian farmers. An automated irrigation system was developed to optimize water use for agricultural crops. Automation allows us to control appliances automatically. The objective of this paper is to develop IOT basedautomated irrigation system to reduce water requirement andincrease the productivity. This system is best suited for places where water is scarce and has to be used in limited quantity
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Iot Based Smart Management

Iot Based Smart Management

The ATmega16 is low –power CMOS 8 –bit microcontroller based on the AVR enhanced RISC architecture. The AVR core combines a rich instruction set with 32 general purpose working resisters. The Atmega16 AVR is supported with a full suite of program and system development tools including:C compiler ,micro assemblers ,program debugger /simulator . Maximum operating frequency 20MHZ. Flash memory 32KB.Maximum input/output pins 26. It operates between 1.8-5.5 volts.

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DEVELOPMENT OF A SMART SOLAR ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

DEVELOPMENT OF A SMART SOLAR ENERGY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM

The design approach of the SSEMS is shown in block diagram form in Figure 1. It comprises photovoltaic (PV) modules that capture solar energy which the SSEMS smartly utilizes to serve several connected loads. Excess solar energy is stored in two (or more) independent battery banks (here labelled as A and B) for future usage, especially when the energy demand is greater than the energy input from the PV modules. The SSEMS includes a feature that allows for their selective charging and discharging in a user-defined order. Also shown in Figure 1 are sub circuits responsible for AC to DC conversion, DC to DC conversion for the purposes of battery charging, an automatic change-over switching circuit and a smart output unit. The duty of the automatic change- over switch is to source power from either the connected PV modules or from a DC converter AC supply. The sourced power is then fed into the smart output unit, whose duty is to efficiently manage the output energy supply. The smart output unit therefore comprise 5V and 12V USB ports, a light dependent resistor (LDR) output that switches on at dusk and goes off at dawn, and one (or more) timed DC output circuits that supply energy to user loads through an inverter. As can be observed in Figure 1, the system is design to power both AC and DC loads while also charging the connected battery banks in a user-defined order based on set parameters such as battery state of charge (SOC) and state of health (SOH). This set up allows batteries with similar SOH to be grouped together to form separate battery banks, thus allowing old batteries to be used alongside new ones instead of just discarding them. This feature is not found in the conventional solar energy systems. The above described SSEMS is a prototype system with an input/output power rating of 1000W. Its circuit design, simulation and hardware implementation are discussed in the following section. 3.1 Circuit design, simulation and implementation The design and simulation of the SSEMS was accomplished using an electronic workbench software [24]. The software offers a wide range of components and an opportunity to vary component specifications to suite any desired output before the actual hardware implementation. This way, errors can easily be detected and correction effected while simulated output values can be obtained during the software test-run of the designed system. On successful completion of
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Iot Based Smart Energy Monitoring

Iot Based Smart Energy Monitoring

[2] "Garrab, A.; Bouallegue, A.; Ben Abdallah" , "A new AMR approach for energy saving in Smart Grids using Smart Meter and partial Power Line Communication" , 2012. In this paper they described such as the growing demand of energy, the capacity limitations of energy management, one-way communication, the need of an interoperability of the different standards, the security of the communication and the greenhouse gas emissions, leads to emerge a new infrastructure grid: Smart Grid. Smart Meters are one of the proposed solutions for the Smart Grid. In this paper, an AMR solution which provides enhanced end-to-end application. It is based on an energy meter with low-power microcontroller MSP430FE423A and the Power Line Communication standards. The microcontroller includes an energy metering module ESP430CEl. The aim of this work is to realize a real time pricing thanks to the proposed communication infrastructure. This solution is with great interest in economical and low carbon society point of view. [3] "B. S. Koay, S. S. Cheah, Y. H. Sng, P. H. Chong, P. Shum, Y. C. Tong, X. Y. Wang, Y. X. Zuo and H. W. Kuek" , "Design and implementation of Bluetooth energy meter", 2012. In this paper they described such as Presently electronics energy measurement is continuously replacing existing technology of electro-mechanical meters especially in China and India. By the year 2004, digital meter has start replacing electromechanical meters in Singapore. A wireless digital energy meter would definitely offer greater convenience to the meter reading task. Bluetooth technology is chosen as a possible wireless solution to this issue. In this paper, we present the design and implementation issues of a Bluetooth-enabled energy meter. The energy reader can collect the energy consumption reading from the energy meter wirelessly based on Bluetooth.
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IOT Based Smart Energy Monitoring and Controlling

IOT Based Smart Energy Monitoring and Controlling

Mario Collotta et al (2017) has proposed system present an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) as maintain for a Home Energy Management (HEM) arrangement base on Bluetooth low energy, called BluHEMS [3]. In this proposed system a profound examination for the pattern of the ANN in arrange to get the one that achieve the best presentation. This system supply widespread simulative assessment, perform all the way through the Network Simulator Version-2 (NS- 2), in conditions of energy utilization, demand profit, delay practiced by consumers for the planned HEM solution and in conditions of package delivery relation, delay, and jitter for the wireless networks. Siyun Chen et al (2017) gives a human-centric Smart Home Energy Management System (SHEM) with the intention of mechanism at the “butler” plane [4]. In this proposed system a human-centric smart home construction by the combination of considerate the behaviours of person being, infer the user’s weight and utilization preference and optimally running the energy plans in smart home. The SHE system can be comprehensive for respond to a variety of require response signal and contribution expensive maintain for programming and result make at all levels of usefulness based on the people- centric framework.
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Water Management And Metering System For Smart Cities

Water Management And Metering System For Smart Cities

Once the data from the arduino entered into the R-Pi, it segregates the data to its respective field. Xampp is loaded with apache server, so that based on the HTTP request from the user side or from the admin the system will able to respond. API port access may be of HTTP or HTTPS and it only works if the request is in the form of PHP. MySQL will have the total database and the Hypertext Pre-processor will access the database by means of querying. From the cloud server the data will be entered into the webpage for the user end. Separate user names and passwords will be given to every user and they can pay the bill amount which is metered [3] online for the water been used by means of IoT. The system flow chart clearly explains the working of the Module -1 and Module -2.
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IoT Based Home & Industrial Automation With RealTime Energy Metering & Monitoring

IoT Based Home & Industrial Automation With RealTime Energy Metering & Monitoring

The Internet of Things (loT) refers to uniquely recognizable objects and their virtual representations in an Internet-like structure. Internet of Things refer to day-to-day objects, that are understandable, distinguishable, locatable, addressable, and or controllable via the Internet using either RFID, wireless LAN, wide-area network, or other means. These objects include not only the day to day usable electronic devices or the products of higher technological development such as vehicles and equipment, but also include various things like food, clothing, shelter; materials, their parts, and sub-assemblies; commodities and luxury items; boundaries, landmarks, and monuments; and all the miscellany of commerce and culture. Ubiquitous computing refers to a new genre of computing in which the computer completely permeates the life of the user. Internet of Things (IoT) will comprise of billions of devices that can sense, communicate, calculate and potentially actuate. Data streams coming from these devices will challenge the traditional approaches to data management and contribute to the emerging paradigm of Big Data. IoT has burst onto the stage, interconnecting everyday objects over the Internet, which acts as everlasting sources of information.
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Internet of things (IoT) based adaptive energy management system for smart homes

Internet of things (IoT) based adaptive energy management system for smart homes

This section develops an energy detection system called Smart Energy Theft System (SETS) based on machine learning and statistical models. SETS has 3 stages of decision- making modules, the first stage is the prediction model which uses a multi-model prediction system. This multi-model prediction system integrates Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP), Recurrent Neural Network (RNN), Long Short Term Memory (LSTM), and Gated Recurrent Unit (GRU) into a single forecast system. Stage 2 is the primary decision making model that uses the Simple Moving Average (SMA) for filtering abnormally. Stage 3 is the secondary decision making model that makes the final stage of the decision on energy theft. The simulation results demonstrate that the proposed system can successfully detect 99.96% accuracy.
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A Cloud-based Online Access on Smart Energy Metering in the Philippines

A Cloud-based Online Access on Smart Energy Metering in the Philippines

service level agreement for the smart grid; Mixing of data - in this system, the location of independent resource pool can access the applications, there are many multi-user applications in CSPs but yet, security and scalability of them is an open issue. So, security technique is being applied such as data encryption to maintain the reliability and confidentiality of smart grid applications; Term of agreement - some point smart grid utilities requested to CSPs to not includes commercial papers in the contracts that hold data in cloud were utilities can pay a huge amount of charge after SLA end date; Compatibility - cloud- computing does not observe with audit necessity which most serious matter that must be overcome by CSPs. However, cloud-computing has various challenges due to the location of data, mixing of data, inefficient security policy, etc. So, it is hard for CSPs to become compatible with smart grid auditing necessities including privacy laws; Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) - various application in cloud computing are applied by CSPs and it's compatible with specific utility's APIs. Therefore, passing another CSP to CSP it takes difficult and longer time; and Redundant Data Management and Disaster Recovery - emergency data recovery is the biggest concern of utilities because the system distributes data in multiple servers in diverse location. So, reliability cannot be provided to utilities when data at a certain time is not clear. In addition, utilities know the server data and access it when disaster recovery happens. So, a system most of the time do subcontract services and also recovery processes from other parties that may grounds of the problem when data is not held by the main CSPs. They are in favor of having cloud- computing because the system could provide fast, reliable and efficient information to them but some participants said it must consider the restoration of the national grid when it comes with cloud-computing, a system need rehabilitation of grid to followed the cloud-based online access on smart energy metering. They believe that smart energy metering offers robust and reliable modem enabling efficient communication that can run with 3G/4G technology, RS232 and RS485 port, GSM, GPRS, transceiver module ready, RF transceiver module ready, WIFI, ZIGBEE, LORA, PLC, and operational gateway module. Some participants believed that existing head-end system or application can deliver accurate data analysis, management, operations, and customer engagement.
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IoT and Bigdata Analytics Approach using Smart Home Energy Management System

IoT and Bigdata Analytics Approach using Smart Home Energy Management System

The above figure divided in to three steps, The first step is comprises and managing IoT data sources. Connected sensor devices use applications to interact with one another. For example that interaction of devices such as CCTV camera, smart traffic lights and smart home devices, generate large amount of data sources with different formats. This data stored on the cloud. Second step, generate data are called ”big data”. which are based on their volume, velocity and variety. These huge amount of data stored in big data files in shared distributed fault tolerant databases. The last step applies analytic tools. The analytics tools contain four levels. The analytics tools start from training data, analytic tools, query, report.
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WSN-Based Smart Building Power Management System Using IOT

WSN-Based Smart Building Power Management System Using IOT

Abstract:-The development and design of the wise monitoring and controlling system for household electrical home appliances in real-time continues to be reported within this paper. The machine primarily monitors electrical parameters of household home appliances for example voltage and current and subsequently calculates the ability consumed. The novelty of the product is the implementation from the controlling mechanism of home appliances diversely. The developed system is really a low-cost and versatile functioning and therefore can save electricity cost of most effective and quickest. The prototype continues to be extensively tested in tangible-existence situations and experimental answers are very encouraging.
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IOT Based Wireless Smart Shoe and Energy Harvesting System

IOT Based Wireless Smart Shoe and Energy Harvesting System

The ESP8266 WiFi Module follows TCP/IP protocol giving any microcontroller access to a WiFi network. It is produced by Shanghai-based Chinese manufacturer, Espresso. This microcontroller is pre-programmed with an AT command set firmware which helps give any Arduino device WiFi-ability as much as a WiFi Shield offers. Selection of this board was due to its cost effectiveness and ever growing community of developers. The board is powered by batteries for it to function. It has many GPIO pins with minimal development up-front. The ESP8266 supports APSD for VoIP applications and Bluetooth co-existence interfaces; it contains a self-calibrated RF allowing it to work under all operating conditions, and requires no external RF parts. The incoming power to the ESP8266 WiFi Module is in digital form. A program is coded onto the board for functions such as WiFi connection, step counting, and updating step count of user in the database. Step calibration is a very important aspect of counting steps. The database used works on PHP and MySQL. The steps registered in the database are presented in
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Effective Energy Management IOT Framework for Smart Metering System

Effective Energy Management IOT Framework for Smart Metering System

The second one literature is about fidelity energy auditing system. Such as in [8], Jiang et al. provided high-fidelity monitoring electrical usage in built in environment by utilization of contextual metadata for development and design of a wireless sensor network. The PowerNet introduced by Kazandjieva [9] that was hybrid sensor network used for monitoring the utilization and power of smart devices in large scale. The development of wireless plug-load electric meters in built in environment by Dawson- Haggerty [10]. Instead of making on/off state of appliances by RFID sensor and amount energy consumption, the [7] considering relation between smart meter deployment cost and state tracking accuracy.
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IOT Based Smart Prepaid Energy Metering System to Control the Electricity Theft with APFC and Stabilization Method

IOT Based Smart Prepaid Energy Metering System to Control the Electricity Theft with APFC and Stabilization Method

ABSTRACT: In this paper discuss pilferage of Electricity in the conversion of fraud (meter tampering), billing irregularities, stealing (illegal connections), and unfairness of bills. So in this paper used for prepaid energy metering system to control the power theft. A smart prepaid energy metering system is installed in every consumer unit and a server is maintained at the details through service provider side. Both the meter and the server are equipped with IOT module which facilitates bidirectional communication. Consumers can easily recharge their energy meter through mobile application. And also provide the automatic power factor correction and Stabilization concept to be added. Because of the domestic system for equipment to take the excess voltage and excess current, then efficiency will be reduced. In this paper used to know how much amounts of power consumed at daily updates, internal and external theft identification to be displayed and sending message for the users and government.
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Smart Energy Metering based on IoT and Pocket Picking using Arduino and GSM

Smart Energy Metering based on IoT and Pocket Picking using Arduino and GSM

We designed webpage for operating Arduino and Energy Meter with the help of HTML. HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language. It is a standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JAVA scripts it forms a triad of cornerstone technologies for World Wide Web. Web browser receives HTML documents from a Webserver or from local storage and render them into multimedia web pages. HTML describes the structure of web page semantically and originally included cues for the appearance of the document. HTML elements are the building blocks of HTML pages. In our system GSM is used to send the notification of threshold reaching to consumer and for sending message of total consumption of unit with cost to the service provider and consumer, frequency bands. It has ability to carry 64kbps to 120Mbps of data rates.
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Smart Energy Metering Using GSM And IOT

Smart Energy Metering Using GSM And IOT

The Energy Monitoring System is appropriate forIndustries, manufacturing plants, commercial buildings or anysituation where an electrical system is used. The systemprovides the centralized energy monitoring and control. The Energy Management System leads to savings in the overall cost. These savings may be come from better utilization of manpower, servicing cost, savings in the energy consumption and non-breakdowns in the system. The smart energy meter Contains an energy meter, a GSM modem, a microcontroller (Arduino) and a relay circuit, which is connected between the energy meter and the load. The proposed smart energy meter is able to provide all the metering and billing services like Counting the consumed energy, sending the generated bill by the SMS (short message service) over the GSM network as well as the security services. Factually at present, the meteringand billing system of our country is totally conventional and it is very much slowed, faulty and corrupted so our proposed Smart energy meter is highly deserved for national implementation. The overall operation of the proposed systemis discussed in the next section.
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IoT based Smart Ambulance System

IoT based Smart Ambulance System

[1] B.Janani Saradha et al. proposed a system using cloud network to connect both ambulance and traffic controlling unit. Intelligent traffic signal control is achieved using RFID technology. The idea is whenever the ambulance is detected near the signal, RFID reader tracks the ambulance attached with RFID tag and sends the data to the cloud. After sending the data through mobile app, acknowledgment will be sent to user, then system will automatically change the signal to green in the path of ambulance. In this, it provides uninterrupted services to emergency vehicle. Accuracy of RFID is more compared to other alternative technologies like camera.
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Iot Based Smart Healthcare System

Iot Based Smart Healthcare System

Low Cost Hardware Design of a Web Server for Home Automation Systems:-In the present scenario the world is moving towards automated systems. To design a hardware which is able to interact via internet is a challenging task in design of any automation system. A new term known as ’Internet of things’ also faces the same kind challenge, of interfacing a dumb electronic terminal with the internet. As we know that Ethernet is the most preferred serial bus, and can be utilized for high speed data transmission system. In this paper a new kind of design is proposed which support’s bi-directional data transmission. This approach require very low cost hardware units including 8 bit RISC processors, Ethernet controller, Ethernet adaptor, sensor’s and actuating device like webcam or may be a motor, based on the type of application. The processor to be used can be AVR or PIC depending upon the availability. The main advantage of this design is that it does not require any pre-defined operating platform like Linux or Python.
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